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Search results for: chinese in all categories
484 results found.
49 pages of results.
1. The Ching Hsing [Horus $]
... From: Horus Vol. 1 No. 2 (Summer 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents The Ching Hsing by Charles Raspil An ancient Chinese astrological principle in use during the Former Han Dynasty (205 B.C .-23 A.D.) suggests that Chinese astronomers then believed that the planet Venus could deviate from its expected position in the sky and that it had already done so in earlier centuries of their ancient history. The principle says: "When Venus appears, it does not cross the sky. When [it crosses the sky, the country changes its government." A commentator on this text, Meng K'ang, explains that Venus can cross the sky either from the eastern to western horizon or from western to eastern horizon. And, Meng K'ang adds, these crossings are rare, occurring only every few centuries, and signal the arrival of a new dynasty. From the standpoint of present observations this ancient astronomical belief among the Chinese seems absurd. First, because Venus orbits closer to the Sun than the Earth, it is not visible in the sky more ...
2. On Number As Artifact: Part 2: Development [Horus $]
... From: Horus Vol. 2 No. 2 (Summer 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents On Number As Artifact: Part 2: Development Fred Fisher [* !* Image Astronomers find evidence of 13 as a number base among the builders and theorists of Stonehenge Edith Borroff, whose important work with the number 360 was discussed in the previous article, [HORUS II:1 believes the ancients tended to use number in both symbolic and functional ways. This is certainly true of the Chinese, with their hypothetical musical scales based on simple ratios, yet at the same time sophisticated acoustical computations based on principles of set theory. Modern mathematicians, finding the symbolic numbers and assuming their use in practical arithmetic, jumped at false conclusions about the ancients. Further, modern writers on the history of science have been impatient with the delight of the ancients in symbolic speculation, a delight which they did not understand and did not want to understand.[1 There are many examples of symbolic number speculation with regard to calendar systems, despite the obvious pragmatic purpose of ...
3. On Number As Artifact (Part 1: Introduction) [Horus $]
... similarly rigorous proof of the impossibility of explaining historical phenomena by mathematical means, or even of occasionally using mathematics to help explain the mechanism of history.(2) Perhaps it depends on the cultural area being investigated. Today one tends to think of music as an art. But an important branch of musical thought acoustics- is definitely a science, and was so for many millennia of cultural history during which certain philosophical premises became engrained in human thinking. Plato's friend Archytas called acoustics and astronomy "sister sciences," and the Chinese saw music and its laws as a source and basis for all knowledge. The bond between astronomy and acoustics was mathematical. In the liberal arts curriculum of the medieval academy, the four subjects comprising the quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy) were linked together by a common concern for number. Thus an epistemology taking number as its basis is a perfectly legitimate approach to the early history of both musical and astronomical thought. Why not try Rashevsky's idea! Of course, the close bond sensed by the ancients ...
4. An Ear for Numbers [Horus $]
... From: Horus Vol. 3 No. 1 (Winter 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents An Ear for Numbers Fred Fisher <H3_1_30.GIF> While teaching music subjects at a university in the Southwest highly regarded for its music school, I became disturbed by the apparent lack of interest in, or understanding of, Chinese music theory. Since it was becoming clear to me that ancient Chinese theory impinges on Western music theory in innumerable places and ways, I wondered why no professor on either the undergraduate or graduate level had ever bothered to discuss it while I myself was a student. Certainly the situation was being perpetuated. With these thoughts in mind, I began issuing my findings in the nature of an informal research newsletter which I sent out to colleagues across the country who I felt might be interested and, of course, handed out to any of my students who demonstrated the tiniest bit of curiosity. In January of 1974 my efforts bore fruit in an unexpected way. I received a letter from a Dr. Ernest McClain of Brooklyn College. With the ...
5. On Number as Artifact (Part 3: Conclusion) [Horus $]
... certainly one must feel that the Mayans were determined that the lunar-solar gap must be closed: the year must under no circumstances by left incomplete. The fact that what resulted was a gross amount of overlap was not to be denied, but metaphorically the concept of closure had to be honored. We have already seen in Peruvian culture a way in which there can be 13 lunar months in a year. It occurs if one observes, not the synodic month, but rather the sidereal month of between 27 and 28 days. The Chinese established a system of 28 1unar mansions" or hsiu in accordance with the sidereal month idea, although there is nowhere near the evidence of Chinese interest in 13 that one finds in the Western hemisphere. But the Chinese had a saying that may shed some light: "The pitchpipes and the calendar give each other a mutual order, so closely that one could not insert a hair between them."[2 To a musician there is no more important clue to ancient number speculation than this. When nothing else can be ...
6. The Years 763 and 687 BC [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Review Vol V No 4 (1984) Home¦ Issue Contents The Years 763 and 687 BC John J. Bimson (c) JOHN BIMSON 1984 Dr John Bimson, biblical archaeologist and lecturer in Old Testament Studies at Trinity College, Bristol, is a consultant and regular contributor to the Review. The case for a major catastrophe having occurred in the year 687 BC is briefly reviewed and the idea that the 687 date is dependent on Assyrian chronology is shown to be in error. The date actually derives from Chinese evidence. Further, there seems to be no good evidence to postulate a global disaster in that year, the Chinese evidence suggesting no more than a meteor shower. However, Near Eastern evidence does suggest that the years 763 and 701 BC may have seen fairly widespread upheavals. In his letter concerning Velikovskian catastrophism and Assyrian chronology (see "Ankylosis in the Chronology of Reconstructed History?" on facing page), Marx focuses on the well-known solar eclipse recorded in the Assyrian Eponym List and conventionally dated to 763 BC. He ...
7. On "the Year -687" [Kronos $]
... the year 687 B.C. "Their souls were burnt, though their garments remained intact."(1) This seemingly nonsensical detail has a ring of truth. Some of the victims of the terrible and uncanny fires that swept across the countryside around Peshtigo, Wisconsin on October 8, 1871 were found in a similar condition.(2) Jewish traditions record that coincidently with this event the day was unnaturally lengthened, on the first night of Passover, near the beginning of spring.(3) Identifying this account with the Chinese report of a meteor shower, Velikovsky gives us the exact date: March 23rd. A whole chapter is devoted to various ancient traditions in which he finds other descriptions of the same events. On what is this date based and how securely connected are these various other traditions? MARCH 23rd Velikovsky's sources for the meteor shower, the Catalogues of Abel Rémusat and Édouard Biot, agree on this date.(4) Both authors took their information from Chapters 291 and 292 of Ma Tuan-Lin's thirteenth-century Wên Hsien T'ung K'ao, being a ...
8. More On Those Chinese Anchors In California Waters [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 21: May-Jun 1982 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects More On Those Chinese Anchors In California Waters In SF#14, the discovery of Chinese-type anchors off the California coast was described, as it had been reported in the Anthropological Journal of Canada. The anchors, according to that report suggested a Chinese presence in America centuries ago. This is not a respectable notion among most archeologists, as we see in a strong rebuttal by F.J. Frost in Archaeology that begins by raising the"horrrible" spectres of Heyerdahl and von Dainiken. [Should these names be used to scare archeologists? First of all, the rebuttal's author, F.J. Frost, sinks the Land of Fu Sang legend by relating how Gustaaf Schlegel showed in 1892 that the ancient Chinese mapmakers knew perfectly well that Fusan was actually an island just off the northeast Asian coast. Next, Frost tells how a recent attempt to duplicate the voyage from China to America in a Chinese junk riding the Kuroshio Current ...
9. Sun 13 July Abstracts [SIS Internet Digest $]
... "great year" whose winter solstice was Deluge and summer solstice Conflagration) the Milesian School was schematically distorting memories of recent disturbances, and its activity may be seen as part of a general pattern of oblivion and psychological distancing common to all cultures after the end of the Bronze Age catastrophes. But by insisting that these world-destructions occurred only as the result of unalterable elemental processes, it was also erecting a proto-scientific bulwark against apocalyptic thinking and behavior. 11:00 Prof David W. Pankenier, Lehigh University Heaven-sent: Understanding Disaster In Chinese Myth And Tradition From the very beginning of their civilization the ancient Chinese were exceptionally acute observers of their natural surroundings. Few celestial or terrestrial phenomena, especially irregular occurrences, were deemed inconsequential since all were thought to convey vital intelligence from the supernatural realm. Out of this intersection between phonology and human society there developed a conviction that the Chinese state and culture enjoyed a genetic relationship with the supreme power residing in the sky. Indeed, the foundational ideology of the archaic kingship, as well as the later unified empire, held ...
10. Early Chinese Contacts With Australia? [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 46: Jul-Aug 1986 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Early chinese contacts with australia? Readers of SF will recall three separate articles in recent issues relating to the Australian "pyramids." In the final analysis, these "pyramids" did not seem to be pyramids at all, at least in the archeological sense. All of this pyramid excitement was precipitated by Rex Gilroy, an amateur Australian archeologist. Well, Gilroy is at it again. This time he claims to have evidence of ancient Chinese visits to Australia-- long before the Dutch explorers and Captain Cook. Although our Australian contacts have warned us about Gilroy, and his "pyramid" evidence has been debunked, his latest data should at least be laid open for inspection, with caveats attached of course. Since China is much closer to Australia than Egypt, and the way is paved with handy islands, early Chinese contacts would not be as anomalous at Egyptian-built pyramids. Gilroy's latest claims are: ( ...
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