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52 pages of results.
101. Focus [SIS C&C Review $]
... He began with an explanation of the "heliacal rising" of a star. This, a consequence of the gradual movement of the sun along the ecliptic (itself deriving from the earth's orbit around the sun), refers to the date in any year when the sun rises sufficiently late (i.e. is sufficiently distant from the star) for it to be seen very briefly above the horizon before the following light of the sun blots it out. This event occurs once per seasonal year of 365.2422 days. The Egyptians used a calendar year of 360+5 days, and are supposed to have been particularly interested in the heliacal rising of the "Dog Star" Sirius (Sothis, or Sepdet), identified with Isis, the goddess of agriculture and fertility. As the difference between the two years is approx. day, the heliacal rising of Sirius will advance through the calendar at the rate of one day every four years: after 365x4=1460 years it will have progressed through the entire calendar year; and this period is referred to as a ...
102. A New Theory of Celtic Festivals [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1995 No 1 (June 1995) Home¦ Issue Contents ARTICLES A New Theory of Celtic Festivals by J.M. Williams The four great festivals which divided the Celtic year- Samain (1st November), Imbolc (1st February), Beltane (1st May) and Lugnasad (1st August) raise questions about the ancient calendar which are not satisfactorily answered by the usual explanations. TGE Powell describes the festivals: 'Samain marked the end of one year and the beginning of the next. It was considered to stand independently between the two and its position in relation to the natural seasons shows it clearly to have been the turning-point in a pastoralist, rather than an agrarian, cycle. [1 Imbolc was anciently explained as marking the beginning of the lactation of ewes. [2 Beltane was predominantly a pastoralist festival corresponding to the season when the cattle could be driven to open grazing. [3 Lugnasad has a date, the first of August, which does not accord well with a pastoralist economy. It seems rather to ...
... fiftieth anniversary of the publication of The Venus Tablets of Ammizaduga, by Langdon and Fotheringham and Schoch (hereafter LFS). This book is totally uniformitarian in its outlook. Indeed, it is the very book that "corrects" five months and sixteen days into two months and six days, simultaneously "correcting" Nisan 9 and Ulul 25 into Ayar 29 and Ab 5, respectively! This book is not only Huber's general model for treating the Ninsianna tablets, but appears also to be the main guide for his remarks about the calendar in use during the First Babylonian Dynasty. Huber's point about the calendar is that there are numerous documents from the First Babylonian Dynasty, mostly agricultural and other contracts, that contain references to intercalary months; and he claims that the general frequency of those intercalations would fit the requirements of a luni-solar calendar for our present solar system. Huber quotes a well-known letter from Hammurabi, decreeing that there will be a second Ulul that year. He also claims that the intercalations in the twenty-one-year reign of Ammizaduga are in exact correspondence with the ...
104. On the Length of Reigns of the Sumerian Kings [SIS C&C Review $]
... , sarru, is the same as the sign for 60, only twice: << umun (# 411) [9,10,11= plenty of Godhead [12. In the 'astronomical' year part of the King List, the sign for king is expressed by umun <<. This is no accident. The two signs are not intended to have synonymous meanings. The first sign stood for king, and the second for on-high= umun= perfect value= 60= umun. The Sumerians did not record calendar years, or any specific features of the solar year. On the other hand, all the phases of the moon, including the numbers of days of the moon, are delineated or specified in a multitude of documents [13. The word mu is used plainly enough to indicate a 'repetitious cycle'. A lunar period is appropriate for mu, especially since labour was contracted and wages were paid by the month, and rent was contracted by and became due by a specified month. When the calendar system which was current ...
105. CHAOS AND CREATION: CHAPTER 10: VENUS AND MARS [Quantavolution Website]
... " "Volutes. The volutes may have been the origin of the plumed serpent, which is not an Olmec element either." [40 In other words, the jaguar may be merged into the origin of the plumed serpent or Quetzalcoatl, both representing the planet Venus. Venus was also called by Meso-Americans "the star that smokes," although it does not smoke. A LONGER DAY Between 1528 and 1371 B. C., the Hindus plotted their Lunar Mansions [41. With these marching across the sky, the calendar could be redone and the major actors tracked in the sky. I take this to mean, not as the English astronomer Bentley said in his classic work of 1825 on Indian astronomy, a first-time invention, but a clearing of the fulginaceous chaos of the skies following the worst of the cometary-Venus encounters. The Moon could be well observed again, the various mansions discerned, and the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Jupiter "born again." Not until later is Saturn mentioned and he was said to be born ...
106. Ninsianna And Ramesside Star Observations [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... up to and including their KRONOS 1980 publication). Notes. The count of day numbers starts from 1 Sabat (= XI, 1) in Year 1. The event number is always the same as the year number. "Invisibilities" include both the day of disappearance and the day of re-appearance but "duration" omits one of these days. IVhen the month is marked with an asterisk, the year is one of 13 months (VIII*= "Second Ulul"). If everything had been normal and the calendar perfectly adjusted, every fifth conjunction would have occurred on (almost) the same calendar date; note, for instance, that the conjunctions marked "A" always occur in Month XI. Note also that events 6& 14 occur earlier than computed whilst event 8a, 13a and 17 occur later than computed, suggesting orbital irregularities which are not adequately embraced by the over-simple style of computation adopted here (see text). An excellent prima facie indication of spin rate change is obtained from analysis of the average synodic periods shown ...
107. The Reliability of Biblical Synchronisms in Constructing an Historical Chronology from Rehoboam to Hezekiah [SIS C&C Review $]
... a 'standard' date with a year of 365 days or 366 days every fourth year. For example Adam was created six days after the beginning on 7.1.1 and his son, Seth, was born when he was 130 years old. Thus the birth of Seth (Genesis 5:3) is calculated 46,026 days from 'the beginning' (6 days+ 130 years x 354 days) which is 7.1.131 'lunar', 7.2.127 'solar' or 6.1.127 'standard'. Stenring has computed all the biblical data to determine on which calendar the date has been expressed. It can then be recomputed into 'standard' years which are equivalent to Julian years used by historians and astronomers. Larsson [15 has analysed Stenring's findings. He does not share Thiele's view that biblical synchronisms have survived from contemporary records. He points out that the earliest reference to a 'standard' calendar is in the Canopus decree of 238 BC. He considers that it was therefore third century redactors, the likeliest being Simon the Just, who calculated the synchronisms in order to establish the hidden dates ...
108. The Celestial Dynamics of "Worlds in Collision" [SIS C&C Review $]
... the orbits of Mars and Venus were interchanged relative to their present configurations [19. If we interchange Mars and Venus, the kinematics of the situation are such that Venus will, regularly, almost collide with Earth every 52 to 54 years (this period varying according to perturbations from the other planets), unless or until an extremely close encounter destabilises the resonant, or phase-lock, stability (Fig. 4). I find this very intriguing in view of the fact that, as Velikovsky has pointed out, the Maya sacred calendar was 52 years in duration: at the end of every 52 years, approximately, the calendar finished- whereupon the Maya sat around waiting for the world to end [20. (When it didn't, they started up a new 52-year calendar.) Velikovsky has also given references to the Hebrew Bible, where a period of some 52 years between catastrophes is given [21. The Long Day of Joshua points out that if you use not only the Bible, but also Josephus and a few other sources, you can ...
109. Response to Critique by Leroy Ellenberger [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... sufficient to throw it out of resonance with Jupiter. Isaiah described this final flyby of the "Angel of the Lord" (Mars) and its effects in a variety of ways. We have already mentioned the new shortfall of the shadow of the Jerusalem sun dial. Another description was interplanetary lightning that struck, in Jerusalem's vicinity, the 185,000 (iron) lightning rods of Sennacherib's army, parked just outside Jerusalem, preparing for a final assault. A third change came later, when the Jews realized the old 360-day calendar could not be made to work. A five-day intercalary period, Veadar by name, begins to appear in the literature. It was tacked on to the twelfth of the Hebrew months, Adar. An interesting variety of other ancient calendars underwent comparable reorganizations. Following this final Mars-Earth flyby, the Uniformitarian Era arrived as Mars began a process of circularization for its orbit. Humanly speaking, the ancient fire-and-brimstone prophets such as Amos, Isaiah, Joel, and Jonah gave way to rabbis in ancient Israel. Star-gazers, seers, and ...
110. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop No. 5 (Apr 1979) Home¦ Issue Contents Letters Sir, I should like to comment on Mike Rowland's short discussion of our calendar and its Roman origins (Newsletter 3, p.10-11) by offering the following corrections and observations. Firstly, it is manifest to those who have studied the civilised nations of antiquity that the Romans were one of the most ignorant of "civilised" peoples; their one strength was land warfare, other things were beyond their invention. Quite why they should have seen fit to invent a calendar of their own when they could have brought a good one with them is an excellent topic for discussion. The fact remains, they just weren't able to cope with the intricacies of a calendar- often even the administration was beyond them. As examples of their foolishness I give:- 1. The so-called "year of confusion" which was in operation for centuries. This was pretty accurate even when the intercalary months were used as they were intended. However, and from time to time this happened ...
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