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Search results for: amarna in all categories

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... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:2 (Sep 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Amarna Iconoclasts- Who were the Real Criminals? Penny Wilson Summary This talk explored the extent to which Akhenaten's reputation as "criminal" in the eyes of his successors was justified. By looking at the nature of his beliefs and actions towards those who differed, as compared with the backlash after his death, can they be called heretical or criminal by ancient Egyptian standards? Content The reason for this talk was that, on first looking at Akhenaten's life, the speaker was struck by a moment of pity for him. Having planned and intended so much, it only took until the early Ramesside era for him to be spoken of as "the criminal of Akhetaten" and strenuous efforts to be undertaken to eradicate his memory. What should we make of these events? The speaker's primary interest is how language is used to convey ideas in ancient texts, and it is important in this context not to impose modern standards onto ancient material. How far- by Egyptian ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  12k  -  URL:
42. Habiru and Hebrew [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1997:1 (Oct 1997) Home¦ Issue Contents Habiru and Hebrew A reassessment of this key New Chronology identification by Dick Atkinson Summary It has been argued that the 'habiru' of the El Amarna letters correspond closely to David's Hebrews during the period of his outlawry and that the two words are linguistically related. Peter van der Veen argued that the precise socio-economic usages of the two terms in the El Amarna letters and in the First and Second Books of Samuel were identical and otherwise unparalleled, giving grounds for synchronising the two sources. This supports the New Chronology of David Rohl. This paper shows that there are severe problems with both the linguistic and sociological arguments. In C&CR Vol. X David Rohl and Bernard Newgrosh argued for the Labayu= Saul and Habiru= Hebrew identifications [1. In C&CR Vol. XV Peter van der Veen argued in detail for identifying the habiru in the El Amarna letters with the Hebrews under David in the First Book of Samuel [2. If their arguments ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 56  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
... to leave Mesopotamia and look for chronological clues in other areas. At least, that's the way modern Assyriology solved the dating problem: "Unfortunately," so we hear, the evidence is scanty "as regards the period of Kassite domination in Iraq." Therefore, "the bulk of our information derives, in fact, from sources foreign to the Kingdom of Babylon, such as the el-Amarna correspondence found in Egypt." (24) IV The Kassite king Burnaburiash II (1380 to 1350 BCE) corresponded (cf. Amarna letters 6-11, 13,14) with Aldinaton (Amenophis IV 1367 to 1350 BCE) and, looking at Mesopotamia, had Assuruballit I of Assyria (1365 to 1339 BCE) as his northern neighbor and dependent. It is Egyptian chronology and not the archaeological evidence at hand in the Kassites' domain that was used to date the Kassite period. To put it differently, a major period in the history of the "cradle of civilization" (S. N. Kramer) was created by the application of modern Egyptologist's ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 52  -  05 Mar 2003  -  34k  -  URL:
44. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... to hear Clark Whelton's views on the subject. We were also very pleased to be able to welcome Bernard Newgrosh. Since retiring as C&CR editor after a considerable number of hectic years working for the Society, Bernard has been taking a well earned rest, so we were particularly happy to have been able to persuade him to present his meticulously considered ideas on an area of chronology which has proved to be a stumbling block for many a revisionist. Bernard Newgrosh kicked off proceedings with 'The Ashuruballit Problem'. Among the el Amarna tablets were two letters, Nos. 15 and 16, from an Assyrian king who called himself Ashuruballit. In No. 16, Ashuruballit, while asking for gold to be sent, refers to Ashur-nadin-ahhe as 'my ancestor'. From this letter, 'Ashuruballit' is conventionally considered to be either the Assyrian king who ruled before 1430BC, or the one who ruled 1400-1391 (or 1390-1381) [Moran p. 40 n. 9. So would-be revisionists, when they down-date the Amarna period, must also down-date this Assyrian king ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 52  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
45. Are the Peleset Philistines or Persians? [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... ¦ Issue Contents Are the Peleset Philistines or Persians? Donovan A. Courville It is generally accepted among archaeologists and historians that the chronology of Egypt has been settled as far back as c. 2000 B.C. and is immune to any further alterations in excess of about a decade. This concept was challenged by Immanuel Velikovsky in the mid 1950's in his Ages in Chaos. In this work he proposed alternate settings in the history of Egypt for the incidents of the exodus, the sacking of Solomon's temple, and the era of the Amarna Period. These altered placements called for a necessary chronological and historical abbreviation of traditional views by some 500 years. Many, including the writer, recognized in these proposals a possible answer to the conflict of opinions about the setting of the exodus in the background of either the 19th or 20th Egyptian dynasty. Serious objections have been raised to both placements, neither being able to attain universal acceptance. Velikovsky's proposals were summarily rejected by scholars since their acceptance generally would upset the conventional scheme in a disastrous manner. His views were anything ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 52  -  05 Mar 2003  -  29k  -  URL:
46. Hittites and Phrygians [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , Pt. 2, 526 and by both Gurney and Ceram). These kingdoms repeatedly crop up in Assyrian annals of the 9th and 8th centuries. In Hittite texts of the imperial period the various Syrian vassal states are known by entirely different names, Hurrian rather than Semitic. Only Carchemish and the towns of the Tyanitis, remain the same. It is generally believed the Hittite texts reveal an actual Hurrian population in occupation of Syria, whereas the Assyrians clearly encountered Semites (Aramaeans and related groups). However, the el Amarna tablets also indicate a Hurrian population occupying Palestine at precisely the same period. This Velikovsky has attributed to an influx of Carian Phoenicians, suggesting a process of Hurrianization rather than a large-scale migration of Hurrians (Carians). Accepting for the moment that the occurrence of Hurrian names in itself does not indicate ethnic affiliation, therefore, such Hurrianization is not an insurmountable problem, but possesses historical precedents (post Exodus refugees from the Aegean in command of a superior technology), it would more logical to assume that those motifs reappearing fully ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 51  -  05 Mar 2003  -  161k  -  URL:
... a dead end and that a 500 year reduction in Egyptian dates was untenable that led to the collaboration of David Rohl and Peter James on an alternative scheme which called for a reduction of the order of 300 years in New Kingdom dates. An outline of their proposals was unveiled in a joint article, 'An Alternative to the Velikovskian Chronology for Ancient Egypt', which was first published in SIS Workshop, Volume 5:2, in April 1983. In this original article, the authors agreed in synchronising Saul and David with the Amarna period and placing the 'Shishak' episode late in the reign of Ramesses II. Since their collaboration ceased, however, their views have diverged considerably. James has abandoned the Amarna/ early monarchy synchronism and placed the 'Shishak' event in the reign of Ramesses III, while Rohl now dates the sack of the Temple to Year 8 of Ramesses II. He has also collaborated closely with Bernard Newgrosh over a number of years on the synchronisation of the events recorded in the First Book of Samuel with the Amarna period, to the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 48  -  05 Mar 2003  -  39k  -  URL:
48. The Chronology of the Early Egyptian New Kingdom [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Sheba" to Jerusalem, recorded in the Book of Kings. 5 Thutmose Ill was a contemporary of Solomon and his son Rehoboam, king of Judah (931 -915 B.C.), in whose fifth year the Temple in Jerusalem was despoiled by a pharaoh known in the Bible as "Shishak." 6 Amenhotep Il was a contemporary of Asa, king of Judah (913-873 B.C.), who defeated an Egyptian force lead by "Zerah the Ethiopian." 7 The identification of Abdi Ashirta and Aziru of Amurru in the Amarna letters with Ben Hadad and Hazael, kings of Syria, dates these letters, some of which were addressed to Amenhotep II and Akhenaten, to the third quarter of the 9th century B.C. 8 The strongest link between Egyptian and Hebrew history in this period is provided by the Egyptian invasion of Judah in the fifth year of Rehoboam (927 B.C.) Dr. Eva Danelius, in a scholarly analysis of the Egyptian account of Thutmose Ill's first Asiatic campaign in the light of the topography of Southern Palestine, has demonstrated its ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 48  -  05 Mar 2003  -  31k  -  URL:
... Study Group Meeting 19th Feb 2000 David Fairbairn, Daphne Garbett, Damien Mackey, David Roth, David Salkeld, Emmet Sweeney, John Crowe, Janek Pietron, Phillip Clapham and Val Pearce were present. Talk by Bob Porter on Middle Assyrian History On conventional dates the Middle Assyrian period runs from pre Ashur-uballit I through three well-attested kings in the 13th century, Adad-Nirari, Shalmaneser and Tukulti-Ninurta, then various minor kings- and later another high point- Tiglath-pileser I- then a load of nonentities down to the Neo-Assyrian period. Conventionally the Amarna period is with Ashur-uballit I and the Amarna letters, about 350 years too early for the New Chronology. A number of people have suggested that there must have been another Ashur-uballit, e.g. David Rohl pointed to an Eponym (year-name) Ashur-Bel-Lit as a possible candidate as this later King Ashur-uballit- he would be about the right time on the conventional chronology (c. 1000 BC) to match the New Chronology's Amarna period without any shortening of Assyrian history. There is an earlier Eponym also named Ashur-Bel-Lit. In Centuries of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 48  -  05 Mar 2003  -  27k  -  URL:
50. Towards a New Chronology of Ancient Egypt (Review) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... chronological propositions but rather begs them. Although I am somewhat curious about the Sanskrit term Sakas=Scythians I would like to see a copy of the page he cites for this fact (Mishra 1971 p. 71) as well as some further historical and linguistic background on this term. Lasken's point on Jashuya in EA 256 line 18 being Josiah is tenuous. Should one suggest that Ayyab of this same letter is Job? His noting the problems with the names Jebus in the Old Testament and Jerusalem/Salem and Urusalim of the Amarna letters is interesting but difficult. Jerusalem appears as Salem in Biblical texts which may be an abbreviated form of the Jerusalem. However, equally justified would be to question its association with Jerusalem. One could argue that the al u-ru-sa-lim of the Amarna letters is not Jerusalem in that it lacks the initial yod. That would suggest uru salem to which the determinative al meaning city was added pleonastically, i.e. redundantly as URU also means city. Indeed there are other places in Israel that were called Salem or Shalem also mentioned in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  6k  -  URL:
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