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21. DID THE UNIVERSE HAVE A BEGINNING? [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 97: Jan-Feb 1995 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Did the universe have a beginning?" Abstract. The big bang theory postulates that the entire universe originated in a cosmic explosion about 15 billion years ago. Such an idea had no serious constituency until Edwin Hubble discovered the redshift of galaxy light in the 1920s, which seemed to imply an expanding universe. However, our ability to test cosmological theories has vastly improved with modern telescopes covering ... wavelengths, some of them in orbit. Despite widespread acceptance of the big bang theory as a working model for interpreting new findings, not a single important prediction of the theory has yet been confirmed, and substantial evidence has accumulated against it. Here, we examine the evidence for the most fundamental postulate of the big bang, the expansion of the universe. We conclude that the evidence does not support the theory, and that it is time to stop patching up the theory to keep it viable, and to consider fundamentally new ...
22. Bye Bye Big Bang: Hello Reality [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2002:2 (Dec 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents Bye Bye Big Bang: Hello Reality www.amazon.com Book. Gain an understanding of Big Bang Theory in a few short chapters. Learn about its many flaws- why you shouldn't believe a word of it. Then learn the true story of cosmology based on facts and logic. A lucid description of Big Bang Theory is first presented. Following that, the long list of older flaws in that theory are reviewed, and some newly discovered additions to ... are presented. The combined impact of those flaws forever destroys the credibility of a Big Bang. But, more importantly, an alternative theory that is based on astronomical data, proven science and logic is then presented. This book succeeds Mitchell's 1995 book, The Cult of the Big Bang, that was published with endorsements by plasma physicist and cosmologist Anthony L. Peratt of the Los Alamos National Laboratories, cosmologist Halton C. Arp of the Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Germany, and Professor Jayant V. Narlikar, director of the ...
23. Is the Universe Finite? [Aeon Journal $]
... is somewhat similar to a meteorological magnetic weather pattern on an almost incomprehensible space-time scale spanning gigayears into both the preterprimordial past and the unforeseeable future. We can barely see where we've been but not really where we're going. Could this philosophically or even theoretically mean that the Big Bang concept is in trouble? Not too bloody likely since, according to cosmologist David Schramm of the University of Chicago, certain critics of the Big Bang don't understand where cosmology is right now, probably because implicit in his forthright statement is the hidden fact that ... is currently in a state of confusion and no one really knows where it's at. It's been said that black holes may tunnel through time and space into another dimensionality, slowly bleeding their contents through these conduits and reappearing in another time and another place as white holes. Hypothetically, entering into a black hole you can see where you've been but not where you're going. Conversely, exiting by way of a white hole you can see where you're going but not where you've been. If white holes are the end results of black ...
24. How Big is a Gamma Ray Burst? [Thunderbolts Website]
... is a must read since it is both educational and hard-hitting while being readable and entertaining. Writing eye-opening material in more than one arena, Arp takes on the corruption of good science in academia, government and publishing after giving us great material concerning red shift, the Big Bang, and cosmology. The book Seeing Red can be ordered via the link. Order Link Aug 20, 2004 How Big is a Gamma Ray Burst? The estimated size of a gamma ray burst depends on its distance. Redshift=distance makes some if ... all gamma ray bursts impossibly energetic. A fading afterglow from a gamma ray burst is centered in this false color image from the space-based Chandra X-ray Observatory. While the gamma rays are produced for only a few seconds, many of these events can be identified by their afterglow in X-ray, visible light and radio waves. These are often associated with galaxies at great distances. Astronomers describe them as the biggest explosions in the universe. But the estimated size of a gamma ray burst depends on its distance. If we think it is ...
25. news and views [Thunderbolts Website]
... home updates news and views picture of the day resources team a role for you contact us news and views Big Bang's Afterglow Fails an Intergalactic Shadow Test Press Release In a finding sure to cause controversy, scientists at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) found a lack of evidence of shadows from "nearby" clusters of galaxies using new, highly accurate measurements of the cosmic microwave background. A team of UAH scientists led by Dr. Richard Lieu, a professor of physics, used data from NASA's Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy ... that has been predicted for years," said Lieu. "This is the only direct method of determining the distance to the origin of the cosmic microwave background. Up to now, all the evidence that it originated from as far back in time as the Big Bang fireball has been circumstantial. "If you see a shadow, however, it means the radiation comes from behind the cluster. If you don't see a shadow, then you have something of a problem. Among the 31 clusters that we studied, some show ...
26. A New Cosmology [Science Frontiers Website]
... Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects A New Cosmology In the April 1999 issue of Physics Today-- certainly a mainstream publication, but occasionally daring-- we find a long, technically deep article outlining a new cosmology that jettisons the Big Bang and even redshifts as infallible measures of cosmological distances. It should come as no surprise that the authors are G. Burbidge, F. Hoyle, and J.V. Narlikar. They propose a quasi-steady-state universe to replace the hot Big Bang. It is easy ... itemize narrow, specific problems bedeviling the Big Bang, but the three "boat-rockers" listed above also have an important philosophical bone to pick with modern astronomers and cosmologists. "The theory departs increasingly from known physics, until ultimately the energy source of the universe is put in as an initial condition, the energy supposedly coming from somewhere else. Because that "somewhere else" can have any properties that suit the theoretician, supporters of Big Bang cosmology gain for themselves a large bag of free parameters that can subsequently be tuned as ...
27. Thoth Vol. VII, No 2 March 15, 2003 [Thoth Website]
... the source of rhinoceros-shaped lava tubes. Another long-standing assumption in astronomy is that the redshift observed in the spectra of galaxies arises from a velocity of recession proportional to the galaxies' distances. This assumption, called the cosmological redshift distance, lies at the heart of the Big Bang cosmology. When quasars were discovered and it was found their spectra were redshifted much more than most galaxies', the quasars were thought to be situated in the outback of the universe and therefore unrelated to the foreground galaxies. Then Halton Arp discovered statistical and ... connections between quasars and galaxies. The assumption that redshift was an indicator of distance was undermined. But proponents of a non-cosmological redshift sometimes continued to place the galaxies and their connected quasars at the galaxies' cosmological redshift distances, exposing a cosmological-sized cavity of consonance, with quasars and their parent galaxies at the bottom. Geologists since the time of Lyell have strung together rocks and fossils on a thread of assumptions about the constancy and uniformity of tectonic and erosional forces. The resulting bracelet of explanatory charms has been put on display as the ...
28. Laura Lee Archives [SIS Internet Digest $]
... and metaphor to express. Forbidden Archeology co-author Richard Thompson uses modern astronomy to examine the Bhagavata Purana, a classical Hindu scripture, and finds an advanced, multi-level world model with a spiritual dimension. 01/25/01 Tom Van Flandern: How Viable is the Big Bang Theory?: Astronomer Tom Van Flandern details the eight experiments that test whether the universe is expanding or static, offers alternative explanations for the Red Shift and background microwave radiation (two main "proofs" to the Big Bang) and tears apart the " ... " needed to keep the Big Bang Theory viable. 01/23/01 Tom Van Flandern: Theories of Gravity: What causes the pull of gravity? Though Einstein's curved space-time reigns as the leading theory, you haven't heard it all yet. Forward thinking astronomer Tom Van Flandern reviews the centuries-old debate and alternative theories and argues for his favorite theory of gravity, supported by mathematical formulas, recent lab experiments, and astronomical observations. 12/15/00 Jordan Maxwell: Ancient Symbolism Part 2: Part Two: Ancient sun ...
29. Ten Strikes Against The Big Bang [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 116: Mar-Apr 1998 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Ten Strikes Against The Big Bang T. Van Flandern, editor of the Meta Re search Bulletin, has compiled a list of Big-Bang problems-- and it is not a short list. Can the Big-Bang paradigm be that shaky? Like Evolution and Relativity, the Big Bang is usually paraded as a proven, undeniable fact. It isn't. Static-universe models fit the data better than expanding-universe ... . The microwave "background" makes more sense as the limiting temperature of space heated by starlight than as the remnant of a fireball. Element-abundance predictions using the Big Bang require too many adjustable parameters to make them work. The universe has too much largescale structure (interspersed "walls" and voids) to form in a time as short as 10-20 billion years. The average luminosity of quasars must decrease in just the right way so that their mean apparent brightness is the same at all redshifts, which is exceedingly unlikely. The ...
30. ULTRA LUMINOUS ASTRONOMY (2) [Thunderbolts Website]
... of the ULX in the above Hubble Telescope photo of Stephan's Quintet (the ULX is the tiny bright spot indicated by the arrow). That spectrum showed a redshift that identified the ULX as a high redshift quasar, something that belongs far in the background of a big bang universe, but is right where it belongs in an intrinsic redshift universe. Halton Arp, who has been ostracized for 30 years for criticizing the big bang, said,"... nothing could convey the excitement of sitting in the Keck10 meter control ... and seeing that beautiful z= 2.11 [high redshift spectrum unfold on the screen." This is the most direct evidence yet that the redshift= distance relationship doesn't work. [And without the redshift= distance relationship, the big bang also fails.Arp concluded that most, if not all, of the ULX's will turn out to be nearby quasars in the process of being ejected from active galaxies. Arp's colleague, Geoffrey Burbidge, designed a test of Arp's hypothesis. He looked at 24 quasars that are unusually close to ...
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