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Search results for: stratigraph* in all categories
424 results found.
43 pages of results.
171. The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Aegean, and the Bronze Age eruption of the Thera Volcano. (9) Russell, J. K.& Stasiuk, M. V.J., Ground-Penetrating Radar mapping of Minoan volcanic deposits and the Late Bronze Age paleotopography, Thera, Greece. (10) Cioni, R., Gurioli, L., Sbrana, A.& Vougioukalakis, G., Precursory phenomena and destructive events related to the Late Bronze Age Minoan (Thera, Greece) and 79AD (Vesuvius, Italy) Plinian eruptions. Inferences from the stratigraphy in the archaeological areas. (11) Pareschi, M. T., Stefani, G., Varone, A., Cavarra, L., Giannini, F.& Meriggi, A., A Gis for the archaeological area of Pompeii. (12) Cioni, R., Levi, S.& Sulpizio, R., Apulian Bronze Age pottery as a long distance indicator of the Avellino Pumice Eruption (Vesuvius, Italy). (13) Chester, D. K., Duncan, ...
172. Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences [SIS Internet Digest $]
... revision of the dates given to Iron Age strata. Conversely, anomalies in the current Iron Age chronology may be indicators that all is not well with the conventional chronology of Egypt. In fact a number of anomalies point consistently to the need for a major chronological revision from which Egypt cannot escape. The Iron Age and the New Chronology by Robert M. Porter: Recent developments in Iron Age chronology are instigating fresh discussion and debate over previously accepted synchronisms between the Divided Monarchy Period (as handed down through biblical history) and the stratigraphy of ancient Palestine. In addition to pointing out problems with the conventional dating scheme, Bob Porter attempts to place the archaeological evidence into the framework of the New Chronology, suggesting revised dates for the sub-periods of the Iron Age in Palestine. The Chronology of Ancient Assyria Re-assessed: Parts 1 and 2 by Bernard Newgrosh: The modern reconstruction of the history of ancient Assyria is re-examined with particular emphasis on the two major sources, the eponym canon and the king lists. A previously unnoticed divergence is highlighted for the chronology of the ...
173. Cosmos & Chronos Symposium report [SIS Internet Digest $]
... /configurations have exact matches in the 4th century B.C. Of the two which don't match, one of the "misses" (off by one day) could easily have been due to cloudy weather conditions, and the other may be an ambiguous interpretation of the phrase "down to". Does "Down to x" mean "down to and including x" or does it mean "down to, but not including x?" One of the problems of dating Egyptian ruins is the fact that many sites have no stratigraphy-- the new sites are often built on virgin ground, not on top of old sites. Most of the Kinglists (" carved in stone") support the traditional dating. Lynn Rose suggests that this is misleading because the kinglists could easily have been added by later Alexandrians as "restorations" of Egyptian history as they "knew" it, or as they "desired" it to read. Ptolemy II was especially known for his restoration work. If the down-dating is to be considered accurate, all of the ...
174. Sequence and events [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Hebrew, as given by Josephus after the 12th dynasty, and Amalekite at the same time nor even at different time periods? If you look at the traditional period of Hebrew rule of Egypt after the 12th dynasty and call that Hyksos, then that is Bronze. traditional conventional Middle kingdom Hebrews= Manetho's 15th dynasty Hyksos Moses born New Kingdom Exodus Rameses II Judges- Eli Late kingdom Rehoboam Jehoboam Sheshonk I The needed correction IMO is that 21st-23rd Egyptian dynasties are the Hyksos/Amalekite that began ruling Egypt after the Exodus. Clark: Stratigraphically, the Hyksos period is Middle Bronze IIB-C.... this means that for Velikovsky the Venus disaster must have come in Middle Bronze I or earlier, with the Middle Bronze ending in the -11th century with the collapse of Amalekite (Hyksos) power. By not coordinating his revision with the archaelogical record, Velikovsky caused himself tremendous problems. Of course, this method also allowed him to sidestep the problem of the missing archaeology of Biblical Israel. James: If the archaeological strata gives a different order and sequence of dynasties ...
175. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... tunnel and inscription were late Persian period. Finkelstein's Theories Another new theory is also looking weaker following publication of an opposing view. I reported in C&CR 1996:1 p. 35 on two articles by Israel Finkelstein which suggested shifts of 50- 100 years in the archaeology of the 12th to 9th centuries. Thus Solomon is deprived of his 'Solomonic' gates and Iron Age IIA pottery, and the Philistine settlement was postponed until 50 years after their famous battle with Ramesses III. Finkelstein followed up with a third article 'The Stratigraphy and Chronology of Megiddo and Beth-Shan in the 12th- 11th Centuries BCE' [Tel Aviv 23 (1996) pp. 170-184. The article attempts to fit these two sites to his lowered chronology for Philstine pottery (Philistine monchrome [or IIIC1b now starting c. 1130 BC, and Philistine bichrome starting c. 1100 BC) and Iron IIA pottery (starting c. 900 instead of c.1000 BC). Finkelstein contrasts the presence of monchrome (Cypriot version) at Beth-Shan and the lack of it at Megiddo, and the ...
176. Catastrophic Events & Mass Extinctions [SIS Internet Digest $]
... if the observed changes in the biological record show evidence of very short-term events other than the K-T boundary event. Current studies of the most profound extinction event in Earth's history, at the end of the Permian, indicated a much shorter time frame for this event than earlier data had suggested, with significant associated geochemical anomalies. The cause for this global catastrophe is currently unknown, but speculations center on massive volcanism or cometary impact. Other boundaries and short-term events (e.g., late Devonian, Triassic-Jurassic, late Eocene) in the stratigraphic record of the Earth are now receiving unprecedented attention. Thus, we feel that the time has come to summarize and discuss the current state of knowledge of the character and causes of mass extinctions and catastrophic events in the history of our planet. ...
177. Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man [SIS C&C Review $]
... this manner by a qualified archaeologist who is also a geologist and metallurgist shows that high technology originates outside the Fertile Crescent, and stands conventional thinking on its head. The Gordion Knot of Manetho's dynastic system is thus cut, and a more sensible chronology proposed for the Aegean and Near East. Great trading empires are shown stretching from Europe to the Indus, linked to the important period of Mycenaean and Hyksos international prosperity. As an everyday reference book on the sources of the rare elements, on analyses, metallurgy, glazing and the stratigraphy of the major archaeological sites- the reports of most having been long out-of-print- it will be invaluable. Sections deal with the source of the silver of Sargon of Agade, with the definition of Egyptian Blue or kyanos, with Carbon 14 dating and with the important technique of lead isotope analysis. 'It deserves to grace departmental libraries in a number of fields, including archaeology, art history, geology, chemistry and metallurgy. Beautifully produced and copiously illustrated, it satisfies an urgent need- mainly on the part of archaeologists- ...
178. Proceedings of the 2nd SIS Cambridge Conference [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Cosmic Catastrophes.. Marie-Agnès Courty: The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 B.P in the Middle East. M. G. L. Baillie: Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring dated Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age. Benny J. Peiser: Comparative Analysis of Late Holocene Environmental and Social Upheaval: Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC. Amos Nur: The Collapse of Ancient Societies by Great Earthquakes. Lars G. Franzén and Thomas B. Larsson: Landscape Analysis and stratigraphical and geochemical Investigations of Playa and alluvial Fan Sediments in Tunesia and raised Bog Deposits in Sweden. Bas van Geel, Oleg M. Raspopov, Johannes van der Plicht, Hans Renssen: Solar forcing of abrupt Climate Change around 850 calendar years BC. Euan MacKie: Can European Prehistory Detect Large-Scale Natural Disasters? Gunnar Heinsohn: The Catastrophic Emergence of Civilization: The Coming of Blood Sacrifice in the Bronze Age Cultures. David W. Pankenier: Heaven-Sent: Understanding Cosmic Disaster in Chinese Myth and History. William Mullen: The Agenda ...
179. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... a wiggle in the calibration curve). The Irish dendrochronological aberration at 1628BC has not been proven to relate to Thera. Bietak in his new book Avaris... (British Museum, 1996) is scathing about the implications of the high date for Thera, saying that it would mean inserting 130 years into Egyptian history and that 'Currently no Egyptologist would accept such a proposition' (p. 76). Scientific analysis has now confirmed that the Tell Daba pumice blocks were washed to Egypt from Thera. However, from their stratigraphic position at Daba, in an area exceptionally well dated by a sequence of royal scarabs, he seems to be saying (p. 78) that the eruption must have been before Thutmose III and after Ahmose. This may therefore contradict Foster and Ritner's article. In view of the lack of data to relate radiocarbon dates to historical dates of the early 18th dynasty, we should not yet rule out Goedicke's late date for Thera in Year 7 of Hatshepsut, as suggested by the Speos Artemidos inscription. The problem of relating historical ...
180. German Conference: from Gunnar Heinsohn [SIS Internet Digest $]
... the first-- is a good bet for an alter ego of Nebukadnezar with his father Nabopolassar being an alter ego of Xerxes, the successor of Darius the Great. This would bring Nabonidus close to the younger Cyrus. Zeller aired the idea of Darius' uncle Hystaspes being Hammurabi because-- inter alia-- of the translation "Great Maternal Uncle". That is difficult to decide and, of course, has no chronological implications. Yet, I am not hostile to the idea. Zeller also suggested-- on stratigraphical evidence in Anatolia, not in Assyria-- to make the Old-Assyrians not an alter ego of Old-Akkadians and Hyksos (as I suggset) but to consider them-- one stratum higher up-- as the indigenous Assyrians of the Mitanni=Medish period. I will consider that suggestion seriously. Finally, Zeller speculated on the A-hlamu of the Middle- to Late-Assyrians. Mainstream lumps them with the Mard(t)u and turns them into Amorites, too. Yet, they may well be another alter ego for Hellenes ...
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