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166 pages of results.
21. Some Additional Evidence from the Period from the Exodus to the End of the Eighteenth Dynasty [SIS C&C Review $]
... cataclysms were reconstructed from historical documents and traditions of ancient races; in Earth in Upheaval the geological and palaeontological evidence was presented to substantiate the same claims, and only some scattered archaeological evidence was adduced. The task of collecting and interpreting the archaeological evidence of a great natural upheaval in the area of the Near East was diligently performed by CLAUDE F. A ... Intermediate Period (between the Old and Middle Kingdoms)- my critics did not omit to stress my divergence from accepted notions. In the 1964 volume of the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology JOHN VAN SETERS published a paper titled "A Date for the 'Admonitions' in the Second Intermediate Period" [2, expressing a view which since then has also received acceptance ... Barak, the captain who defeated Sisera, the captain of King Jabin, is told in chapters IV and V of the Book of Judges. Since 1955 a team of Israeli archaeologists led by YIGAEL YADIN has been excavating at Hazor. Their chronological scale was the conventional timetable. In Middle Bronze II (the Middle Kingdom of Egypt) there was a huge ...
22. A Reply to Stiebing [Pensee]
... be reconciled with the stratigraphical evidence of archaeology." By stratigraphical evidence are usually meant mute artifacts, mostly pottery. The effort in my reconstruction was in shifting the emphasis to archaeological literary evidence. It is from the literary evidence that the artifacts originally obtained their meaning as chronological indicators; but whereas at the base of the "orthodox" approach to historiography ... to the reexamination of my theses, W. H. Stiebing arrived at the conclusion that the historical reconstruction of Ages in Chaos "cannot be reconciled with the stratigraphical evidence of archaeology." By stratigraphical evidence are usually meant mute artifacts, mostly pottery. The effort in my reconstruction was in shifting the emphasis to archaeological literary evidence. It is from the ... Iron Age. The factual situation is the opposite of this statement by Dr. Stiebing. The scarabs found in Palestine and elsewhere are in the greatest number of cases disregarded by archaeologists as to their chronological value. The reader can obtain some insight from perusing the following section (" Scarabs") written as early as 1951 for the sequel volume of Ages ...
23. Bronze Age Destructions in the Near East [SIS C&C Review $]
... on the north Syrian coast almost opposite the eastern tip of Cyprus. He identified three main strata- which he labelled Ugarit Récent, Moyen and Ancien- corresponding roughly to the archaeological periods known respectively as the Late, Middle and Early Bronze Ages. Each main stratum was subdivided into three layers numbered III, II and I from top to bottom. For ... Home¦ Issue Contents Bronze Age Destructions in the Near East Geoffrey Gammon Geoffrey Gammon has an Honours B.A. in History from London University and is currently studying for a Diploma in Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology, London. He is a Council member of the Society and convener of its Ancient History Study Group. The extensive work of the eminent French archaeologist ... 2. This compared the stratigraphy of numerous Bronze Age sites in the Near East and sought to construct a comparative chronology for them. In doing so, he reached what most archaeologists and ancient historians must have regarded as novel, even startling, conclusions which even today, in spite of a wealth of evidence laboriously gathered and ably marshalled by Schaeffer, do ...
24. The Saturn Problem [SIS C&C Review $]
... first farming settlements, about 8000BC, much of the northern hemisphere was in the grip of the glacial sheets of the last Ice Age. The lack of geological, climatological or archaeological evidence to support the idea of a Golden Age ended by massive catastrophe must explain the almost stubborn reluctance of the Saturnists to tell us when they date the break-up of the Polar ... ¦ Issue Contents The Saturn Problem by Peter J. James Peter James describes himself as a 'generalist' in the ancient Near East and Mediterranean. He graduated in Ancient History and Archaeology at Birmingham University and pursued postgraduate research in Ancient History at London University. Peter has published numerous articles on ancient chronology, technology and the history of science, in both academic ... enough to beat into jewellery and other ornaments without the need for heating or casting. When the prehistoric settlement of Varna on the Black Sea coast was excavated in the 1970s, archaeologists were amazed by its profusion of gold objects, manufactured as early as 4500BC. Next Hesiod described a Silver Age. Silver is almost as easy to work as gold, and ...
25. Ash [Pensee]
... . LIBBY November 4, 1953 Robert H. Pfeiffer, Chairman Department of Semitic Languages and History Harvard University DEAR PROFESSOR PFEIFFER: You may have read about the radio-carbon dating of archaeological objects of organic origin, as perfected by W. F. Libby and his associates of the University of Chicago. The method has some problematic features: in the case of ... radiocarbon tests of New Kingdom and related objects had been or might be made. The exchanges below are with curators and officials at the Harvard Semitic Museum, the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the British Museum, as well as several. faculty members at the University of California ... the second volume of Ages (spring 1956) I will explain the delay of the book as the result of my wish to see the test performed, and will challenge the archaeologists to provide the material for the analysis. Actually I will do it already earlier: in my forthcoming (November, by Doubleday), "Earth in Upheaval." If ...
26. The Rise of Blood Sacrifice [Aeon Journal $]
... commoners. Sophisticated blood rituals became the most prominent activities of the first permanent lords. The origin of these sacred procedures remained equally enigmatic. Though well documented, the textual and archaeological sources which point to catastrophic preconditions for the emergence of a sacrificial elite, are only rarely taken into consideration by students of religion. This paper tries to show the essential correctness ... powerful than ordinary earthquakes, storms, volcanoes, eclipses, and tidal waves? To answer the question as to the character of a "power not of this world," archaeology proves helpful by coming up with more specific evidence. A bronze relief mounted on the gate of the New Year's Chapel in Assur carried the inscription, "The figure of Assur ... been a common fate of Bronze Age sites outside the great river valleys. Archaeologically, such disasters were first systematically surveyed by Claude Schaeffer (1898-1982), the most eminent French archaeologist of our century, who, inter alia, excavated at Ugarit/Le-banon, Enkomi/Cyprus and Malatya/Turkey. His work with allied intelligence at Bletchley-- as ...
27. Troy [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Mycenaean pottery found in this layer. That in turn is based solely on Egyptian chronology. 6 Thus, if the Egyptian scheme is off, both the Greek calculations and the archaeological date must be changed. It is a simple task to show that the Greek calculations are of no worth and that the Greeks themselves made the Trojan War contemporaneous with many events ... . Caskey, a participant in the Cincinnati expedition, who does believe that Hissarlik is the site of Troy, states some of this writer ? s reservations very well (? Archaeology and the Trojan War,? Journal of Hellenic Studies 84 [19641: 9). Since it is generally accepted that the Trojan War was fought at Hissarlik, its archaeology ... 2 and ? an ancient red herring ?. 3 Manetho ? s lists are the basis for modern calculations for Egyptian chronology. They are convincingly challenged by Velikovsky. 4 The archaeologists also have a date for that war, ranging sometime between ca. 1260 and 1200 B.C. 5 This date is assigned to a conflagration layer (stratum Vila) at the ...
28. Egyptian Chronology: A Solution to the Hyksos Problem [Aeon Journal $]
... textbook habit of placing Old Kingdom chronologies as a compact block before the Middle Kingdom, which in turn forms a similar block prior to the New Kingdom, is not compatible with archaeological evidence. Particularly where Old Kingdom material is found directly underneath New Kingdom material-- as, e.g., in the Abusir cemeteries the very close stratigraphic connection does not allow ... XXXII (1985), pp. 131 f, and the same author, "Problems of Middle Bronze Age Chronology: New Evidence from Egypt," in American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 88 (1984), pp. 471 ff. 6. (p.66 #3) M. Bietak, "Hyksos," in Lexikon der Agyptologie Vol. ... technology required for its manufacture are likewise the same as those of the IIIrd Dynasty supposedly 2000 years earlier-- a fact which "has caused great confusion among art historians and archaeologists." (2) First and foremost, the reconstruction undertaken in this work enables us to defend the Greek historian Herodotus (-484 to -429) against the common accusations of hopeless ...
29. In Search of the Exodus [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , beloved of Yahweh, wise and bountiful, progenitors of kings and messiahs. [12 Indeed, on such a basis it seems quite impossible to locate the conquest within the archaeological record. Opinion on the conquest-- divided, as always-- in fact tends to plump towards an infiltration by tribes rather than a massive conquest, an "entry ... valley of Achor (Joshua 7:26) by means of stones and fire from the sky, [14 contrary to the editor's grand design. Truth and Assumption In conventional archaeology the main entry is usually assigned to the early Iron period strata, a relatively impoverished material culture inferior in comparison to the preceding LB levels, but not differing enough in actual ... was aware of the successive nature, or cycle, of earthquakes, and favored them-- a thesis totally at variance with conventional and uniformitarian thinking. The usual conclusion of archaeologists when encountering destruction layers-- ash, debris, burnt and collapsed walls-- is human agency/warfare. Schaeffer was impressed by the scale of the destructions and the ...
30. Skara Brae: A Time Capsule of Catastrophism? [SIS C&C Review $]
... the end of the Early Bronze Age, and adds further support to Mandelkehr's thesis. The evidence also reinforces another aspect of Mandelkehr's thesis, i.e. the proposed link between the archaeological destructions and an astronomical disturbance. Orkney "Mainland" [1 is exceptionally rich in prehistoric remains, including the prodigious passage-grave of Maes Howe and one of the largest stone circles ... a founder, presently Chairman, of the S.I.S. He has contributed numerous Review and editorial articles to the SIS Review. Peter James has a B.A. in Ancient History and Archaeology and is a postgraduate student at London univerisity. He has contributed articles on prehistoric archaeology to Current Archaeology and New Scientist and on ancient history to the SIS Review and Kronos. ... Age, the majority being Roman, Byzantine or later". He adds: "Now, in the summer of 1979, this reviewer had occasion to talk with two American archaeologists who conducted a dig there for Livingston and confirmed the results of the survey, viz. that there is no LB or MB city there". [* Already noted in ...
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