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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories

239 results found.

24 pages of results.
171. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... area the results will be the slow magma production seen at rifts such as the mid-Atlantic. Of course, so far this explanation begs the question as to what produces the initial thinning or rifting of the crust. It is admitted that a rising plume of extra hot mantle cannot explain this and that hot spots are not themselves responsible for rifting, but the authors are reluctant to consider theories such as impacting asteroids. In the face of many unanswered questions they are content to regard all volcanic outbursts as fitting easily within 'the framework of uniformitarianism'. The idea of decompression melting in association with spreading centres was first put forward in our pages by member David Slade (see Workshop 1988:1, pp. 42-3). Slade postulates not only that decompression melting is powered by the action of tides upon the Earth's crust, but also that it is this ceaseless repetitive action which causes the rifting in the first instance. Earthquake Electrics? source: New Scientist 28.10.89, p. 71 As we have reported before, scientists have correlated the timing of earthquakes along the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
172. Reconsidering Velikovsky [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... was Jewish. Velikovsky was a psychoanalyst and a pupil of a pupil of Freud, with whom he had corresponded and whom he had invited to Palestine. Freud's last book must have seemed like betrayal to Velikovsky, and his response was Oedipus and Akhnaton, as well as embarking on the research programme to redress the balance and put the Bible and the history of the Jews back where he thought they should be. The results we know as his other books which have inspired us to follow in his footsteps, and question 19th century uniformitarianism. Velikovsky's fight against orthodox science, according to Professor Wolfe, was his personal fight against Nazi ideology. After this tour de force, Gunnar Heinsohn dramatically recounted the circumstances of his birth during the War and his upbringing in stark contrast to Velikovsky's. He then echoed several of Irving Wolfe's points, adding some of his own. He said that racism was instigated by anti-Semitism and not the other way round. He reminded us that Wellhausen had lost his job as a result of his Bible criticism. He also referred to Totem ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  19k  -  URL:
173. The Birth of Planets [SIS C&C Review $]
... problem that has confronted all catastrophists in the past has been that of explaining the source of the catastrophes. Two hundred years ago and more, most geologists and other scientists were catastrophists. They accepted that the evidence of the fossil beds and the sedimentary layers spelt catastrophe; they accepted the teachings of the Bible, that there had been a Flood, or a series of floods, on the Noachian scale. But they could not explain how such floods on such a massive scale could occur. As a result of this failure, uniformitarianism came to dominate scientific thinking, though there has always been a small core of men who could not accept that such ideas were compatible with the data. Indeed, if anything the data acquired during the last two hundred years has indicated more and more strongly that such ideas are untenable. Despite this such ideas have held, but the holding of these ideas against the ever more contradictory evidence has generated a curious paradox. A new breed of uniformitarians has come into being- super-catastrophic uniformitarians! This breed drives the Sun with nuclear ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  30k  -  URL:
174. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... not yet come across this international best seller, yet have been intrigued by several mentions of Chaos theory in our Monitor section, this is a very comprehensive account of how the theory of chaos was developed and how it now affects scientific thought across all disciplines. You do not have to have a degree in higher mathematics to be able to understand the general principles and once you have understood them you will appreciate new dimensions to ideas of planetary and terrestrial catastrophe and the evolution of life. Chaos theory is the death knell to dogmatic uniformitarianism; this very readable book shows why. Earthquakes at Jericho New Scientist 6.7.91, pp. 45-48 Modern seismological and geological studies show that a rift along the Jordan valley forms the boundary between two of Earth's tectonic plates. The Arabian plate to the east is moving northwards and has left an historical, biblical and archaeological record of its effects. An earthquake in 1927 caused cracks in the ground, the sudden appearance of springs, a temporary damming of the river Jordan due to a mudslide and destruction of buildings in Jericho. A ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  55k  -  URL:
175. Paradigm Lost? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Here Sagan and Druyan follow the example of Sagan's previous wife, the biologist, Lynn Margulis, in suggesting that these may have arisen in the first instance as a result of symbiosis between two different types of simpler cells. Be that as it may, multicellular organisms soon followed and began to proliferate, but the course of evolution was to be disrupted by at least two major catastrophes. Until recently, that view would have been close to scientific heresy, and many still make the mistake of associating the catastrophist opponents of Charles Lyell's uniformitarianism with biblical fundamentalists. Not so Sagan and Druyan, who write: 'There were distinguished geologists who held that floods and other catastrophes might explain the Earth's landforms, but that the Noachic food wasn't enough. It would take many floods, many catastrophes. These scientific Catastrophists were comfortable with Lyell's long time scales. But for the biblical literalists Lyell posed an awkward problem. 'In turn, our present-day knowledge of events at the end of the Permian Period poses an awkward problem for those who support Lyell's view that 'the Earth has been ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  41k  -  URL:
176. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... automatically organise into critical states and catastrophic extinctions are a natural part of evolution. It also indicates that there will be large scale mutation in order to achieve maximum adaptation at these catastrophe, or punctuation, points and little during the equilibrium periods, yet the researchers still insist on calling this Darwinian evolution. It seems a far cry from the random mutation and continual ongoing natural selection of the traditional Darwinian theory to a scenario which suggests a positive, almost Lamarckian, drive for change when needed. Isn't it time scientists finally admitted that uniformitarianism is dead and that they themselves have killed it? Fossil with a sting in its tail The Sunday Times 21.11.93, pp. 26-27 A professional hunter of fossils among the Carboniferous deposits of Scotland keeps amazing palaeontologists with his finds. There was Lizzie the oldest lizard, the earliest harvestmen and millipedes, freshwater sharks and then a collection of terrestrial amphibia from a time when they were thought to have barely crawled out of the water. The latest find was a 2 foot wide scorpion's head, estimated to be from a 10 foot ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  40k  -  URL:
... the twentieth century that the idea of cosmic catastrophes was successfully revived by Velikovsky, albeit in the unexpected context of an implausible physical hypothesis involving planetary dynamical chaos: the idea that bodies as large and as old as the planets might have been diverted from their orbits through sequences of very unlikely close encounters- during the last few millennia. The circumstances surrounding this development were such that, while it was certainly possible in principle that both history and astronomy could have seriously and fundamentally diverged from reality as a result of nineteenth century enthusiasm for uniformitarianism, this speculative appeal to a highly implausible physical hypothesis merely served to muddy the catastrophic waters and provide the uniformitarian hypothesis in its declining years with an avoidable respite. Figure 2. Sixteenth century broadsheet from Augsburg on the occasion of the 1521 comet, signifying also the perceived apocalyptic hazard to civilisation (see Figure 1), with an appropriate official notice that private prognostications were not encouraged! It was not long, however, before the Space Age was providing valuable new evidence for asteroids in planet-crossing orbits and for impact craters throughout ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  47k  -  URL:
178. Chapter I: The Review [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... . However, in 1950, it was assumed and widely believed that all of the planets were formed in their present orbits several billion years ago. Orbital changes of planets were suggested by Velikovsky at a time when such suggestions were considered heresy. Much of the opposition to Velikovsky's work was based on the assumption that no changes had or could have occurred in the Solar System. Velikovsky has called it "a system without a history" according to orthodox cosmological theories of the pre-1950's. The idea of uniformity, or the theory of uniformitarianism, states that it is possible to explain all geological features on the earth today by processes now acting on the earth. It was thought that given enough time, gradual processes could shape the earth the way it is today. No agents external to the earth were required. A number of modern geologists realize that some features of the earth are more easily explained by random, rare, sudden events, and even natural agents external to the earth are suggested as the cause of some of these events. However, in 1950 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  29 Mar 2002  -  38k  -  URL:
179. The Continuing Evolution of Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... with many glossy illustrations in full colour. Stephen Jay Gould admits as much in the Preface to The Book of Life, but then goes on the offensive, arguing how important pictures have been (and still are) in shaping our perceptions about evolution. The written word is not ignored, however, with chapters contributed by such eminent evolutionary biologists as Michael Benton, John Sepkoski Jr., Christine Janis, Peter Andrews and Christopher Stringer. In the Introduction, which is intended to provide a perspective, Benton outlines the formulation of uniformitarianism (gradualism) and catastrophism in the early nineteenth century. There is no mention of the words 'religion' or 'dogma' in connection with the catastrophists, such as would have been inevitable only a few years ago. Instead, Benton simply comments: 'The first theory does explain a lot, but that does not exclude the possibilities raised by the second'. He continues: "Some of the boundaries between geological periods seem to represent mass extinction events whose causes have become a major target of research. Asteroid impacts are a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL:
... new research in many different academic fields.... The third part of the story is what has come to be known as the 'Velikovsky Affair' (to which Gordon Atwater's memoir adds a new chapter).... We begin with an exposition of catastrophism itself.. most of the scientific evidence of the last 40 years in astronomy, archaeology, geology and ancient history.. favours some sort of catastrophism. It is no longer forbidden.. [but is now a legitimate option in scientific theory, while uniformitarianism is coming more and more to be seen as a myth.... Nature is punctuated, which means it alternates between stability and chaos... Nowhere in the history of faunal, floral, mineral or meteorological life on earth do we find an uninterrupted and unchanging continuum... Because we see change everywhere, always accompanied by evidence of catastrophe, we believe it to be a virtual law that all history is propelled by change and that all change is caused by catastrophe. This is true not merely in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL:
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