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102 pages of results.
1. THE BURNING OF TROY: PART ONE: HISTORICAL DISTURBANCES: CHAPTER SIX: UPDATING SCHAEFFER'S DESTRUCTION INVENTORY* [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TABLE OF CONTENTS THE BURNING OF TROY By Alfred de Grazia Part One: Historical Disturbances CHAPTER SIX UPDATING SCHAEFFER'S DESTRUCTION INVENTORY* [* A summary of Professor Shaeffer's findings and notes of a research proposal to extend his work. A memorial to Professor Schaeffer (1898-1982) by Geoffrey Gammon occurs in V The Society for Interdisciplinary Studies Review 3 (1980-1), 70. The sites studied by Schaeffer and a map of them is contained in his work of 1948, Stratigraphie Comparée and this author's Chaos and Creation (1981).In concluding his massive inventory and analysis of strata of destruction in Bronze Age settlements, Professor Claude Schaeffer of the University of Paris wrote as follows: The great perturbations which left their traces in the stratigraphy of the principal sites of the Bronze Age of Western Asia are six in number. The oldest among them shook, between 2400 and 2300, all of the land extending from the Caucasus in the North down to the Valley of the Nile, where it became one of the causes, if not ...
2. An Integrated Model for an Earthwide Event at 2300 BC. Part I: The Archaeological Evidence [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Review Vol V No 3 (1980/81) Home¦ Issue Contents An Integrated Model for an Earthwide Event at 2300 BC. Part I: The Archaeological Evidence M. M. MANDELKEHR (c) M. M. Mandelkehr 1983 M. M. Mandelkehr holds a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering (University of Kansas) and an M.Sc. in Systems Engineering and Operations Research (University of Pennsylvania). He currently works in advanced radar system design. The work of Claude Schaeffer showing widespread destruction at archeological sites in the Near and Middle East due to catastrophic earthquakes around 2300 BC (conventional chronology) can be extended to a global level. Site destructions, major cultural discontinuities and movements of peoples can be shown to have occurred on an earthwide scale at this time, linked with an unusual disturbance of the Earth's crust. Introduction The mythologies of cultures around the Earth are rich sources of material which indicate the possibility of an unusual earthwide event within the past 5000 years. Similarities in the various literatures and traditions have intrigued ...
3. Five Midianite Cities: A Response to Dwardu Cardona's "The Cities of the Plain" [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History VII:2 (July 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents INTERACTION Five Midianite Cities: A Response to Dwardu Cardona's "The Cities of the Plain" Stan F. Vaninger Mr. Cardona has sought to defend a synchronism first suggested by Velikovsky in the late 1950's: that the destruction of the cities of the plain recorded in Genesis 19 occurred at the end of Early Bronze III. [1 Closely associated with this synchronism is the identification of the five sites presently being excavated by Rast and Schaub as being the cities of the plain. [2 Taken by itself, the synchronism (and its associated identification) has much to commend it and it is worthy of careful consideration. We can begin with a summary of the positive evidence offered by Cardona in support of his position: (1) Rast and Schaub have located and are excavating five Early Bronze sites at the SE quadrant of the Dead Sea. The fact that there are five and only five Early Bronze sites in this area, and that they suffered an obvious ...
4. The End of the Early Bronze Age [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... The second city of Troy came to an end at the same time the Old Kingdom of Egypt fell; it was destroyed in a violent paroxysm of nature. The Early Bronze Age was simultaneously terminated in all the countries of the ancient East a vast catastrophe spread ruin from Troy to the Valley of the Nile. This fact has been extensively documented by Claude F. A. Schaeffer, professor at College de France, excavator of Ras Shamra (Ugarit). Schaeffer observed at Ras Shamra on the Syrian coast clear signs of great destruction that pointed to violent earthquakes and tidal waves, and other signs of a natural disaster. Among the greatest of these took place at the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt. At the occasion of his visit to Troy, then under excavation by Carl Blegen, he became aware that Troy, too, had been repeatedly destroyed by natural catastrophes at the same times when Ras Shamra was destroyed. The distance from the Dardanelles near which the mound of Troy lies to Ras Shamra in Syria is about 600 miles on a straight ...
5. Gezer and the Mysterious Gates of Solomon [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... his ally in the north, would not be at all surprising. It is in fact the only time in the history of the kingdoms that such a matching project was possible. At no other time was Ashdod under the control of such a rich and powerful neighbor as the gates imply. At Gezer the gateway was built immediately after a period of time that the Israelite Kingdom under Joash invaded Judah and broke down part of Jerusalem's walls after they had taken Amaziah, father of Uzziah, prisoner. There is no disagreement that the destruction associated with Stratum XVIII at Gezer, identified by Dever as the end of MBIIC/LBIA, was the result of the invasion of Thutmose III. Where then is the town the Egyptian king burned and then gave to Solomon's wife? Dever, in order to keep his "Solomonic Gate" identification has had to assume that after Gezer was destroyed by the pharaoh there was an end of the Philistine occupation not only in Gezer but in the rest of Philistia. This assumption is quite erroneous and based on no historical evidence. ...
6. Palestinian Archaeology and a Ramesses VI-Shishak Identification [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the rapid backfilling and levelling, and the relative lack of any but small stones in the fill, all seem to confirm the 'robber theory.' In that case, the Str. 7 robber trenches, plus the backfilling and levelling, would have taken place immediately before the cyclopean constructions of Str. 6C-- a theory quite compatible with both the stratigraphic and the ceramic evidence" (p. 65). Could this extensive Structure 7 preparation for construction be Solomon's? Such a hypothesis would agree well with the preceding partial destruction of Gezer by fire, as evidenced in Field II Structure 13 (which belongs, like Field VI Structure 8, to General Stratum XV); elsewhere there is evidence at this horizon for "disruption and possible gap in occupation in all fields excavated thus far" (p. 86). This interpretation of Field VI Structure 7 (= General Stratum XIV) as a post-destruction/pre-reconstruction phase is entirely consistent with the character of General Stratum XIV-XIII in Fields I and II (Gezer IV, 59): "reused ...
7. New Theses for the Reconstruction of Ancient History based upon the Recurrent Cyclic Pertubations of the Earth prior to 648 B.C. [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... While the actual dates are probably wrong, this in no way invalidates the relative periodicity which remains correct-- i.e. 53/54 years between occurrences. It is possible that the actual cycle involved "revisitations" every 13+ years (hence the superstition) with greater effects, both visual and physical, occurring every fourth cycle, i.e. every 53/54 years, but for the sake of brevity we will omit some of the interim events except where crucially important (e.g. the 13+ year period between the destruction of Jericho and the "standing still of the sun" 1412/1399 B.C.). The following theses are by no means complete and are meant to provide only a skeleton on which the true flesh of history can be built without anachronisms, so-called "dark ages," and ad hoc explanations which permeate much of the presently accepted history. Warning. Following Rowton, the average reign lengths of Assyrian kings from Assur-Nirari I (c. 1550 B.C.) to Assuruballit II(606 B.C.), based on ...
8. Conquest of Canaan, and, Hyksos and the Archaeology of Palestine [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... ¦ Issue Contents Interaction Conquest of Canaan, and, Hyksos and the Archaeology of Palestine In Volume II, Number Three of the S.I.S. REVIEW, Dr. John Bimson wrote two articles (" A Chart for the Conquest of Canaan" and "The Hyksos and the Archaeology of Palestine"). I believe a reaction to these articles would be an auspicious beginning for "Interaction". Dr. Bimson realizes that the conventional archaeologist has a great deal of problems with the excavations of Jericho. The Bible tells of the dramatic destruction of this city; this was, of course, unfortunate for the people living there, but it has proved to provide a fascinating challenge to modern day excavators who would find that destroyed stratum. Unfortunately for Dame Kathleen Kenyon, for example, only meagre finds were uncovered for the entire Late Bronze Age. She explained the absence of evidence of the period as due to erosion. However, this explanation has not even satisfied the conventional archaeologists. Dr. Clock of the American School of Oriental Research (lecturing at Tel Dan ...
9. Bronze Age Multi-Site Destructions (A Preliminary Review) [SIS C&C Review $]
... (A Preliminary Review) Robert M. Porter Introduction I shall consider the events at or near the ends of the Early Bronze, Middle Bronze and Late Bronze Ages, attempting to update Claude Schaeffer's major work [1. The full title, in English, of Professor Schaeffer's book is 'Stratigraphy Compared and Chronology of West Asia (3rd& 2nd Millennia BC)'. It is still often quoted for its details although its main thesis was not well received by most scholars, Velikovsky being an exception. Schaeffer proposed several waves of destruction throughout the Near East, some of which he attributed to earthquakes. The areas covered included Anatolia, Syria, Palestine, the Caucasus, NW Iran and he also touched on Egypt and Mesopotamia. In this preliminary review I shall stay within the Fertile Crescent, concentrating on Syria (which was Schaeffer's home ground), for it provides the link between Mesopotamia and Egypt. To establish the historical relationships between destructions, Schaeffer considered the archaeological finds and stratigraphy at numerous sites. He amassed an enormous amount of such data which is ...
10. Forum Part Two [SIS C&C Review $]
... way you can demonstrate a sudden event is by applying Occam's razor to a large number of independent sections where the events are at least approximately synchronous, and it's a reasonable postulate that they are indeed synchronous and that the hypothesis demands a common ultimate cause." [1 In July 1993, the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies organised the Cambridge Conference with the explicit aim of documenting 'evidence that the Earth has suffered catastrophes of cosmic origin in historical times'. The SIS conference followed Immanuel Velikovsky's original idea that cosmic catastrophes had caused both the destruction of the Middle and Late Bronze Age civilisations and the emergence of the Iron Age cultures. Despite the fact that the gathering was an enjoyable event for all participants, its results appear to be less impressive, at least from the point of view of a catastrophist. In fact, neither the collapse of the Middle Bronze Age nor the destruction of the Late Bronze Age- not to mention disasters in later times- are any longer associated with cosmic catastrophes. According to Bernard Newgrosh's conclusions on the conference, evidence seems to exist ...
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