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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories

239 results found.

24 pages of results.
... the geological society and the suppression of evidence favoring the catastrophist position did not come about over-night. Rather there was a slow assimilation of catastrophist data until there was virtually nothing left to the theory as a whole. When, in 1839, Louis Agassiz attempted to argue in favor of catastrophism with his theory of ice ages, the uniformitarians simply adopted all his evidence, but reinterpreted it in uniformitarian terms. Thus the data did not change, but the Gestalt by which that data was organized and given coherence was transformed from catastrophism to uniformitarianism, just as the social structure of England was changed from Tory Paternalism in which sovereignty descended from God down to the King, to the new liberalism in which sovereignty ascended up from the people through Parliament to its ministers. Ironically enough, the political battle which underlay the catastrophist -uniformitarian debate of 1832 is now long over, but owing to the paradigmization of science, the uniformitarian Gestalt is still assiduously cultivated at universities and in professional geological societies. The "cause" for which Babbage, Scrope, and Lyell were fighting is ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. VIII No. 4 (Summer 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents The Science of Evolution (Concluded) Bennison Gray II. GENETICS Perhaps nothing serves so well to distinguish Stansfield's The Science of Evolution (1977) from the books of Nilsson and GrassÚ as his unequivocal claim that "Scientists believe that the forces now operating in the world are those that have always operated (uniformitarianism), and that the universe is the result of their continuous operation" (p. 9). Not only does GrassÚ fail thereby to qualify as a scientist, no evidence against uniformitarianism could be used, because it fails to qualify as scientific. History is not allowed to refute scientific uniformitarianism. Of course Stansfield cannot consistently maintain his uniformitarian position. Old-fashioned paleontology does have a role to play: it is still the original ladder up which evolutionists climbed. They cannot yet kick it away, because they are still confronted by some extreme creationists, who deny that any evolution has occurred. Stansfield asks rhetorically: "Have the species of organisms presently inhabiting ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  43k  -  URL:
33. Opening the Floodgates [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... . No old causes are extinct; no new ones have been introduced. Moreover, past causes have always operated- yes, always- at about the same rate and intensity as they do today. No secular increases or decreases through time. No ancient periods of pristine vigor or slow cranking up. The earth, in short, has always worked (and looked) just about as it does now.'" Hallam expressed similar sentiments to those of Gould in Great Geological Controversies (Oxford University Press, 1983). "Uniformitarianism..., as outlined by Lyell, is both a system and a method. The English term 'uniformitarianism' has frequently been used as an exact equivalent of the continental term 'actualism', and refers to the study of present-day processes as a means of interpreting past events." He went on to point out that 'it is perfectly possible to use actualistic methods and come to "catastrophist" conclusions', and later warned that 'we have to be more precise, distinguishing... the common ground of Lyell's methodological ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  28k  -  URL:
... foot in the door, those hostile to the teaching of biological evolution as a proven scientific theory at public expense are likely to be making their influence felt more strongly in future editions of such books. Stansfield does not acknowledge any pressure from the California State Board of Education, but he does discuss its 1969 guidelines on science teaching. What he does not even mention are the detailed attacks on Darwinism by European biologists. Quite characteristic of the American tradition of evolutionary biology is its studied ignoring of European work when it runs counter to uniformitarianism and Darwinism. Before examining Stansfield's very American conception of the science of evolution, let us sample the sort of professional thinking on the subject that is filtered out for the protection of American students. Pierre GrassÚ's Evolution of Living Organisms (1977) is the counterpart treatment of the science of evolution. GrassÚ was for many years professor of evolutionary biology at the Sorbonne, and he continues as the general editor of the monumental TraitÚ de Zoologie, which is still going strong after dozens of volumes. Furthermore, he is a geneticist ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  38k  -  URL:
35. Science Frontiers [SIS Internet Digest $]
... In this book, Howorth brought together evidence on recent catastrophic flooding on the earth: the bone caves, the Siberian mammoth carcasses, the masses of fresh moa bones in Australia, and host of other geological and biological puzzles. Most of Howorth's attention, however, is focussed on the mammoths and their recent demise. This book is one of the classics of catastrophe literature. Evolutionary Geology and the New Catastrophism by G.M. Price. 1926, 352 pp., $18.95p. Price was an early catastrophist at a time when uniformitarianism ruled with an iron fist. He systematically and rationally presented some of geology's major anomalies-- particularly in stratigraphy. Chapter titles include: The Modern Onion-Coat Theory; "Deceptive Conformity"; Upside Down; Extinct Species; Skipping; Graveyards; Degeneration; Fossil Men. Price was a creationist, but his book is devoid of theology. The Aerial World by G. Hartwig 1886, 560 pp., $26.95p. 37 chapters touch on just about every facet of weather and geophysics known: The echo; Waterspouts; ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  5k  -  URL:
36. Perilous Planet Earth [SIS Internet Digest $]
... , social anthropology and history. Contents: Introduction; Part I. Catastrophism: The Story of its Decline and Fall... and Resurrection: Section A. From prehistory to 1899: Catastrophism dominates for centuries, but then gives way to gradualism: 1. Mythology, religion and catastrophism; 2. Hutton: fact and fiction about the origins of modern gradualism; 3. Cuvier and Lamarck: choosing between extinction and evolution; 4. Natural theology and Noah's Flood: the high-water mark of catastrophism; 5. Catastrophism, uniformitarianism and idealist philosophy; 6. Lyell triumphant: gradualism dominates geology; 7. Darwin and evolution; 8. After the Origin: the triumph of evolutionary gradualism; Section B: From 1900 to 1979: Gradualism reigns supreme: 9. Neo-Darwinism: the Modern Synthesis; 10. Phyletic gradualism; 11. Gradualist perceptions of human evolution; 12. Heretical catastrophists; 13. Atlantis: rational and irrational theories of a 'lost' civilisation; 14. Evolutionary mass extinctions and neocatastrophism; 15. Punctuated equilibrium: a new evolutionary ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL:
37. Focus [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... that the Earth's tilt was the same then as now and confirms that all these tropical plants and animals actually lived with long dark winters. Plants could survive the darkness by shedding their leaves, but how animals survived is open to much speculation. It is this very challenge to survival which Hickey feels caused the evolutionary pressures. But how does Hickey think the climate could remain frost free during the polar night? He proposes that a bank of thick fog hung over the forests during the winter, retaining heat via the greenhouse effect. Uniformitarianism dictates that the present is the key to the past, but in this instance there is nowhere on Earth at present which has a frost free climate together with a polar light regime. One other factor of the Arctic makes answers difficult to find; the physical properties of the permafrost make reliable palaeomagnetic dates well nigh unattainable. Would a catastrophist explanation of these finds be any more problematic or any less believable than the conventional ones, outlined above? What was the scale of the admitted 'catastrophic floods' which repeatedly affected the High ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL:
38. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... author is a PhD physicist who has turned his attention to archaeology and geology and produced a book 'reminiscent of I. Donelly and I. Velikovsky in its catastrophic orientation'. He believes thriving cities in Nebraska were lost and anomalous geology created when a comet hit the area in 1680 AD. The New Catastrophism by D. Ager, 1993, $32 95 This is a sequel to The Nature of the Stratigraphic Record, already a classic among neocatastrophists. Written by an expert geologist, this book is described as 'vivid testimony that uniformitarianism is passÚ'. Jack Horsford recommends some 19th century books. Book of Beginnings by Gerald Massey (2 vols., London, 1881) This seeks to establish a link between ancient Egypt and Britain., looking at customs, vocabulary, names of persons, places and deities. Vol. 2 investigates links between Hebrew and Egyptian and pursues links between words and names to Greece, Mexico, various parts of Africa- and Polynesia. He says that Atum appears as Iu-eh-hept ('he who comes with peace'). Iu ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL:
39. A Call To Action [Pensee]
... , to shorten the process by? Which science sifts the chaff from the wheat. Certainly research is essential, but this view overlooks the personality and political differentials which propel the course of scientific consideration in reality. Even if it were true, it must be remembered that the time-span involved may be decades or indeed centuries. We have by no means reached the stage of computerizing scientific value-judgments; nothing happens automatically in science when egos and reputations are at stake. 2. Another assumption is that if an old theory (such as uniformitarianism) is false, it would have been exposed before now, especially with the information explosion of the past few decades. This is the past tense of the first attitude. Actually, the rush of new data has piled up more problems and encouraged more specialization and less willingness to place evidence in larger patterns. This in itself has increased reliance on the accepted assumptions. 3. Still another assumption is that if a new theory is true, it will attract adherents who will bring it to the attention of the academic community ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  10k  -  URL:
40. Index of Titles [Uncategorised]
... of the Samson& Delilah Myth, The Catastrophic Theory of Mountain Uplifts (A Crustal Deformation Theory) Catastrophism 2000 Catastrophism and Ancient History Newsletter Catastrophism and Ancient History Newsletter Catastrophism and Anthropology Catastrophism and Evolution Catastrophism and Evolution Catastrophism and the Compulsion to Meaning Catastrophism and the Internet Catastrophism and the Mammoths- I Catastrophism and the Mammoths- III Catastrophism and the Mammoths- II Catastrophism and the Old Testament: The Mars-Earth Conflicts (Review) Catastrophism and the Old Testament Catastrophism and the Old Testament: The Mars-Earth Conflicts by Donald Wesley Patten Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism Catastrophism And Ancient History Catastrophism And Planetary History Catastrophism Archive Project, The Catastrophism! CD: Your help needed Catastrophism! Catastrophist Geology Catastrophist Reading of Religious Systems, A Cattigara- Legend and History by Stan Hall Causal Relationships: Freud, Stekel and Velikovsky Causal Source for the Climatic Changes at 2300 BC, The Causal Source for the Geological Transients at 2300BC, The Cautious Revolutionary, The CD-Rom Reviews Celestial Clock, The Celestial Dynamics and "Worlds in Collision" Celestial Dynamics of "Worlds in Collision", The Celestial fireworks Celestial ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  07 Mar 2003  -  265k  -  URL:
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