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172 results found.
18 pages of results.
61. The Astronomical Basis of Egyptian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... called by the Egyptians Thoth." Censorinus explains Sothis as the Egyptian name for Sirius, the Dog Star of the southern constellation Canis Major and he says that the Great or Sothis Year of 1460 years begins when Sirius rises heliacally on the first day of Thoth, four years later Sirius rises on the second day of Thoth, four years after that on the third day of Thoth, and so on right round. Now Censorinus also adds that a hundred years before he wrote his book, Liber de dei natali, a new Sothic period had begun. Censorinus was writing in AD 239. One hundred years before that was, of course, 139 AD, and if you say that a Sothic Year ended at that time, then you can work out when that particular Sothic Year began by subtracting 1460 years. You find that you're back at about 1322 BC. This date became the accepted base stone or cornerstone of Egyptian chronology- understandably, at a time when there were no carbon-14 methods or any of the other methods which have now been adopted. ...
62. Untitled [Uncategorised]
... Some Notes on Catastrophism in the Classics [Workshop Vol0603 Danelius, by Eva: Appendix to My Articles on Hatshepsut and Thutmose III [Review V070a Danelius, Eva: Did Thutmose III Despoil the Temple in Jerusalem? [Review V0203 Darlington, C. D.: Akhnaton: A Geneticist's View [Pensee Ivr02 Day, Dr John, Peter J. James and Dr John Bimson: Eighth-century Date for Merenptah? [Review V0402to3 Day, John: Objections to the Revised Chronology [Review Newslet2 Dayton, John: "So-called" Fixed Sothic Date of Sesostris III, 1872 Bc [Kronos Vol0601 Dayton, John Dayton Assisted by Ann: Minerals Metals Glazing Man [Review V0401 Dayton, John E.: Ice Cores and Chronology [Review V1995 Deloria, Vine: Catastrophism and Planetary History [Kronos Vol0304 Deloria, Vine: Myth and the Origin of Religion [Pensee Ivr09 Dilnot, Alan: Before the Greeks: Professor Davis's Cretan Decipherments [Workshop W1988no2 Dolby, R G A: On Schools of Thought [Review V0103 Douglass, Derek: Angels Catastrophism- Some Theological ...
63. Introduction to the Proceedings [SIS C&C Review $]
... researched." In this context one might speculate on the intriguing fact that, towards the end of his life, Professor W. F. Albright, "the undisputed authority for dating Palestinian pottery", who had himself been involved in some chronological perplexities concerning finds in the Negev [8, suddenly began to attend Velikovsky's lectures and wrote to him of "the extreme brilliancy" of his efforts [9. Another crucial paper to appear in Pensée was Velikovsky's long-unpublished assault on the foundations of conventional chronology- in particular the supposed Sothic dating system. It is interesting to note that subsequent to the appearance of this paper (" Astronomy and Chronology") some specialists in the field arrived at similar conclusions on the validity of astronomical dating methods [10. Though by 1974, after ten issues, Pensée ceased publication, its circulation had reached a figure of 15,000 and it had been the moving force behind a series of major conferences designed to focus scholarly attention on Velikovsky's work. The latter half of the 1970s saw an increasing interest in the historical ...
64. Chronological Placements of the Dynasties of Manetho [SIS C&C Review $]
... The early Egyptologists such as Champollion, Lepsius and Bunsen assumed that all or most of the dynasties were consecutive or largely consecutive. Yet they adopted this assumption before the recovery and translation of significant epigraphic material. This assumption encouraged the subsequent false identifications, which in turn reinforced the original error. As a result, we have the total distortion of the Egyptian chronology and history in vogue today. Furthermore, the early assumption of largely consecutive dynasties has changed relatively little. The main exceptions involve 'intermediate period' dynasties. For example, Sothic dating as commonly practised necessitates compression of Dynasties 13-17. Similarly, the extent of the overlap among the 'Third Intermediate Period' dynasties (21-25) is a point of disagreement between conventional chronologists and the 'new' chronologists and also amongst the latter. In fact, the epitomes of Manetho and other material are quite compatible with the proposition that before the Saite period Egypt was governed by multiple, regional dynasties rather than by consecutive dynasties ruling all of Egypt. No language in the epitomes requires treating the dynasties as consecutive. Indeed, ...
65. A Chronology for the Eighteenth Dynasty [SIS C&C Review $]
... Donovan Courville has argued that the first 32 kings on this list cover the entire period from Dynasty I to the Hyksos hut that, since many dynasties and rulers were contemporary, only the most powerful or dominant dynasties and their kings are included. However, this interpretation is confounded by the remaining kings in the Sothis list, of which it is difficult to make much sense. The work should therefore be treated with at least as much caution as the epitomes of Manetho. 4. Astronomical data, with particular reference to the so-called Sothic cycle, are regarded by most ancient historians as so useful and accurate that the Egyptian chronology derived from them has in turn been used to establish the relative and absolute dates for the Minoans and Mycenaeans, Hittites and other peoples of the ancient Near East. As Gardiner put it, when justifying his reluctant conclusion that the interval between Dynasties XII and XVIII must be reduced to 210 years on the basis of Sothic dates established for Senwosret III and Amenhotep I: "To abandon 1786 B.C. as the year when Dynasty XIII ended ...
66. Artificially Structured Biblical Chronologies [SIS C&C Review $]
... . The Hebrew letter Mem translates as 'water', and in cabbalistic numerology represents the values '600', '40', and '23' or '2300'. The 'water' cycle is a composite one involving separate 600/40/2300 year cycles which only fully synchronise with each other every 13,800 years. One such synchronism occurred in AD 69-70 when the temple at Jerusalem was destroyed, with the 2300 year component being incorporated into a prophecy of Daniel [8. Another important cycle was the symbolic 25 year Lunar/Sothic cycle, which ran through the Sothic recorded date of 1321 BC [9. The editor (Moses?) of the chronologies in Genesis knew of at least the first two of those fixed dates and used them in his re-arrangement of the Genesis chronologies. The major amendment was to relocate the symbolic/cyclical year 600 of Noah [10 and the deluge. He did this by bringing them forward from 27,531 BC, along the 600-year 'destruction and renewal' cycle to the 600-year cyclical date of 2331 BC. Then ...
67. C&C Workshop 1989, Number 1: Contents [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... * Polar Region Dinosaurs* 14C Dating Disarray* New Bone Dating Method* Diamond Dating Anomalies* Modern Maize by Mutation* Asteroid Phaethon an Extinct Comet?* C-T Impact Evidence* Chaotic Solar System* Cretaceous Catastrophe* Venus Oceans* New Venus Heat Problem* Incredible Star Turn* Evolutionary Rethink?* Catastrophism Reappraised* Stable Solar System* Lunar Magnetism* Tectonic Trouble* Coelacanth Phenomenon?* Rapid Field Reversals* Brave New Heresies 28 REVIEWS: Nemesis for the Dinosaurs 32 The Pattern of the Past 34 BRIEFING: Death Knell for Sothic Dating LETTERS from H. Tresman, A. Beal, C. L. Ellenberger, E. W. Crew, D. Rohl, T. Lawrence, A. Chavasse, G. Heinsohn,& D. P. Shelley-Pearce 35 Copyright (C) May 1989 Society for Interdisciplinary Studies a registered charity (Charities Act, 1960)- registration number 286264 EDITOR: Bernard Newgrosh EDITORIAL TEAM: Jill Abery, Derek Shelley-Pearce, David Rohl and Wal Thornhill EDITORIAL ADDRESS: Derek Shelley-Pearce, 29 Cuttam Lane North, Orpington ...
68. Some 'New Chronology' Issues [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... in the first part of the Judges period becoming contemporary with part of the 'sojourn' period. It also requires a rejection of the value of 430 (years) being used symbolically in its application to the 'sojourn' period- despite there being evidence pointing to this fact. And similarly it needs a rejection of the relationship of 430 to the similarly symbolical Manethonian value of 43 applied to his four 17th Dynasty shepherds who were brothers from Canaan (four of Jacob's sons), and of its relationship to king number 43, (Sothic Cycle). He was Rathotis (Menasseh), son of Orus or Jacob. It requires a rejection of a direct correlation between the 400 years of Set-Apehty-Nubty (SAN) and the 400 years of Gen. 15:13 which started at Isaac's birth.- And this despite the fact that they are both the only known, specifically recorded, 400 year periods in Oriental chronology. e). It is an old adage that claims 'a chain is only as strong as its weakest link', and this applies no ...
69. The Chaldeans of Sumer [Aeon Journal $]
... rests, in fact belong to the later Middle Bronze. This conclusion was so radical that British scholar Peter James, himself no conservative in proposing new dating systems, exclaimed in the pages of SIS Review that (Dayton's) work "is potentially more disrupting than Ages in Chaos itself; even for this reviewer, well-steeped in the concept of Velikovsky's revised chronology, some of Dayton's conclusions are positively frightening." This is a remarkable echo of Sir Alan Gardiner's lament in his 1961 History of Egypt about the perils of casting loose from Sothic dating-the one peg (highly disputed and tendencious though it was) upon which the chronology of ancient Egypt and related cultures was based. The Heinsohn model answers James' plea, and makes sense of the hitherto-puzzling, yet authoritatively documented, conclusions of Dayton. If the Sumerians were the Chaldeans, Jemdat Nasr fits naturally into the later Middle Bronze, the time of the Hyksos Empire. The milieu of the Sumerians is that of the Late Bronze world and the Biblical prophets. Placing the Sumerians 1,200 years later, in ...
70. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the eponymy of Bur-Sagale. How fortunate and how convenient! It is this very eclipse, in the year 763 BC, that gives Assyrian chronology its supposedly firm scientific foundation. Students of Velikovsky (of which Aaronson is one) can only view Bur-Sagale's eclipse (shamash atalu) with extreme suspicion. The whole thing is just too neat, and too comfortably uniformitarian. It must be remembered that the astronomical foundations of Assyrian chronology were being established at the same time as the astronomical foundations of Egyptian chronology- erected upon the now discredited Sothic calendar. Bearing this in mind, we can only look favourably upon Aaronson's assertion that it is the Eponym Canon, and not the Scriptures, that is corrupt. The history of Mesopotamia is indeed utterly chaotic. Much evidence exists, for example, to suggest that all of the Middle Assyrian kings (whose reigns form the earlier part of the limmu lists) are alter-egos of the Neo-Assyrian kings of the first millennium BC. Thus, for example, Tukulti-Ninurta I, the first Assyrian king to 'take the hands of Bel' ...
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