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161. Pallas Athene, Part 1 Venus Ch.9 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... darkness and appears in a hurricane.(8 ) Like Astarte (Ashteroth-Karnaim), Athene was pictured with horns. "Athena, daughter of Zeus . . . upon her head she set the helmet with two horns," said Homer.(9 ) Pallas Athene is identified with Astarte (Ishtar) or the planet Venus of the Babylonians.(10) Anaitis of the Iranians, too, is identified as Pallas Athene and as the planet Venus.(11) Plutarch identified Minerva of the Romans or Athene of the Greeks with Isis of the Egyptians, and Pliny identified the planet Venus with Isis.(12) It is necessary to recall this here because it ...
162. Another Velikovsky Affray: the Histories [Journals] [SIS Review]
... it is no longer the exclusive province of a Pharaoh of Dyn XXVI, then the conventional nexus (to which Velikovsky was also drawn), is broken. Whoever the incumbent might have been, Gardiner recognised that things went well for this particular Egyptian king on this initial foray: When Pharaoh-necoh, King of Egypt, went up against the Babylonians, as we read in the Old Testament, all went well with him at first. King Josiah of Judah made the mistake of intervening at this juncture and was slain at Megiddo by Neko; a hieroglyphic fragment from Sidon attests the latter's control of the Phoenician coast, made the easier by his possession of a Mediterranean fleet.. ...
163. Site Stratification: is it a Sound Methodology? [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... Sargon of Akkad was probably one and the same as 8th century BC king of Assyria now styled as Sargon II. This, in turn, would tend to shift the whole Sumerian chronology into the period of roughly 900 BC to 400 BC. While in this paper I will not offer a detailed discussion of the Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian epigraphical material that supports this conclusion, the archaeological evidence discussed below will be seen to be consistent with such a radical alteration of the Sumerian chronology. I will examine the archaeology of Sumer, primarily (but not exclusively) through Moorey and Woolley's description of the excavations at Ur, to demonstrate that anomalies and inconsistencies abound. Invariably the ...
164. In Defense Of The Saturn Thesis [Journals] [Aeon]
... makes reference to a Silver Age, an age which has no meaning in the Saturnian scenario, this being merely a construct invented by Hesiod. In the same vein, James continues by telling us that: "The Greek system is reflected in the beliefs of other ancient Mediterranean cultures."  He then refers us to the Babylonian Anu who, again, he identifies, like others before him, as the sky.  I'll let pass the slight slip in presenting Babylonia as a Mediterranean culture. But that Anu, as in the case of Ouranos and Janus, was a personification of the sky has long been contested. To begin with, the ...
165. Venus Moves Irregularly, Part 1 Venus Ch.10 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... investigated this problem and "as an example of method his work is excellent."(15) He decided that "the inquiry could be limited to the seventh and eighth centuries." The year-formula of an early king, Ammizaduga, was discovered on one of the tablets, and since then the tablets are usually ascribed to the first Babylonian dynasty; however, a scholar has offered evidence to the effect that the year-formula of Ammizaduga was inserted by a scribe in the seventh century.(16) (If the tablets originated in the beginning of the second millennium, they would prove only that Venus was even then an errant comet.) Following are a few excerpts from ...
166. Forum [Journals] [SIS Review]
... be argued, accrued to the royal family in the same way wealth is amassed amongst the sheikhs of the Gulf States in the modern world. In the 1940s and 50s Egypt loudly opposed the inception of the modern state of Israel and in Ages in Chaos Egypt became the villain of the Exodus. Velikovsky's historical villains included the Assyrians and the Babylonians, and today Iraq and Syria are still opposed to a Jewish state. Since the SIS Glasgow Conference, revisions of ancient history have taken a variety of shapes and forms - influenced either by Velikovsky or the SIS Glasgow school: two distinct camps. Some revisionists remain convinced of the need to dramatically rewrite ancient history, whereas others have ...
167. Worlds In Collision. File I (Stargazers and Gravediggers) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Stargazers]
... of heaven," it was called by the Chaldeans, who also called it "a stupendous prodigy in the sky that illuminates like the sun." Chinese astronomical texts likewise described Venus as "rivaling the sun in brightness," and Chinese sources referred to the change in the motions of Venus in the past. The Arabs and the Babylonians described the planet Venus as being "with hair," while according to the Talmud, "fire is hanging from the planet Venus" and "the brilliant light of Venus blazes from one end of the universe to its other end."(5 ) Babylonian tablets, sometimes assigned to the early king Ammizaduga, describe the movements ...
... Aryenis to Astyages, son of Cyaxares."7 On the rock relief of Yazilikaya a new moon or an eclipsed sun is carried by two figures: this seems to give support to the interpretation of the Yazilikaya rock scenes as a memorial to the peace treaty between Cyaxares, king of Media, and Alyattes, king of Lydia. The Babylonian king who acted as mediator is thought to have been either Nabopolassar or Nebuchadnezzar, depending on the date of the eclipse: the eclipses of September 30,-610, and of May 28,-585, are rivals for the honor of having been the one predicted by Thales.8 Herodotus calls the Babylonian king who helped arrange ...
169. An Answer to Hickman [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... accession date, as his first reigning year. This is based, he says, on the first of two eclipses, but he does not supply us with the source, or even evaluate the data. The calculation for an ancient eclipse is based on a stable solar system, with no changes for some 3000 years. Even without the Babylonian data this method would be hard to accept. But let us follow his argument. 605 B.C . is also the date for the battle of Carchemish. However, according to Nebuchadnezzar's own account, this was not his first year (ANET, 563-64). This was his "accession" year, and it fills in ...
170. A New Interpretation of the Assyrian King List [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... as a part of their restoration of Babylon. (a ) Removed by Xerxes, king of Persia, who may have destroyed part of Babylon and Marduk's shrine, although the exact extent of his depredations, including his removal of the Marduk statue, have been doubted.6 (b ) Not known to have been returned. While the Babylonian theologians resorted to various methods of explaining Marduk's sometimes prolonged absences from his temple, the presence of the statue is probably not a very good chronological indicator, as the sources are very unclear in describing some of his returns. The documentation is also patchy, especially with respect to exactly when it was returned in the reign of (Ninurta ...
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