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... of the heliacal rising of Sirius that year. This, of course, totally confounds Sothic dating as now practised, since it suggests that the calendar of the native Egyptians ran 41 days ahead of the Censorinus calendar. So Theon is being used rather selectively to support traditional Sothic dating. Double-dated documents With this probable 41 day discrepancy in mind, let us now look at Depuydt's claims concerning the double-dated documents. His full argument follows: 'A number of the Aramaic papyri found in Egypt have Babylonian-Egyptian double dates. The Egyptian and Neo-Babylonian calendars differ completely in structure. But to find that pairs of dates, of which each member is independently converted into Julian dates, as a rule match is the most striking confirmation ever to emerge of the correctness of our insight into the two calendars, at least back to the fifth century. The earliest double date, corresponding to Julian 2 November 473 BCE, is found in a text known as the Memphis Shipyard Journal or Journal of the Memphis Arsenal, found in a papyrus from Saqqara [11. Several other dates from ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 135  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
2. Velikovsky's 360 days/year calendar [SIS Internet Digest $]
... like Velikovsky's "World in Collision". I hardly say which part is same but they are same kind of thinking on ancient catastrophic event such as "Water Flood" myth. I know Velikovsky's argument is very dangerous one and his theory is not welcomed to the most of Archaeologist and/or Astronomer. But even if most of his arguments are wrong, I feel some part of his idea is, as if, true. For instance, at chapter 8, he says most of ancient (< BC.1500) people used calendars which are all counted 360 days a year. Some archaeologist concluded ancient people used the 360 calendar because their astronomical observation is not high precision compare to the modern one. Also some one says the calendar is based on Moon rotation, not Sun. But on the contrary Velikovsky's conclusion is in revolution of Earth itself. He says at that time Earth revolved around Sun 360 days per one revolution. This conclusion is hardly believe for the most of scientists because planets' rotation/revolution is basic of all fundamentals. It cannot ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 120  -  05 Mar 2003  -  14k  -  URL:
... changes right down through prehistoric into early historical times. Gallant, a pioneer of modern catastrophism, and Wickramasinghe, a contemporary scourge of orthodoxy in biology and cosmology, attracted a full house to the Library Association for the Society's major meeting of the year, despite appalling weather. Both talks were very well received and enthusiastically discussed and it is hoped that edited versions of the full transcripts will duly appear in these pages. Consternation at Donati's Comet- as seen over Cambridge, 11th October 1858. "Early Historic Man- Catastrophism and Calendars" RenÚ Gallant began by outlining the various reasons for the creation of calendars by early man. Though it was "accepted generally that prehistoric and early historic man was unable to measure the exact length of the solar year", Gallant begged to differ. There can be little doubt that the people of the Neolithic period were as intelligent as ourselves, and in any case, with even a rudimentary mathematical knowledge, several simple methods were available to perfectly determine the solstices and equinoxes- and thus the exact length of the solar ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  05 Mar 2003  -  17k  -  URL:
4. Ancient Calendars [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1988 No 2 (Jan 1989) Home¦ Issue Contents Ancient Calendars by Dick Atkinson a criticism of the Rene Gallant talk extract in C& C Workshop 1987:1 M Gallant covers a lot of ground. Part of his talk reflects the Thom/Hawkins/Hoyle attitude to supposed megalithic astronomy. Another area dealt with is the history of calendars. The third aspect is the supposed light thrown on catastrophic theories by ancient calendars. It is suggested that calendars were needed for four purposes, roughly: agricultural, religious, administrative and historical. The agricultural 'requirement' is often alluded to but rarely examined. Gallant speaks vaguely of 'the days that pass before the next operation in the fields'. The picture which might spring to mind is of a modern farmer consulting his almanac or specialist diary before spraying for potato blight. This was not the approach of Neolithic farmers. Crops- mostly mixed- were harvested when ripe. They did not germinate, flower, fruit and ripen in a neatly coordinated rhythm, like ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
... moon cycles almost exactly on a 19-year base to the politicians in Selena's tavern, and they are going to make a political issue of the Calendar. Others said, though, that the idea is politically impractical; a 19-year "year" that means nothing will bring only ridicule. I said, however, that maybe I could please the priests and cultists by getting the artist Petty to draw illustrations for each month using the Roman vestal virgins as models. This must have been what Mikelson meant when he mumbled something about "pretty-girl calendars," no doubt a Socratic slip of tongue.* It won't work, they said; these soft-heads want a year for the sun, a year for the moon, a year for the seasons, a year to begin with the bacchanalia, or the saturnalia, solstices, or what-not. And, of course, the archons like to have the years named after their period in office. [* Editor's note: the mistake was not Mikelson's. A tablet has come to light disclosing that the slip was made by ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  05 Mar 2003  -  14k  -  URL:
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1987 No 1 (Sep 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents Early Historic Man- Catastrophism and Calendars [Extract of Talk given by Rene Gallant at the Spring Meeting of the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies, London 24th March 1984. An account of this Meeting is given in SIS Review VIIA, p.2 Mr Chairman, ladies, and gentlemen, the first thing I will say is I will ask you to be quite indulgent for my bad English. You will hear a few horrors- I hope they will make you laugh- and if I arrive only at that, then it will already be good. I am going to deal with old calendars in relation to prehistoric man. You will realise that this is a science which is extremely vast, so I am obliged to compress everything: I can only give you the axis of the areas. First, why do we need calendars? Let's begin with some general ideas. We need, in fact, calendars for four different reasons: first and most important, agricultural ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 67  -  05 Mar 2003  -  32k  -  URL:
7. Letters [SIS C&C Review $]
... old calendar and shifting to the new one, he would start the new calendar running simultaneously with the old one in order to study the discrepancies. After M.D. Coe After some time the Maya would also notice that 5 synodical years of Venus equal 3 terrestrial years of 365 days. Venus was of such importance to the Maya that he preferred to use a Venus-adjusted terrestrial year of 365 days as the "new" calendar instead of a year of 365.25 days. So the discrepancy between the "old" and "new" calendars would amount to 5 days in a year and to 5 x 52= 260 days in a 52-year cycle. This cycle of 52 years seems to have been very important to the Maya (and other peoples as well) and was probably already in use since the Venus catastrophes (see W in C: "Jubilee"). Therefore it would have been natural for the Maya to call the deviation between the "old" and "new" calendars during a 52-year cycle a "sacred year", which was caused ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  15k  -  URL:
8. Sacred Science Institute [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2002:1 (Sep 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents Sacred Science Institute Reprints of Rare Masterpieces: Ancient Calendars& Constellations by Hon. Emmeline M. Plunket: 1903 263p. With 26 Plates Of Calendars& Constellations. A Rare& Important Work On The Classification& Analysis Of The Ancient Calendar Systems& Their Relation To Astronomical Phenomena. Contents: Accadian Calendar: 200 BC, 2000 BC, 3800 BC, Ancient Calendar Siderial; Modern Calendar Tropical; Constellation Aries; Solstice In Aries 6000 BC; Stars Recede From Seasons; Equinox In Aries 200 BC; Aries, Leader Of Signs; Antediluvian Astronomy; "Knowing Good& Evil"; Aries Not Conspicuous& Widely Honored; Market A Season; Two Calendars In Egypt; Amen's Ram-Headed Symbols; Amen& Egyptian Year; Amen& Aries; Fixed& Vague Years; Temple Orientated To Aries; Zodiac Prehistoric. GU, Eleventh Constellation Of Zodiac: Uncertain Meaning; GU=GULA=BAU; Winter Solstice In Aquarius; Aries& Aquarius; Rival Calendars. Median ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL:
... Papyrus about an eye-salve "as told to us by a Jew from Byblos". The word he accepted as meaning "Jew" is Egyptian '3m, a term used as early as the Old Kingdom. It is translated in the W÷rterbuch and by other editors of Ebers as "Asiatic". A Jew may be an Asiatic but not all Asiatics are Jews. Rather than continue in this point by point fashion I propose to set forth a few observations on the Egyptian calendar system which if coupled with a thorough reading of my Calendars and my article "Sothic Dates and Calendar 'Adjustment'" (Revue d'Egyptologie 9, pp. 101-08) will clear up, I feel sure, many problems for the uninitiated. A. The only Egyptian calendar governed by the heliacal rising of Sirius, prt Spdt, was the original lunar calendar. According to this calendar the rising had to take place in the twelfth month of the year. When it might fall out of that month an intercalary month was added before the next year began. This happened at two or ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
... the first day of the civil year had come to be the date of the rising of Sothis in c. 2773 BC, the civil calendar must have been introduced between c. 2937 and 2871 BC It is obvious that assumptions (b) and (c) are quite unjustified, and as Neugebauer has argued that Borchardt's corpus of Egyptian astronomers who fixed the civil year on 19 July 4241 BC were fictitious, so undoubtedly is Parker's corpus of astronomers of 2773 BC; but Neugebauer is right that only well-organised and developed economies need calendars to control labour forces, holidays and tax gathering. The Middle Kingdom was such an example of discipline and order, and the Ebers Papyrus seems to equate civil and lunar years, but this has nothing to do with the Sothic cycle. Here it states that in year 9 of Amenhotep I, the 9th of month smw III saw the rise of Sothis, i.e., the beginning of the New Year. Now such an observation shows clearly that two calendars were in existence, but in the writer's opinion this was the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  7k  -  URL:
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