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52 pages of results.
91. Editorial [Horus $]
... . In ancient times, both sides expected the other to attack when Venus appeared as the Evening Star, so we understand if they prepare for battle while Venus is invisible. But we can also expect the training period to be 90 days in light of the 90 days allowed for superior conjunction invisibility in the astronomical records. But even in modern times we have 90-day training periods during the Civil War and World War II. Alban Wall's article "The Stonehenge: What is it?" explains how the Stonehenge was used as a calendar, including the phases of the Moon. This reminded me that not too long ago, our own calendars also included phases of the Moon, and of the old tradition of planting by the Moon. Then it occurred to me that the calendar used by Grandfather's grandfather did not hang on the kitchen wall. Rather, it hung in the evening (or morning) sky. Today we dismiss planting by the Moon as mere superstition. But in reality, they were planting by the lunar calendar. The rules for planting and ...
92. Chapter VIII: the Earliest Solar Shrines in Egypt [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... Temenos Walls of Saïs (Sa-el-Hagar) (From Lepsius) I confess I am impressed by this distinction; from the astronomical point of view it is so fundamental that almost a difference of race is required to explain it. I say this advisedly, although I know creed can go a great way, because among these early peoples their astronomy was chiefly a means to an end. It was not a story of abstract conceptions, or the mere expression of interesting facts whether used for religious purposes or not. The end was a calendar, of festivals and holydays if you will, but a calendar which would allow their 'tillage and harvest to prosper. Now, it is almost impossible to suppose that those who worshipped the sun at the solstice did not begin the year at the solstice. It is, of course, equally difficult to believe that those who preferred to range themselves as equinoctials did not begin the year at an equinox. Both these practices could hardly go on in the case of the same race in the same country, least of all in ...
93. "Nemesis" -- A New Idea as Old as the Bible? [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... grand cycle too appears to conform to ancient knowledge-- Sumerian, biblical, and even Hindu. That ancient peoples applied "astronomical" numbers to celestial movements is well known from Hindu traditions.[l There, a "Day of the Lord Brahma" (a kalpa) was defined as an eon comprising 12 million Divine Years (devas); each Divine Year equalled 360 Earth Years. Thus, a Day of the Lord Brahma equalled 4,320,000,000 Earth Years. A study of the Hindu celestial calendar by the eleventh-century Arab mathematician Abu Rayhan al-Biruni[2 brought out the additional information that a kalpa consisted of 1000 cycles called caturyugas. One could thus paraphrase the Hindu celestial calendar as stating that in the eyes of the Lord Brahma a thousand cycles are but a single day. This brings to mind the Psalmist's statement regarding the Divine Day of the biblical Lord (Psalms 90:4): A thousand years, in thy eyes, [are as a day past, gone by. The statement has been viewed traditionally as ...
94. C&C Review 2001:1: Contents [SIS C&C Review $]
... Review Home Chronology& Catastrophism Review Journal of the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies 2001:1 News 2 Articles Geomagnetic Effects of an Earthwide Event in 2300BC 4 Moe Mandelkehr develops his theory of a worldwide catastrophe in 2300BC. On Velikovsky's Orbits 11 Laurence C W Dixon takes a fresh look at the physics of Worlds in Collision An Investigation into the Reality of the Early Medieval Dark Age 14 Trevor Palmer looks for Niemitz's missing centuries. The Dark Ages hiatus: a response to Clark Whelton 20 Steve Mitchell investigates what Pope Gregory really did to the calendar. The sacred 260 day calendar of early Mesoamerican civilisations 22 Bob Johnson seeks an explanation for the Mayan calendar More Problems with Sothic Dating 27 Jesse Lasken develops his case further from 'Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise'. Thiele's Assyrian Reliance 30 J. Eric Aitchison questions the 'Bible' of Assyrian history. Black Sea Flood by Phillip Clapham 13 The Saint and the Miracle by Phillip Clapham 13 Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology by R.M. Porter 35 Monitor By Jill Abery 38 Bookshelf by Jill Abery 50 Reviews 50 Controversy: Catastrophism ...
95. Cosmos & Chronos Symposium report [SIS Internet Digest $]
... across the top, hanging down on the left, breathing fire. The signs for Venus, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter were spread across the top. Beneath the dragon was a Medusa-headed women pouring liquid from an urn. In the liquid were the numbers of a date. The Medusa-headed image was standing on top of a bird with a feathered head-dress, and the bird was on top of a warrior with a bundle of spears. Nancy felt sure that these particular pages were a code intended to show the relationship between the 360-day calendar, the 260-day calendar, and the 365.25 day calendar, with respect to the event depicted on the picture. She kept trying to get somebody-- anybody-- to give her a reliable date on which to anchor the picture. She also pointed out small sections of text and their translations-- Venus and Mars paired with the verbs for destruction and obscuration, for example. Fred's (I didn't catch the gentleman's last name) presentation suggested placing the World Mountain on earth, at the pole. It reached high ...
96. Investigating the Mound-Builders' Astronomy [Horus $]
... was once a major ceremonial center in the time before Columbus. Atop the central mound, a tall vertical pole was erected to serve as a gnomon to measure astronomical time by the Sun's shadow. A small ceremonial structure stood at the northern edge of the upper level, reached by ascending the wide stairway that began at the southern end of the mound. To the West, a woodhenge from which an observer atop a raised pedestal in the center of the ring of tall poles could observe the sunrise on significant days in the ceremonial calendar. The second greatest, attributed to an ancient people called the Adena is the Grave Creek Mound located in Moundsville, West Virginia. Relatively well preserved, and with a protecting museum next to it, this earthwork is 70-feet high and 333-feet wide. It required over two million basketloads of dirt to construct by a people who have left no visible evidence that they used wheels. The project obviously required considerable physical labor. When it was first opened in 1838, the Grave Creek Mound yielded two skeletons in royal state within two ...
97. Venus And Sirius [Kronos $]
... Home¦ Issue Contents Venus And Sirius Jan N. Sammer The Greek version of the Canopus Decree speaks of the rising of the star of Isis( to astron to tes Isios) as marking the beginning of the new year; the hieratic and hieroglyphic versions, however, assign the same role to Sothis, or Sirius.(1) Velikovsky, on the authority of Pliny,(2) identifies the star of Isis as the planet Venus(3) and explains that both Venus and Sirius had a role in the Egyptian calendar, the real purpose of the Decree being to make the calendar independent of Venus. Egyptologists generally consider both "star of Isis" and "Sothis" to refer to Sirius. Of the arguments put forward by Velikovsky against this interpretation, I consider the strongest to be the fact that a calendar based on a fixed star would not result in festivals moving through the seasons only if tied to the observations of a planet, in this case Venus, would festivals originally celebrated in the summer fall in midwinter. That the star ...
98. Megalithic Astronomy [SIS C&C Review $]
... -was the same then as it is now, and there is clear evidence from the sites themselves that it was not. The close orientation of the sides of the pyramids at Gizeh (c. 2600 B.C.) towards the meridian tells the same story: the geographical location of the poles cannot have changed during the last 4.5 thousand years at least. The most important of the megalithic sites for our purpose are those claimed to be solar, since we may be sure that accurate observations of the Sun were essential if an exact calendar was required. The yearly cycle of movements of the Sun is also the most obvious sign of the passing seasons and of the stability of the heavens. The only way the length of the year can be measured exactly is by determining the time of the solstices- that is, by defining the place on the horizon where the position of sunrise and sunset stops moving north (at midsummer) or south (at midwinter) and reverses back towards the equinoctial positions at due east and west. Because the rate of change in ...
99. Velikovsky, Mars, and the Eighth Century B. C. Part One [Kronos $]
... river swells at your command; must it submerge your dwelling in its depth?.... They know how in renewing its form, it rises and falls according to rules, it deposits sands... Beyond this point Daressy does not attempt to provide a connected translation, but he adds that fish were seen swimming in the chapel. His reading of the date on the first line was first month of the second season, day twelve. In a note, Breasted questioned the accuracy of this reading: "This calendar date for the high level of the inundation does not at all correspond to the place of the calendar in the seasons at this time as fixed by well-authenticated dates in other periods. Hieratic dates are usually very cursive, and there is little doubt that the transliteration is here incorrect." Velikovsky quoted the first sentence and added his own comment: "That it was not a seasonal inundation of the Nile is clear from the date." If it was not a seasonal inundation of the Nile, then what was it? ...
100. Solomon's Temple: An Astronomical Observatory [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... future, in book form. These matters nevertheless lead us to reasons for considering the Temple of Solomon as an astronomical observatory. I have already mentioned the value of celestial observations in the preparation of calendars and navigational charts; let us now review some of the calendric implications. First of all, the calendric needs of the Jews obviously pertained to their ritual system, schedule of sacrifices, and national celebrations and holy days. Directions for the timing of events, laid out in the writings of Moses, were based upon a lunar calendar. A lunar calendar, of course, would require close scrutiny of the night-time skies. Accordingly, we should seek indications that the Temple of Solomon was equipped for night observations. At this point I take a procedural clue from the ancient historian Diodorus of Sicily. 4 In describing an even more ancient Hermes he attributes to the latter the following: The invention of the alphabet. Ordinances regarding honors and offerings to the gods. The orderly arrangement of the stars. The harmony of musical sounds. That this Hermes is a ...
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