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Search results for: cuvier in all categories

65 results found.

7 pages of results.
1. The Rehabilitation Of Cuvier [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 12: Fall 1980 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects The Rehabilitation Of Cuvier Cuvier (1769-1832) was a catastrophist. To him, the record of death in the layers of fossiliferous rocks was obviously the consequence of terrestrial convulsions. But Cuvier's ideas were swept aside by the uniformitarians who saw the earth and its cargo of life unfolding with almost agonizing slowness. But Cuvier is making a comeback, as illustrated by the following back-to-back articles in Nature. We quote from the abstracts. "Closely spaced samples from an uninterupted calcareous pelagic sequence across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary reveal that the extinction of planktonic Foraminifera and nannofossils was abrupt without any previous warning in the sedimentary record, and that the moment of extinction was coupled with anomalous trace element enrichments, especially of iridium and osmium. The rarity of these two elements in the crust of the Earth indicates that an extraterrestrial source, such as the impact of a large meteorite may have provided the required amounts of iridium and osmium." ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  29 Apr 2005  -  5k  -  URL: http://www.science-frontiers.com/sf012/sf012p08.htm
... be consistent with the new findings, yet retain a place for Noah's flood. By the end of the 18th century it was clear that, even if the Flood had occurred, it could only have been one of many factors responsible for the formation of features at the Earth's surface [7. In France, Buffon remained the dominant figure right up to his death in 1788. However, a new generation of naturalists was emerging and these sought a fresh approach to science. One of the chief critics of Buffon's style was Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) [14, 16. 19th Century Catastrophists Although most pre-19th century cosmogonists, including Buffon, used rational methods, their arguments were often speculative and philosophical. In contrast, one of Cuvier's guiding principles was to avoid unwarranted speculation. After Buffon's death, Cuvier quickly established a reputation as a gifted scientist, particularly in comparative anatomy. In 1812, he published the results of a detailed investigation of the geology of the Paris basin, carried out over many years with the mining engineer and mineralogist, Alexandre Brongniart ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  62k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v2000n1/108cat.htm
... research papers and review articles. In Catastrophism, Neocatastrophism and Evolution [1, written in 1992, I described how historians of science such as Anthony Hallam, Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Huggett and Claude Albritton Jr. had, over the previous decade, demolished the prevailing myth of a dichotomy between scientific uniformitarianism and unscientific catastrophism. It was therefore somewhat surprising to find, a year later, the respected science journalist, Roger Lewin, writing: 'At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the great French geologist and naturalist Baron Georges Cuvier proposed what came to be known as the Catastrophe theory, or Catastrophism. According to the theory, the abrupt faunal changes geologists saw in rock strata were the result of periodic devastations that wiped out all or most extant species, each successive period being repopulated with new kinds of animals and plants, by God's hand. Lyell rejected so non-scientific a hypothesis (as did James Hutton before him), and replaced it with the notion that geological processes proceeded gradually- all geological processes. In his major work, Principles of Geology ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 36  -  05 Mar 2003  -  67k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1996n1/04unif.htm
4. Comments [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Comments Derek V.Ager Swansea, Great Britain Claude Albritton Dallas, U.S.A. John M.Bell New York Aart Brouwer Leiden, Holland R.H.Brown Berrien Springs, U.S.A. George Cuvier Paris Horace C.Dudley Chicago, U.S.A. Farouk El-Baz Washington D.C. F.J.Faber Voorst, Holland V.Axel Firsoff Glastonbury, Great Britain Peter E.Gretener Calgary, Canada Ralph von Koenigswald Frankfurt, West Germany Arthur Koestler London Emanuel Levine Lawrenceville, U.S.A. Andrew J.Mantura Beirut, Lebanon Joseph May Youngstown, U.S.A. Pierre Routhier Paris C.L.(Pete) Sainsbury Evergreen, U.S.A. W.F.Tanner Tallahassee, U.S.A. Haroun Tazieff Paris René Thom Bures-sur-Yvette, France David J.Thomas Oswego, U.S.A. William Irwin Thompson Southampton, U.S.A. Harold Tresman Elstree, Great Britain Nicolas Varlamoff White Plains, U.S.A. Jean Vogt Orleans, France E.Wegmann Neuchitel, Switzerland Since (your proposed journal) seems to be so much in line with my own ideas- as expressed in my book "The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record", Macmillan's 1973- I am ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 32  -  05 Mar 2003  -  34k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/catgeo/cg76jun/03comm.htm
5. Precursors [Kronos $]
... /2 years and that it was the same comet which appeared in September -44 after Julius Caesar was killed, in the year 531 in the consulate of Lampadius and Orestes, in February 1106, and at the end of the year 1680; and he believed that it will return again in 2256. He also came to the idea that the Earth was a comet before it became a planet. He did not recognize the role of the planets in historical cataclysms. The second author whom I would like to mention is Baron Georges Cuvier (1769-1832). He is regarded as the father of the paleontology of the vertebrates. Investigating the strata of the ground, he came to the conclusion that the Earth underwent a series of cataclysms: "We discover in the midst of even the oldest strata of marine formation, other strata replete with animal and vegetable remains of terrestrial and fresh-water productions; and amongst the more recent strata, or, in other words, those that are nearest the surface, there are some in which land animals are buried under heaps of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0701/048precu.htm
6. Precursors [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... 575 years and that it was the same comet which appeared in September -44 after Julius Caesar was killed, in the year 531 in the consulate of Lampadius and Orestes, in February 1 106, and at the end of the year 1680; and he believed that it will return again in 2256. He also came to the idea that the Earth was a comet before it became a planet. He did not recognize the role of the planets in historical cataclysms. The second author whom I would like to mention is Baron Georges Cuvier (1769-1832). He is regarded as the father of the paleontology of the vertebrates. Investigating the strata of the ground, he came to the conclusion that the Earth underwent a series of cataclysms: ? We discover in the midst of even the oldest strata of marine formation, other strata replete with animal and vegetable remains of terrestrial and fresh-water productions; and amongst the more recent strata, or, in other words, those that are nearest the surface, there are some in which land animals are buried under heaps of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  31 Aug 2000  -  25k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/ce/precursors.htm
7. CHAOS AND CREATION: INTRODUCTION [Quantavolution Website]
... oceanographer's deep coring of the sea bottom, every penetration of outer spaces seems capable of attracting the attention of the catastrophist- that is, the potential quantavolutionist of natural history and human origins. THE UNIFORMITARIAN RESISTANCE The history of science took a sharp turn around 150 years ago [2. Before then it was assumed that life on earth had originated recently and was wracked by natural disasters. Although this was believed largely on the "say-so" of ancient theologians and scientists, fresh evidence was being unearthed by famous scientists such as Georges Cuvier and William Buckland.( Figure 1 gives the names and main positions of some prominent catastrophists.) Cuvier, who is sometimes called "the father of paleontology," divided the history of the world into four epochs, each with its own animals, each ended by great flood. In only the last of these ages, the present epoch, were men and living mammals present, stated Cuvier [3. He was here mistaken; hardly had he laid down his pen, when human remains were found alongside the bones ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  03 Apr 2004  -  20k  -  URL: http://www.quantavolution.org/vol_03/chaos_creation_intro.htm
... . During the first half of the nineteenth century, both historical geology and paleontology became natural sciences in their own right. The critical study of rock strata and fossils challenged old interpretations of planetary history and called for a new explanation for the origin and history of life. As a result of continued investigations, two major theories emerged to account for the appearance of new species throughout natural history: special creations and biological evolution. To be sure, theories in geology and biology are interrelated. In contrast to Hutton's scientific speculations, Georges Cuvier advocated the theory of geological catastrophism. He taught that world-wide catastrophes throughout planetary history account for the sudden disappearance of most plant and animal species from one rock layer to the next-- it was an attempt to explain the existence of different rock strata and the unique fossil forms from layer to layer within a religious framework.(7) Although the father of vertebrate paleontology, Cuvier himself rejected both geological uniformitarianism and the theory of biological evolution. In geology, uniformitarianism and catastrophism are not mutually exclusive theoretical frameworks and both may ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0301/076dawn.htm
9. Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... had profound and long-lasting effects on the environment, it seems reasonable to look for evidence of such impacts in the evolutionary record. Figure 1. Geological periods of the Palaeozaic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras, from the Cambrian Period to the present day, with approximate dates obtained using the potassium-argon method and uniformitarian assumptions. Subdivisions (epochs) of the Tertiary Period are: Pliocene 2-7; Miocene 7-25; Oligocene 25-38; Eocene 38-55; and Palaeocene 55-65 million years ago respectively. Evolution and the fossil record Ever since the time of Georges Cuvier [16, it has been apparent that the evidence of the Earth's rocks is not in accord with a smooth, gradual and even-paced development of organisms of increasing complexity; rather it speaks of abrupt changes of environment, of extinctions and of repopulations with new species [17. The history of the Earth has been divided into eras, these subdivided into periods and further into epochs, each characterised by its unique flora and fauna, as judged by the fossil record (Figure 1). Although it was subsequently to emerge that ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  73k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v070a/09cat.htm
... the year was 365 days 'neat'- not 365 days as today. John E. Dayton: Ice Cores and Chronology 12 The author of Metals, Minerals, Glazing and Man critically reviews radiocarbon, tree ring and ice core dates. If the Thera eruption was not 1628BC (as currently favoured) but 1159BC, interesting conclusions follow. See also: The Evolution of the Bronze Age Gunnar Heinsohn: Imaginary and Expected Catastrophes- Apocalyptic Desire and Scientific Prognosis 22 Explores the relationship between legends of past catastrophes, the scientific catastrophism of Cuvier, Schaeffer, Velikovsky (and more recent theorists) and beliefs in an impending apocalypse from cosmic or environmental agents. Benny Josef Peiser: Cosmic Catastrophes and the Ballgame of the Sky Gods in Mesoamerican Mythology 29 Rituals involving human sacrifice in Central and South America were linked to ritual ball games which relate to legends of cosmic ball games between sky gods, which appear to be based on real natural catastrophes. Heribert Illig: Cosmic Catastrophes and the Origin of Megalithic Cultures 37 Radiocarbon dating has completely changed megalithic dates, separating cultures which ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  01 Sep 2004  -  7k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1995/index.htm
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