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Search results for: calendar in all categories

515 results found.

52 pages of results.
151. Catastrophic Theory of Mountain Uplifts (A Crustal Deformation Theory) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... where the two orbits intersected. They could alter the orbit crossing place and the flyby distance by an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 miles. Resonance slot. In the Catastrophic Era, the Earth had a 92.25-million mile orbit radius, not today's 93.0-million miles. (This "slot" in space puts the Earth's orbit in a 12:1 orbit timing resonance with Jupiter and a 30:1 resonance with Saturn, also 85:1 with Uranus. This explains the 360-day (not 365-day) ancient year and ancient calendar; 360-day calendars were the norm in ancient societies before 701 B.C. Orbit Hot Spot. The closest point in a planet's orbit to the Sun is its "perihelion" (Greek, peri= near, helios= Sun). Mars had a perihelion of 66 million miles in our model, and thus its perihelion was well inside Venus' orbit space. Orbit Cold Spot. The remotest point in a planet's orbit to the Sun is its "aphelion" (Greek, ap= far from). Mars had a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  75k  -  URL:
152. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... at the documentary and archaeological evidence worldwide against the theory that the Middle Ages have been artificially extended by 300 years. He and his colleagues have amassed a considerable amount of additional evidence for the theory from places as far afield as Iran and India. A paper by Illig in 1991 revealed that, as well known to conventional biblical scholars, many early church documents (most surviving documents from that period have a religious origin) are known to be falsified and have therefore probably been misinterpreted. The theory is also supported by the 1582 calendar reform by Pope Gregory XIII. The 'Gregorian calendar' was needed to correct a small error in the Julian calendar, which fell behind true solar time by a little less than a day per century. As there were 16 centuries between Pope Gregory and Julius Caesar, it should have been necessary to add about 13 days to adjust for this difference. Instead, calculations at the time showed that only 10 extra days were needed. This indicates that over 300 fewer years had actually passed than suggested by the difference in dates. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
... Ancient Infrastructure: Remarkable Roads, Mines, Walls, Mounds, Stone Circles Ancient people raised standing stones on all continents save Antarctica. The dug canals 50 miles long and erected even longer walls. Gleaned from hundreds of volumes of Science, Nature, Antiquity and other science journals, this massive collection of archeological puzzles will keep researchers digging for decades. Costa Rica's enigmatic stones spheres Peru's Intervalley Canal Iraq's 100,000 miles of subterranean tunnels (the qanats) Nova Scotia's "Money Pit" Egypt's canal to the Red Sea North America's Calendar sites Medicine Wheels and woodhenges Sculpted hills and mountains Chaco Canyon's curious roads The puzzling East Bay walls Lake Superior's copper mines Stone arrays and meanders Florida's shell keys Poverty Point and Watson Brake Malta's strange "cart ruts" 412 pages, hardcover, $24.95. 255 illustrations, 3 indexes, 1999. 855 references. LC 99-94987, ISBN 0-915554-33-X, 7 x 10" Ancient Structures: Remarkable Pyramids, Forts, Towers, Stone Chambers, Cities, Complexes Ancient astronomical observatories Vitrified forts Ancient furnaces, smelteres and hearths The Newport Tower ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  10 Sep 2006  -  47k  -  URL:
... has, can these only be explained in uniformitarian terms? Before trying to answer these questions, however, it will be useful to sketch in the basic principles of precise astronomical observations undertaken without optical instruments and without accurately built masonry constructions. It is convenient first to concentrate on the problem of tracking the yearly movement of the Sun, because the only way that the exact number of days in the year can be determined is by discovering the actual days of midsummer and midwinter. This knowledge can then be used to construct a precise calendar, the possession of which is surely essential for any more advanced astronomical work. Finding the time of the solstices under these conditions is, as we shall see, an extremely difficult task. Elementary Astronomy At the present time the Earth's axis is tilted 23 27' 8.3" away from a line perpendicular to the plane of its orbit (or 66 32' 51.7" above that plane). This tilt has the result that the Sun's real position, seen against the unmoving starry background, not only changes laterally along the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  92k  -  URL:
155. Radiocarbon Dates and Cultural Change [SIS C&C Review $]
... be able to confirm or disprove any hypothesis which proposed that there have been simultaneous and world-wide such changes, due primarily to natural causes [1. There are now enough dates available, from archaeological sites at least, to make it clear that there were widespread cultural changes in Europe and the Mediterranean world, and possibly further afield, at at least one point in the third millennium BC. The dates actually cluster around the 20th century bc in radiocarbon years, but should be equivalent to about the 25th or 26th century BC in calendar years if the Suess tree-ring calibration is approximately correct [2. Nevertheless, there are several problems in using C14 dates in this way, and it may be that we shall never be really sure from this evidence alone, whether a set of changes were truly synchronous- in the sense of having occurred within a few weeks or months- or whether they were in fact spread out over several years or decades. In the first case they could be attributed to one general cause; but in the second that would not be ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  06 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL:
... the Ramesseum, the great funerary temple erected at Thebes by Ramesses II of the XIXth Dynasty- whose reign is conventionally supposed to fall in the 13th century BC [5, but who is identified in the revised chronology with Pharaoh Necho of the XXVIth Dynasty, who ruled in the 6th century [6. The dates obtained from the reed bonding of the walls are shown in Fig. 1, and are: 990 100 bc, 1060 80 bc and 1125 60 bc- averaging out at 1058 46 bc. The equivalent in calendar years, obtained by reference to the Californian tree-ring calibration, is about 1170-1210 BC, according to the MASCA table [7, or 1210 according to Clark [8; and these correlations bring the building's age very close to its traditional historical date. However, one cannot yet be sure that this tree-ring correction of C14 dates is reliable in terms of the traditional historical chronology of Egypt: a consistent discrepancy has been noted between the historical chronology of the Old Kingdom and tree-ring-corrected C14 dates for that period, the former being about ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  68k  -  URL:
... . and perhaps close to that year, Venus, in a diminishing elliptical orbit, encountered Mars. Thereafter, and until both planets were impelled to take roughly their present safe orbits, now one and now both approached Earth and Moon with consequent devastation to the participating bodies. Awe-inspiring celestial phenomena accompanied the founding of the Greek Olympic Games in- 776. Hercules is supposed to have organized the games, ushering in what later came to be a quadrennial all- Greek spectacle of religion, athletics, and poetry. The Greek Mythikon calendar ends in- 776. The Historikon calendar begins. But Stecchini says that it may have actually begun, or soon was redone, in- 748/ 7 [6. And this would conform to those who say that Hercules did not enter upon the games until they had been operative on eight prior occasions. In the west, the town of Rome was founded in- 748 or- 747. Some say- 753. It was a period of commotion. Fabius Pictor's ancient adoption of the date- 747 seems most ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  03 Apr 2004  -  25k  -  URL:
... was not included in my C&CR XV article). This would account for a build-up of deviations at a faster rate than 8 years per 40 solar years. There must have been appreciable subsequent changes, however, with Judah probably adopting Venus years in the time of Joash (II Chronicles 21:5-6 and II Kings 8:16-18 both report that Judah adopted the ways of Ahab's Israel in the time of Jehoram, or up to 9 years before the accession of Joash), followed 60-70 years later by a possible calendar reform in the time of Uzziah, after which Venus years were probably abandoned by both parties. By this time Venus would have become a much less conspicuous object than it had been earlier, its tail having first faded and then finally become extinguished, making Venus years just as difficult to count as solar years; under such conditions there would probably also have been a popular demand for reckoning years by the recurrence of regular seasons, rather than by astronomical observation. Months should have been easier to count than years but there would ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  68k  -  URL:
... casualty in the backlog of manuscripts consigned to limbo when Kronos ceased publication. However, Weir presented this information in another article, "The Ramesside Star Tables and Reade's Venus Tablet Reconstruction" (C&C Workshop 1989:1, pp. 7-11). In another article, "Venus Tablet Anomalies," Weir proposes that the anomalies arise, in part, because the original tablet had become defaced and was "restored" by the Kassites (C&C Workshop 1989:2, pp. 3-5). Since old-Babylonian calendar practices were different than Kassite practices, if the Venus Tablets contain a mixture of old-Babylonian and Kassite dates, then some of the anomalies are explained. For many years I accepted Rose and Vaughan's approach toward the Tablets beginning with Rose's "Babylonian Observations of Venus" in Pensée III (reprinted in Velikovsky Reconsidered) and their joint article in Kronos II:3. Rose has steadfastly defended the supposed integrity of the Tablets except for a small set of obviously erroneous entries, or scribal errors. However, recently I have recognized the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  84k  -  URL:
160. Letters [SIS C&C Review $]
... to others. Palmer should read more carefully- and if he is going to nit-pick, he must take care to be accurate himself. Maybe he should peek and see just what information might be found in the 'time warp' he says I'm caught in. At the close, Palmer calls for 'more rational arguments' for catastrophist views. I myself would appeal for 'more rational reviews' of catastrophists' works- preferably more objective, accurate and sans the sarcasm.. James E. Strickling, Duluth, GA, USA Mayan Calendar of 365 Days As expected, Michael G. Reade questions my theory that the Maya left evidence of a year of 365 days (C&CR 1996:2, p. 59). When I saw him drive through the gate at Braziers I knew that if my theory had a fault he would find it. I took heart from his initial enthusiasm for what he called 'an intriguing paper'. However his letter is not definitive in its criticism. He says that my hypothesis is 'almost wholly based on the Mayan ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  35k  -  URL:
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