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... From: Kronos Vol. VI No. 1 (Fall 1980) Home | Issue Contents On Sothic Dating: Some Preliminary Remarks Lewis M. Greenberg The conventional reconstruction of Egyptian history is based on the assumption that the Egyptians regulated their calendar according to the heliacal rising of the star Sothis ( Spdt in Egyptian), or Sirius. This is known as Sothic dating, and it has become the pillar of support for reckoning the absolute chronology of ancient Egypt. In the words of Montet: "Were it not for the dates determined by the Sothic Cycle which provide a few fixed points of reference, Egyptian chronology would be a very uncertain field." The application of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 200  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0601/051preli.htm
42. The Great Comet Venus [Journals] [Aeon]
... the stucco bases of pyramids, painted on countless frescoes and codices, and engraved on sarcophagi and monoliths strewn across Mexico. Figure 3: Quetzal-bird, with bright streaming tail The climactic event in the Quetzalcoatl myth is the god's catastrophic death and transformation in an overwhelming disaster- an event endlessly repeated in sacrificial rites and supplying the cornerstone of Aztec calendar rituals and astronomical symbolism. In a pervasive version of the myth, at the death of Quetzalcoatl the god's heart or soul rose in the sky as a great spark or ember, trailing smoke and fire- a "star" whose fiery train the Aztecs portrayed as the streaming tail of a quetzal-bird. Was this flaming star a " ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 192  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0305/005comet.htm
43. Michelson And Meton [Journals] [Kronos]
... From: Kronos Vol. I No. 3 (Fall 1975) Home | Issue Contents Michelson And Meton Lynn E. Rose This paper is a review of a column by Professor Irving Michelson (" Scientifically Speaking .. ." , subtitled "19-Year Lunar Calendar Cycle: Accurate Adjustment to 365 1/4-Day Civil Calendar", Pensee, Winter, 19741975, pages 50-52); it will also serve as an introduction to the paper by Professor Alfred de Grazia and to the paper by Professor Livio Stecchini that immediately follow in this issue of KRONOS. In his column, Professor Michelson discusses the considerable precision with which such quantities as the mean synodic month of 29. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 190  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0103/049michl.htm
... Herodotus' reversals lack the catastrophic associations of V's, what was Herodotus talking about. The most likely explanation- in orthodox terms- seems to be that Herodotus misunderstood the nature of the Sothic Cycle. The Egyptian civil year consisted of 365 days. The actual solar year, however, consists of 3651/4 days. Thus the civil calendar would have fallen behind the solar (seasonal) calendar by 1/4 day every year, or by 1 day every four years. Left without correction, therefore, the civil calendar would have drifted with respect to the seasons, and eventually, for example, summer festivals would have ended up taking place on winter days. Thus ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 189  -  26 Mar 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/vel-sources/source-2.htm
45. Making Moonshine with Hard Science [Journals] [Kronos]
... are not long enough for a changed lunar month to be noticed or calculated, but offers no argument on the point. What Michelson does ultimately argue is that by 432 B.C . (255 years after the presumed last Mars disaster), a four-digit lunar cycle calculation would have been sufficiently accurate to permit the design of a 19-year calendar involving an intercalation of moon and sun, granted of course,,the sun's 365.25 figure was known (as he takes for granted and I would not oppose) and provided that anyone cared about the matter. This is a useful line of inquiry, no matter how deviously pursued. It can help us understand what was ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 186  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0103/052moon.htm
... From: SIS Chronology & Catastrophism Review 1997:1 (Oct 1997) Home | Issue Contents A possible connection between the Aztec Sun Stone and western civilisations Flavio Barbiero Fig. 1 In an article in C&C Review ( 'Relation between the perpetual calendar based on the 128 years cycle and the Central American Calendar', C&CR 1996:2 , pp. 12-15), I suggested that the Sun Stone', carved by the Aztecs in 1492 (see fig.1 ), could be the representation of a mechanical device, a sort of astronomical clock, capable of measuring the time according to a calendar based on a 128 year cycle. The ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 180  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/review/v1997n1/22aztec.htm
47. Astronomy and Chronology [Journals] [Pensee]
... (9 ). The Sothic period, a computation based on the rising of the star Sothis (Spdt in Egyptian), or Sirius, became the alpha and omega for the numerical construction of Egyptian chronology. The Egyptian year, for a considerably long period of history consisted of 360 days; at some date in history, in a calendar reform, five days were added to the year. Under the Ptolemies another reform was contemplated, that of introducing a leap year every four years. In -238, in the ninth year of Ptolemy III Euergetes, a priestly decree was published in the Delta; in the last century it was found in Tanis and is known as the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 174  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr04/38astron.htm
48. On "the Year -687" [Journals] [Kronos]
... , but in Legge's example they are the same- that is, the same numbers, but actually different years. Examination of the calculated dates of eclipses and lunations in Chalmers' tables shows that they pertain to the astronomical year, even where Legge has captioned them "B .C ." (All dates are given in the Gregorian calendar, which may also lead to confusion.) Before we can take up the matter of verifying the date March 23rd, some remarks on the Chinese calendar must be made. Basically, it was lunar, but in Chinese thought the calendar was much more than a scheme for regulating the days, months, and years. It was ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 172  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0604/004year.htm
... the work of Parker (1950) and Neugebauer (1938). Examination of the facts, however, shows that the date rests on certain very doubtful assumptions, and that there is absolutely no evidence at all for a Sothic cycle having had any effect on the ancient Egyptians. It is assumed by Parker (a ) that a lunar calendar existed (which is a quite reasonable assumption since all primitive peoples recognise the lunar cycle, which, however, repeats itself every 25 years ); (b ) that the Egyptians, after years of observation and written records, introduced a civil calendar (in Parker's opinion in c. 2937 BC) which at its introduction was NOT ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 170  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0601/075fixed.htm
50. The Role Of The Nile In Egyptian Chronology [Journals] [SIS Review]
... of the descent made by the water of the great inundation - (under) King of S & N Egypt, Baienre, LPH. ' Gardiner [3 ] puts the reign of Binere/Merneptah from 1224-1214'. (These are historical' dates, equivalent to astronomical' dates of from -1223 to -1213.) Retrojecting the various calendars gives III 3ht 3 Egyptian = August 26 Julian = August 15 Gregorian, -1223. Kitchen himself prefers [4 ] to have the reign lower by about 11 years, which would make III 3ht 3 Egyptian = August 23 Julian = August 12 Gregorian, 1212. Any dates in the vicinity of these could be considered for the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 160  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/review/v2001n2/26role.htm
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