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... of thought which remained hidden to generations of modern Africanists. The great merit of Ernst Cassirer lies in his tracing the existence of "symbolic forms" from the past in the midst of historic culture. Who but he should have been able to discern the lineaments of archaic myth? Yet he remained blinded by condescension. Evolution, a brilliant biological idea of our own past, construed into a universal banality, held him in thrall. He could not follow up his insight because of the fatal confusion which has established itself between biological time, the time of evolution, and the time of mankind. The time of man, in which he has lived the life of the mind ...
222. Controversy: Catastrophism and Evolution, The Ongoing Debate, by Trevor Palmer (Review) [Journals] [SIS Review]
... . Chapter 6 reflects upon all the above material to ask where evolutionary theory stands today. Palmer makes his case well, although I doubt that it will sway the ultra-Darwinians (assuming that they bother reading the book!). It would have been helpful had he made a clearer distinction between sudden and gradual change in different parts of the biological hierarchy, i.e . the genealogical hierarchy and the societary hierarchy. Gradual changes and sudden changes may occur in both these hierarchies. In the genealogical hierarchy, speciation (the creation of new species) is seen as a fast or a slow process, depending on one's evolutionary beliefs. In the societary hierarchy, mass extinctions ( ...
... , an even more important and learned exegete, comes out flatly against Numenius [n5 See F. Buffiere, Les Mythes d'Homere et la Pensée Grecque (1956), p. 444.]. Enough is known, indeed more than enough of the welter of oriental traditions on the Rivers of Heaven with their bewildering mixture of astronomical and biological imagery, which culminated in Anaximander's idea of the "Boundless Flow," the Apeiron, to see whence early Greece got its lore. 189 It can be left alone here. But Socrates is citing an Orphic version, whence his restraint in naming his authorities, and its strange entities, such as Okeanos and Chronos, deserve attention ...
224. Solar System Studies (Part 2) [Journals] [Aeon]
... conundrums that it is not surprising to find many mutually exclusive theories concerning its evolution. It is not possible to deal with these in a rigorously comprehensive manner in a brief paper. On the other hand, mention of some of the more outstanding items of interest must be made. These will include Earth surface weather, Earth's magnetic field, biological eras, plate tectonics, and Greenland ice cores. The torrid zone land has rain forests along Earth's equator flanked by two bands of deserts along the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn located 23.5 north and south of the equator. The north temperate zone land features vegetated plains and forested uplands while the south temperate zone is mostly over ...
225. Thoth Vol II, No. 7: April 15, 1998 [Journals] [Thoth]
... Maurice Gilroy: I believe that if you want to claim that you are going to provide a scientific explanation of past events, your explanation must be a "bottom up" one, not "top down." Your explanation must be evolutionary in the sense that it must start with sound physics, and proceed up through whatever chemistry, biology, psychology, and sociology is necessary to explain the mythic description. To make Greek rationalist judgments about Oriental myths, and then try to figure out some plausible chemistry and physics, is working "top down," (and backwards). This may be necessary in the very early "searching for some logical explanation" phase. ...
226. Nemesis for Evolutionary Gradualism? [Journals] [SIS Review]
... Myr; this gave a much better fit than any obtained with the random simulations, indicting a confidence level of 99.7 percent. Raup and Sepkoski concluded, If the periodicity of extinctions in the geologic past can be demonstrated, the implications are broad and fundamental. A first question is whether we are seeing the effects of a purely biological phenomenon or whether periodic extinction results from recurrent events or cycles in the physical environment. If the forcing agent is in the physical environment, does this reflect an earthbound process or something in space? If the latter, are the extraterrestrial influences solar, solar system, or galactic? Although none of these alternatives can be ruled out now ...
227. Return to the Paelo-Saturnian Ssystem (Forum) [Journals] [Aeon]
... I mentioned that "Alvarez's meteor...[left] the mammals intact without a trace of the nasty dinosaurs who had kept us scurrying on the night-time forest floor,"  I never intended to suggest that humans were around at that time! I haphazardly used the term "us" to connote our remote, common biological ancestors with the rest of the primate family. 2. YHWH [Editor's note: This second part of Bar-Ron's missive mainly concerns personal theological beliefs, a subject which AEON has always tried to avoid. But, because Bar-Ron's entreaties are so obviously heart-felt, the editors have decided to make an exception this one time.] According to ...
228. Letters [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... effect may not have had time to become fully effective. Have we come across a new agent of mass-extinctions ? Peter McIlmoyle, Twickenham, Middlesex The Plagues of Egypt Past studies of the ten Plagues of Egypt referred to in the Bible all agree that they fall into two or three groupings: (i ) the first six relating to the biological consequences, from the death of river fish to the outbreak of boils, (ii) the next three brought about by atmospheric phenomena and, possibly, (iii) because it is difficult to determine what actually happened, the tenth plague may have been due to a separate event. David Salkeld criticises Greta Hort's theory (first published ...
229. An Empirical Approach to Collective AmnesiaA [Journals] [Kronos]
... experiences acquired during great psychological and physical shock there is more than motivated forgetting (repression) with which to contend. Individual memory can be affected by a variety of causes that would not come under the rubric of repressed memories (emotionally blocked retrieval) but which result in irretrievable loss through initial memory storage failure. Research has established that the biological memory mechanism requires time to encode an experience for permanent recall. From the limited-capacity, short-term memory system, significant elements from the flow of experience are selected for consolidation into long term memory. Intense psychological or physical trauma during consolidation, which takes about thirty minutes, can disrupt the process causing complete loss of unconsolidated experience (Cf. ...
230. Knowledge and Entropy - an Evolutionary Outlook [Journals] [Catastrophist Geology]
... their weight is kept within appropriate limits. The rise of knowledge has led to the dominance of one consumer species, which became a despotic exploiter rather than a disciplined subject of the living community. The effectiveness of the total living system in opposing entropy increase was thereby undermined. What Boulding (1965) called the segregation of entropy' by biological evolution, that is, the creation of more order at some points at the cost of creating less order elsewhere' has a basic role in life's strategy, but the extreme development of this tendency which culminated in human knowledge may well prove to be conflicting with the anti-entropic needs of the whole system. The entropy boost depends, of ...
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