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18 pages of results.
31. Early History of the Israelite People: Biblical Fundamentalism in History (I) [The Velikovskian $]
... ." (13) (Emphasis added.) However, neither a brick nor a potsherd, so we are taught after 150 years of excavations, has ever come from -550 to -330 Akhaemened Assyria. This is because pre-Hellenistic strata, not only in Assyria but also in Thompson's Galilee, received biblical dates instead of the Greek ones. Let us continue checking his "independent" dates. When Thompson speaks of "Egyptian forces...of the [12th century" reaching the Levant, (14) he applies Egyptological, so-called Sothic, chronology which Egyptologists themselves abandoned almost a decade ago as pseudoastronomical. (15) The opening lecture of the 4th International Congress of Egyptology in 1985, at Munich, was exclusively devoted to the demolition and debunking of the Sothic anchor of ancient Near Eastern chronology: "Work on chronology has clearly arrived at a crisis. The reason for this is, in part, the adoption of dogmatic scientific [Sothic facts without testing their applicability to Egyptian material and the usefulness of this material." (16) Thus, when ...
32. The Role Of The Nile In Egyptian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... and the equinoxes would have moved forward through the entire Egyptian calendar in exactly 1460 Julian (or Alexandrian) years if the length of the tropical year had been exactly 36525 days. The heliacal risings of Sirius would have moved forward through the entire Egyptian calendar in exactly 1460 Julian (or Alexandrian) years if the heliacal risings of Sirius had advanced exactly one day every four years, with no triennia [9. (The Egyptians may have ignored triennia (many Egyptologists still do) but they did in fact occur and any actual Sothic period would have to be somewhat less than 1460 years. [10) In all three of these cases, we would have 365/0... 25= 1460- but how does that pertain to the Nile? What Kitchen should be using here is the tropical year, which takes 365/0... 2422= just over 1507 years to move through the Egyptian calendar. This would take us from the 2 nd century to the 14 th century and then to the 29 th century. Thus Kitchen's ...
33. A Chronological Note on the Kassites [Aeon Journal $]
... of Early Chaldeans, Assyrians, Late Chaldeans and Persians from 1100 to 330 BCE. I tend to assume that this artificial duplication of history could not have survived up until now if the Egyptologically created period from 1700 to 1100 BCE could not have been used to fill these centuries between first millennium reality and the phantom empires of the third and the early second millennium BCE. I am not going to repeat here all of the reasons why I dated Amarna in the seventh/sixth century and not to the fourteenth century BCE of pseudo-astronomical Sothic chronology for Egypt or to the ninth century of Immanuel Velikovksy's chronology from Ages in Chaos. (25) Most importantly, I equated the correspondence partners Nh-m-met (also called Akhnaton, 1363 to 1347 BCE) and Assuruballit (" I") with the political allies Nekho II (609? to 594? BCE, length of reign more secure than its absolute position) and Assuruballit (" II"). The Hittite war of Akhnaton's year six (26) thus is identical with Nekho II's war against Hattu, now ...
34. A REVISED CHRONOLOGY FOR THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST [SIS C&C Review $]
... advertised as Egyptian history is merely a collection of rags and tatters" (3). The above words should be taken to heart by any who regard Egyptian history as a reliable edifice built on unshakable foundations. Our framework of Egyptian history is based on the late summaries of the long lost Egyptian history of Manetho, an Egyptian priest living in the third century BC, and the modern scheme of "Dynasties" is borrowed from these sources, dubious, fragmentary and contradictory as they are. This is ostensibly supported by the "Sothic" dating scheme devised by Egyptologists at the beginning of this century. This scheme is entirely based on the authority of jottings in late Greek manuscripts, and the hypothetical "Sothic" calendar has no foundation in native Egyptian documents. In a paper entitled "Astronomy and Chronology"(4), Velikovsky examined the Sothic theory and demonstrated that the supposed "scientific" foundation of Egyptian chronology is a phantom, and that Egyptian history is based on false premises. It is recognised by many Egyptologists that the Sothic dating scheme is ...
35. A Chronology for the Middle Kingdom and Israel's Egyptian Bondage [SIS C&C Review $]
... Israel's Egyptian Bondage John J. Bimson Copyright (c) 1979 J. J. Bimson Dr Bimson specialised in Hebrew chronology in the Department of Biblical Studies, Sheffield University, and is the author of "Redating the Exodus and Conquest", reviewed in our last issue. He has contributed earlier articles to the S.I.S. Review in this area, and is currently continuing his research into the stratigraphy and chronology of ancient Palestine. In an objective appraisal of Egyptian chronology, new foundations must be sought which do not rely on "Sothic" dating. Dr Bimson shows how these can be supplied by synchronisms with biblical history, and proposes a chronology for the Middle Kingdom of Egypt which provides support for Velikovsky's view that this was the time of the Israelite Bondage and the famine of Joseph. I: The Time of Joseph Introduction Modern Egyptologists have divided the history of Egypt into three main periods. These are labelled, in chronological order, the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. The Old and Middle Kingdoms are separated from each other by a hiatus known as ...
36. Early Historic Man - Catastrophism and Calendars [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... ,- in all those periods we've found the same characteristics: destructions, layers in which you don't find any implements or very few, anarchy, revolts, plagues and migrations. It is at the end of the Middle Bronze that the Hyksos invaded Egypt, it is at the end of the Early Bronze that the Dorians intervened on the scene of Europe. The fact is, there is only one thing that goes wrong, and that is Egyptian chronology. As you know, I don't have to talk to you about the Sothic cycle in Egypt. It is supposed to be proven that the astronomical chronology of Edward Meyer (of 1904), which has slowly taken over the chronology of Egypt, is based on sure and demonstrated, apparently, astronomical computation. But that computation is based on one of the most strange axioms: it is supposed a priori that we have to accept that even before the Pleistocene the solar year was 365.25 days. I have challenged in the last twenty years the whole scientific world to prove that... and I ...
37. A Chronology for the Middle Kingdom and Israel's Egyptian Bondage - II. Israel in Egypt [SIS C&C Review $]
... carried out in both the south and the north, and... Egyptian prestige in Nubia and western Asia remained largely unshaken." [10 It will appear in the light of evidence presented below that these remarks should really be applied to a period far longer than one century. (ii) The Duration of the XIIIth Dynasty As was explained in Part 1, the end of the XIIth Dynasty and the start of the XIIIth is conventionally placed at 1786 BC, this data being arrived at from calculations based on Egypt's "Sothic" calendar. "Following the end of the Twelfth Dynasty in 1786 B.C. the next astronomically determinable 'anchor-point' in Egyptian history is the ninth year of the reign of King Amenophis I, the second ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty." [11 This year is also calculated according to the usual Sothic reckonings, and has resulted in a date of 1567 BC for the expulsion of the Hyksos and the start of Dynasty XVIII. It is generally held that only six of the foreign rulers of Egypt known as the Hyksos had ...
38. Focus [SIS C&C Review $]
... State College, (Glassboro, N.J. 08028. Kronos completed its second volume during the summer with the appearance of No. 4, which leads off with Father Kugler's Falling Star, a paper which first appeared (in a somewhat different form in our second Newsletter. The compliment is returned in this issue of the Review with Professor (Greenberg's valuable paper, first published in this same issue of Kronos. Other major articles in the issue are David Griffard's Psychology and Ancient Astronomical Discovery and Ronald D. Long's Re-examination of the "Sothic Calendar". Taking his lead from Marshack, Griffard presents an extensively documented and provocative study of prehistoric cultures of the world, whose strong astronomical tradition fits poorly (up to the 7th century BC) with uniformitarian views or the learning models of behavioural science. Long's authoritative paper, reprinted from Orientalia 43 (1974), surveys the history and continuing problems of attempts at Sothic dating, raising serious doubts regarding the claims made for it. The issue also contains a study of the archaeology of Jericho by Dr Velikovsky and considerations ...
39. Index of Titles [Uncategorised]
... of Dowsers, The Bronson Feldman, 1914-1982: A Biographical Note Bronze Age Destructions in the Near East Bronze Age Multi-Site Destructions (A Preliminary Review) Bulk Chemistries of Venus and Jupiter*, The Bumblebee Learms to Fly, The Bye Bye Big Bang: Hello Reality C C&C Workshop Prize Crossword C&C Workshop Prize Crossword No. 3 Cabots, the Lowells, and the Temperature of Venus, The Cairns Of Kintraw, The Calendar of Coligny, The Calendars Revisited Calendars Calendric View Of Stonehenge, A Calendrical Changes And Sothic Chronology Caliban& Sycorax: Names for Icy Moons of Uranus Calibrated Radiocarbon and the 'Methodological Fault-Line' Call To Action, A Cambridge Conference, The Can Imhotep be Joseph? Can Psychoanalysis be a Science? An Introduction to Velikovsky Can There be a Revised Chronology Without a Revised Stratigraphy? Can Worlds Collide? Canadian Society for Interdisciplinary Studies Canadian Society For Interdisciplinary Studies, The Carbon 14 Dates and Velikovsky's Revision of Ancient History Carbon Dioxide Production by K-T Extinction Bolide Carl Sagan& Immanuel Velikovsky Carl Sagan: A Life by Keay Davidson Carl ...
40. Some Notes on Parker's "Sothic Dating" [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. VI No. 1 (Fall 1980) Home¦ Issue Contents Some Notes on Parker's "Sothic Dating" Shane H. Mage 1. The main problem posed by the Illahun papyrus is its implication of a Middle Kingdom 365-day Civil Year and a lunar cycle with a month exactly equal to its present value. However, in order to establish this equality, Parker had to "correct" one of the dates given( The Calendars of Ancient Egypt, p. 28 sec. 136 and p. 67 333). Although the proposed emendation is of only one day, nevertheless, the necessity of any emendation at all raises the possibility of error in the dates, and thus at least allows the possibility of a year and month of different than modern durations at that epoch. 2. The crucial dating problem for the Revised Chronology is that of the Papyrus Ebers for Amenhotep I. However, in Calendars (pp. 42-43, secs. 220-224), Parker recognises that the 18th Dynasty astronomical ceiling in the Tomb of Senmut ...
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