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24 pages of results.
161. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... but unfortunately this comes in the paragraph headed "Cataclysmes Imaginaire". Thirty-three years on, and a whole year after Clube and Napier published their book featuring historical cosmic catastrophes, the Velikovsky Affair continues. Catastrophist Geology? source: NEW SCIENTIST 9.6.83, p, 704 An interdisciplinary meeting of geologists at the Dahlem conference in Berlin in May was convened to consider the history of the Earth with a particular emphasis on what the various subdisciplines do not know and how they may assist each other in future. Far from the expected affirmation of uniformitarianism, many geologists are now turned heretic, and rejection was the order of the day. There seems little hope, however, that the "lunatic fringe" of catastrophists will receive much laudatory acknowledgement as the new breed of geologist is capable of dreaming up revolutionary new (sic) theories all by himself. It is now happily accepted that events on Earth have been influenced by "impacts of asteroids and meteorites and various galactic, orbital and solar events". It was basically agreed that world biology could be affected by ETs ...
162. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... of a hitherto unknown companion star to the Sun (see WORKSHOP 6:1, pp.3-5). If the idea is correct Gould will "be so pleased" because his science of palaeontology "will have been directly responsible for inciting the greatest revision of cosmology in our space of the Universe since Galileo." William Corliss, reporting on Gould's similar conclusion after a study of pre-Cambrian life forms ('The Ediacaran Experiment') also comments with some surprise: "Punctuated equilibrium and a theory of mass extinction; what a philosophical leap from Uniformitarianism!" We would like to suggest that Gould re-reads WORLDS IN COLLISION and EARTH IN UPHEAVAL and his own EVER SINCE DARWIN, and if he cannot bring himself to an apology, at least he might spare a blush. Reverse Plate Tectonics? source: NEW SCIENTIST 1.11.84, p.20 The theory of plate tectonics usually presents plate movements as being powered by an outward flow of new ocean floor material welling up in giant convection currents of magma. The plate, and any continental material upon it is therefore being pushed away from a ...
163. Early Historic Man - Catastrophism and Calendars [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... climate. The Atlantic Period was a warmish and wet period. It was followed between 3200 and 750 BC by the sub-Boreal Period; it was cool but is subdivided generally into three levels, drier or colder, and then in 750 BC we arrive at the sub-Atlantic which is our present climate, but which around that time was really a very big and sudden degradation of the climate, and much wetter than were all the periods before. By climatologists it is generally accepted that the climates varied gradually, following the sacred laws of Uniformitarianism. But in 750 BC, they accept nevertheless that the onset of the sub-Atlantic climate was abrupt. If that climatic change was abrupt, why shouldn't the others have been abrupt? And it can be shown that they were abrupt, because now we pass from palaeoclimatology to archaeology. Archaeology shows us that historical periods have always arrived at their end in catastrophic conditions, and no-one more than Claude Schaeffer (who was a friend of mine, whom I have known very well) has shown in his book, Stratigraphie Comparee which ...
164. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... find in the northern Yukon Territory which indicates that perhaps early man was present and shaping bone tools over 100,000 years ago. Many archaeologists consider than man only entered North America 12,000 years ago and question the dating interpretation of these finds, but there are other bone tools "very dependably dated" to 25,000 and 30,000 years ago. In general, the book provides a painless and artistically appealing introduction to plate tectonic theory. More importantly. it inadvertently shows that far from being the ultimate in uniformitarianism this theory holds much potential for the catastrophist. Jill Abery, 1987 Gunnar Heinsohn's Mesopotamian Historiography [Sumerians and Akkadians Never Existed- from the Ghost Empires of the Textbooks to the Reconstruction of Real Historiography in the "Cradle of Civilization", Southern Mesopotamia (1986) In his plan for the reconstruction of Mesopotamian chronology, Gunnar Heinsohn shows every sign of doing for Assyrian and Chaldean history what Velikovsky did for Egyptian and Hebrew history. His treatment of what, at the best of times, can be an extremely confusing subject is ...
165. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... plate tectonic theory, geologists seem to have subtly altered their phraseology. An account of the formation of the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes happily talks about "upheavals", and their time scales are altering, too. One major upheaval occurred between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago; another movement in the crust just before 30,000 years ago raised and folded the land. It is taken for granted that nothing happens gradually any more: uplift is "episodic" and is followed by "intensive erosion". Uniformitarianism seems to have had its day, although they haven't admitted as much: when, we ask, will this filter through to the level of assumptions? Ice Core Errors source: New Scientist 9.7.87, p.27 Two volcanic eruptions in the early 19th century are well attested: that of Tambora in 1815 and that of Galunggung in 1822. The Antarctic ice core records of volcanism (acid maxima, etc) show two significant volcanic events from about that time- and the scientists automatically assumed they had identified the eruptions in the ice ...
166. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... . This same giant asteroid may also have sparked off a global fire according to more evidence reported in Nature. High concentrations of soot have now been found in the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary layer in Denmark and New Zealand. In addition, the boundary is rich in organic carbon and nitrogen indicating sudden massive plankton death followed by acid rain. Climatic flips source: New Scientist 9.6.88, p. 48 At last someone has started to consider mathematical 'catastrophe theory' in relation to at least one other science. Ultimately it will surely be realised that uniformitarianism can no longer rule in any discipline. The breakthrough comes in climatology where researchers have suggested that the Earth's climate may have two or more stable states for any given set of conditions, e.g. with a particular concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere Earth may be stable with or without an ice cap. As the CO 2 level gradually changes it could reach a point at which it flips into the other state. These 'catastrophic' climatic changes could explain many of the major extinction events. However, it still leaves the ...
167. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... is an account of each of the main periods of geological history, in chronological order, showing how changing patterns of life on Earth are related to environmental changes. It must be admitted, though, that in some ways Stanley seems to be less perceptive than Gould. The only specific mention of catastrophism, for instance, is as a pre-nineteenth century concept associated with the operation of supernatural forces. Gould, on the other hand, readily appreciates that catastrophism (albeit without the supernatural element) is very much a part of modern uniformitarianism, not an alternative to it. Nowhere is this more apparent than with the extinctions that pervade Earth and Life through Time, and form the subject of the whole of the later book. In a sense, that is implicit in dividing the stratigraphical record into periods, each characterised by different flora and fauna. Norman Newell, in his 1962 Presidential Address to the Paleontological Society, pointed out that the stratigraphic record is punctuated 'by numerous brief episodes of mass extinction of organisms followed by invasions of new forms into vacated ecological zones ...
168. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... xy for the 'time clock zone'. Do Dalrymple and the other geochronologists want to continue to 'sweep under the rug' this important fact? If not, let them come up with a better explanation for the alteration zone. At the same time they ought to come up with an explanation for how the different geologic formations all differ in chemical composition. This fact is readily evident in recognition of the 'zone melting' principle and the ice cap model of continental shift. However, it is in direct conflict with the doctrine of uniformitarianism. Melvin A. Cook, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Our Intelligent Ancestors? Dear Sir, I felt it was a pity that Rene Gallant should have slightly compromised his otherwise excellent Talk (reported in Workshop 1987:1, pp. 27-33) by subscribing to the myth that prehistoric man was as intelligent as we are. The extract of his Talk states: "... it is generally accepted that prehistoric man... Neolithic man was as intelligent as we [are, the only difference is ...
169. On the Disproportion between Geological Time and Historical Time. Part Two - of Earth, Fire and Water [SIS C&C Review $]
... repercussions world-wide. Nonetheless, in comparison with the cataclysm which left its testimony in the rocks of the Palaeozoic they are scarcely significant, and there is no possibility that orthodox science will recognise that catastrophe. Despite the theory of evolution, a leopard cannot change its spots, and to the extent that it is a priesthood, science will never allow the great antiquity of the Earth to be questioned. The present 'neocatastrophism', which concentrates on the abundance of iridium in a few centimetres of clay at the K-T boundary, is simply uniformitarianism with a new set of blinkers. Notes and References 1. Many scientists have considered the possibility that the speed of light may have changed over time (T. Wilkie: in New Scientist 27.10.83, pp. 258-63). In 1931 M. E. J. Gheury de Bray asked: 'If the velocity of light is constant, how is it that, INVARIABLY, new determinations give values which are lower than the last one obtained?... There are twenty-two coincidences in favour of a decrease of the velocity ...
170. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... clearly shows, there was massive sea-floor spreading during the Tertiary Period. Even the gaps in the sea invasion of south Australia on the maps below seem to be matched by equal inactive parts of the ridge on the map in Gaskell's book. The Scriptures say these events took place over a period of five months, as noted above, but conventional geology claims these seas crept over and regressed back from the continents at the uniform rate of '18 miles per million years'. Thanks to Lyell, the High Priest of this kind of uniformitarianism, the Noachian Deluge is stretched out over 70 million years. Any legendary Mr Noah would not have ever seen a raindrop, let alone known what a rainstorm was! If the sea invasion of southern Australia was caused by tsunamis (waves generated by undersea volcanic eruptions) then what caused the massive rainstorms? If all the water in our present atmosphere were precipitated it would only suffice to cover the ground to an average depth of less than two inches (C. S. Fox: Water, p. XX [N ...
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