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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories

239 results found.

24 pages of results.
1. Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 2 (Dec 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism Alistair F, Pitty Department of Geography, University of Hull, Great Britain The view of earth history proposed by the Catastrophists of the early nineteenth century was of a succession of abrupt upheavals culminating in a great Flood. These paroxysms were interpretated as the result of Divine intervention. In contrast. C. Lyell and J. Hutton favoured slow changes due to natural processes and considered that interpretations of earth history could be based on present-day evidence. Geology developed from their work. and A. Geike's maxim, 'the present is the key to the past', is often quoted. perhaps partly because the phrase is little longer than the word Uniformitarianism. However, work in geology and geomorphology is sometimes less consistent with Geike's maxim, now essentially of historical interest, than its frequent quotation may suggest.. For example, since endogenic processes are unobservable, for many geologists the present is not so much a key as one number in a combination lock, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  05 Mar 2003  -  17k  -  URL:
... From: Horus Vol. 1 No. 2 (Summer 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents What is Uniformitarianism and how did it get here? by Alex Marton When Charles Darwin published his now classic On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859, he was riding the crest of a long wave of scientific speculation regarding the history of the earth and its inhabitants... I have called attention to the word scientific not to demean its value, but to highlight the fact that that was just one side of the on-going controversy about the Creation and the level of interest that the Almighty might have in the affairs of men. This last point was one that preoccupied many in the nineteenth century; in addition to scientific curiosity and the drive to discover the real nature of things, the truth of the Biblical story was directly connected to a highly political issue: the legitimacy of the Monarchy. Almost thirty years earlier, Charles Lyell had paved the way with the publication of his Principles of Geology, in three volumes, between 1830 and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  05 Mar 2003  -  11k  -  URL:
3. Actualism in Geology and in Geography [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Actualism in Geology and in Geography W. J. Jong See notes 1 and 2. The great geological controversies of the first half of the 19th century are usually described as ending in the rejection of catastrophism and diluvialism and the victory of uniformitarianism, or actualism as it is called on the Continent. The names of HUTTON and PLAYFAIR in Britain, Of VON HOFF in Germany and, somewhat later, those Of PREVOST in France and LYELL in England are linked to the latter theory, whereas WERNER, CUNIER and BUCKLAND, among others, are quoted as protagonists of catastrophism. Thus in a rather simplified picture the debate for instance on the origins of granite and basalt, Plutonism v. Neptunism, is linked to the controversy about the importance of 'causes now operating' and even to the question of subaerial denudation in valley formation. Some authors stress the role played by a naive-realistic interpretation of the Bible: CHORLEY et al. (4, p. 97) ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 56  -  05 Mar 2003  -  40k  -  URL:
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1996:1 Home¦ Issue Contents Uniformitarianism, Catastrophism and Evolution by Trevor Palmer Professor Trevor Palmer is Head of the Department of Life Sciences and Dean of the Faculty of Science and Mathematics at the Nottingham Trent University. He has written 3 books and is author/co-author of around 70 research papers and review articles. In Catastrophism, Neocatastrophism and Evolution [1, written in 1992, I described how historians of science such as Anthony Hallam, Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Huggett and Claude Albritton Jr. had, over the previous decade, demolished the prevailing myth of a dichotomy between scientific uniformitarianism and unscientific catastrophism. It was therefore somewhat surprising to find, a year later, the respected science journalist, Roger Lewin, writing: 'At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the great French geologist and naturalist Baron Georges Cuvier proposed what came to be known as the Catastrophe theory, or Catastrophism. According to the theory, the abrupt faunal changes geologists saw in rock strata were the result of periodic devastations that wiped out ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 51  -  05 Mar 2003  -  67k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. XI No. 2 (Winter 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents "Uniformitarianism in Linguistics" by Craig Christy (John Benjamins, Philadelphia, 1983; 139 pp., $20) Reviewed by Roger W. Wescott Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics Drew University, Madison, N. J. To any linguist who has, as I have, an interest in earth history and evolutionary theory, the title of this book looks exciting. Even if the author turns out to be an unregenerate uniformitarian, I thought, it will be interesting to see how he defines "linguistic catastrophism" (or its equivalent) and how he evaluates it. Unfortunately for these expectations, it turns out that Christy never uses the phrase "linguistic catastrophism" or any expression even roughly synonymous with it. Moreover, his use of the word "uniformitarianism" is so broad and so loose as to make it virtually equivalent to "science". He does, to be sure, use the word "catastrophism" without any specific disciplinary reference. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  4k  -  URL:
6. Catastrophist Geology [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Catastrophist Geology Han Kloosterman A magazine to be dedicated to the Study of discontinuities in Earth history Circulated among the participants of the Charles Lyell centenary symposium, London. Uniformitarianism holds that the processes governing the Earth's organic and inorganic past were the same as those apparent today, and that they operated then at the same intensity and rate as now. When they consider this definition thoughtfully, many geologists realize that they do not really agree with it. Too many events in the Earth's history do not fit a uniformitarian system- enormous calderas, plateau basalts, ice ages, alpine nappes, bone breccias, the sudden appearance of diversified life at the close of the Precambrian, the abrupt extinction of dinosaurs and ammonites, and so on. In a uniformitarian system the sedimentological and paleontological records are contradictory; if we assume uninterrupted sedimentation, we have to accept catastrophes in evolution; if we do not accept catastrophes in evolution we have to postulate major gaps in the sedimentary record. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  9k  -  URL:
... not changed to any significant degree, that the obliquity of Earth has not changed to any significant degree, and so on. But Velikovsky's catastrophism suggests that several thousand years ago these "constants" may have been considerably different from what they are now, different enough that we have to be extremely careful in evaluating the results of radiocarbon dating procedures, even if those procedures are being employed only to demonstrate contemporaneity, rather than to demonstrate the age in real years. The difficulty is that we are supposed to be testing catastrophism against uniformitarianism, and that radiocarbon dating is not neutral in that conflict. What MacKie must do, before gathering radiocarbon findings as a test of catastrophism, is to demonstrate that catastrophism is compatible with the reliability of radiocarbon procedures in determining contemporaneity or non-contemporaneity. Among other things, this means that he must refute the claim that frequently "one and the same carbon age corresponds to two historical ages" (Pensee, Fall, 1972, p. 41). Unless and until MacKie has established the reliability of radiocarbon dating procedures on the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL:
8. Comments [Catastrophism Geology $]
... . Han Kl. In the event you decide to proceed with publication of (Catastrophist Geology) I should like to purchase a subscription. My interest in your project should not be taken as an endorsement of the views stated in the brochure. Claude Albritton Dept. of Geology Southern Methodist University Dallas, U.S.A. Yours sounds like an exciting and necessary project. I wish you good fortune with it. John M.Bell Dept. of Humanities, New York University New York Uniformitarian catastrophes (for references see p.21) A growing misunderstanding regarding uniformitarianism as a basic concept in geology seems at present to develop due to confusion of causes, processes and results. The leaflet issued to announce the publication of this magazine is a good example. It starts by trying to define uniformitarianism in terms of 'processes' operating 'at the same intensity and rate as now'. Charles Lyell, whom we still may consider as the founder of the concept of uniformitarianism, was well aware of the difference between causes, and the resulting processes and effects observable to geologists. Already the subtitle of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  34k  -  URL:
9. The Great Debate [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the most heated in the fields of astronomy, biology, and geology. It is in these areas that the war of ideas is now being waged. The past few years especially have seen startling evidence presented which indicates that the scientific community as a whole may be on the verge of a dramatic turnaround in its most fundamental position, a reversal that could see a long accepted scientific doctrine rejected in favor of one that has been in disdain for well over 100 years. The two doctrines are known as "catastrophism" and "uniformitarianism." Proponents of catastrophism believe that the world is not the safe place we have been led to believe, that holocausts on a global scale are recurrent events in earth's natural history and that these cataclysmic episodes are the primary sculptors of the planet's surface. Uniformitarianism, on the other hand, demands that all the evidence be explained by processes which are observed to be currently at work; in other words, nothing has happened in the past that is not observed to be happening right now. That the earth has undergone tremendous ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL:
... medieval philosophers in the west, such as Maimonides, argued on behalf of a settled and orderly universe, but were outnumbered by Christian and Islamic philosophers in the tradition of the apocalyptics and millennialism. The brilliant harbinger of modern thought, Giordano Bruno, thought that worlds were infinite in number and extent, that worlds were often born and destroyed, that the Moon had come lately into its place, and that the Earth was only temporarily undisturbed. Isaac Newton, for all that he laid down the laws that founded the dogmas of uniformitarianism in astronomy, nevertheless gave a good part of his later life to research in the chronology and authenticity of the Bible, with attention to the great Deluge. It was his assistant, Whiston, who introduced a great comet as the force that brought on the deluge. Therefore Whiston may be properly called the first modern astrophysical catastrophist. Over a century later, Giambattista Vico wrote in his New Science (1744) that after the Deluge, Jove reorganized the world with his bolts of lightning: all the nations arrived separately at ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  03 Apr 2004  -  35k  -  URL:
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