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681 results found.
69 pages of results.
91. Eclipses in ancient history [Maverick Science Website]
... certain that Kepler's observation of a conjunction of Jupiter and Mars accurately described the medieval skies and that the fundamental order of the solar system has not changed since 1591. It also follows from this test that conventional chronology from Kepler's time until the present is entirely secure in its general outline; e.g. entire years or centuries are not missing. The all-important question here is the following: How far back into antiquity is it possible to document similar correspondences between astronomical observations and modern retrocalculations? Having already discussed various planetary observations preserved in ancient Babylonian astronomical diaries, we will here consider ancient eclipse reports. Observational reports of solar eclipses provide a good deal of valuable information for reconstructing ancient chronology. How well, then, do the historical records pertaining to solar eclipses stand up in the light of modern calculations? The definitive source in this field is the recently published book by F.R. Stephenson, Historical Eclipses and the Earth's Rotation (Cambridge, 1997). Of the numerous observations of solar and lunar eclipses preserved from the Middle Ages, Stephenson writes that: "In ...
92. No title [Aeon Journal $]
... the ancient Near East based on Egypt. He shows that these ghost centuries are in evidence in most ancient Near Eastern histories and in areas well beyond Egypt, Mesopotamia and Palestine. There can be little doubt as to the correctness of his general thesis which has very specific applicability for the archaeology of Palestine's Post-Exilic Period. In dealing with Lachish, James clearly shows the mistaken basis for attributing the inscribed ostraca (potsherds) found in Lachish Level II to the time of Jeremiah. The excavator had initially believed that Level II represented the Babylonian period and the epigrapher Harry Torczyner took this as a starting point for his analysis. Accordingly, he compared the names of the ostraca with the time and book of Jeremiah. Over the years most of his early readings have been corrected or abandoned. However, Level II and the ostraca continue to be dated to the time of Jeremiah-- specifically to the eve of Jerusalem's destruction in 587 BC. LACHISH OSTRACON III Thy servant Hoshaiah hath sent to inform my lord Yaosh: May Yahweh... "The commander of ...
93. Support for Heinsohn's Chronology is Misplaced [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... . In fact one is inclined to suspect that Sweeney must be unaware of texts such as those compiled by Grayson and Brinkman. Major Alter-Egos Sweeney lists four "alter-ego" identifications on which Heinsohn's arguments are based: 1). Old Babylonians= Persians in Babylon 2). Amorites= Persians 3). Akkadians= Assyrians (neo-Assyrian period) 4). Sumerians= Chaldaeans Let us look at these in turn: 1. Old Babylonians as Persians in Babylon Excavation reports for Babylon indicate that tablets of the time of the Old Babylonian kings (i.e. Hammurabi dynasty) were found at one metre below zero. Compare this to the bricks with stamps of Nabonidus and Nebuchadnezzar II which were found at 5.5 metres above zero, and those of the Persian period at a height of 7 metres above zero [2. The stratigraphy here refutes the Heinsohn revision. Here one should bear in mind that Heinsohn's approach is identical to that of Velikovsky. Having assumed (but not proved) an identification, one may then uplift any records or references belonging to one alter-ego ...
94. Puritanism, Misogyny, and Female Sexuality [Aeon Journal $]
... , that instead of a sweet smell there shall be a stink; and instead of an ornamental girdle, a worker's apron; and instead of curled hair, baldness; and instead of purple robes, a girdling of sackcloth; for their beauty shall be destroyed." [1 Judaean noblewomen against the likes of whom the prophets riled. (Illustration by Andreas Müller.) The next quotation is from the Book of Jeremiah, a prophet who lived in the later 7th and earlier 6th centuries BCE, a time which included the Babylonian exile and the destruction of the First Temple. "[ God speaks: Can a maid forget her ornaments or a bride her attire? Yet my people have forgotten me days without number. Why do you deck yourself to induce love? For behold you have also learned evil by means of this conduct. Also on your hands is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents; I have not found it by hard search, for it is under every tree." [2 Here we have more of the ...
95. A Chronology for Mesopotamia (contra Heinsohn) [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... in that year. This results in those 17th Dynasty Hyksos making their exodus from Egypt during the rule of both Phshonu and Ahmose I. The 18th Dynasty dates are reduced by about 230 years with the start of Amenhotep's rule (i.e. King Amemphis or Amophis) [10 being synchronised with the era of Menophre [11 (? Meno-fre i.e. Memphis). The remainder of the 18th Dynasty dates and those of the following 19th-23rd are derived from Jeremy Goldberg's chronological thesis [12. Similarly, the Middle and Late Assyrian/Babylonian dates in columns IV to VII are also derived from Goldberg [13. However, the earlier Babylonian dates for Hammurabi as shown in column V are based on the conventional astronomical calculation of Weir [14. Consequently, while the dates in columns I-III for Egypt, Khatti and Carchemish are reduced by 200 plus years, those for Assyria (column IV); Ur III and Babylon (column V); Isin and Sealand (column VI); Akkad, Larsa, and the Kassites (columns VII); and Mari ...
96. Some Notes on the "Assuruballit Problem" [SIS C&C Review $]
... and reserving for a later study the broader historical and archaeological issues raised by the possibilities in "B". 1. Donovan Courville's Solution. In his work The Exodus Problem and its Ramifications [5, DONOVAN COURVILLE outlined a revised chronology based on Biblical history, which largely follows Velikovsky's model, though differing from it on many important points. Courville recognised the synchronisms between Egypt and Mesopotamia as "Perhaps the strongest adhesive that has been used to hold the popular chronological structure together... These identifications [of the Assyrian and Babylonian el-Amarna correspondents with 14th-century rulers are vital as major supports for the traditional structure of the chronology of the ancient world. It is no great exaggeration to state that the total chronological structure deduced from the popular interpretations of archaeology rests heavily, either directly or indirectly, on the assumed identifications of these names and on the assumed identification of Shishak of Scripture with Sheshonk I of Dynasty XXII. Elimination of these proposed identifications would leave this chronology hanging by an exceedingly fragile thread of evidence." [6 Puzur-Assur III¦ ¦-- ...
97. The Cosmic Mountain [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... hold aloft the central sun. The hollow summit of the Mount is the circle of the Aten, within whose enclosure the sun "grown bright" and "dimin ishes" with the cycle of night and day. This Mount of Glory is the site of the original paradise, the city or temple of the Universal Monarch. A review of similar imagery in other lands will show the influence of a world-wide tradition. Mesopotamia I have argued that the Egyptian Atum, the solitary god in the deep, is the very figure whom Babylonian astronomy identifies as the planet Saturn. Atum, "the Firm Heart of the Sky," stands "fixed in the middle of the sky upon his support.". Here, on the other hand, is a broken Sumerian reference to Ninurash, or Ninurta, the planet Saturn: Whom the "god of the steady star" upon a foundation To... cause to repose in years of plenty. (57) Saturn, founder of the Golden Age, was the stationary light "upon a foundation, ...
98. Chapter XXXVII. The Egyptian and Babylonian Ecliptic Constellations [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... Chapter XXXVII The Egyptian and Babylonian Ecliptic Constellations I HAVE already in Chapter 32 pointed out that at Anna we seemed limited to Set as a stellar divinity; so soon as pyramid times are reached, however, this was changed, and we found the list of the gods increased, and the worship of the sun and of stars in the constellations of the Bull and Scorpion went on, if it was not begun, in Egypt, in pyramid tunes. These constellations were connected with the equinoxes; and associated with the introduction of these new worships in pyramid times was the worship of the bull Apis. The first question which now arises is. When were any ecliptic constellations established in Babylonia? and next, Which were they? Jensen, in his Cosmologie der Babylonier, tells us that there is some very definite information relating not only to Taurus and Scorpio, but to Capricornus and other winter constellations, and as in Egypt so in Babylonia, for the first references to the constellations we have to refer to the religion and the mythology. So far ...
99. Babylonian Observations of Venus [Pensee]
... From: Pensée Vol. 3 No 1: (Winter 1973) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered III" Home¦ Issue Contents Babylonian Observations of Venus Lynn E. Rose A Historical Record of Changing orbits Dr. Rose is a professor of philosophy at the State University of New York (Buffalo). The paper published here was first read at the Velikovsky Symposium, Lewis and Clark College (Portland, Oregon), August 17, 1972. Copyright 1972 by Lynn E Rose. K160, one of the "Venus tablets of Ammizaduga" Ammizaduga was a relatively obscure king during what is known as the first Babylonian dynasty; he is usually thought to have reigned during the early or middle part of the second millennium before the present era. One of Ammizaduga's claims to fame is that various cuneiform tablets describing conjunctions of the planet Venus with the Sun are said by some to have derived from observations made during the twenty-one years of his reign. Ammizaduga's other claims to fame are that he was the great-great-grandson of Hammurabi, and that Ammizaduga (or perhaps it was ...
100. Site Stratification: is it a Sound Methodology? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... discussion here, let me simply note that this would suggest that the Sargonid dynasty found in the Sumerian king lists likely dates to the 1st millennium BC. It would also tend to suggest that Sargon of Akkad was probably one and the same as 8th century BC king of Assyria now styled as Sargon II. This, in turn, would tend to shift the whole Sumerian chronology into the period of roughly 900 BC to 400 BC. While in this paper I will not offer a detailed discussion of the Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian epigraphical material that supports this conclusion, the archaeological evidence discussed below will be seen to be consistent with such a radical alteration of the Sumerian chronology. I will examine the archaeology of Sumer, primarily (but not exclusively) through Moorey and Woolley's description of the excavations at Ur, to demonstrate that anomalies and inconsistencies abound. Invariably the anomalies drive one into the 1st millennium, usually to the 8th century or later, just as my claims dictate. But one rationalization after another has been used to explain away facts that should ...
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