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305 results found.
31 pages of results.
1. The Amarna Tablets [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2002:2 (Dec 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents The Amarna Tablets www.tau.ac.il/humanities/semitic/amarna.html The find: The Amarna tablets are named after the site Tell el-Amarna (in middle Egypt) where they were discovered. The first Amarna tablets were found by local inhabitants in 1887. They form the majority of the corpus. Subsequent excavations at the site have yielded less than 50 out of the 382 itemized tablets and fragments which form the Amarna corpus. The majority of the Amarna tablets are letters. These letters were sent to the Egyptian Pharaohs Amenophis III and his son Akhenaten around the middle of the 14th century B.C. The correspondents were kings of Babylonia, Assyria, Hatti and Mitanni, minor kings and rulers of the Near East at that time, and vassals of the Egyptian Empire. Almost immediately following their discovery, the Amarna tablets were deciphered, studied and published. Their importance as a major source for the knowledge of the history and politics of the Ancient Near East during the 14th Century B.C. was ...
2. The Chronology of Lyres [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon II:3 (1990) Home¦ Issue Contents The Chronology of Lyres Gunnar Heinsohn Whoever takes part in the debate on ancient chronologies will agree that the correct date for the Amarna correspondence settles it all. This correspondence connects, inter alia, the powerful nation of Mita (Mitanni in English) in Northern Mesopotamia and Syria/Israel with the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Simultaneously, it establishes an impressive threefold sequence of civilizations-- (1) Hyksos/Old-Hittites, (2) 18th Dynasty/Mitanni/Kassites/Empire Hittites, (3) Middle-Assyrians from Egypt to India-- because group three immediately follows the Mitanni and the 18th Dynasty (group two), and both are well represented not only by written sources but also by archaeological strata in Africa (Egypt-Hyksos in Tell el Daba) and Asia alike. This epigraphical-stratigraphical sequence, thus, allows for a chronological network stretching from the Nile to the Persian Gulf and beyond in the South-East and to Anatolia and beyond in the North-East. In addition, any excavation site with ...
3. The 'New Chronology' and the Amarna Period [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1993 No 2 (Jan 1994) Home¦ Issue Contents The 'New Chronology' and the Amarna Period Jeremy Goldberg asks 'Where's David?' A fairly recent article by D. Rohl and B. Newgrosh (C.& C. Review :X, 1988, pp. 23ff) dates the end of the Amarna period diplomatic archive to the early reign of David. Such a dating requires, of course, some sort of account of David's role in this archive. However, the proposals which have been offered range from speculative to quite far fetched. Based on an identification (see below) of Labayu with Saul, these writers have identified two 'sons' of Labayu with Saul's heir, Ishbaal and his son-in-law, David (pp. 34ff). However, this suggestion is difficult to believe, because every extant reference to these 'sons' depicts them as acting in concert. A perhaps equally far fetched and, in any case, too isolated, suggestion (following a 'very important observation' by Peter van ...
4. Jeremy Goldberg - Still Looking for David [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1994 No 2 (Dec 1994) Home¦ Issue Contents FORUM Jeremy Goldberg- Still Looking for David I do not feel that Bernard Newgrosh's answer to my criticisms of the New Chronology's Amarna period reconstruction [1 is satisfactory: too often he relies on appeals to authority and he has ignored some of my most important arguments, while focusing on less important ones. Space is limited, so I shall only deal with his most problematic comments. On the crucial issue of 'David's absence as a discernible individual from the Amarna Letters': I argued (in my footnote 2 [2) that if (as Bernard reiterates in his response) 'the period of the Letters covers the rise of David to... domination over the Philistines', but (as Bernard has now argued) 'princely contempt' for the 'upstart' David produced an aversion to his being explicitly named in this correspondence, then the 'important reporting function performed by these letters' should entail 'a better show of anonymous references' than Bernard and his associates ...
5. The Amarna Coregency Controversy [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:2 (Sep 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Amarna Coregency Controversy Aidan Dodson Summary The matter of whether there was a coregency, and if so how long, between Amenhotep 3 and his son Akhenaten (initially Amenhotep 4) is one of the major issues in the interpretation of the period. Over the years Aidan has varied in his opinion on the matter and so is well versed in the arguments of both sides. Currently he is in favour of a lengthy coregency between the two and feels that as new evidence has come to light, it has consistently favoured this view. Content Consider first Amenhotep 3 (henceforward for brevity called A3). When Amenhotep 4 (A4) began to reign, was his father still alive, and if so did he still hold any vestige of power? Conventionally A3 is thought of as a staunch traditionalist, with A4 promoting radical philosophical change. This seems a strong argument against a coregency, because of the difficulty of the two coexisting. But let us look at the ...
6. Dating the Amarna Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1989 No 2 (Feb 1990) Home¦ Issue Contents FORUM Dating the Amarna Letters Rejoinder from Brad Aaronson: It was interesting to see the comments on the Rohl/Newgrosh Chronology made by Anthony Chavasse (Workshop 1989:1). It seems clear that Chavasse was implying the possibility of identifying Labayu with Ahab. We should keep in mind that very few of those who continue to support Velikovsky's 18th Dynasty dates accept his identification of Rib-Addi and Abdi-Hiba as Ahab and Jehoshaphat, particularly after Martin Sieff and Peter James demonstrated that Jehoram and Joram fit much better. Thus the suggestion that Rib-Addi be seen as a son of Labayu should be seen in this context. Bernard Newgrosh asked in response to Chavasse who Mut-Balu son of Labayu could be. I would think this would be clear. Rohl and Newgrosh (Review X) equated Mut-Balu and 'Ishbaal' son of Saul. Now Ish-Boshet son of Saul is referred to in places as 'Eshbaal', the Israelite equivalent of the Phoenician 'Ethbaal', or Ithobaal. Giving the ...
7. The Amarna Royal Tombs Project - the last 3 seasons [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:2 (Sep 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Amarna Royal Tombs Project- the last 3 seasons Nicholas Reeves Summary This was an impromptu talk fitted in to spare time to report on progress on excavation work in the Valley of the Kings. An initial decision on a suitable area to locate other Amarna period reburials appears to have been vindicated by early discoveries. Although so far small in number, there is optimism that substantial new discoveries are ahead. Content A careful study of the available evidence in 1977 led to 4 conclusions: Tutankhamun's reuse of previous grave furniture and equipment was much larger than previously thought, perhaps up to 80% of the whole, and probably including the well-known gold face mask. This reuse was necessitated by his early death, before real preparations had been made. This led to a real problem for Ay to be able to give a proper send-off. By chance, Tutankhamun's death coincided with an already planned transfer of bodies from the Amarna burial area to the Valley of the Kings- so ...
8. The el-Amarna Letters and the New Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... labour are now finally available to the reader for more detailed scrutiny [3. Within the framework of the New Chronology the el-Amarna period in Egypt is located during the last quarter of the 11th century, which in turn corresponds to the early years of the United Monarchy period in the history of Israel. The discussion below centres on the events of these fascinating decades and attempts to show that this revised alignment should provide scholars with much new and detailed material for the study of the history of Egypt and Israel. 1. INTRODUCTION The Amarna Letters and Chronology In the 1880's one of the greatest discoveries ever made in the field of ancient Near Eastern history took place in middle Egypt at the then little-known site of el-Amarna. It was a chance find, made by a local peasant woman, which, although of insignificant monetary value, provided scholarship with one of its most valued prizes- a diplomatic archive of letters from Man's distant past. The letters were to prove of considerable interest because their contents greatly increased our knowledge of political events during one of the most intriguing ...
9. The Amarna Period and Levantine Archaeology [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:2 (Sep 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Amarna Period and Levantine Archaeology David Rohl Summary The purpose of this talk was to go beyond the boundaries of Egypt and explore events in Syria-Palestine to the north, as revealed in the Amarna correspondence and after. Additionally, events in the reign of King Horemheb as they relate to the Levant will be discussed. Content In the Amarna tablets we are dealing with a body of foreign correspondence. Since there is a certain amount of social and political detail in these, we can look for a Biblical period in which this fits best. During the reigns of Amenhotep 3 and Akhenaten there was a virtual cessation of Egyptian activity in this area, and the campaign led by Horemheb during Tutankhamun's reign was the first resurgence of military interest here. There is an alternative view which claims that in fact the Levant was always this tumultuous and difficult to govern, and the Amarna letters simply give us a window on this which is absent in other periods. However, it seems unlikely ...
10. Some 'New Chronology' Issues [SIS C&C Review $]
... pp. 41-59 It is really unfortunate that so few readers of the Review and of Workshop show themselves supportive of the New Chronology in its present state of development. Few seem to be willing to accept that the development of such an alternative scheme is to be the work of years of research ahead, and that such a scheme must await new evidence to come to light in support of it. It is for this reason also that I feel I should present here the following piece of evidence in support of the placement of the Amarna period in the time of the early Israelite Monarchy, as is proposed in the New Chronology. Rohl and Newgrosh have suggested the equation of the el-Amarna character Aziru, prince of Amurru, with the powerful monarch Hadad-ezer, king of Zobah and Beth-Rehob in II Samuel 8 and 10. They argued that Aziru was the Akkadian hypocoristicon [= accepted shortening of the West-Semitic name Hadad-ezer. Evidence has now come to light which appears to prove that outside of the el-Amarna correspondence Hadad-ezer was also referred to by this hypocoristicon! This evidence comes ...
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