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Search results for: babylonian in all categories

681 results found.

69 pages of results.
81. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Newton says "he (Ptolemy) developed certain astronomical theories and discovered they were not consistent with observation. Instead of abandoning the theories, he deliberately fabricated observations from the theories so that he could claim that the observations prove the validity of his theories. At a guess, the realisation of Ptolemy's fraud destroys half of what we have been accepting as Greek astronomy". Now the point that is important to SIS is that Ptolemy's forgery may have extended to inventing the length of reigns of Babylon kings. Since much modern reconstruction of Babylonian chronology has been based on a list of kings that Ptolemy used to pinpoint the dates of alleged Babylonian observations, all relevant chronology must now be reviewed and all dependence upon Ptolemy's king list must be removed. I myself do not know to what extent Ptolemy's list is used to date Babylonian and other kings so perhaps one of the members of SIS could clarify that and what other sources are used to date them? P. W. KOENIG Taplow, England. \cdrom\pubs\journals\workshop\no1\14lettr.htm ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  2k  -  URL:
82. Jupiter of the Thunderbolt [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Jupiter of the Thunderbolt Nobody who observes a thunderstorm would arrive at the conclusion that the planet Jupiter sends the lightning. Therefore it is singular that peoples of antiquity pictured the planet-god Jupiter as wielding a thunderbolt this is equally true of the Roman Jupiter, the Greek Zeus, and the Babylonian Marduk. Pliny wrote: It is not generally known what has been discovered by men who are the most eminent for their learning, in consequence of their assiduous observations of the heavens, that the fires which fall upon the earth, and receive the name of thunderbolts (fulminum nomen habeant) proceed from the three superior stars (siderum), but principally from the one which is situated in the middle... and hence it is commonly said, the thunderbolts are darted by Jupiter. (1) Pliny knew the origin of lightning in the friction of clouds he wrote that ? by the dashing of two clouds, the lightning may flash out.? (2) He did not confuse lightning with the thunderbolt that is discharged by the planets. He makes ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  31 Aug 2000  -  10k  -  URL:
83. The Venus Tablets and Climate [SIS C&C Review $]
... the Diploma of the Edinburgh College of Art, School of Architecture. Having been an Associate in private practice, he joined the staff of Livingston Development Corporation, and is now retired. He became interested in the Venus Tablet problem during the 1960's and his ideas have gradually developed over the years. Previous publications include The Venus Tablets of Ammizaduga (Istanbul, 1972), 'The Venus Tablets: A Fresh Approach' in JHA xiii (1982) and 'Venus Tablet Anomalies', C& C Workshop 1989:2. Introduction The Babylonian king Ammisaduqa reigned, according to astronomical theory, from 1702 BC to 1681 BC [1. The date-formula of his 8th year, which appears after Year 8 of a 21 year sequence of Venus observations known as 'The Venus Tablets', links the Venus data with his reign. The key to this astronomical dating is the Inferior Conjunction invisibility period of Year 6. It lasted two, or perhaps three, days depending on whether the month of setting had 29 or 30 days. There are four 'solutions', or Venus ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  41k  -  URL:
84. Mars Gods of the New World [Aeon Journal $]
... stems from the early identification of that planet with the Akkadian war-god Nergal, that identification being wholly arbitrary in nature. (1) Thus Nergal might just as well have been assigned the regent of the planet Mercury, whereupon that planet would have come to be looked upon as the war-god par excellence. The end result of this fortuitous set of circumstances, culminating in the identification of Nergal with the planet Mars-- so the argument goes-- was that such traditions ultimately became diffused throughout the Old World upon the inheritance of Babylonian science by the Greeks and Indians. At first sight this argument has some appeal. Certainly there is no denying the fact that Babylonian astronomy had an enormous influence upon the early astronomical conceptions of the Greeks and other Old World cultures. The Greeks themselves admitted as much. (2) And analysis of the Greek and Indian traditions surrounding the various celestial bodies confirms that such was indeed the case. (3) Upon closer examination, however, it can be shown that diffusion from Babylon cannot account for the complex mythology which ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  67k  -  URL:
85. The Poem of Erra [Aeon Journal $]
... of the heavens. Raids by nomadic renegades like the Sutians are not likely to precipitate such events either. To interpret the Poem of Erra in this fashion is to misinterpret it and renders meaningless the carefully chosen imagery. Difficult as it is to accept, the clear meaning of the poem is that the heavens were disturbed and the planet-gods rearranged during Erra's assault. The cataclysmic nature of Erra's assault finds ample proof in the imagery of the poem. To make our case it is necessary to review a few of the basic elements of Babylonian cosmology. To the ancient Mesopotamians, for example, heaven was compared to a bull led by a nose-rope. (14) In accordance with this conception, the rulership of heaven could be symbolized by the king of the gods holding the nose-rope of heaven (serretum). In the Poem of Erra, it is related that Erra held the nose-rope of heaven, an implication, presumably, that he had wrested this distinction from the deposed Marduk. (15) There Erra's reign of power is presented as being both far-reaching ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  49k  -  URL:
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1994 No 1 (Jan 1994) Home¦ Issue Contents FORUM Assyrians and Babylonian Chronologies for 8th- 6th Centuries BC C.L. Prasher Carl Olof Jonsson has claimed that the Assyrian and Babylonian chronologies from the 8th to the 6th century BC are both firmly established [1. However an exception to this has been pointed out by B.J. Aaronson in respect of the identity of 'Pul' of 2 Kings 15:19-20 and 1 Chronicles, 5:26 [2. E.R. Thiele identifies Pul with Tiglath-pileser III, on the grounds that the latter Scripture may be read, 'And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, and he carried them away...' [3. Aaronson counters this as follows: 'This translation, completely foreign to the clear meaning of the Hebrew text, has been adopted in several translations of the Bible, based upon the assurance of Assyriologists that the two kings were one and the same. Thiele also points out that the verb following these names ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 43  -  05 Mar 2003  -  23k  -  URL:
... least, the source of the misidentification could then have been placed at the ancients' own door. As they stand, Sieff's suppositions can only be bolstered by dim allusions which are somewhat illusory by their very own nature. But allow us to be more specific. Sieff's conjecture that Job lived in the time of the Patriarchs, despite the variant traditions which seek his lineage through this or that line, accords well with the evidence he presented.(15) Sieff also shows that comparable literature is known from the Kassite period of Babylonian history as well as from Sumer.(16) He does not, however, negate the possibility that the Book of Job was tampered with by post-Exodus editors who introduced those passages using the name Yahweh for God.(17) This, in fact, echoes the belief of C. S. Bryant, who wrote: "Job is in the purest Hebrew. The author uses only the word Elohim for the name of God. The compiler or reviser of the work, Moses, or whoever he was, employed ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  53k  -  URL:
... the various Venusian goddesses the offspring of gods identified with the planet Saturn. (5) To some extent the same criticism might be leveled with regard to Velikovsky's reliance upon Greek testimony as a basis for his planetary identifications. Here it would appear that Velikovsky used poor judgment in terms of sources. A case in point is Velikovsky's acceptance of the identification of Aphrodite with the Moon. Of all the Greek goddesses it is Aphrodite who is most clearly identifiable with the planet Venus. Thus as Aphrodite Urania the goddess is indistinguishable from the Babylonian Ishtar, who was invoked as the Queen of Heaven and identified with the planet Venus from time immemorial. (6) The curious thing is that several of the most prominent Greek planet-lists identify Aphrodite as the goddess of the planet Venus. Why then did Velikovsky accept the more rarely attested lunar identification? The point here is not that Velikovsky erred with regard to a particular identification or interpretation; rather that he failed to establish proper criteria for distinguishing between the extent Greek testimony on astronomical matters. Since the Greek references come from ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
89. The Female Star [Aeon Journal $]
... than any other god in the heavens. Through him people were to be created and he would demand of the people an offering of a human being. He was to preside over one council of the gods and was to replenish fire for his brother, Sun. He was also to be the great power on the east side of the Milky Way. This is Mars, u-pirikucu, (literally 'big star'), or the god of war. (Dorsey, 1904:3)" [61 Parthian depiction of the Babylonian war god, Nergal-- limestone relief discovered at Hatra and now in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad. (Illustration by Marie-Josčphe Devaux.) Several archetypal Martian motifs are discernible here. Mars as a god of war is prominent in the Old World, as we have documented at great length. [62 Prominent examples include the Babylonian war-god Nergal, the Greek Ares, and the Latin Mars. Archaeoastronomers would have us believe that Mars' association with war makes perfect sense given its ruddy color. Ed Krupp, for example ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  81k  -  URL:
... to develop systematic observations of the planets, and they recorded the celestial motions with considerable skill. But in laying the foundations of later astronomy, they also preserved a crucial link with the past. Again and again they asserted a claim that could only appear preposterous to the modern translator. They declared that the distant planets were the *gods* of former times. Sumerian myths, we noted earlier, say that the rites and standards of "kingship" descended from the central luminary An, founder of the Golden Age. In Babylonian myth the Sumerian An appears as Anu, first in the line of gods and kings. And according to the best authorities on Babylonian astronomy, the god Anu was mysteriously linked to *the planet Saturn*. The association was stated most bluntly by the renowned expert on Babylonian astronomy, Peter Jensen, in *Die Kosmologie der Babylonier*: Anu was Saturn. What makes this identity stand out is the degree to which one nation after another repeated the same connection. It's an interesting fact, not often noticed, that ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  21 Mar 2007  -  28k  -  URL:
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