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24 pages of results.
141. The Case for Catastrophe in Historical Times [Kronos $]
... can be allocated a chronological date by the same means. A two-pronged case for catastrophe in historical times, specifically relating to circa 2300 BC, has been presented- and the time is ripe for debate. POSTSCRIPT The attentive reader will note the re-appearance of many themes with a striking similarity to those used by Immanuel Velikovsky, and a conclusion which is supportive of his cosmic catastrophe hypotheses as published in 1950 in Worlds in Collision. This writer has had a big advantage, for the establishment of science is no longer totally committed to uniformitarianism. Now that catastrophism is becoming respectable, and the case for historical catastrophe has been presented as ripe for debating, one can foresee a time when Velikovsky will be given his due credit. Nowhere is this more apposite than in his own field, that of psychoanalysis, and special attention should be paid to a re-examination of his analyses of myth and legend. Finally, although my hypothesis lends very strong support to Velikovsky's cosmic catastrophe hypotheses, one point of difference must be stressed. "Nin-me-sar-ra" was unquestionably written a very ...
142. The Milankovitch Theory of the Ice Ages [Kronos $]
... ). This work has been translated into English as Canon of Insolation and the Ice-Age Problem (Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1969); see pages xx-xxiii for a list of Milankovitch's numerous other publications on these subjects. It is regrettable that more recent defenders of the Milankovitch theory have abandoned much of the tentativeness and caution that were exhibited by Milankovitch himself. It is even more regrettable that catastrophists have hitherto shunned the theory, apparently on the grounds that it is somehow tainted because it has been used in defense of uniformitarianism. As we shall see, however, there is nothing to prevent catastrophists from simply latching on to the theory and using it for their own purposes. Indeed, the essentials of Milankovitch's work will no doubt endure, no matter how the struggle between uniformitarians and catastrophists turns out: the prevailing side will still need a Milankovitch-type account of the effects that changing conditions of insolation have upon climate. AN EXPLANANS IN SEARCH OF AN EXPLANANDUM For some decades, there was little geological evidence regarding the sequence of ice ages that the Milankovitch ...
143. Letters [Pensee]
... , etc., Rutherford's pioneering work in nuclear bombardments, the developments of nuclear theory and nuclear energy, the rapidly emerging theory (as a result of the combined efforts of nuclear physicists and astrophysicists) of the formation and evolution of stars, radio and x-ray objects in space, etc., etc. From the twenties, a constantly hammered at theme had been the vast amount we don't yet know. Finally, there is a good deal of over-interpretation of the "doctrine" (a very poor and unfair word) of uniformitarianism; it does not rule out catastrophes. It is used in an exaggerated way. To sum up, if scientists have been unfair to people like Velikovsky, many of your contributors are being at least that much unfair to scientists. Philip S. Riggs Professor of Astronomy Drake University Des Moines, Iowa FOOTNOTE QUESTIONED To The Editor: Since 1965 1 have enjoyed the Velikovsky texts and was most pleased to read (Pensee, May, 1972) of the current effort to compile all the bibliographic material used by Velikovsky in his ...
144. Review, Notes and Letters [Pensee]
... Fall, 1972 issue, p. 36) that "a man cannot wear the mantle of Galileo" simply because he is rejected by the establishment. Nevertheless, even if Velikovsky were wrong, the conduct of the establishment bears too many close parallels to the Galileo case to be so readily discounted. Galileo's opposition, it may be noted, objected not only to his alleged conflict with the Bible but even more to his rejection of Aristotle's Physics --which to the ecclesiastical establishment of that day was as much a sacred cow as Lyell's uniformitarianism today. Loren Eisely (ibid. p. 38) describes catastrophism as an expression of man's "romantic" tendencies. Yet evidences of catastrophism abound all around us, while it would be hard to find more sheer romanticism than in the lyric descriptions characteristic of uniformitarianism-the "wary pioneers," the "endless small accretions," etc., to quote Eiseley's own phrases. From such philosophy masquerading as hard science, Lord deliver us. If and when we are delivered, doubtless men like Shapley and Urey will be saying ...
145. "VELIKOVSKY AND THE RECENT HISTORY OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM" [Pensee]
... researchers not necessarily agreeing with all of Velikovsky's theses, but convinced that he has raised many I en questions worth examining. Open questions abounded during the proceedings: Is the radioactive decay "constant" really constant? (Most likely not, according to Dr. John Lynde Anderson.) Could planetary orbits have reversed their order of distance from the Sun in historical times? (Yes, if you are listening to Prof. Robert W. Bass, celestial mechanician.) Do the megalithic monuments in the United Kingdom bespeak catastrophes or uniformitarianism? (More research is needed, says Scotland's Dr. Euan MacKie.) Do the ancient Mesoamerican civilizations and folklore show evidence of Velikovskian catastrophes? (The case is good, claims Dr. William Mullen.) "Catastrophism has in recent years emerged as an interesting and respectable alternative to theories based on a uniformitarian viewpoint of planetary history. While we do not necessarily subscribe to the Velikovsky reconstruction of events in the Solar System within historic times, we do recognize Velikovsky's central contribution in establishing the possible role of catastrophic events ...
146. Megalithic Astronomy and Catastrophism [Pensee]
... fragments in doing so. Of course these scattered facts may mean nothing when considered together or they may mean a great deal. There is not yet enough hard data available and there will not be until the fall of the snapped stones at the British sites is dated by radiocarbon (by lifting the slabs in controlled Archaeological excavations and looking for charcoal or peat underneath). Figure 11. Le Grande Menhir brisť, at Locmariaquer, Brittany. This problem provides another good illustration of the maxim that, where the conflict between catastrophism and uniformitarianism is concerned, "absence of evidence is not evidence of absence." The evidence for or against one or more universal destructions of the standing stone sites may be waiting to be collected at the sites themselves, but it is not available yet because the appropriate questions have not even been asked until now, let alone followed up with fieldwork. It is a maxim that interested scientists and scholars, on both sides, should constantly bear in mind --particularly those who believe that mathematics can unlock the secrets of the past without the ...
147. Why Pensee? [Pensee]
... permanent subtitle, "a journal of interdisciplinary studies." We expect to remain the journal reporting on and publishing what may be termed "Velikovskian research" (although we are hopeful that the not-too-distant future will see other journals springing up in response to the great diversity of such research now underway). However, our coverage will broaden to encompass evidences for and against catastrophism in general; new investigations throwing light on the recent history of the Solar System, including Earth, and on man's past; in-depth examination of the underpinnings supporting uniformitarianism and conventional evolutionary theory; and bold efforts to spotlight scientific misbehavior and delineate the nature of the scientific process. We are aware of a tension between two ideals: on the one hand, we seek to keep the contents of Pensee within reach of the non-specialized reader who lacks extensive scientific training; on the other hand, as our writers probe the issues ever more deeply, there is natural tendency for articles to become increasingly complex and technical. We have not always maintained the desired balance. However, we now pledge to ...
148. Planetary Observations of the T'ang Dynasty [SIS C&C Review $]
... ? Aren't all these anomalies rather suspicious? No. If all, or most, of the observations were anomalous, suspicions would be raised but, as analysis will show, most of the observations seem legitimate. Without astronomical instrumentation, how accurate can the T'ang observations be? If one were trying to plot precise orbits, these observations would be mostly useless. Because of their use of astronomical instruments, later observations from the Middle East are more helpful. Nevertheless, if only by providing a gross check on the canons of planetary uniformitarianism, the T'ang observations are valuable. If planetary positional anomalies did occur during the T'ang Dynasty, wouldn't there be obvious records of worldwide cataclysms? In general, my research indicates that planetary anomalies seem to be self-correcting and do not necessarily cause systemic chaos. Planets seem to be able to jump around or misbehave without totally wrecking their surroundings but this does not mean that these jumps happen cleanly; some disruptions may occur. This problem is discussed in greater detail below. Reviewing the Observations The T'ang observers caught their planetary game in ...
149. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... mention a few major book releases which showed that the possibility of cosmic catastrophism in recent historical times is being taken seriously by more establishment figures but then he moved on to an entirely different topic which made his audience sit up, a trifle disconcerted. In his research Benny had come across matters which had shattered his previous views of Velikovsky. It had long been appreciated that Velikovsky had many predecessors in the field of cosmic catastrophism; Velikovsky himself had acknowledged several. Their brand of catastrophism had, however, been largely eclipsed by the uniformitarianism which prevailed with the general acceptance of Darwin's theory of evolution. Velikovsky was therefore hailed as the re-inventor of catastrophism. There was, however, a reference in Alfred de Grazia's Cosmic Heretics to a William Comyns Beaumont. Beaumont had some fanciful ideas that the Egyptian dynasties had been in Wales and the real Jerusalem was Edinburgh, a thought which amused our Scottish editor. More to the point though, between 1925 and 1946, many years before Velikovsky published Worlds in Collision, Beaumont published 3 books on planetary catastrophes in which 25 ...
150. Origins: Today's Science, Tomorrow's Myth, by James E. Strickling [SIS C&C Review $]
... awareness of current scientific developments and put forward much stronger, more rational arguments, than are found in Origins. Advertisment ORIGINS- Today's Science, Tomorrow's Myth ©1996 James E. Strickling Contrary to a recent editorial viewpoint in EARTH Magazine [February 1997 that the notion of terrestrial catastrophism being natural and repeated "is new," readers of this journal know better. Investigators following the legacy of Immanuel Velikovsky have been working outside the ranks of "orthodox science," and their results/interpretations have been suppressed for the sake of uniformitarianism/gradualism- a charge that is well-documented. (In what appeared to be a purely emotional reaction to this charge, the editor of EARTH refused to run an ad for ORIGINS- Worlds in CollisionToday's Science, Tomorrow's Myth.) Today these investigators continue to be ignored as a narrow-view "in-house catastrophism" continues to gain ground. But there are mysteries about our planet and its inhabitants that will never be explained from within contemporary science's worldview: What can Darwinism say about the "evolution" of insect metamorphosis? What can ...
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