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196 results found.
20 pages of results.
91. A Question of Logic [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Ay unspecified (traditionally four). A count back yields: Ay about -833 to 830 Tutankhamun about -839 to 833 Akhnaton about -855 to 839 While no reign length is ascribed to Amunhotep Ill, his normal thirty-six or more years is inferred. This of itself takes one back to about -881. Thesis 87 notes that Palestine became a protectorate in the days of Thutmose IV in fear of conquest by Ashurnasirpal. This dismisses the date of -881, since Thutmose IV must rule after this, his inferred dates astride or after the Great Syrian Raid of -877. To meet Velikovsky's requirements it seems a shorter reign must be allotted to Amunhotep III (against all evidence), an overlap with Akhnaton must be accepted, or we must await further information. A point to be considered is whether Thutmose IV married the daughter of Artatama before or after becoming pharaoh, since this affects the age of Amunhotep III at succession-- and consequently our view of his reign. More recently a letter from Velikovsky to the author places the siege of Megiddo at about -940. 3 ...
92. Untitled [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... was uncovered in the same area and they contribute to establishing such a date. The text itself has been presented in hand copy, transliteration, translation, and commentary by David Owen in the journal Tel Aviv (Vol. 8, 1981, pp. 1-17). Nineteen lines of text occur on the front side of the tablet, fifteen lines on its back, and it is also written upon along the margins. The text consists of a letter written in Akkadian by Takuhlina, prefect of the city of Ugarit on the Syrian coast to the north, to Haya, a high-ranking Egyptian official who may have been in residence at Aphek. According to traditional interpretations of Egyptian history, Egypt still possessed an Asiatic empire during the nineteenth dynasty in the thirteenth century, which explains the presence of an Egyptian official here at this time. The letter follows a relatively standard format for diplomatic correspondence of the period, known from discoveries elsewhere-- especially Ugarit. After greetings, salutations, and blessings, Takuhlina turns to a series of five messages dealing mainly with ...
93. Bibliography [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... et al., The Late Cypriote Bronze Age: Other Arts and Crafts (Swedish Cyprus Expedition (henceforth SCE) IV. 1D) (Lund, 1972) B Barnett, R., A Catalogue of the Nimrud ivories (London, 1957) Barnett, R., ? Early Greek and Oriental Ivories,? Journal of Hellenic Studies, 68 (1948) Barnett, R., ? Nimrud Ivories and the Art of the Phoenicians,? Iraq, 2 (1935) Barnett, R., ? Phoenician and Syrian Ivory Carving,? PEFQ, 1939 Barron, J., Greek Sculpture (New York, 1970) Beck, C.W. et al., ? Analysis and Provenience of Minoan and Mycenaean Amber, II Tiryns,? Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies (Henceforth GRBS), 9 (1968) Benson, J. L., ? Bronze Tripods from Koran,? GRBS, 3 (1960) Benson, J. L., Horse, Bird &Man (Amherst, 1970) Benton, S., ...
94. The Albrecht/Glueck-Aharoni/Rothenberg Confrontation [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... gives dynasty XXIII an origin two or three decades earlier than currently accepted. A date for the beginning of dynasty XXIII may thus be recognized in the era of the First Olympiad as stated in the note inserted in Manetho's list by Africanus. 52 This synchronism was disregarded by the conventional scheme and was also disregarded by Velikovsky in his proposed revision. This rearrangement of the late dynasties rejects the sequence between dynasties XXII and XXIII as held conventionally. Dynasty XXII was neither Assyrian nor Libyan. It was evidently an usurper dynasty, probably of Syrian origin, which had taken control of some limited but undefined territory in the delta region. The background is hence purely local to that area. Dynasty XXII has long been the source of a major problem. Scholars seem to have learned to live with a proposed placement that is anything but unequivocal. Some early investigators recognized an Assyrian origin of the dynasty on the basis of the obvious Assyrian king names. 53 The dating of the dynasty was adjusted to allow that Sheshonk I be identified with Shishak of Scripture who sacked Solomon's temple ...
95. Metallurgy and Chronology [Pensee]
... the latter place to Assurnasirpil in Nineveh. This region was within the dominion of the Chaldeans; we would therefore expect to find mention of iron already in the earlier portions of the Boghazkeui archives. And in fact there is "a long list of mentions of iron in these documents, which reach down to the end of the Hittite Empire about -1200... Here iron is the common metal, not the bronze to which one is accustomed in other lands of the Near East" (18). The Phoenicians of the Syrian shore, because of their closeness to Cyprus with its rich copper mines, were not fond of ironwork, though iron, too, was occasionally worked there in small quantities. It is no wonder that most of the metal found in Ras Shamra across the strait from Cyprus was bronze; yet rusted iron objects were found in Ras Shamra too (19). One of the main arguments in support of the theory that the Mycennaean Age antedated that of the Homeric epics is based on the assumption that the Mycenaean tombs belong to ...
96. THE LATELY TORTURED EARTH: PART V: RIFTS, RAFTS AND BASINS: 22.Fractures and Cleavages [Quantavolution Website]
... fracture cut through the continental mass then occupying the Gulf of Mexico and lost itself in the inchoate molten mass occupying the blasted crater of the fissioned Moon material. It may scarcely be perceived to end at the West Pacific Rise (rupture). The eastern thrust moved, however, through the "Mediterranean" and "Near East" then through a blast area which soon was overrun by a jumble of lands moving southwards. Finally major rifts struck out from the Tethyan fracture north and south. On the south a Mediterranean and a Syrian fracture join the Red Sea rift and continue south across East Africa to join the proto-Indian fork. In proportion to a number of submarine fissures, this rift was a moderate addition to the world fracture system. Africans of the Rift countries retain legends of great structural changes in their land. To their stories are to be added similar Arab and Hebrew stories. From the beginning to the end, the fracture system might have been the work of a day; geophysicist Cook speaks in terms of hours. It conceivably inspired the " ...
97. The Mythical History of the Comet Venus (Part I) [Aeon Journal $]
... in the general tradition noted by Jung, the dove is a common symbol for the soul. (61) Sophia, the animating female soul, takes the form of a dove, (62) and the psyche (compare the goddess Psyche) was depicted on Greek vases as a bird. In Gypsy legends, the souls of women turn into doves. (63) In Christian myth the souls of saints become doves, (64) and the dove is also the symbol of the Holy Ghost. (65) The Syrian goddess Semiramis was changed into a dove, (66) while the Queen of Sheba was the "radiant white dove." (67) In Roman iconography the soul appears as a dove, and the Latin ayes meant both "birds" and "ancestral spirits." Among the Japanese, "There was evidendy a belief that the souls of the dead were transformed into white birds and flew off." (68) In the same way, Slavic tradition holds that, at death, the soul turns into a ...
98. The Stone of Shamir (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... to set the various dyes. These same techniques were similarly treated by pseudo-Democritus in his Physica et Mystica, even though his writing has been expanded upon in subsequent centuries by later workers.(5) This pseudo-Democritus may have flourished in the third century, but might have been a contemporary of' Pliny in the first century since the latter mentioned two persons named Democritus. Nevertheless, pseudo-Democritus belonged to the Alexandrian school of Neoplatonists and was not the philosopher. Democritus of Abdera. who first propounded an atomic theory. There is a Syrian manuscript dating from the fifteenth century at the University of Cambridge (Ms. M.M. 6.29), containing a treatise attributed to Zosimos, who was one of the most important Alexandrian Greek alchemists living at the end of the third and beginning of the fourth century, and who considered pseudo-Democritus as a great authority. The biggest volume of known Greek influence apparently came from Zosimos, who also seemed to mix indiscriminately clear, pragmatic subjects with the more mystical, obscure material, and thus set the stage for the approach of later ...
99. The Lord Of Light [Aeon Journal $]
... birth has been the subject of endless discussion. Suffice it to say that one major tradition ascribes Jesus' birthplace to a cave in the city of Bethlehem. (9) Among the pagan gods, Zeus, Mithras, Dionysus, and Hermes were also reputed to have been born in a cave (10) while in faraway Afghanistan a depiction of the Buddha's Nativity may also contain a cognate of the Mithraic cave. (11) Jerome informs us that the very cave in which Jesus was born was once the sanctuary of the Syrian Adonis or Tammuz, with its sacred grove nearby; and in the cave where once the Christ Child whimpered, lamentations were sounded for the beloved of Ishtar also called Astarte. (12) The birth of Jesus in the cave of Adonis-Tammuz, whether by accident or design, true or apocryphal, nonetheless brought the Christ Child into a syncretic position relative to the two other deities and as such was ultimately heir to, and absorber of, their divine aspects. In certain texts, the god Tammuz is referred to as " ...
100. The Hebrew Patriarchs in Greek Tradition (Part I) [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... another wife, Rheumah, which name means 'exalted'. Rheumah had borne Nahor four children. There do not seem to be any obvious traditions about her, but it may be relevant that most of her children settled in Syria. The youngest of them was Bethuel. There is, likewise, no tradition to connect Bethuel with any abduction or residence in Egypt as is claimed by the most popular tradition about Epaphus. But in all the accounts, Epaphus is specifically linked with Syria, as was Bethuel who twice was called 'The Syrian' [Genesis 25:20& 28:5. Now Epaphus had two children- Lybya and Lynsianassa while Bethuel also had two children- Rebekah and Laban. LYBYA the daughter of Epaphus bore twin sons to Poseidon. These twins, Agenor and Belus, hated each other from birth. REBEKAH the daughter of Bethuel bore twin sons to Isaac. According to various traditions, these twins, Esau and Jacob, hated each other from birth. AGENOR was a king in Phoenicia (transl. 'Blood-Red' [27) and ...
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