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363 pages of results.
1. Scientific Dating Methods In Ruins [The Velikovskian $]
... From: The Velikovskian Vol 2 No 1 (1994) Home¦ Issue Contents Scientific Dating Methods In Ruins Charles Ginenthal In 1669, the distinguished English physicist, Robert Hooke, made a wonderful discovery. He obtained the long-sought proof of Copernicus' heliocentric theory of the solar system by demonstrating stellar parallax --a perceived difference in [the position of a star due to the Earth's motion around the Sun. One of the first to use a telescope for this purpose, Hooke observed the star Gamma Draconis and soon reported to the Royal Society that he had found what he was looking for: The star had a parallax of almost [30 seconds of arc. Here, at last, was impeccable experimental proof of the Copernican theory. This heartening triumph of empirical science was only momentarily dashed when the Frenchman, Jean Picard, announced he had observed the star Alpha Lyrae by the same method but had failed to find any parallax at all. A few years later, England's first Astronomer Royal, the brilliant observer, John Flamsteed, reported that the Pole Star had ...
2. Chapter VI: Dating Methods and Misapplications [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... Title Page¦ Ch. 1¦ Ch. 2¦ Ch. 3¦ Ch. 4¦ Ch. 5¦ Ch. 6¦ Ch. 7¦ Ch. 8¦ Ch. 9¦ Appendix¦ Notes The Age of Velikovsky Chapter VI: Dating Methods and Misapplications In 1952, Dr. W. F. Libby published an account of the development of a new technique for dating the time since the death of previously living matter. In 1960 he, very deservingly, received the Nobel Prize for his pioneering efforts in this field. Libby reprinted a review article about this method in Pensee. 1 Some of his major points will be given in the next few paragraphs. Carbon 14 is a radioactive form of carbon, and it is produced by cosmic rays in the atmosphere. Living matter assimilates carbon 14 along with regular carbon 12. If the ratio of carbon 14 to carbon 12 in the atmosphere remains constant, then the ratio will also remain constant in living material. When an organism dies, radioactive carbon 14 no longer enters the ...
3. Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1999:2 (Feb 2000) Home¦ Issue Contents Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise by Jess E. Lasken The defenders of Sothic dating are shameless in their use of sources and data. Take, for instance, an article defending Sothic dating by Leo Depuydt of Brown University, published in the leading American Egyptology journal [1. This article reviewed the evidence for the proposition that the same Egyptian 365 day calendar was used without reform for approximately 3000 years ('the axiom of consistency'). It was intended to counter claims by Peter James [2 that Sothic dating had suffered a 'practical demise'. Depuydt reviewed the history of the axiom and summarised the evidence supporting it. He was forced to admit [3, 'There is to my knowledge, no uncontroversial evidence for the consistency of the wandering calendar before 473 BCE.' Nevertheless, he asserted that the weight of the evidence supports this. Furthermore, he claimed that double-dated documents from the Persian period show that 'from about 473 onwards, the Sothic hypothesis ...
... to say is, rather, that G follows from S: that would at least permit. him to make his claim that S could be disproved without affecting G. Unfortunately, this would not be compatible with his other claim, that the specific theories "follow from the general ones," and he would still be in trouble. After his preliminary remarks on theory testing --remarks that I consider untenable --MacKie proceeds to the main business of his paper, which is the testing of Velikovsky's theories of catastrophism on the basis of radiocarbon dating procedures. MacKie believes that these procedures will".. demonstrate the contemporaneity, or otherwise, between major environmental changes (such as altera- tions in the sea level, in the extent of the ice sheets, volcanic eruptions) and human events (such as migrations and the destruction of cities and cultures)." But here again MacKie's approach appears to me to be undermined by logical difficulties. How can radiocarbon dating of events prior to twenty-seven centuries ago be applied to Velikovsky without begging the very questions at issue? ...
5. Thera: Chronology at a Crossroads? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... No 2 (Jan 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents Thera: Chronology at a Crossroads? by Bernard Newgrosh During the second millennium BC an enormous volcanic explosion laid waste the island of Thera (Santorini) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The fall-out in the form of ashes is detectable throughout large areas of the eastern Mediterranean, the Aegean region, and on the island of Crete. Pottery of a type known as Late Minoan IA was found straddling the lava deposits on Thera, and archaeologists have used this pottery as a means for dating the major second millennium BC eruption. The Late Minoan IA period has thus been dated to 1550-1500 BC, and the eruption of Thera dated to 1500 BC. This dating, it must be stressed, is purely an archaeological one. As its basis we find the dating of Mycenaean pottery in Egyptian New Kingdom contexts, and through the dating of Mycenaean wares the pottery style chronologies of the Late Minoan I and Late Cycladic I sequences are determined. In the early years of radiocarbon dating this archaeological date appeared to be confirmed: ...
6. Isotopic Anomalies in Chronometric Science [SIS C&C Review $]
... G. V. Robins is an inorganic chemist; his Ph.D. involved research into magneto-chemistry. The relative abundance of isotopes of an element in a sample often gives a clue to the sample's history. Radioactive decay is only one of the ways in which an isotopic abundance can be caused to deviate from the conventional norm. This has particular relevance to the Bristlecone Pine recalibration of radiocarbon dates. Introduction Roy MacKinnon's paper in the Summer 1977 issue of SIS Review (1) raised a number of important questions over the reliability of radiometric dating in Geochronology and related areas; perhaps the most serious being the discordance that can exist between datings obtained by different methods. If a discordant dating cannot be explained by experimental error or contamination then it is generally disregarded in favour of the date that best confirms the suspected archaeological context. The purpose of the present paper is to consider some of the natural isotopic fractionation processes that may possibly account for some of the anomalous dates. In most radiometric dating techniques, a great deal of importance is attached to the establishment of "conventional ...
7. Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1992 No 1 (Aug 1992) Home¦ Issue Contents REVIEWS Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective by R. E. Taylor, (London: Academic Press, 1987) Anyone concerned with ancient history and chronologies cannot ignore radiocarbon dating results. Unfortunately, the technical nature of the subject causes misunderstanding among scholars and archaeologists about how radiocarbon dating is accomplished and the meaning and limitations of radiocarbon measurements. Indeed, as was recently observed by Bowman and Balaam in Antiquity 64 (1990), pp. 315-318: 'The way in which radiocarbon results are used varies tremendously. There is a lamentable tendency to ignore or play down the importance of context in publication, especially secondary publication.' R. E. Taylor's Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective serves the very useful purpose of explaining the theory, methods, terminology, conventions, limitations, and other technical aspects of radiocarbon dating in a clear manner and with footnotes and references to important articles on each of the topics covered. Persons with an interest in ancient chronologies should ...
8. Limitations of Astronomical Dating Methods* [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. I No. 2 (Summer 1975) Home¦ Issue Contents Limitations of Astronomical Dating Methods* Donovan A. Courville [* This article has been reprinted with the gracious permission of Dr. Donovan A. Courville from his two-volume work The Exodus Problem and its Ramifications (Crest Challenge Books, Loma Linda, Calif., 19711 copies of which may be purchased by writing to Dr. Courville.The problems involved in setting up a credible chronology of the ancient world are immense. This fact is indicated by the failure of any of the twenty or more outstanding historians of the last half-century to propose a chronology which would be generally acceptable to his associates. (1) At times, the discrepancies in the opinions of these various authorities are so marked as to make one question the possibility that a credible chronology of the ancient world will ever be produced. In any case, the problem is sufficiently complex to make desirable the use of any and all tools which can be devised to assist in arriving at results as close as ...
9. Ash [Pensee]
... of unwelcome or unapproved views, should he attempt to secure objective tests of those views. More than one critic has chastised Velikovsky for his supposed failure to seek scientific means of arbitration between his own and accepted theories. That he not only sought such arbitration, but continued to do so under singularly frustrating and unrewarding circumstances, is amply demonstrated here. The letters serve other purposes as well, some of them historical and documentary. They make clear, for example, the time lapse between Libby's discovery of the radiocarbon (C14) dating method and its application to New Kingdom objects, and they offer examples of the reasoning according to which researchers dismissed such tests as unnecessary or postponed them as unimportant. Further, the correspondence documents the fact that' ever since the method was discovered, Velikovsky has been expressing reservations about it. These reservations, summarized elsewhere (see Pensee, spring-summer, 1973, p. 12), are not recent, ad hoc inventions designed to explain irregularities in the test results. Rather, they were early deduced by him from the ...
10. Genealogical Evidence for a Shortening of the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XII:2 (July 1990) Home¦ Issue Contents Genealogical Evidence for a Shortening of the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt Jeremy Goldberg The following article presents a fairly concise argument, almost entirely from genealogical evidence, for a down-dating of the Egyptian 19th Dynasty (Dyn. 19) by roughly 200 years, i.e. for dating the end of the reign of Ramesses II (his year 67) to the late 11th century B. C., instead of the late 13th century (probably 1213 B.C.) as currently accepted. 1 The indicated chronological shifts would consist of a short Dyn.20/21 overlap, a quite long Dyn.21/22 overlap (c. mid-later 9th century), an internal compression of Dyn.22/23 chronology, and the survival of Dyn.22 into the early 7th century. 2 1. FOUR LONG GENEALOGIES Together, the three long genealogies 3 reproduced in the left half of Fig. 1 begin to demonstrate the necessity of the above time shifts as follows:-- Each genealogy seems to separate ...
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