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Search results for: calendar in all categories

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... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1999:2 (Feb 2000) Home¦ Issue Contents Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise by Jess E. Lasken The defenders of Sothic dating are shameless in their use of sources and data. Take, for instance, an article defending Sothic dating by Leo Depuydt of Brown University, published in the leading American Egyptology journal [1. This article reviewed the evidence for the proposition that the same Egyptian 365 day calendar was used without reform for approximately 3000 years ('the axiom of consistency'). It was intended to counter claims by Peter James [2 that Sothic dating had suffered a 'practical demise'. Depuydt reviewed the history of the axiom and summarised the evidence supporting it. He was forced to admit [3, 'There is to my knowledge, no uncontroversial evidence for the consistency of the wandering calendar before 473 BCE.' Nevertheless, he asserted that the weight of the evidence supports this. Furthermore, he claimed that double-dated documents from the Persian period show that 'from about 473 onwards, the Sothic hypothesis ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 735  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
... From: Horus Vol. 3 No. 1 (Winter 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents The Calendar of Coligny Alban Wall In previous papers, HORUS Vol. I, No. 2 and HORUS Vol II, No. 3, 1 described in detail the operation of Stonehenge as a luni-solar calendar that employed the 19-year Sun-Moon cycle. Though the actual device itself as it existed at Stonehenge was unique, the calendar format it embodied is not. The 19year cycle wherein specific Moon phases are repeated on the same days of the year every 19 years has, at one time or another, formed the basis of calendar systems for numerous civilizations. The Babylonians, the Hindus, the Jews, the Greeks and the Romans each employed the scheme at some point in their history; in fact, several of these are still in use at the present time. Since the 19-year cycle is a universal celestial phenomenon, it is natural that well-defined, fundamental similarities will be found between calendar systems based on it. It is small, arbitrary and relatively inconsequential differences that ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 383  -  05 Mar 2003  -  48k  -  URL:
... From: Pensée Vol. 4 No 5: (Winter 1974-75) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered X" Home¦ Issue Contents Scientifically speaking... Professor Irving Michelson Dr. Michelson is professor of mechanics, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. 19-Year Lunar Calendar Cycle: Accurate Adjustment to 365-1/4-Day Civil Calendar Hard Science: When you can state that the lunar month is precisely 29.530589 days long, with eight-digit precision --equivalent to certainty to within one part in one hundred million --that's hard science! Astronomical Stability: When the Earth's rotation around its polar axis and orbital motion around the Sun, and the Moon's orbital motion around the Earth, are so constant over such a long period as to permit eight-digit precision to be determined by observation --and eclipse cycle periodicities to be known "from antiquity"--can you blame the astronomers for believing in the order and in the stability of our solar system? Pensée readers are accustomed to situating events in time according to New Moon or other lunar phases. They have also seen suggestions that Earth movements --rotational or orbital, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 375  -  05 Mar 2003  -  17k  -  URL:
4. More Problems with Sothic Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:1 (Apr 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents More Problems with Sothic Dating Jesse E. Lasken Summary This paper is a follow-up to the paper in C&CR 1999:2 'Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise'. Contrary to the assumptions of Sothic dating, as late as the Persian period the Egyptians were actually using a calendar that was 41 days ahead of the calendar Sothic dating posits. Geminus and P. Paris 1 have been misused, and, based on more detailed analysis of the documents. There is also a correction to the earlier explanation given for the matches achieved by Porten using the Sothic dating calendar and the Babylonian calendar for double-dated documents from Elephantine. Jess Lasken recently retired as an attorney at the US Government National Science Foundation. He has had articles about ancient history published in C&CR, C&CW, JACF, Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, Discussions in Egyptology and elsewhere. My previous argument [1 that Theon's 'Petit Commentaire' supports the proposition that the Egyptian calendar used ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 316  -  05 Mar 2003  -  22k  -  URL:
... let us place Shane H. Mage's quotation from the Ebers Papyrus about an eye-salve "as told to us by a Jew from Byblos". The word he accepted as meaning "Jew" is Egyptian '3m, a term used as early as the Old Kingdom. It is translated in the Wörterbuch and by other editors of Ebers as "Asiatic". A Jew may be an Asiatic but not all Asiatics are Jews. Rather than continue in this point by point fashion I propose to set forth a few observations on the Egyptian calendar system which if coupled with a thorough reading of my Calendars and my article "Sothic Dates and Calendar 'Adjustment'" (Revue d'Egyptologie 9, pp. 101-08) will clear up, I feel sure, many problems for the uninitiated. A. The only Egyptian calendar governed by the heliacal rising of Sirius, prt Spdt, was the original lunar calendar. According to this calendar the rising had to take place in the twelfth month of the year. When it might fall out of that month an intercalary month was added ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 270  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
... is possible because of the unerring motion of the heavenly bodies and the validity of the methods of calculating the relative motions. Just as future eclipses can be predicted for a given time and for a given location, so also it is possible to calculate backwards and determine the exact time and location of eclipses of the past. Hence, if a record of antiquity associates an eclipse with some specific historical event or with some specific year of a king's reign, it is then theoretically possible to date that event in terms of the present calendar or of any other calendar which has a proven relationship to the presently used calendar. It might be expected that with such a tool at our disposal, the last difficulties in setting up the broad and general outlines of the chronology of the ancient world would be removed. This has obviously not been the case, or there would be no major chronological problems left unsolved. The failure of eclipse data to provide the expected unquestionable structure results primarily from the paucity of satisfactory eclipse records from these early eras, for if the information ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 260  -  05 Mar 2003  -  77k  -  URL:
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:1 (Apr 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Dark Ages hiatus: a response to Clark Whelton by Steve Mitchell Summary The theory proposed by Illig and others that centuries are missing from the middle of the first millennium AD is due to their misunderstanding of the Gregorian calendar reform and not some astronomical miscalculation. In choosing to delete 10 days from the calendar, Pope Gregory made a political decision and not a scientific one. The article shows how the correct number of days were actually calculated and the thinking behind Gregory's choice not to push for the 'correct' answer. It goes on to show how the hiatus in the Dark Ages is only apparent and not real. Steve Mitchell is a retired businessman who now spends all of his time as an archaeologist specialising in the morphology of ancient Christian structures. He also writes on diverse history topics from local studies to ancient art. At the SIS Autumn Lecture Meeting, November 1998, Clark Whelton gave a talk entitled 'Did the Dark Ages of the First Millennium Really ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 255  -  05 Mar 2003  -  10k  -  URL:
... From: Aeon V:3 (Dec 1998) Home¦ Issue Contents The Mosaic Calendar and the Sabbath by Eric Aitchison If Immanuel Velikovsky was obsessed with proving Biblical accuracy, as many of his detractors assert, and should such have been his intention, there is ample evidence for a changed year length within the Old Testament. I do not wish to be seen as a Biblical fundamentalist but, in this context, I am prepared to acknowledge that a nation in its early impressionable years could create a calendar system which it saw as the direct result of God's instruction to Moses. The population of Egypt was subservient to the priestly caste who calculated the calendar or, in somewhat better terminology, controlled the system which allowed the important feast days to occur on the correct cyclical days. So why not a nation which had just spent between 120 and 400 years (the various accepted sojourn lengths) under Egyptian cultural domination? Would not this same infant nation have taken such a system with it into the desert together with many of the devices it had observed ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 240  -  05 Mar 2003  -  15k  -  URL:
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1997:1 (Oct 1997) Home¦ Issue Contents A possible connection between the Aztec Sun Stone and western civilisations Flavio Barbiero Fig. 1 In an article in C&C Review ('Relation between the perpetual calendar based on the 128 years cycle and the Central American Calendar', C&CR 1996:2, pp. 12-15), I suggested that the 'Sun Stone', carved by the Aztecs in 1492 (see fig.1), could be the representation of a mechanical device, a sort of astronomical clock, capable of measuring the time according to a calendar based on a 128 year cycle. The implications are of considerable moment, because this implies the existence of an unknown advanced civilisation, prior to the Aztecs', which possessed advanced astronomical and mathematical knowledge and the technology necessary to make a mechanical device of that type. Of course, unless we find the original model there is no absolute evidence that the Sun Stone represents a mechanical device but this possibility cannot be ruled out and requires a thorough ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 225  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL:
10. Briefing [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1989 No 1 (May 1989) Home¦ Issue Contents Briefing Death Knell for Sothic Dating source: Discussions in Egyptology 13 (1989), pp. 79-88 Nel Weggelaar and Chris Kort's 'The Calendar Reforms of Ancient Egypt' is a paper which challenges R. A. Parker's widely accepted thesis that the Egyptians used a 365 day calendar throughout most of their history. They note that there is little positive evidence in favour of Parker's contention: for the Old Kingdom we have only two inscriptions mentioning 'the five days upon the year'. This they argue does not necessarily mean five epagomenal days: an alternative explanation could be found within a lunar calendar in which feasts were celebrated for the birth of the gods on those 'five days upon the year'. During the Middle Kingdom there is unequivocal evidence for the existence of epagomenal days. But by studying the geometry of the inscriptions Weggelaar and Kort discovered the year should have been 1 day shorter than the 365 in Parker's model. Their conclusion from this was that the Middle ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 210  -  05 Mar 2003  -  5k  -  URL:
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