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Search results for: stratigraph* in all categories

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... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2000:1 "Proceedings of the SIS Silver Jubilee Event" Home¦ Issue Contents Question Session 1: Chairman- Brian Moore Q1. David Roth asked John Bimson whether he approached archaeology by looking just at the stratigraphy, or by relating this to either Egyptian or Biblical history, each of which could give different dates. Can an archaeologist avoid being influenced by preconceptions and can he separate these three completely when excavating or studying the findings? John replied that stratigraphy by itself only provides relative dates, lower strata being generally earlier than higher strata. It's what you find in the strata which provides potentially absolute dates. In case of Syro/Palestinian and Aegean strata, the main dating criteria which archaeologists use are those which come from Egypt. So the archaeologist's absolute chronology depends on Egyptian chronology being correct. At some sites, like Tell el Kheleifeh, you might get Assyrian material providing the main criteria. What we're short of in a Syro/Palestinian location is a site where the two criteria are actually mixed together ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  5k  -  URL:
152. Ugarit [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... , the colonists ? ancestors would have been very familiar with these matters, but by the 8th century B.C., the Ugaritic tombs must have been buried over, invisible, and forgotten. 11 How did these tombs of Ugarit serve as models for Cypriots, Israelites, Urartians, Anatolian peoples, and Phoenician colonists, if contemporaneity is denied, and they went out of use and were thus forgotten 500-600 years earlier? The final items we will examine from Ugarit are a gold bowl and a gold plate, both beautifully decorated. Stratigraphically, they belong shortly before the destruction of the city during the Amarna period, and are thus assigned a date somewhere between 1450-1365 B.C. 12 Stylistically, as well, they belong to the Mitannian-Amarna period and show scenes reminiscent of late 18th Dynasty Egypt, notably the time of King Tutankhamen. 13 Both stratigraphically and stylistically, then, a late 18th Dynasty date is necessitated. Since Velikovsky lowers that date by over 500 years, how are the gold bowls affected? These two pieces are called ? remarkable antecedents of the use ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  31 Aug 2000  -  16k  -  URL:
153. The Entrance to the Citadel [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... . Wace dug a test trench in 1920. The location was ideal for two reasons. First, being near the gate and along the main street into the city, the spot collected all tangible evidence of those who passed along the route. (4) Second, the area was a perfect sedimentation trap, enclosed by three walls, with the fourth side open to the steeply sloping ground of the citadel, so that it also collected the material that constantly rolled or washed down from above. Since that trench provides the best stratigraphical section of the site, and ? is the main basis for trying to date the fall of Mycenae,? (5) the findings are of particular interest to us. Wace differentiated thirteen layers, which had collected between the fortification wall, the gate, and the Granary, all constructed in the middle of the Late Helladic (LH) III B period (ca. 1250 B.C.). (6) The bottom ten layers belonged exclusively to the period of construction until late in the pottery phase known as LH ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  31 Aug 2000  -  17k  -  URL:
... 86 issues of our Science Frontiers newsletter. Chapter 1. Archeology: Ancient Engineering Works* Small Artifacts* Epigraphy and Art* Bones and Footprints* Diffusion and Culture. Chapter 2. Astronomy: Planets and Moons* Solar System Debris* Stars* Galaxies and Quasars* Cosmology. Chapter 3. Biology: Humans .* Other Mammals* Birds* Reptiles and Amphibians* Fish* Arthropods* Invertebrates* Plants and Fungi* Microorganisms* Genetics* Origin of Life* Evolution. Chapter 4. Geology: Topography* Geological Anomalies* Stratigraphy* Inner Earth. Chapter 5. Geophysics: Luminous Phenomena* Weather Phenomena* Hydrological Phenomena* Earthquakes* Anomalous Sounds* Atmospheric Optics. Chapter 6. Psychology: Dissociation Phenomena* Hallucinations* Mind- Body Phenomena* Hidden Knowledge* Reincarnation* Information Processing* Psychokinesis. Chapter 7. Chemistry, Physics, Math, Esoterica: Chemistry* Physics* Mathematics. Comments from reviews: "This fun-to-read book may lead some to new scientific solutions through questioning the phenomena presented", Science Books and Films Publishing details: 356 pages ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  10 Sep 2006  -  16k  -  URL:
155. Galapagos Younger Than Thought [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 40: Jul-Aug 1985 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Galapagos Younger Than Thought Marine stratigraphy, radioactive dating, and paleontology all point to the relatively recent emergence and biological colonization of the Galapagos. These islands are no older than 3-4 million years. The unique terrestrial life forms had to develop in less time than this. (Hickman, Carole S., and Lipps, Jere H.; "Geologic Youth of Galapagos Confirmed by Marine Stratigraphy and Paleontology," Science, 227:1578, 1985.) Comments. Several remarks seem appropriate here: (1) The varied fauna and flora of the Galapagos did not evolve independently; viz., the bills of the Darwin finches are tailored to specific food sources (plants). Many species changed rapidly and in concert. (2) A recent Science article (228: 1187, 1985) notes that inbred mice often evolve different morphological characteristics very quickly. This observation probably applies to the initial Galapagos populations, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  29 Apr 2005  -  5k  -  URL:
156. A QUESTIONABLE 200-MILLION-YEAR HIATUS [Science Frontiers Website]
... Strata Interbedding: 200 Million Years Hiatus in Question," Creation Research Society Quarterly, 23: 160, 1987.) Comment. Aha, this paper was written by scientific creationists, who have an obvious ax to grind. There's surely nothing to it. However, the senior author is a consulting geologist, and the paper is replete with photographs and diagrams. And you can always go see for yourself! It is the interpretation of the data that is in question. Where is the error? Reference. Puzzles in the stratigraphy of Grand Canyon can be found in ESR1 in our catalog: Inner Earth. For details, visit: here. Stratigraphy of the Redwall-Muav contact, North Kaibab Trail, Grand Canyon. Notice the intertonguing. The mottled limestone and the layers of micaceous shale occur in both the Redwall and Muav limestones, even though they are supposedly separated by 200 million years. (Adapted from the CRSQ article referenced in the text). From Science Frontiers #51, MAY-JUN 1987.© 1987-2000 William R. Corliss Other Sites of Interest ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  29 Apr 2005  -  7k  -  URL:
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 19: Jan-Feb 1982 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects African Fossil Sequences Support Punctuated Evolution East of Lake Turkana, in northern Kenya, the geologist finds exceptionally fine sequences of fossil molluscs in old lake deposits. Williamson has scrutinized the distribution of some 190 faunas with high stratigraphic resolution; that is, he believes he has been able to sketch for the first evolutionary events on a fine time scale. Williamson underlines three important observations: (1) Species seemed to arise suddenly, as predicted by the "punctuated evolution" model; (2) The formation of new species was accompanied by marked developmental instability in the transitional forms; and (3) All lineages were morphologically stable for long periods-- they did not change form! The biological implications of this important study are summarized in the preceding item. (Williamson, P.G.; "Palaeontological Documentation in Cenozoic Molluscs from Turkana Basin," Nature, 293:437, 1981.) Comment. Evolutionists have ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  29 Apr 2005  -  5k  -  URL:
... begins with solid wheels in the Sumerian period- 4 wheels- then the 2-wheeled chariot, then the chariot with 4-spoke wheels from the Hyksos period. To make it stronger the 6-spokes appear and other stylistic changes, then 8 spokes. The chariot gets bigger and more people are portrayed riding in the chariot. These are not artistic conventions- they are real technological development. In ancient times you can largely determine what comes first by looking at the development of artistic styles. If we don't have that we have very little apart from stratigraphy. Daphne said that it's just that some people argue that artists become increasingly refined as they develop more skills but other people argue that the art becomes increasingly crude as society develops. Sometimes you start off with wonderful art and it all deteriorates and sometimes you start with very crude art and it gets better, so how do you understand the development of art? Emmett said that you combine it with stratigraphy and technological development to build up a fairly accurate picture of which came first. Bob Porter said that sometimes art styles tend ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  27k  -  URL:
... trying to make the 'Glasgow Chronology' work before recognising its shortcomings, I am convinced that all of the more drastic revisions (e.g. those of Velikovsky, Courville, Heinsohn etc.) are impossible. I know from personal experience how easy it is to find apparent 'fits' between, for example, the histories of Egypt and biblical Palestine; but the fact is that surface correspondences, however numerous, are not enough to prove the correctness of a revised chronology. The more sweeping revisions all fall at the twin stumbling-blocks of stratigraphy and Egypt's Third Intermediate Period (TIP). Methodologically, the best approach is to produce a workable alternative model for the TIP data and then test it by working backwards. This is essentially how the two revisions I am going to discuss came into being. The version developed by David Rohl probably involves the maximum possible compression of the TIP and of ancient chronology in general; the version of Peter James et al allows an extra hundred years between Ramesses III and the 26th Dynasty and may in the end prove more capable of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  51k  -  URL:
160. A Reply to Stiebing [Pensee]
... From: Pensée Vol. 4 No 1: (Winter 1973-74) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered VI" Home¦ Issue Contents A Reply to Stiebing Immanuel Velikovsky Copyright 1974 by Immanuel Velikovsky Ages in Chaos and the stratigraphical record In issue #5 of the Pensee series dedicated to the reexamination of my theses, W. H. Stiebing arrived at the conclusion that the historical reconstruction of Ages in Chaos "cannot be reconciled with the stratigraphical evidence of archaeology." By stratigraphical evidence are usually meant mute artifacts, mostly pottery. The effort in my reconstruction was in shifting the emphasis to archaeological literary evidence. It is from the literary evidence that the artifacts originally obtained their meaning as chronological indicators; but whereas at the base of the "orthodox" approach to historiography the reliance was mainly on such literary (non-contemporaneous) sources as the dynastic lists of Manetho (who wrote in the third pre-Christian century), my novel approach was to search for and find contemporaneous literary synchronisms. Thus, I juxtapose many sentences in the Papyrus Ipuwer with almost identical sentences from a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  29k  -  URL:
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