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Search results for: birkeland in all categories

197 results found.

20 pages of results.
1. Plasma: The other 99.9% [Thunderbolts Website]
... , too, because they contain free electrons. 5. Moving plasma can self-generate electromagnetic fields. 6. Plasma can store energy in magnetic fields. 7. Plasmas form double layers between regions of different densities, temperatures or magnetic field strengths. A double layer: (a) consists of two layers of opposite charge (b) tends to form cellular structures with the double layer as the "cell wall." (eg. magnetosphere, photosphere, heliosphere) (c) can form in filamentary current channels known as "Birkeland currents" (see below); (d) can explode, as discovered in mercury rectifiers used in high-power direct-current transmission lines; (e) can accelerate charged particles, in opposite directions up to velocities approaching the speed of light. 8. Relative movement of different plasma regions produces electric currents within them. 9. Electric current in plasma produces "pinched" filaments known as Birkeland currents. Birkeland currents form the cosmic power lines and the "wires" of cosmic circuits. An example is found in the ionosphere where ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  29 Nov 2006  -  12k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/051031plasma.html
2. Another “Double-Eye” of Venus [Thunderbolts Website]
... s unexpected effects in planetary atmospheres, which they typically seek to describe in terms of heating and the mechanics of wind and water motion. Leading Electric Universe proponent Wal Thornhill identified the dipolar configuration of the polar vortex as a cross-sectional view of a cosmic electric current. Within the solar system, as in every observed region of space, electric currents flow over vast distances by means of filaments of plasma that tend to organize themselves into "twisted pairs." A common name for this "doubleness" in current-conducting plasmas is a "Birkeland current". All the features shown above suggest that the two hot spots are the footprints of twin Birkeland currents. The "giant vortex" and its "surprisingly complex structure and behavior" are the energetic effect of the twin currents flowing into the planet ’ s atmosphere at the poles. In fact, the Venusian dipole shows both the configuration and the motion of Birkeland current pairs in plasma discharge experiments and in super-computer simulations, including the surrounding spiral vortex. It is the classic spiral nebula shape. What baffles mainstream theorists ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  29 Nov 2006  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2006/arch06/060717doubleeye.html
3. Electric Dipole of Venus [Thunderbolts Website]
... astrophysicists, having received no training in the behavior of electric discharges, fail to perceive such electrical phenomena, so they are continually straining to explain electricity ’ s unexpected effects. To a plasma cosmologist, the polar vortex is a cross-sectional view of a cosmic electric current. Within the solar system, as in every observed region of space, electric currents flow over vast distances by means of filaments of plasma that tend to organize themselves into “twisted pairs.” A common name for this “doubleness” in current-conducting plasmas is “Birkeland currents”. All the features shown above suggest that the two hot spots are the “footprints” of cosmic Birkeland currents. The "giant vortex" and its "surprisingly complex structure and behavior" are the energetic effect of twin currents flowing into the planet ’ s atmosphere at the poles. In fact, the Venusian dipole shows both the configuration and the motion of Birkeland current pairs in plasma discharge experiments and in super-computer simulations, including the surrounding spiral vortex. The polar dipole exhibits an enhanced infrared emission, a predictable ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  29 Nov 2006  -  11k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050208venusdipole.html
4. Electric Dipole of Venus [Thunderbolts Website]
... astrophysicists, having received no training in the behavior of electric discharges, fail to perceive such electrical phenomena, so they are continually straining to explain electricity ’ s unexpected effects. To a plasma cosmologist, the polar vortex is a cross-sectional view of a cosmic electric current. Within the solar system, as in every observed region of space, electric currents flow over vast distances by means of filaments of plasma that tend to organize themselves into “twisted pairs.” A common name for this “doubleness” in current-conducting plasmas is “Birkeland currents”. All the features shown above suggest that the two hot spots are the “footprints” of cosmic Birkeland currents. The "giant vortex" and its "surprisingly complex structure and behavior" are the energetic effect of twin currents flowing into the planet ’ s atmosphere at the poles. In fact, the Venusian dipole shows both the configuration and the motion of Birkeland current pairs in plasma discharge experiments and in super-computer simulations, including the surrounding spiral vortex. The polar dipole exhibits an enhanced infrared emission, a predictable ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  29 Nov 2006  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/051207venusdipole.html
5. Bodies and Circuits [Thunderbolts Website]
... index abstract archive Links: Holoscience Electric Cosmos The Universe Plasma Cosmology Society for Interdisciplinary Studies educational resources Aeon Journal May 03, 2005 The Electric Universe: Part I Bodies and Circuits The flood of surprising space-age observations is bursting the explanatory limits of conventional views, which date from the gaslight era. A new view of the universe is emerging, one based on the modern discoveries of the electrical properties of plasma. An apple fell on Isaac Newton ’ s head and he conceived the gravity universe. An aurora “fell” on Kristian Birkeland ’ s head and he conceived the plasma universe. The story of Newton and the apple is apocryphal. But Birkeland trekked to the Norwegian Arctic, stood under the aurora, and took measurements that revealed the presence of electric currents. Newton lived in a world of apple trees, gaslights and gears. Birkeland lived on the threshold of a world of aurora probes, electric lights and plasma. It ’ s been over 300 years since Newton encountered his apple, and his conception of gravity, now modified by Einstein and supplemented ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  14k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050503eu-1.html
6. Electric Currents Big and Small [Thunderbolts Website]
... of the Sun is caused to rotate faster at the equator than at higher latitudes, when we should expect the expulsion of the solar wind to slow it. Hannes Alfvén described the circuit for this Faraday motor many decades ago, but he didn ’ t consider its link with a greater galactic circuit. The current "disk" of the Sun is the heliospheric current sheet that flows between the Sun and the outer reaches of our solar system (see image Thunderbolts, Oct 31, 2005). And the axial circuit consists of Birkeland currents flowing along the "open" polar magnetic field lines. Similarly, the galactic disk is the disk of a Faraday motor, caused to rotate by Birkeland currents flowing along the axis and out along the spiral arms. Stars in the spiral arms receive their power from those galactic currents. Galaxies, in turn, are threaded like "Catherine wheels" on intergalactic Birkeland currents. The cosmic circuitry of Birkeland currents can be traced by their magnetic fields. So, far from being electrically sterile, cosmic plasma is awash with ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  12k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/051114currents.html
7. Layered Crater [Thunderbolts Website]
... the most dramatic scars. They take characteristic forms of circular craters (universally mistaken for impact craters), raised blisters (often mistaken for volcanoes), sinuous channels (usually mistaken for water or lava erosion channels), and etched or "fretted terrain" (no conventional explanation). The crater above can be explained simply by using the electric universe model. The layering predated the crater. The crater is electrical, not impact. The so-called erosion was an integral part of the formation of the crater, caused by rotating Birkeland filaments. Birkeland filaments twist in pairs to form a rope-like Birkeland current. It is the form in which electrical energy is transported across the cosmos. The current density is highest in the Birkeland filaments themselves so the erosion rate falls off toward their center of rotation --the center of the crater. The result, in the sedimentary layers, is a neatly terraced central peak, the untouched remains of previously existing sedimentary layers. Link to: http://www.holoscience.com/news.php?article=we7zdrqs EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  11k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2004/arch/041102layered-crater.html
8. Bodies and Circuits [Thunderbolts Website]
... the Electric Universe explained by members of the Thunderbolts Group. More Information Book Synopsis Read Chapter One Order Link Dec 22, 2005 The Electric Universe: Part I Bodies and Circuits The flood of surprising space-age observations is bursting the explanatory limits of conventional views, which date from the gaslight era. A new view of the universe is emerging, one based on the modern discoveries of the electrical properties of plasma. An apple fell on Isaac Newton ’ s head and he conceived the gravity universe. An aurora “fell” on Kristian Birkeland ’ s head and he conceived the plasma universe. The story of Newton and the apple is apocryphal. But Birkeland trekked to the Norwegian Arctic, stood under the aurora, and took measurements that revealed the presence of electric currents. Newton lived in a world of apple trees, gaslights and gears. Birkeland lived on the threshold of a world of aurora probes, electric lights and plasma. It ’ s been over 300 years since Newton encountered his apple, and his conception of gravity, now modified by Einstein and supplemented ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/051222eu-1.html
9. Electric Currents Big and Small [Thunderbolts Website]
... of the Sun is caused to rotate faster at the equator than at higher latitudes, when we should expect the expulsion of the solar wind to slow it. Hannes Alfvén described the circuit for this Faraday motor many decades ago, but he didn ’ t consider its link with a greater galactic circuit. The current "disk" of the Sun is the heliospheric current sheet that flows between the Sun and the outer reaches of our solar system (see image Thunderbolts, Oct 31, 2005). And the axial circuit consists of Birkeland currents flowing along the "open" polar magnetic field lines. Similarly, the galactic disk is the disk of a Faraday motor, caused to rotate by Birkeland currents flowing along the axis and out along the spiral arms. Stars in the spiral arms receive their power from those galactic currents. Galaxies, in turn, are threaded like "Catherine wheels" on intergalactic Birkeland currents. The cosmic circuitry of Birkeland currents can be traced by their magnetic fields. So, far from being electrically sterile, cosmic plasma is awash with ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  12k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2006/arch06/060524currents.html
10. Magnetic Vortex in Space [Thunderbolts Website]
... relies on a magnetic field being generated and trapped mysteriously within the gas cloud, the movement of the cloud itself causing the spiral magnetic field. Nothing about the cloud – its magnetic field, its shape, its movement, or what lights it – is actually explained by this kind of argument. The unwillingness of theorists to countenance electric currents in space prevents them from seeing the obvious: The power that forms and lights the rod-shaped gas cloud is electrical. The cloud and the magnetic field merely trace the current flow of a cosmic Birkeland current (see Figure 15.3.2). It was Kristian Birkeland in 1908 who postulated the existence of the currents that bear his name. And in 1939, Nobel Laureate Hannes Alfvén was the first physicist to promote Birkeland ’ s theory in a paper about electrical currents generated by the solar wind. In electrical terms, the spiraling magnetic field of the Orion Molecular Cloud derives partly from an external field aligned with the cloud axis and partly from the toroidal field produced by the current flowing along the cloud axis. This is the way ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Nov 2006  -  12k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2006/arch06/060719spacevortex.html
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