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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories

239 results found.

24 pages of results.
21. Catastrophism and the Old Testament [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XII:1 (Jan 1990) Home¦ Issue Contents (advertisement) Catastrophism and the Old Testament by: Donald Wesley Patten Uniformitarianism has ruled almost supreme for the last 100 years. However, with the advent of the space missions investigating the planets, and with our planet being littered with fossils indicating sudden deaths, catastrophism has slowly advanced to challenge uniformitarianism. It has risen with the help of pioneers like Donald Patten. His new book, Catastrophism and the Old Testament, ought to lead astronomers, cosmologists and others to re-examine their old ideas and theories, linked to the 200-year old nebular hypothesis. Don is inquisitive. He looks for patterns in geography and in history, and he finds them. Would you have thought of counting the craters on Mars (by 10 degree grids) looking for a pattern? Or would you have thought of analyzing the Biblical record of ancient catastrophes, looking for a cyclic pattern? In both cases, Don perceived, he looked and he found. Now he offers to the 20th ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  2k  -  URL:
... mere summation of isolated special theories will be anything more than a disconnected jumble of progress reports that cries out for synthesis into a unified, coherent theory that has some real chance of truly representing the unity and integration of the operations of nature? Indeed, many students of scientific methodology have concluded that only an interdisciplinary approach, seeking one coherent theory to describe our one universe, has much prospect of turning out to be true. An important consequence of the present disciplinary isolation has been the continuing preference for theories that are uniformitarian. Uniformitarianism is the thesis that only the processes that we see operating today could have operated in earlier periods of history; this rules out any of the sudden, global catastrophes of the sort described by Velikovsky. What seems to have happened is that each discipline has borrowed unchallenged the uniformitarian conclusions of each of the other disciplines, and has assumed that those other disciplines have encountered no serious indications of catastrophism. Each discipline is left with the impression that only in that discipline are there any data that might suggest a catastrophic model rather than ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
23. Response to Critique by Leroy Ellenberger [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... claims that our model of planetary catastrophism does not-- and cannot-- conserve angular momentum. In addition, he charges that my model of planetary catastrophism violates the conservation of energy principle. These are valid concerns. We will not knowingly present any model of planetary catastrophism that violates Newtonian mechanics. We suggest that Ellenberger's conclusions are a result of incomplete analysis, premature conclusions, and careless attention to "details." We believe his conclusions reflect static rather than dynamic thinking. Such "mental gridlock" is not uncommon where uniformitarianism traffics. We will present the unraveling process of Mars' orbit. Once, Mars was in orbit resonance with Jupiter at 6:1 (six orbits of Mars on the average precisely equaled one Jupiter orbit). Simultaneously, the orbit of Mars was in 1:2 resonance (722 vs. 361 days) with the Earth's orbit. Resonance orbits have a different style of behavior than do non-resonant orbits with which uniformitarians are familiar. In resonant orbits there are alignments (such as the Sun-Mars-Earth conjunction or the two Sun-Earth-Mars ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  61k  -  URL:
24. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... THE FIRST ISSUE OF "CATASTROPHIST GEOLOGY" FOR REASONS OF SPACE. IT WAS FORWARDED TO US BY HAN KLOOSTERMAN AND IS INCLUDED HERE BY KIND PERMISSION OF DR KLOOSTERMAN AND THE AUTHOR. The history of the natural sciences is characterised by controversy. Conflicting theories and interpretations, based on the same set of facts, have been commonplace rather than the exception. Geology follows the same pattern of development, with controversies raging about continental drift, submarine canyons, the age of the Earth, and the extinction of species. The conflict between uniformitarianism and catastrophism that underlies many of these controversies is as old as geology itself. These two philosophies offer incompatible interpretations of the earth's past, present and future, It has been claimed (1) that originally all scientists, including geologists, were catastrophists. In the middle of the last century, uniformitarianism became "fashionable", but in recent years some scientists have begun to question again certain aspects of uniformitarian philosophy: there are now some signs of a rising neo-catastrophism. The early naturalists interpreted the available field evidence (rocks ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  27k  -  URL:
... Heraclitus, and Empedocles also supported evolutionary concepts.(1) Unfortunately, neither Plato nor Aristotle adopted the evolutionary perspective; in fact, Aristotle himself taught the eternal fixity of all plant and animal forms within the Great Chain of Being.(2) Except for the writings of Lucretius, the theory of biological evolution would not surface again until modern times.(3) In the Renaissance (1401-1527), Leonardo da Vinci presented a sound interpretation of fossils as well as formulating a theory of geological history containing elements of both uniformitarianism and catastrophism. Likewise, he also anticipated the theory of biological evolution.(4) In the eighteenth century, Carolus Linnaeus revived biology (especially botany) and also greatly expanded and systematized taxonomy. Yet, he held to the immutability of all species. Linnaeus' major work is The System of nature (1735), and he is referred to as the father of modern taxonomy.(5) During the French Enlightenment (1747-1789), the natural philosophers took time and change and development seriously. There was a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL:
... From: Aeon I:2 (Feb 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents The Signature of Catastrophe (Reinterpreting the Geological Record) James E. Strickling FOREWORD Our geology and anthropology textbooks today boldly declare the credo of uniformitarianism: "The present is the key to the past." In most scientific forums today the rule is that no theory will be entertained that does not rest on this principle. And the credo is not restricted to terrestrial science: Dwardu Cardona comments that "modern astronomers, who should know better, also look up at the sky and what they do not see there, they believe could never have existed. What doesn't happen now, they have the audacity to preach, could not have happened then." (1) Yet this declaration of uniformitarian philosophy is set against a growing interest in global catastrophism-the belief that our planet has undergone stupendous devastation in the past, even in historical times. To many, scientists and laymen alike, the evidence for repeated cataclysms can no longer be denied. At stake are fundamental philosophical differences. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  50k  -  URL:
... uniformitarian and catastrophist Weltanschauung in futuristic terms. Within the last decade, the universe has been dubbed "explosive," the sun "inconstant," the geographical poles "tilted" and "reversed," the globe of the world "cleaved," the crust of the earth "convulsed," the civilizations of the Bronze Ages "razed" by natural forces, the species "extinguished in waves," the atmosphere "ravaged" by mutagenic radiation storms, the hominid recently transformed into a "hallucinatory" human, and Uniformitarianism reduced to "a methodological hypothesis": all of these statements have been made by "establishment" scientists of high rank. We think that the signals of a changing major paradigm are to be found not only in science but in the arts and humanities, perhaps in the burgeoning of interest in what this study regards as other "escape hatches" of the literati: science fiction in all media, extreme violence, catastrophes, the occult in many forms, "last survivors" themes and "lost worlds." There ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  03 Apr 2004  -  56k  -  URL:
28. Forum [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon V:1 (Nov 1997) Home¦ Issue Contents Solar System Organization Keith H. Rhodes, from Winneconne, Wisconsin, writes: Concerning Wal Thornhill's review of The Recent Organization of the Solar System by Donald Patten and Samuel Windsor: [1 The reviewer calls the task taken on by the authors as daunting. He is, in my opinion, correct in this assessment. Patten and Windsor have proposed a complete make-over and revision of the origin of our Solar System. Uniformitarianism, decreed and ingrained into our indoctrinated scientific community, is being shown to be deeply and irretrievably in error. For uniformitarians, this book is heresy. Immanuel Velikovsky was crucified for similar heresy. Mr. Thornhill's review highlights some of the Patten-Windsor thesis. However, he seems to miss the inclusion and copious use of probabilities by the authors. The use of probabilities is almost universal in industry to ascertain quality of products and guide decisions that must be made by business. It becomes apparent that the uniformitarian cosmogony has little or no mathematical or probability support and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  22k  -  URL:
... Society, and the suppression of evidence favoring the catastrophic position did not come about overnight. Rather, there was a slow assimilation of catastrophic data until there was virtually nothing left to the theory as a whole. When, in 1839, Louis Agassiz attempted to argue in favour of catastrophism with his theory of ice ages, the uniformitarians simply adopted all his evidence, but reinterpreted it in uniformitarian terms. Thus the data did not change, but the gestalt by which that data was organized and given coherence was transformed from catastrophism to uniformitarianism just as the social structure of England was changed from Tory paternalism, in which sovereignty descended from God down to the King, to the new Liberalism, in which sovereignty ascended up from the people through Parliament to its Ministers. Ironically enough the political battle which underlay the catastrophist-uniformitarian debate of 1832 is now long over, but owing to the paradigmization of science, the uniformitarian gestalt is still assiduously cultivated at universities and in professional geological societies. The "cause" for which Babbage, Scrope, and Lyell were fighting is now ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  03 Apr 2004  -  30k  -  URL:
... that the meaning is simply that Venus is "the greatest of the great stars". Probably Huber is right about this, and probably Weidner is wrong, but I would like to reserve judgment until the text in question is examined from a Velikovskian perspective. In any case, the weight of the ancient testimony that supports Velikovsky's theories is enormous, with or without Weidner's translation. Despite a few such cases as this, the newer expositions and translations tend to be less reliable than the older ones. This is especially noticeable where uniformitarianism and the conventional chronology are concerned. If a given text appears to run against uniformitarianism or against the conventional chronology, the more likely it is that scholars will eventually find a way to twist the text to their liking, either by deleting the text entirely or by emending or translating it in such a way as to conceal its true import. This has happened repeatedly. In the Ninsianna observations, a report of five months and sixteen days- the original reading was probably five months and seventeen days- eventually was arbitrarily rewritten ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  95k  -  URL:
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