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... of losing gods entirely? On occasion (and many live in such expectations) the gods reappear, wreak havoc, and, so, self-sufficient, unassisted, full and direct god ship is restored. At the same time, the most obsessive and schizoid officials and prophets outlast the social sublimation that is occurring, and insist that gods directly are the only authorities, and will not let the process of creating god-heroes go too far. Then, too, a minor phenomenon occurs, which is incorrectly elevated to the major explanation by uniformitarianism and psychic monolithics: pride of ancestry; elite self-elevation, etc.; "credenda et miranda" of ruling groups. Heroes are built into a group's history: "A treason it is to deny them." "We can't eliminate god-heroes without denying the gods." That is, the heroes of a ruling class are made divine. This, we stress, does happen but is not the primary and independent cause of gods and god-heroes. The impregnated themselves in the god-heroes. There is little question that Campbell has ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  37k  -  URL:
... various problem areas of life, to act as a lightning rod (I will not argue whether lightning rods really are effective against lightning) to dissipate attacks gathering against the field, to give the field a history (much of it pseudo-history) and a future (much of the genre of science fiction). As political science is impossible to consider without its ruling formulas (elites, democracy, kingship, laissez-faire, militarism, etc.), so astronomy cannot exist unaccompanied by schools of astrology, or geology without forms of uniformitarianism, or economics without models of "economic man," or literary analysis without fads and fashions, or medicine without magic and homeopathy, or chemistry without suprasciences, one or more for each of its numerous subdivisions such as diets alongside food chemistry, drug cultures alongside drugs, aesthetics alongside plastics, and so on. There is no fakery here; there is strict necessity; man lives in the skies as well as in his hovel; culture marches along all paths and all paths are psychically connected, even when, especially ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  45k  -  URL:
... , 1409; this is another account of extended duration, the eclipse lasting 26 minutes too long. August 29, 1448; two reports suggest too short a duration. April 27, 1473; the source describes a long period of totality, thus contradicting the retrocalculated annular eclipse of shorter duration. July 29, 1478; in putting this eclipse two hours after sunrise, an Italian source differs from the retrocalculated two hours after noon. Conclusions This paper intended to 'show that the historical record of solar eclipses does not necessarily validate astronomical uniformitarianism. And we have seen how that record is full of holes. Uniformitarians have tried to fill them by patching them with error labels, usually of three kinds: Errors of omission; errors either in transmission or copying of records; or errors in observation because of incompetence or primitive instrumentation. Errors of belief; errors caused by the contamination of religious beliefs or superstition into the historical record. Errors of commission; deliberate lies inserted into the historical record for political or other malicious reasons. In order to analyze the relative merits ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
... feel guilty of having caused the California earthquake or some other disaster. I explain to them that they must really be feeling guilty of something else, and I help them discover what that is. Of course Dr. Menninger can always locate some other source of guilt. Is there any normal person among us who does not feel guilty of at least two things at any given time? In actuality, Dr. Menninger will never be able to help his patients understand fully why they feel guilty of having caused disaster until he abandons uniformitarianism and accepts the reality of man's inherited assumption of guilt for having produced- through the commission of sin- the cosmic catastrophes of the past. Finally, let us observe how the psychiatrist handles the problem of the fear of causing world destruction: In catatonic schizophrenia extremes of violent motor excitement or rigid immobility dominate the picture. Onset is often abrupt. The patient may maintain difficult postures for hours, days, or months and requires complete care. Alternation between extreme excitement and rigidity may occur. Frequently these patients are in the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  32k  -  URL:
... its life somewhere around 1900 B C.(66) But I am not here concerned, nor am I debating, Velikovsky's claim for the mammoths' late survival. The problem only concerns frozen specimens and the date (or dates) of their extermination and subsequent entombment in frozen muck. At this point, it would be prudent to keep Professor Lynn Rose's admonition in mind, namely that we cannot, at present, be sure that there has been no "pre-publication discarding" of mammoth test results that were "incompatible with uniformitarianism."(67) Rose also warned that "radiocarbon dating of events prior to twenty-seven centuries ago [cannot be applied to Velikovsky without begging the very questions at issue."(68) I am well aware of the implications. Velikovsky, for instance, has stated that during the catastrophes of the eighth/seventh centuries B.C., world-wide pollution of the terrestrial atmosphere by "dead" carbon from volcanic eruptions, meteoric dust, etc., would have made all organic matter in the decades that followed appear much ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  27k  -  URL:
... might wish to delve when writing a paper for the course. Undergraduates may contribute a paper as well. The instructor will then, later on, make suggestions concerning possible topics. The final examination will consist of brief essays upon several of a list of questions that will be distributed well in advance. Calendar of Lectures (Wednesdays, 6: 00 to 8: 00 P. M.) INTRODUCTION 1. February 4 REVOLUTIONARY PRIMEVALOGY: The science of first ages as products of abrupt, large-scale, intense events; evolution and uniformitarianism, catastrophism; the intimate relation of nature to humanity. 2. February 11 AGES OF CHAOS AND CREATION: The timetable of revolutionary changes; great world cycles; rise and fall of civilizations. SECTION I 3. February 18 HUMAN TIME AND REAL TIME: Concepts and measures; how scientists defeated the theologians and created an old Earth; radiochronology; traditional time; astronomical bench-marks. 4. February 25 THE SUPER-FORCES OF NATURE IN THE HUMAN EXPERIENCE: Nineteen expressions of super-energy and their effects upon ecology and humankind. 5. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  20k  -  URL:
... requires total destruction, he lets Deucalion live, and allows the world, quailing under the heat of the Phaėthonteic fire, to escape death by a fingernail, (21) Thus we see in Kugler the triumph of preconceived ideas over objective investigation of all available evidence- the more surprising as Kugler could accept one interpretation of Plato to back up one aspect of his theory, but was unable to see its obvious similarity to Celsus and Manilus. In the last reckoning, it seems, he was unable to escape the yoke of uniformitarianism (22). As a fitting close, we give at length the passage from Timaeus so unfairly ignored by Kugler: the Greek sage Solon is talking with the Egyptian priests (23): "Thereupon one of the priests, who was of a very great age, said: O Solon, Solon, you Hellenes are never anything but children, and there is not an old man among you. Solon in return asked him what he meant. I meant to say, he replied, that in mind you are ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  54k  -  URL:
... the end to a detail of the revised chronology, pointing out that the artistic refinement of the Amarna period in Egypt goes well with his third phase and would match the dating of the same phenomenon in Greece more closely if Ages in Chaos is correct. 2) Dr. George Grinnell (history department, McMaster University). "Catastrophism and Uniformity-a Probe into the Origins of the 1832 Gestalt Shift in Western Science." The second paper was aimed at laying bare the tissue of non-geological considerations behind the fabrication of the principles of uniformitarianism. That intellectual event, Grinnell argued, is less well explained by Charles Lyell's objective encounter with geological evidence than by his membership in the London Geological Society, a group of amateurs (doctors, lawyers, and M.P .'s) who at the time of the 1832 Reform Bill were meeting to discuss the theological and political implications of geology. Tories supporting monarchy had long made much of Biblical accounts concerning catastrophic interventions by the deity in nature, on the grounds that these gave precedent for the equally abrupt and severe intervention by the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  24k  -  URL:
... then thought they knew of conditions on the Earth's nearest solar-system neighbor, scarcely half a dozen years were to pass between the publication of Worlds in Collision and the emergence of the first indications that its author was right and the astronomers wrong. And now that another 20 years have passed, it is clear not only that Velikovsky was right, but also that he was right for the right reason. To many astronomers and planetologists, Velikovsky's line of reasoning, even today, seems perverse in the extreme. Discarding almost every tenet of uniformitarianism, the upstart cosmogonist, Velikovsky, claimed that Venus was born of Jupiter in a violent episode less than 10,000 years ago; that it passed uneventfully in and out of the inner solar system as a comet for a number of millennia; that about 35 centuries ago it came into near-contact with the Earth, and then repeated the feat only half a century later; that after another few centuries it ejected Mars from an earlier orbit (so that Mars, following a new elliptical path, began to menace the Earth ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
230. For the Record. . . [Kronos $]
... and that climates have changed, these changes almost certainly were more gradual than Hapgood suggests. Most geologists, following the 'uniformitarian' point of view expounded in the 18th century by James Hutton and in the 19th by Charles Lyell, are satisfied that observable natural processes are quite adequate to explain the history of the earth. They agree, however, that these processes must have varied greatly in rate." Thus, Newell attempted to deny catastrophic authenticity regarding extinction and evolution by propounding the concept of "gradual catastrophes" or "varying uniformitarianism," once again demonstrating how science can squeeze or stretch pre-conceived notions into a procrustean bed of its own design. Newell could not accept violent and sudden global upheaval, whether terrestrially or extraterrestrially induced, as an extinctive mechanism, even though he was acutely aware of certain problems involving the subject of extinction. "It is striking that times of widespread extinction generally affected many quite unrelated groups in separate habitats. The parallelism of extinction between some of the aquatic and terrestrial groups is particularly remarkable" (emphasis added).. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
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