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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories

239 results found.

24 pages of results.
81. Index of Authors [Uncategorised]
... Calendar of Coligny Alban Wall, The Planetary Order Revealed in The Book of the Secrets of Enoch Alban Wall, The Strange Phenomenon of Solar Prominences Albert V.Carozzi and Murry S.Gerber, Late Paleozoic Tornadoes and Synsedimentary Brecciation of Chert Nodules Albert W. Burgstahler, Euan W. MacKie, Ages in Chaos in the Light of C14 Archaeometry Albert W. Burgstahler, The El-Amarna Letters and the Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia Albert W. Burgstahler, The Nature of the Cytherean Atmosphere Alex Marton, Rocks From Where? Alex Marton, What is Uniformitarianism and how did it get here? Alfred de Grazia, Ancient Knowledge of Jupiter's Bands and Saturn's Rings Alfred de Grazia, Chaos and Creation Alfred de Grazia, Cosmic Heretics Alfred de Grazia, Quantavolution and Solaria Binaria Alfred de Grazia, The Founding of Rome Alfred De Grazia, Aphrodite The Moon or Venus? (Continued) Alfred De Grazia, Making Moonshine with Hard Science Alfred De Grazia, Paleo-Calcinology: Destruction by Fire in Pre-historic and Ancient Times-- Part II Alfred De Grazia, Paleo-Calcinology: Destruction by Fire in Pre-historic ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  07 Mar 2003  -  182k  -  URL:
... Earth's geological record is sporadically punctuated by well marked catastrophic signatures, caused either by limited activation of internal planetary mechanisms (e.g. earthquakes) generated by Earth itself, or by powerful external agencies (e.g. impacting cosmic objects) interacting with Earth to cause global disruption. Purely terrestrial catastrophes can mostly be ascribed to crustal dislocation generated by more deep seated phenomena. They exhibit anomalous juxtapositions and reactions relative to theoretically ideal planetary behaviour and appear to be legacies of an earlier (but geologically recent) cosmic intrusion. The implications for standard uniformitarianism and catastrophism are discussed. It appears that most present terrestrial disturbances are aftermath effects of the last major cosmic visitation around 11,500 years ago. Earth's Design Today we inhabit a planet called Earth in a time which historians style 'Recent' and Earth-scientists 'Holocene'. Such facts are so commonplace that few ever pause to ponder them more deeply- familiarity breeding, if not contempt, indifference. Fuller consideration of these facts, however, reveals several surprising disclosures of much significance for how we view recent Earth history. A selection ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  48k  -  URL:
... in a larger socio-cultural context. This does not mean that substantive scientific considerations or that cognitive and technical dimensions of specialist-dominated science are without relevance to an understanding of the wholesale dismissal of Velikovsky's views by mainstream science. Nevertheless, we should not make the mistake of seeing the rejection of those ideas as only an "internal" or "strictly scientific" matter. Rather, what is being symbolically exorcised is an entire world view- one which, ironically, neither Velikovsky nor his most articulate supporters necessarily embrace. In this light, Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism should not be viewed simply as competing scientific theories, but rather as more sweeping perspectives with a host of "extra-scientific" implications [3. Academic scientists, I would argue, tend to endorse one of these frameworks while almost reflexively rejecting anything which smacks of the other- including Velikovsky's thinking. Perhaps most conspicuous in this regard is an ingrained antipathy to theories which, rightly or wrongly, can be linked with a "fundamentalist" point of view. In short, I suggest that scientists may be viewed as ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  06 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
84. Catastrophic Theory of Mountain Uplifts (A Crustal Deformation Theory) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... 1.5 inches. But the Moon is too small and the Sun is too distant to explain mountain uplifting. When working together they can create a crustal tide of only 4.5 inches. A rational theory must provide for a massive uplifting force, a crustal tide of thousands of feet, not just a few inches. (caption) The Catastrophic Era Orbits of Venus, Earth and Mars. A common feature of these theories is their dependence upon "gradualism." In the parlance of geology, the dogma of gradualism is called "Uniformitarianism." This eight-syllable word embraces the idea of millions of years for accomplishing anything involving crustal deformation. Explanations based on gradualism always omit rigorous force and stress analysis. Our Model of Planetary Catastrophism Close flybys of the planet Mars created on the Earth the following phenomena: IMMENSE SUBCRUSTAL TIDES OF MAGMA (of 6-hour duration); Immense oceanic tides, flooding continents; Earth spin axis "precessions" causing spin axis shifts; Recharges of the Earth's geomagnetic field strength; Paleomagnetic polarity reversals; Orbit perturbations or "warps" for both ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  75k  -  URL:
... their origin. Especially before the adoption of the theories of continental drift and plate tectonics in the 1960s, tropical fossils found near modern glaciers posed an awkward set of problems for geologists. New field work since 1970 has shattered the easy illusion that drifting land masses 'explain' finding the tropics in the Arctic. It is now plain that since late Cretaceous time, a variety of warm, moist ecosystems have thrived well north of the Arctic Circle. For the first time, we have a documented example of a long-term departure from geological uniformitarianism. Given geological evidence that even the northernmost lands once had lush forests, one may wonder why Pleistocene glaciation occurred at all. The glaciers certainly moved in strange ways. For example, the Lower Paleozoic Franklinian Basin in northern Greenland occupies an area of over 150,000 square kilometers. Northern Greenland has extensive evidence of petroleum generation and migration in the form of oil-stained sandstones and carbonates, solid bitumen and seeping asphalt. There are numerous occurrences of bitumen in the southernmost part of the Franklinian Basin [1. Despite its presence ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  68k  -  URL:
86. Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... an attempt to make the growing evidence of the fossil record compatible with Archbishop Ussher's calculated date of creation, 4004 BC. Such a short timescale certainly required catastrophes to wipe out the animals no longer found living on the Earth, but known from their fossilised remains. So catastrophism tended to become equated with unscientific creationism, particularly in view of Cuvier's belief that the catastrophes could not have been caused by any natural forces still in existence [17. In response, the scientific community tended to unite behind Charles Lyell and his principle of uniformitarianism, i.e. that natural laws do not change [18. Hence, if the presumed large-scale catastrophes could not be explained by any known processes, then there could not have been any large-scale catastrophes. All the findings in the rocks could be explained on the basis of known processes, provided these were given long enough in which to act. So the uniformitarian position required the Earth to be very old, to enable changes to take place by gradual rather than catastrophic means. Charles Darwin, under the influence of Lyell and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  73k  -  URL:
... brain size does characterize the evolution of group after group of mammals. But big brains have their use in local environments; they do not mark intrinsic trends to higher states." What, one might ask, would mark "intrinsic trends to higher states", if increased brain size does not? Two sections will be of especial interest to readers of this journal. "Uniformity and Catastrophe" (No. 18) attempts to clear up some misunderstandings about 19th-century geology, particularly the idea that before Lyell shone the light of uniformitarianism into that science, it was dominated by the catastrophists who were "theological apologists who sought to compress the geologic record into the strictures of biblical chronology". Gould reminds us of the scientific catastrophists, precursors of Velikovsky, such as Cuvier, Agassiz, Sedgwick and Murchison, none of whom resembled the caricatured fundamentalist "straw man" that Lyell set up to demolish and replace with "scientific" uniformitarianism. According to Gould, "the catastrophists were much more empirically minded than Lyell". It is unfortunate, then, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
88. Puzzles of Prehistory [The Velikovskian $]
... In practice, however, prehistory is generally considered the predocumentary record of humanity. Humanity, in turn, is construed as meaning the family Hominidae, especially the genus Homo, and, above all, the species sapiens. In this essay, I will focus primarily on that part of prehistory which covers the period of human existence. But, because our species, like all others, is embedded in a space-time matrix, I will draw, as need arises, on the records of both the pre-human and the human past. UNIFORMITARIANISM AND PREHISTORY For the past century-and-a-half, evolutionary theory has been dominated by the school of thought known as uniformitarianism, or actualism. Uniformitarians contend that the rule of intellectual parsimony (better known as "Occam's razor") is best satisfied by the assumption that the forces which molded our planet and its inhabitants in the past are no different from those which mold it today. Since the most obvious of these forces today are such processes as erosion and sedimentation, we must assume, say the uniformitarians, that they predominated throughout prehistory ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  36k  -  URL:
89. Fingerprints of The Gods [SIS Internet Digest $]
... odds are therefore significantly stacked against Graham Hancock's interpretation of the Mayan "long count" date being likely to come true. Inclusion of a "doomsday date" in his book might well have precluded the whole book from being accorded the serious consideration merited by some of its other sections. However, that apart, it seems to me that the possibility of cyclical near-extinctions of life in global cataclysms is an area of science which merits further study and wider dissemination of existing information. The battle for supremacy between the protagonists of Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism in the nineteenth century was lost by the catastrophists in an era when Darwinian biology needed a concept such as uniformitarianism to be able to make inroads into the then current scientific paradigm of catastrophism. However, in my view, modern day catastrophists, starting with Velikovsky, have unearthed an array of observations, legends, myths and hard scientific data that makes it difficult for a reasonable person to conclude otherwise than that catastrophism was an important factor of Earth's development in the past. Graham Hancock's contribution has been in popularizing some of this ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
... Home¦ Issue Contents Reexamination of the Foundations Forum/Interview/Letters The following is excerpted from a telephone interview with Dr. George Grinnell on March 15, 1972. Grinnell is a professor of history at McMaster University, Canada. His field of study is the history of science. The strong reaction to Dr. Velikovsky is understandable to one who has done research in the history of science. Velikovsky has taken a look at the foundations of astronomy and geology, hitting at those very sensitive spots which were never empirically established. Uniformitarianism in geology was basically a political doctrine; it was never one that was verified empirically. Any suggestion that uniformitarianism is not scientific --Velikovsky does suggest that --is very embarrassing. Scientists cannot answer directly, they can only answer by attacking Velikovsky the way Lyell attacked the catastrophists of his day: by discrediting their person. The same thing is also true of astronomy, which likewise has some very weak points at its foundations. One of those weak points happens to be the gravitational constant, which was deduced as much for theological reasons ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL:
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