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328 results found.
33 pages of results.
1. The Homeric Question [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... is that no Greek historian, philosopher, or poet used the term Dark Age or dark centuries or any substitute for such a concept; nor did Roman writers, much occupied with the Greek past, have a concept of a Dark Age for the period following the Trojan War and preceding the historical age in Greece. The term, and the concept as well, are a creation of modern scholarship in Hellenic studies for the period from which we have neither history, nor literary remains. If, as most scholars now believe, Homer lived and created at the end of the eighth or the beginning of the seventh century, and if the Trojan War took place just before the beginning of the Dark Age, he could hardly have omitted to refer in some direct or only indirect way to the more than four centuries of the Dark Age that separated him from the epic events he described. Why did no poet and Greece had many ever mention a lengthy Dark Age, if only in passing? Neither Herodotus, nor Thucydides, 1 nor Xenophon the Greek historians ...
2. Aftermath of the Trojan War [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... and Phoenicia. Teucer, another hero, was driven from his home town and with a number of men went to Cyprus and founded Salamis there.[8 It is well known that the Ramesside dynasty had many problems with the invading Sea Peoples. A connection is usually made with the Greek heroes returning from Troy and with a tale told by Odysseus;[9 Greeks partaking in piracy would be very probable. Names like Aqaiwasha and Danuna from Egyptian sources, describing the invading Sea Peoples, can easily be explained with the names Homer uses when mentioning the Greeks-- Achaioi and Danaoi. Concerning the Tjekker, another of the Sea Peoples, some scholars[10 see a connection with Teucer and his men, the Teucri, who went to Cyprus and, according to the well known story of Wenamun's voyage, had occupied Dor, near Mount Carmel. If my date for the Trojan War is right, we should not find any Tjekker during the reigns of pharaohs before that conflict. In de Telder's new chronology[11 the dates of Ramses II are ...
3. The Greek Pantheon [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... The Greek Pantheon When the texts in Linear B were read the so-called Homeric problem did not approach a solution but, contrariwise, grew more urgent, more enigmatic, more perplexing. Since antiquity it had been believed that ? Homer and Hesiod were the first to compose Theogonies, and give the gods their epithets...? 1 Therefore reading the names of Greek gods and goddesses on the Linear B tables from Knossos on Crete and Pylos on the mainland was something of a shock to classical scholars. 2 Hera, Artemis and Hermes were worshipped in Pylos. Zeus and Poseidon were worshipped in Pylos and Knossos. Athene was deified in Knossos; Dionysus ? name was found on a Pylos tablet. 3 With Greek gods and goddesses spelled by their names on the tablets, it was conducive to recognize Apollo in a figure on a vase, singing among the Muses, or Poseidon in a figure depicted driving a chariot over the sea, or Zeus with Europa in the depiction of a bull carrying a woman. The Minotaur and centaurs were recognized as likely ...
4. The Homeric Question [SIS C&C Review $]
... 'I have looked deeply into the question of Hesiod's date and Homer's, but it is no pleasure to me to write about it, being too aware of the extraordinary censoriousness of people in general, and most of all of those who have always opposed me in questions of poetry'. (Pausanias IX:30,3) The so-called 'Homeric Question', which has been hotly debated by scholars for many centuries, is one of the most controversial subjects in ancient history. Like critical research on the Hebrew Bible, research on Homer concerns ancient texts, written by authors whose motives, sources and dates are unknown [1. For the single researcher, the amount of relevant literature published in the last four centuries on this issue is too much to digest. The number of essays, studies and books on the archaeology of the Homeric Age is also excessive. I do not intend to provide an answer to the unsolvable question of whether there was ever a poet by the name of Homer and, if so, whether he actually composed the epics named after ...
5. THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS: PART THREE: THERAPY FOR GROUP FEAR, CHAPTER 14 [Quantavolution Website]
... ÇÇ 9___ 11___ È È È È È ÈÈ ÈÈ form is "advanced," technically, as Maas asserts, in consistency with the total state of his culture, regardless of the remanent social chaos of his times. A little more is to be learned by investigating the technique of metaphor. One might expect that, if there is a second level of meaning to the passages of the Love Affair, it would crop up in the guise of metaphor. W. B. Stanford writes that Homer generally engages heavily in metaphor but that his metaphors are ordinary and uninspired; "with a very few exceptions, Homer seems always stilted and even deliberately archaistic [liturgical in his use of metaphors." [4 In the Love Affair, we find only three "genuine" metaphors among the hundred lines: "fine as a Spider's web" refers to Hephaestus' net; Aphrodite "bridles not her passion" is an expression that may well have had the ordinary meaning of "restrain" and therefore not be metaphorical; ...
6. THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS: PART TWO: GODS, PLANETS, MADNESS, CHAPTER 7 [Quantavolution Website]
... again, the puzzle was whether to unite the two events or treat them successively, and Velikovsky chose the latter course, as do we. The present state of speculation may be conveyed in tabular form: The Pylos story is not ended, however. There is more to it, and it fashions a warning to scholars who have accepted faithfully the theory that a Mycenaean age was ended about 1200 B. C. by barbarian invasions and a "Dark Age" set in that was to be illuminated by the great poets, Homer and Hesiod, finally around 800 B. C. The Love Affair holds a light to the Dark Age and the disposition of the Dark Age provides a key to the Love Affair. To return to the story, we call upon the research of Isaacson on Pylos. The destruction of Pylos has been compared with the destruction of Gordion, in Asia Minor. The city whose Gordian knot was later cut by Alexander, perished also in a disaster. Pylos was of Mycenaean Greek culture: Gordius was Phrygian. At Pylos were ...
7. The Identification of Troy [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... of Priam. The Roman geographer Strabo, however, questioned the identification, and brought many arguments to show that ? Ilion ? was in all respects unlikely to have been the site of the Homeric city. (1) Uncertainty about the identification of Troy continued into modern times, and even Schliemann ? s spectacular discoveries at Hissarlik did not end it. Several years after the publication of Troy and Its Remains, Professor R. C. Jebb, one of the foremost classicists of the age, proclaimed that Schliemann had not uncovered Homer ? s Troy at all and, further, that it was vain to expect that a city such as Homer sang of lay hidden beneath the soil of the Troad. Hissarlik, in any case, could not accomodate any fortress on the scale envisaged by the poet: ? The spatious palaces, and wide streets of the Homeric Troy point to a city totally different, both in scale and in character, from anything of which traces exist at Hissarlik.? Although in his view ? no one site in the Troad satisfies ...
8. Homer in the Baltic [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon VI:6 (Dec 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents Homer in the Baltic Felice Vinci Summary The real scene of the Iliad and the Odyssey can be identified, not in the Mediterranean Sea where it proves to be undermined by many incongruities, but in the north of Eur-ope. The sagas that gave rise to the two poems came from the Baltic regions, where the Bronze Age flourished in the 2nd millennium bc, and many Homeric places, such as Troy and Ithaca, can still be identified. The blond seafarers who founded the Mycenaean civilization in the 16th century bc brought these tales from Scandinavia to Greece after the decline of the "climatic optimum." Then they rebuilt their original world, where the Trojan War and many other mythological events had taken place, in the Mediterranean; through many generations the memory of the heroic age and the feats performed by their ancestors in their lost homeland was preserved and handed down to the following ages. This key allows us to easily open many doors that have been shut tight until now, ...
9. Chapter XIII: The Egyptian Heavens the Zodiacs of Dexderah [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... place of the sun, moon, or of any of the planets in relation to any of these stars. Not very many years ago, when the literature of China and India was as a sealed book, and the hieroglyphics of -Egypt and the wedges of Babylonia were still unread, we had to depend for the earliest traces of astronomical observation upon the literatures of Greece and Syria, and according to these sources the asterisms first specialised and named were as follows:-- The Great Bear Job (xxxviii. 31), Homer. Orion Job (ix. 9), Homer, Hesiod. Pleiades, Hyades Job (xxxviii. 31), Homer, Hesiod. Sinus and the Great Dog Hesiod (viii.), the name; Homer called it the Star of Autumn. Aldebaran, the Bull Homer, Hesiod. Arcturus Job (ix. 9 xxxviii. 32), Homer, Hesiod. The Little Bear Thales, Eadoxus, Aratus. The Dragon Eudoxus, Aratus. In the Book of Job we read, "Canst thou bind ...
10. Homeric Troy and the Greek Dark Age [SIS C&C Review $]
... for an eye-witness account of what transpired beneath the walls of Troy. Granted- my admonitions have been aimed mainly at those who, after Velikovsky, have tended to view the celestial fray of the gods of the Iliad as reflecting the interaction of heavenly bodies at close quarters above the skies of Troy. It should however be stressed that, even when bereft of these false cosmic implications, the epic remains historically suspect. In other words, even as history, the Iliad does have its shortcomings. Regardless of when it was that Homer penned his epic- and this essay is not meant to lay that beast to rest- the detailed contents of the Iliad leave no room to doubt that the legend of Troy was already mature at the time. By then, whatever history it concealed had already been burdened by a hardened crust of mythological motifs borrowed from a much earlier age. This mythology, moreover, did not merely serve to colour the details of secondary occurrences. It was also used as a basis for some of the most important events associated with Troy ...
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