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31. Ultra Luminous Astronomy (2) [Thunderbolts Website]
... of the ULX in the above Hubble Telescope photo of Stephan's Quintet (the ULX is the tiny bright spot indicated by the arrow). That spectrum showed a redshift that identified the ULX as a high redshift quasar, something that belongs far in the background of a big bang universe, but is right where it belongs in an intrinsic redshift universe. Halton Arp, who has been ostracized for 30 years for criticizing the big bang, said,"... nothing could convey the excitement of sitting in the Keck10 meter control ... and seeing that beautiful z= 2.11 [high redshift spectrum unfold on the screen." This is the most direct evidence yet that the redshift= distance relationship doesn't work. [And without the redshift= distance relationship, the big bang also fails.Arp concluded that most, if not all, of the ULX's will turn out to be nearby quasars in the process of being ejected from active galaxies. Arp's colleague, Geoffrey Burbidge, designed a test of Arp's hypothesis. He looked at 24 quasars that are unusually close to ...
32. Temperature of Space [Thunderbolts Website]
... pic of the day archive subject index abstract archive Links: Holoscience Electric Cosmos The Universe Plasma Cosmology Society for Interdisciplinary Studies educational resources Aeon Journal Feb 15, 2005 Temperature of Space The discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is popularly believed to prove the Big Bang. That proof is spot on — if you allow a big enough spot. One of the first predictions was that it would indicate a "temperature of space" of 5 Kelvin (5K). That prediction was revised upward until it reached 50K shortly ... the CMBR was discovered. When the discovery measured it to be only 2.7K, the Big Bang proponents claimed it and ignored the size of the spot required to cover the gap. They also ignored a long history of other predictions from other theories that required much tinier spots. In 1896, Charles Edouard Guillaume predicted a temperature of 5.6K from heating by starlight. Arthur Eddington refined the calculations in 1926 and predicted a temperature of 3K. Regener predicted 2.8 in 1933. The first astronomer to collect observations from which the temperature of space ...
33. How Big is a Gamma Ray Burst? [Thunderbolts Website]
... home updates news and views picture of the day resources team a role for you contact us picture of the day archive subject index subject abstracts Credit: L. Piro (CNR) et al., CXC, NASA Oct 12, 2006 How Big is a Gamma Ray Burst? The estimated size of a gamma ray burst depends on its distance. Redshift=distance makes some if not all gamma ray bursts impossibly energetic. A fading afterglow from a gamma ray burst is centered in this false color image from the space-based Chandra ... this galactic redshift is a measure of velocity (just as a train whistle sounds lower when it's going away than when it's approaching, light can become redshifted when the object is going away and blueshifted when it is approaching.) All of the expanding universe and big bang theories are based on this assumption, neatly summed up in the description, "the farther away a galaxy is, the faster it is moving away." But does it work? In the 1960's, Halton Arp began documenting cases where redshift couldn't possibly mean ...
34. Temperature of Space [Thunderbolts Website]
... hour-long DVD introducing various aspects of the Electric Universe explained by members of the Thunderbolts Group. More Information Book Synopsis Read Chapter One Order Link Dec 20, 2005 Temperature of Space The discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is popularly believed to prove the Big Bang. That proof is spot on — if you allow a big enough spot. One of the first predictions was that it would indicate a "temperature of space" of 5 Kelvin (5K). That prediction was revised upward until it reached 50K shortly ... the CMBR was discovered. When the discovery measured it to be only 2.7K, the Big Bang proponents claimed it and ignored the size of the spot required to cover the gap. They also ignored a long history of other predictions from other theories that required much tinier spots. In 1896, Charles Edouard Guillaume predicted a temperature of 5.6K from heating by starlight. Arthur Eddington refined the calculations in 1926 and predicted a temperature of 3K. Regener predicted 2.8 in 1933. The first astronomer to collect observations from which the temperature of space ...
35. preview [Thunderbolts Website]
... sensational and fantastical constructs of "gravity only" cosmology, replacing them with lucid and down-to-earth explanations of space age findings. From start to finish, the book is grounded in a practical understanding of electric currents in plasma. Dr Scott systematically unravels the myths of “Big Bang” cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic “reconnection”, or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory. The book contains sensible science for the experts. ... is also an exceptional primer for general readers, highlighting the latest developments in plasma science and astronomy. Chapters in the book include a historical overview, an in-depth exploration of the electric sun, and a review of astronomer Halton Arp ’ s challenge to Big Bang cosmology. Dr. Scott offers new perspectives on quasars, galaxies, and gamma ray bursters. Of special interest to many will be his explanation of the solar magnetic polarity reversal, something that has long baffled solar physicists. For anyone exploring the new vistas opened by the ...
36. Hoyle's Conclusion [Thunderbolts Website]
... Book home pic of the day archive subject index abstract archive Links: Holoscience Electric Cosmos The Universe Plasma Cosmology Society for Interdisciplinary Studies educational resources Aeon Journal Aug 31, 2004 Hoyle's Conclusion Three Challenges For Cosmology Hoyle, Burbidge and Narlikar published a book in 2002 against the big bang. Unfortunately, the Quasi-Steady-State-Cosmology (QSSC), which they propose as an alternative, is based on the same faulty assumption as the big bang --that redshift can be used as a measure of distance. They devote one section of their book to quasars as ... exception to that rule. This section covers the observational evidence that quasars are found together with active galaxies in spite of their redshift incompatibility. The last chapter of the book is most fascinating to a pioneering astronomer. Here they discuss three major issues that standard cosmology has never explained quantitatively. In simpler words, the math doesn't match what the observations demand. The first problem is angular momentum. Everything in space seems to spin, although it's not clear why. But some objects, like our Sun, don't spin as fast as ...
37. news and views [Thunderbolts Website]
... it takes an infinity of time for something to fall in. So Instead of everything falling in it looks like nothing ever falls ”in”. The orthodox answer is that, well, it comes as close as you want. (But maybe not in a Big Bang Universe that is only 15 billion years old.) Then again how would you like a black hole of 10 billion solar masses (the mass of a whole galaxy) completely formed only a billion years from the Big Bang beginning? The discoverers spoke freely ... the popular press 1 but typically only mentioned in one sentence in the the journal paper as:”... formation of such a high M black hole after ~1Gyr is difficult tounderstand.” 2 Accretion processes onto Black Holes are supposed to enable them to radiate high energy X-rays. When X-ray telescopes found strong X-ray sources in galaxies they said, aha, this is too strong to be an X-ray star so it must be a black hole in orbit around a star- a binary with a massive black hole revolving around ...
38. In the Dark on Matter [Thunderbolts Website]
... and energy is invisible. Credit: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss Dec 21, 2006 In the Dark on Matter (This TPOD first appeared on 2-28-06) Since there is no experimental or observable evidence that dark matter exists, is it just a prop for the beleaguered big bang theory? This highly speculative construct is now combined with one just as fabulous --dark energy --to shore up current cosmological dogma. In the 1930s, astronomers Fritz Zwicky and Sinclair Smith were puzzled by the motions they observed within the Virgo and Coma galactic clusters. ... seemed to be moving too fast to be held in place by gravity. So they conjectured that something they could not see was exerting a gravitational effect on these clusters. But most astronomers were only marginally impressed. In the 1970s, however, astronomers began to examine the rotational motions of spiral galaxies such as our own Milky Way. The rotational speeds of the stars that make up spiral galaxies are far too great, they said: At such speeds the constituent stars should be flying apart. So astronomers, accustomed to thinking only ...
39. The Ever-Elusive "Dark Energy" [Thunderbolts Website]
... matter” than visible matter. Such leaps of faith, however, are dwarfed by the more recent appeals to a mysterious concept called “dark energy”— summoned to prevent a complete collapse of modern cosmology and in particular its cherished “starting point”, the big bang. Certain principles of the big bang hypothesis are foundational. To give up these principles would be to abandon the hypothesis. One such principle is the standard interpretation of “redshift” (the shift of spectra from distant objects in space toward the red end ... the light spectrum). Astronomers view redshift as a reliable indicator of the speed at which an object is moving away from the observer. The result of this interpretation is the now-famous “expanding universe”. Applying assumptions that once seemed obvious, the redshifted objects in space must mean that the universe is growing larger, as the distances between observed objects grows ever greater. Another foundational principle is that of an electrically neutral, gravity-driven universe. And if gravity is the controlling force, then it follows that distant objects ’ velocities of ...
40. The End Of The Old-Model Universe [Science Frontiers Website]
... the 1980s about the shape and history of the Universe have now been abandoned-- and cosmologists are now taking seriously the possibility that the Universe is pervaded by some sort of vacuum energy, whose origin is not at all understood." Does this mean that the Big Bang, the mainstay of the astronomy we were taught in school, is now being cast aside? After all, the Big Bang does model fairly well three important observations: The apparent expansion of the universe; The 3 K microwave background; and The abundances ... the light nuclei. But try as they may, cosmologists have not been able to coax the Big Bang model to explain the large-scale lumpiness and structure of the galaxies and galaxy clusters. One problem with the Big Bang is that it has too many free parameters-- too much theoretical slack. Many cosmologists are now looking for a better model. This better model, to use the words of P. Coles, should be more "exciting" and "stranger," something "perhaps not even based on General Relativity. ...
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