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Search results for: stratigraph* in all categories
424 results found.
43 pages of results.
1. The Thirteenth Theory of the Hyksos [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the two intervening strata groups contained somewhat different material remains in the north and in the south of Mesopotamia, both areas have only two strata groups between Old-Akkadians and Hellenists. Mesopotamian stratigraphies according to stratigraphic evidence Hamadiyah Der Hellenistic Stratum Hellenistic Stratum (1)Pre-Hellenist Stratum of the Middle-Assyrians (1)Pre-Hellenistic Stratum of the Old-Babylonians (2)Mitanni/Hurrians ( ... the author felt encouraged to approach the problem afresh because the classical tools of scholarship have never rigorously been used in the search for an Asian realm of the Hyksos. Neither comparative stratigraphy and archaeology (architecture, pottery, small finds etc) nor palaeography and the evaluation of original historiographical source material has been applied to check possible Asian alter egos of the Hyksos ... of the Hyksos. When they decided to adopt the scimitar they chose the Old-Akkadian model, which was 'state of the art' more than seven centuries earlier. By taking the stratigraphical contemporaneity of Hyksos and Old-Akkadians into account the scimitars belong to one and the same nation and the mysteries disappear. Bronze scimitar from EB IV Telloh between 2500 and 2400 (Yadin ...
2. Neocatastrophism? [Catastrophism Geology $]
... S, 1957 The possible influence of supernovae on the evolution of life on Earth (in Russian) Dokl Akad Nauk SSSR, 116 197 199 Krishnan M S, 1960 Pre-Cambrian stratigraphy of India Internat. geol. Congr Norden., 21 19) 95-107 De Lapparent A.F, Lavocat R., 1955: Dinosauriens, In: Traité de Plaéontologie, ed ... On the whole, however, they would correspond to only brief interruptions in sedimentation, and so be in the nature of a time lapse rather than indicate the loss of complete stratigraphical zones and stages. There are still further stocks and evolutionary series which cross the PermoTriassic boundary without fundamental changes. But their presence is no proof against the existence of other stocks ... will not be considered here. We are concerned solely with the palaeontological sphere to which Stepanov has transferred the term neocatastrophism. By the nature of things he digs deep into our stratigraphic conceptions and methods, so that a presentation of these issues to a geological forum ought to be wholly relevant. The term neocatastrophism seems acceptable so long as it is made clear ...
3. The Stratigraphical Chronology of Ancient Israel [Aeon Journal $]
... of strata in the ground. Time and again, archaeologists have failed to make sense of the biblical events when they took their pious dates and tried to accommodate them in their stratigraphies. Hence, it became ever more fashionable to discard the historical information contained in the biblical legends. Scholars from Israel and the rest of the world try to convince their bewildered ... for the major events in the history of ancient Israel cannot be convincingly synchronized with the stratigraphical sequence of the land's archaeological sites. This want of harmony between biblical chronology and archaeological stratigraphy is mainly due to the excavators' attempts to impose biblical dates on the strata which have actually been dated by other means-- such as pseudo-astronomical (i.e., Sothic ... From: Aeon III:6 (Dec 1994) Home¦ Issue Contents The Stratigraphical Chronology of Ancient Israel Gunnar Heinsohn I. Ancient Israel Debunked? he fundamentalistically computed biblical dates for the major events in the history of ancient Israel cannot be convincingly synchronized with the stratigraphical sequence of the land's archaeological sites. This want of harmony between biblical chronology and archaeological ...
4. Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Revised [The Velikovskian $]
... A C B C D D C D E E Yields A B C D E Figure 1. A NOTE ON STRATIGRAPHY. The diagram above illustrates the principles of generalized archeological stratigraphies which obviates the need to find levels A through E, for example, at one site, in order to establish the sequence A to E. I will elaborate on the ... record on the basis of the following diagram: A B A C B C D D C D E E Yields A B C D E Figure 1. A NOTE ON STRATIGRAPHY. The diagram above illustrates the principles of generalized archeological stratigraphies which obviates the need to find levels A through E, for example, at one site, in order to establish ... From: The Velikovskian Vol 1 No 1 (1993) Home¦ Issue Contents Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Revised Gunnar Heinsohn Archeologists and historians have interpreted the stratigraphical record on the basis of the following diagram: A B A C B C D D C D E E Yields A B C D E Figure 1. A NOTE ON STRATIGRAPHY. The diagram ...
5. Early History of the Israelite People: Biblical Fundamentalism in History (II) [The Velikovskian $]
... attempt to erase historical biblical narratives from memory as much as I disagree with both Thompson and Biran's fundamentalist chronology. What I suggest that everyone do is this: Go back to stratigraphy! Do this for Tel Dan as well as for Aramaic inscriptions. Let us begin with Tel Dan and really focus on the stratigraphy, that is, put --for the time ... Amarna letters and the apiru mentioned in them with the origins of Israel." (14) Thompson's 14th century is derived from pseudoastronomical Egyptology. But even after giving Amarna its stratigraphical date, the early -6th century of Medish (Mitanni) times, nobody will look in that period for the beginnings of Judah and Israel. David, after all, is ... started digging. The 2,150 years or so are either due to mysterious gaps or to shortages of strata and materials. The Bronze Age does not begin before -1000. Stratigraphically, the area from Spain to the Indus Valley has no head start of two millennia over the Ganges Valley, India, China and Mesoamerica. This evidence-based view is also borne ...
6. Hazor and the anachronisms in the chronology of the Ancient Near East [SIS C&C Review $]
... , found in a Hyksos Middle Bronze II stratum of -1600, is likewise termed an heirloom, then Mari's entire Old-Akkadian stratum would have to follow suit. We can compare the stratigraphies of Mari and Hazor (see Table 6). Before tinkering with the archaeological evidence in situ by applying non-scholarly dates and turning well stratified remains into obscure 'heirlooms', archaeologists ... Bronze Age strata looked like -23rd century Old-Akkadian material, whereas much in Israel's Hyksos strata of -1600 did [7,8,9,10. An entire civilisation in Hazor's stratigraphy (Middle Bronze XVII/XVI) was an 'heirloom' from its Early Bronze Age strata (XXI to XIX), yet in the latter no bequeathable heritage could be found ... 1st millennium texts and they indeed did find texts in the 1st millennium strata- a happy sensation. However, chronological schemes forced them to drop their rare finds down into Hazor's stratigraphical abyss much deeper down- and there was no consolation. The 1st millennium strata did not reveal any other texts which the archaeologists could keep for these Iron Age strata. They ...
7. Timna and Egyptian Dates [Aeon Journal $]
... are known in Israel, Syro-Lebanon and Mesopotamia, but also in Egypt. From Timna's neighbor in the east, Israel, we will take as an example one of its master stratigraphies, Beth Shean (see Figure One). From Timna's neighbor in the west, Egypt, we will use its, up to now, one and only master stratigraphy, ... From: Aeon II:5 (1991) Home¦ Issue Contents Timna and Egyptian Dates Gunnar Heinsohn I. Timna's stratigraphy and its inconsistencies In a recent study published together with Heribert Illig (1) the claim was put forward that the enigmatic absence of iron findings in Egypt during the period from 1200 to 600 BCE, and the no less enigmatic ... B, which points to the 6th to 4th century for these dynasties (See Figure Two). Figure Two (Stratigraphy of Tell el-Daba, after Bietak) Conventional Dates Strata Stratigraphical Comments 300 BCE A/1 Ptolemaic settlement 1085 to 300 BCE Supposed gap belied by absence of aeolic layer and/or material discontinuity. 1085 BCE B Ramesside 1300 BCE D ...
8. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... , whether literary, monumental or scientific. The fact that the Rees construction had the 5th and 12th dynasties of Egypt running parallel prompted some questions. It was suggested that the stratigraphy of Palestine showed that the Old Kingdom definitely underlay the Middle Kingdom, pottery styles at Byblos being a particular example. Rees replied that pottery styles alone were not sufficient evidence without ... inferred from the 'known' chronology! A significantly lacking stratum at sites such as these is that of the Persians who historically came immediately before the Hellenist culture. In the relevant stratigraphical position instead are found the Old Babylonians in the south and the Middle Assyrians in the north. Heinsohn therefore equated these with Persian satrapies and the Old Akkadians-Hyksos would then fall into ... between that stratum and its underlying one, the lower stratum of each site must also be of an identical culture B. Secondly, for any site with two strata with no stratigraphic gap then the stratigraphic sequence must equal the historic sequence. Thirdly, if articles referable to any particular figure are found in a different stratigraphic sequence from that expected by historic dating ...
9. Chronological Problems in the Archaeology of the Hittites [SIS C&C Review $]
... years, in accordance with the general thesis of Ages in Chaos. (This approach is in complete agreement with that taken by Dr John Bimson in his proposals for a revised stratigraphy, with regard to the relative placements of the XVIIIth to XXth Dynasties and the absolute dates he suggests for the Late Bronze Age.) The Hittite Empire, instead of having ... dates for Late Ugarit II and III to c. 835 and c. 750 respectively, to meet the evidence of the literary and archaeological parallels, would seem to pose no stratigraphical problems. Rather, it would help to close a hiatus of some 500 years in the history of the site. After the destruction of Ugarit III, conventionally dated to c ... the existence of Imperial Hittite buildings beneath the "Neo-Hittite" and Assyrian levels in their 1965 to 1966 campaign, which "paid most attention to the problem concerning the structure and stratigraphic setting of the oldest monumental entrance to the citadel, so far found in the 'Gateway of the Lions' area" [109. In the lower levels to the south-east of ...
10. Astronomical Dating and Calendrics [Aeon Journal $]
... The same situation actually pertains for the entire territory stretching from Spain to the Indus Valley. Thus, work on the chronology of antiquity will have to start again from scratch. Stratigraphy, comparative archaeology and the best of ancient historiography will have to be used as its major tools. In Egypt, the application of these tools has already produced sensible results. ... to start from scratch. As far as Mesopotamia is concerned, the chronological materials now in use consist of the king-lists that are gradually being unearthed, without, however, the stratigraphical levels in which they are found always being identified. Abraham is hardly ever given a mention in the work now being carried out on the king-lists, yet the dates of the ... interpretation of each kudurru was attempted separately and revised a few times until I was satisfied with the results." (27) Interestingly, Tuman and Hoffman never considered using the stratigraphic evidence which was available for at least some of the kudurrus. Since even Assyriologists themselves have been known to sweep this kind of hard evidence under the carpet, one feels reluctant ...
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