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1660 results found.
166 pages of results.
101. Were the "Sumerians of the Third Millennium" in Reality the Chaldeans of the First Millennium? [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... lines of evidence support this placement: archaeology, writing (i.e. paleography), and historical texts. Archaeology At ancient Uruk (biblical Erech, present-day Warka) the following archaeological sequence has been recovered. It provides a relative-- but not absolute-- chronology. Uruk IV Various early phases, the most important being level four, where the ... view to determining their accuracy. How is it that the Sumerians are conventionally placed in the third millennium before our age? At least three lines of evidence support this placement: archaeology, writing (i.e. paleography), and historical texts. Archaeology At ancient Uruk (biblical Erech, present-day Warka) the following archaeological sequence has been recovered. It provides ... encompassing (as indicated by the various scripts) an admittedly wide range of dates proves only that here we have museum relics or that someone had antiquarian interests. What will future archaeologists say about some professor's collection of tablets, or figurines and books that span 4000 years of history? I hope they will deduce that this professor was a collector and not that ...
102. The Hyksos Were Not Assyrians [Aeon Journal $]
... people settling northern Israel, including Megiddo, in a big way. This perfectly fits the Assyrians who were settled there by the Assyrian Empire. In contrast, Heinsohn has no archaeological evidence for the Samaritans in his model, although that people has its own traditions, independent of the Hebrew accounts, that confirm their entry. 15) Heinsohn's claim that his ... the defender of relativity and quantum theory against Hitler's "Aryan physics." Just as these sciences do not need any "defenders" against such nonsense, neither does mainstream Biblical archaeology, either conventional or revisionist, need Heinsohn's "defense," which denies all its literary sources anyway. 16) Chetwynd, Etzion and myself all follow Courville in placing the ... the Land of Israel are sparse is extraordinary. These strata, especially at Hazor and Meggido, reflect the greatest wealth and prosperity in the ancient history of the land. Many archaeologists excavating the sites have remarked on this. In Jerusalem too, where frequent leveling down to bedrock left no in situ strata, Middle Bronze material has been widely found. Within ...
103. THE BURNING OF TROY: PART ONE: HISTORICAL DISTURBANCES: CHAPTER FIVE: THE CATASTROPHIC FINALE OF THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE [Quantavolution Website]
... of data which was finally published in 1948 under the title of Stratigraphie Comparée et Chronologie de L'Asie Occidentale, IIIe-IIe millénaires. In this great work, he compared some 40 important archaeological sites in the Near and Middle East for evidences of sudden destruction. And he found, without fail, that there had appeared several levels over a period of thousand years when ... upon the Earth and a new and heavy set of disasters began. Also unlike Schaeffer, Velikovsky wove voluminous legendary, mythical and geological material into the fabric of proof offered by archaeology. Spiridon Marinatos and the island of Thera (Aegean Sea) is another part of the mid-second millennium story. As early as 1939 Marinatos began to publish theories of the destruction ... once wrote: "to the sage as astronomer: as long as you still experience the stars as something 'above you,' you lack the eye of knowledge." When archaeologists strike a destruction level hovering around the middle of the second millennium, they are probably looking at a global event, a cultural fracture, a movement of peoples, religious revival ...
104. The Nature and Scale of an Exodus Catastrophe Reassessed [SIS C&C Review $]
... . This has become particularly apparent in the light of Mandelkehr's articles presenting evidence for an earthwide event around 2300 BC (Mandelkehr 1980/81; 1987; 1988). The archaeological, climatological and geological evidence amassed for that event simply cannot be matched for the mid-second millennium. With all this in mind, we turn to the biblical traditions. The Biblical ... it will be instructive to review some previous studies which have thrown doubt on Velikovsky's thesis that in the 15th century BC the Earth underwent global catastrophes of great severity. Astronomy, Archaeology and Ice Cores During the 1970s, some of the most impressive attempts to test Velikovsky's theories were undertaken by Dr Euan MacKie (1973, 1974/5). His papers ... . However, I can find no other references to The Call of Israel within Worlds in Collision. Phythian-Adams was a true interdisciplinarian and man of many parts- biblical scholar, archaeologist, Canon of the Church of England and Chaplain to George V- and his bold ideas certainly deserve the title of 'catastrophist' (see further his treatment of the 'long day ...
105. Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man, by John Dayton, Reviewed by Geoffrey Gammon [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... engineer whose interest in archaeology was awakened while he was working on the Hejaz Railway in Saudi Arabia. After studying at the London Institute of Archaeology he became co-leader of the first archaeological survey of the Hejaz and later of excavations at Tel-es-Sweyhat in the Euphrates Valley. He has also published a challenging paper entitled "The Problem of Tin in the Ancient World. ... ) Home¦ Issue Contents Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man, by John Dayton, Reviewed by Geoffrey Gammon Geoffrey Gammon John Dayton is a qualified civil engineer whose interest in archaeology was awakened while he was working on the Hejaz Railway in Saudi Arabia. After studying at the London Institute of Archaeology he became co-leader of the first archaeological survey of the Hejaz ... difficult to explain. Evidence for faience production also disappears from the Levant for over 300 years until it revives under the Phoenicians in the 9th century. In Elam, which is archaeologically barren from c. 1100 to 700 B.C., the glazed bricks of 8th century Susa retain all the elements of 14th century Mitannian art. In Rhodes, "Egyptian blue ...
106. The Military Strategy of Sheshonq/Shishak in Palestine [SIS C&C Review $]
... and cut off its support before attacking the royal residence at the capital in the heart of the land. The fortification of the Negev in this period has been illustrated by recent archaeological discoveries. The fortress at Arad has been known for some time now from its excavation and restoration [5. Of broader interest here is the larger number of small fort-like sites ... , 96, 101 and 107 x 2). While these forts might have been in some other part of Judah, they fit especially well with the Negev, as the archaeology of the region has shown. It is unlikely that the major cities of Judah, like Lachish, etc., would have been identified in this way even though they were ... . According to the wheel-made red-burnished pottery found at these sites they should be dated in the late 11th or early 10th century according to the standard historical and ceramic chronology used by archaeologists. A dispute has arisen, however, over precisely which of these two closely related periods was the specific time in which they were built and used. If they were built ...
107. Jericho [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Sea, both in walking distance of a few hours: a fortified city that fell in a very definite moment of history is a desideratum and a prize that are matchless and archaeological fervor sensed that here great discoveries awaited the diggers. But it was not until 1907 that E. Sellin and C. Watzinger, German archaeologists, after having obtained the necessary ... the days of Merneptah (Israel Stele) are equally well-buried. In Conclusions to her Digging up Jericho, Kathleen Kenyon wrote with a sigh: ? At just that stage when archaeology should have linked with the written record, archaeology fails us. This is regrettable. There is no question of the archaeology being needed to prove that the Bible is true but ... built his winter palace and a Roman theater close to the site. It was the Jericho that succumbed in the most dramatic circumstances, its great wall tumbling down, that beckoned archaeologists from the very first. A mound, visible from afar, covered the ancient city and its wall; an Arab village grew up nearby because of the clean springs that stream ...
108. Shaft Grave Art: Modern Problems [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... ), p. 171 on tea cups; Broneer, (1939), pp. 418-419; E. Vermeule, ? The Mycenaeans in Achaia,? American Journal of Archaeology (henceforth AJA), 64 (1960), p. 5 for MH vessels ? skipping periods and occurring again after a lapse of time ?; Skeat, Verdelis and ... pouring vessels, animal-headed containers and figurines which excavators have found in the rich graves of Mycenaean Greece, the mansions on Santorini, and the palaces and villas of Crete. The archaeologists of Egypt and the Levant have also discovered a number of actual Aegean exports of (and slightly later than) the Shaft Grave Period in contexts which are clearly contemporaneous with Thutmose ... Schliemann, Mycenae (New York, 1880) p. 353 No. 529 (from a plundered Shaft Grave south of Circle A); E. Bielefeld, Schmuck (Archaeologia Homerica I C),(Gottingen, 1968), p. 37, to which add G. Mylonas, ? The Cemeteries of Eleusis and Mycenae ?, Proceedings of ...
109. The Nature of the Historical Record [SIS C&C Review $]
... millennia BC. In this talk I shall try to make a general survey of the material available to the archaeologist and historian in their efforts to construct a coherent framework for the archaeological period known as the Middle and Late Bronze, and Iron Ages. First, not only are the written resources available to them much fewer; there is also a qualitative difference ... morning CHAIRMAN: DR EUAN MacKIE The Nature of the Historical Record Geoffrey J. Gammon THE FIELD OF STUDY with which we are chiefly concerned at this conference is the history and archaeology of the Near East and eastern Mediterranean in the second and first millennia BC. In this talk I shall try to make a general survey of the material available to the archaeologist ... Hyksos were Canaanites expelled from their homeland by the Israelites. Nevertheless, most scholars still accepted the long chronologies rejected by Newton, and this framework undoubtedly influenced the views of the archaeologists who discovered the ancient Egyptian, Hittite, Mycenaean, Assyrian and other civilisations and had to interpret their finds. Over the past 150 years, our dependence on secondary sources has ...
110. Paradise -- The Lost Frontier: Early Voyages to the Forbidden Isles [Aeon Journal $]
... , biology, and epidemiology supported the paradigm of New World isolation prior to Columbus. This erroneous paradigm led to further distortions of reality: Old World artifacts found in New World archaeological sites dating centuries before Columbus were routinely ignored or branded as fakes. Orthodox scholars accepted the paradigm as it had been revised by their predecessors as though it were the Gospel truth ... Refugees Escape to Tennessee?" Biblical Archaeological Review (July/August 1993). But see also the debate, pro and con, that followed in the pages of Biblical Archaeology Review (November/December 1993), pp.12 ff.; (January/February 1994), pp. 83 ff.; (March/April 1994), p ... tools, and architectural innovations such as the Classical arch. They are all presumed to have been absent from New World cultures until the 16th century. For many years, American archaeologists felt compelled to date native sites as post-Columbus if they contained any Old World artifacts. Case in point: During the 1800s, Smithsonian archaeologists identified an inscription found on a stone ...
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