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21. The Biblical 40-Years Periods [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:2 (Jan 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents The Biblical 40-Years Periods Introduction This preliminary study of the Bible numbers is part of a wider investigation into the quality of evidence used for chronological purposes. There are two minimum requirements which must be met before anything reported as written on ancient tablets, monuments, or papyri can be regarded as a fact. The first is an audit of the translation and the second is convincing independent supporting evidence. The numbers contained in ancient historic texts are much easier to translate than names of people and places but may be harder to verify. It is especially important therefore to consider them carefully before use. Unfortunately, probably because verification may seem impossible, this premise is generally ignored by both conventional ancient historians and revisionists. Key building blocks in all chronologies and revisions of Old Testament (OT) history are the 40-year reigns accorded in the Bible to Saul, David and Solomon and the three 40-year periods in the life of Moses. So far as I am aware, all ...
22. The Earth Chronicles (Review) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... The second work, Stairway to Heaven (1980) penetrates the record of human attempts to recognize, communicate with, and work with these periodic celestial visitors. It offers a shockingly radical interpretation of ancient high mystery cults, particularly Egyptian, and those readers with an open mind will find their understanding of myth greatly enhanced. For those who feel most comfortable with myth as a reality-based phenomenon, Sitchin's presentation of another force operating periodically on Earth will open up entirely new possibilities about the origins of "the gods," whom the Bible, he shows, called the Nefilim. The third book, The Wars of Gods and Men (1985), is a work of great interest to readers of Catastrophism and Ancient History. Here, Sitchin carefully analyzes some key archetypal historical events in relation to the activities of the Nefilim. After discussing the Chronicles in general, I will focus on Sitchin's chronology of Abraham, leading up to a nuclear war in the Sinai which he depressingly and convincingly posits occurred in 2024 B.C. It may sound as though The Earth Chronicles ...
23. Rockenbach's 'De Cometis' and the Identity of Typhon [SIS C&C Review $]
... about the "giants" who are mentioned in the passage as having aided Typhon in his subjugation of the Egyptians. Who were they? It is clear from the sources collected by Velikovsky that the invaders known as the Hyksos consisted in the main of Amalekites from Arabia (10). It is very probable, however, that this people moved into Egypt accompanied by hordes from the Negeb and from the coastal regions of the Levant (11). It is quite possible that peoples linked with the Hyksos included those named in the Bible as "the sons of Anak", or the Anakim. These people are said to have dwelt in the Negeb along with the Amalekites (Numbers 13:22, 29). The Anakim are said to have been "men of great stature" and "a people great and tall" (Numbers 13:32; Deuteronomy 9:2), and are consequently described in Hebrew as nephilim, a word commonly translated as "giants" (Numbers 13:33). Indeed, the Latin word used by ...
24. Rethinking Hatshepsut [SIS C&C Review $]
... large number of slaves, the devastation of Egypt by the ten plagues, or the destruction of the Egyptian army. It has been claimed that the Egyptians did not record their defeats, which is true, but it should be recognised that the XVIII Dynasty was the most powerful dynasty that ever ruled Egypt and also the best documented. Such a disaster would have left some hint of it in the Egyptian records- but this dynasty was affluent and serene. There is just no place for an Exodus of the dimensions indicated in the Bible. The result has been a downgrading of the Exodus. In Andrews University I studied under Dr Horn and well remember him proving to us logically that a two million Exodus was just not feasible. The 'six hundred thousand' footmen of Exodus 12:37 were reduced to 600 families. The Hebrew word eleph is translated 'family' once in the King James Bible (it is translated 'thousand' 384 times). While it might be possible to translate people as 'families' in Exodus 12:37, it is not possible ...
25. Dating the Amarna Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... movement of the theophoric particle from the beginning of his name to the end is a known phenomenon. Ahaziah of Judah is also called Jehoahaz, while Jehoiachin is also called Jechoniah. So Joash son of Ahab is every bit as good a fit for Mut-Balu as is Eshbaal son of Saul (in fact, this same process works just as well for Rib-Addi= Joram). As far as his being a king, we know that city and regional governors are called kings in the Amarna letters. This is attested to in the Bible as well, as it happens, and only during the time of Jehoshaphat and Jehoram, where the pre-revolt governor of Edom is referred to as the king of Edom. So there is no reason to reject the idea of Joash being appointed over the Transjordan by his brother. We may even hypothesise an alternate reading for Labayu as Ahabayu, if the 'la' in 'la-ab-a-yu' might also be read 'ah', although the suffix '-ayu' would still require explanation. On the other hand, such identifications are problematic in other ...
26. Cuneiform and the Revised Chronology [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... with a common vowel between them. The sign "ur" can also be read "ru," while the sign "ta" has the alternate reading "ud." "Ur-ta" may then be read as "ru-ud" or "rud." The least problematical reading of "Ninurta" is "Nimrud." The biblical "Nimrod" has always posed a problem, whether he existed or not. If Nimrod was an actual Mesopotamian king, where are his records? If he was mythical, did the Bible create him? The position that parts of the Bible are mythical also considers the content of the Bible to be derivative; from where, then, was the Nimrod "myth" derived? Bible scholars have asked if there are references to Nimrod in Mesopotamian sources-- historical or literary-- and the closest Assyriologists have found is the Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta, who conquered Babylon, was overthrown, and killed himself. The picture we have of the biblical Nimrod, supplemented by Midrashic sources, is somewhat different. Nimrod was ...
27. Review: <i>Essays on the Patriarchal Narratives</i> by A.R. Millard and D. J. Wiseman, Eds [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... . Bimson, a research worker in the Department of Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield. He is the author of the published thesis, Redating the Exodus and the Conquest and a number of articles in the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies Review. He reexamines the archaeological material and finds a possible correlation with Abrahamic times in the Middle Bronze (MB) I era. This-- mind you-- is a general correlation. It would, however, place Abraham in the early third millennium. But Bimson addresses evidence from within the Bible to support his view. The idea of Abraham in the third millennium has already been broached by Kitchen's The Bible in its World (p.58), with a letter to Biblical Archaeologist (Winter 1981) from Karola Kautz commenting favorably on another article in that publication concerning a possible third millennium sitz im Leben for the patriarch. Bimson's contribution to Abrahamic studies is pregnant with potential and deserving of serious attention. In summation, for another supportive view of this matter see my "Abraham and the Assyrian Kings who Dwelt in Tents" ...
28. The Catastrophic Substructure of the Samson & Delilah Myth [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop No. 2 (July 1978) Home¦ Issue Contents The Catastrophic Substructure of the Samson& Delilah Myth Derek P. Shelley-Pearce READERS of 'Kronos' will be familiar with the first part of the heading of this article which has been borrowed from Irving Wolfe. It seemed so appropriate that it is hoped the writer will be forgiven. There seems little doubt that Hebrew 'mythology' as contained in the Bible is a later monotheised version of earlier pagan mythologies culled from such sources as ancient Greece, Mesopotamia, Persia and Egypt. We are indebted to Robert Graves and Raphael Patai among others for disclosing the vestiges of these earlier mythologies in their book 'Hebrew Myths'. Most biblical scholars emphasise Mesopotamia as being the main source of the early Genesis 'myths' but there are perhaps one or two exceptions to this, notably A. S. Yahude who published a book called 'The Accuracy of the Bible' In 1934 in which he maintained that Egypt is the principle source for the Genesis material. The writer would be interested to hear from anyone ...
29. A Further Response to Marvin Luckerman [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Conference and forthcoming in SIS Review) that the Iron Age needs to be shortened considerably, and that it belongs to the period ca 730/700-586 B.C., in line with evidence discussed in the above-mentioned paper. Mr. Luckerman raises two objections to this scheme. Firstly, he states that it provides no archeological evidence for occupation at Arad, Beersheba, and "other Negeb sites" during the time of the Judges, the united monarchy, and the early part of the divided monarchy-- "which clearly contradicts the Bible." Mr. Luckerman remarks that this alone should be enough to force a re-examination of my theory. In fact this is not the case, as we see when we look at these sites individually. Concerning Arad, I do not see how any archeological history of this site can contradict the Bible for the periods in question, since the Bible does not mention Arad after the Conquest period. The defeat of Arad by the Israelites is implied by Numbers 21:1-3, which records successful reprisals against the king of Arad ...
30. Were Abraham, Joseph, and Moses Located in the Old Kingdom? [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , Joseph, and Moses in the Old Kingdom. He places Abraham in the middle of the First Dynasty. He then positions Joseph in the Third Dynasty and early Fourth Dynasty. Finally, he theorizes that Moses should be placed at the end of the Sixth Dynasty. Abraham One of the supports Fry uses to place Abraham in the First Dynasty is that Josephus claims Abraham taught the Egyptians mathematics and astronomy. That would necessitate Abraham's entry into the Egyptian Kingdom prior to the building of the pyramids. A second reason is that the Bible states that Hebron was built seven years before Tanis (Zoan). The Book of Jubilees states that Abraham lived during the time of Hebron's construction, and further Egyptian history mentions Tanis/ Zoan in the Old Kingdom. A third reason claims that the artifact found in the Royal Cemetery ofUr, called by archaeologists the "Ram in the Thicket," is indeed a very close parallel to the story in Genesis of Abraham's sacrificing Isaac. Fry has other small proofs for his conjecture, but an Australian scholar, Osgood, claims ...
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