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61. Biblical Archaeologist [SIS Internet Digest $]
... History of Iron II Syntheses 117 Periodization 118 Goals and Organization 119 Archaeology of Everyday Life 120 Iron IIA Tenth Century 132 Iron IIB Ninth to Late Eighth Centuries 151 Iron IIC Late Eighth to Mid-Sixth Centuries 176 Conclusions and Generalizations In Volume 60 Number 2 June 1997: 62 Four Thousand Years of History at Tel Beth-Shean: An Account of the Renewed Excavations by Amihai Mazar 77 Urkesh: The First Hurrian Capital by Giorgio Buccellati and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati 97 The Amarna Age Inscribed Clay Cylinder from Beth-Shean by Wayne Horowitz 101 Isotopes from Wood Buried in the Roman Siege Ramp of Masada: The Roman Period's Colder Climate by Arie S. Issar and Dan Yakir 107 Arti-Facts ...
62. A FIRE NOT BLOWN: CHAPTER 07: THE LABYRINTH AND AXE [Quantavolution Website]
... connections. Initial t and initial s are sometimes dropped, so we have in tlabrys the Lydian version of labrys, double axe, Latin dolabra, which symbolises lightning, and gave its name to the labyrinth. Dolabra is ar falando, sky fire. Falando is an Etruscan word meaning iron, and the sky whence iron falls in the form of meteorites. At Mycenae, in the Peloponnese, the mould for a winged axe has been found. The Latin bipennis means axe; penna is Latin for a feather. The chief Roman magistrates, who had executive authority, imperium, were the consuls, praetors, dictator and master of the horse. They were each entitled to be accompanied by a bodyguard of lictors, who carried the fasces, a bundle of rods and the axe, securis. The Hebrew seghor mmeans spear, axe, gold. The Latin verb icio means to strike. The lictor is probably El, god above, and ictor, striker, a word that could come from icio. The Hebrew maghzerah is an axe. This word ...
63. Origins of the Red Dragon Symbol? [SIS Internet Digest $]
... ), and also 'Mellt Didaranau'- (lightning unaccompanied by thunder), even today in the 21st century, in common usage in the Gwynedd dialect of Cymraeg (Welsh), is the word "Dreigiau" (dragons) to describe Mellt Didaranau (lightning unaccompanied by thunder). It is also interesting that Alastair McBeath gives the date 537 as referring to a siting of a celestial object (probably a comet) as having a bearing on the origin of some dragon- related myths. In 'Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire', Gibbon (Pelican abridgement, Low. D.M., 1960, p. 580) refers to this very date as one where a comet was sighted widely in Europe and was considered to have brought pestilence and crop failures in the following years. This is also the date given generally to the year of birth of the poet Myrddyn (Merlin of Arthurian myth). Admittedly Myrddyn has more mythological importance than historical- but the co-incidence of the dates are revealing. As you know the prophecy of Myrddin is famously ...
64. A FAR-WANDERING LOST TRIBE? [Science Frontiers Website]
... 60-80 tons, is tipped 20-30, probably by geological forces, so that the lines of script are tilted. (Underwood, L. Lyle; "The Los Lunas Inscription," Epigraphic Society, Occasional Publications, vol. 10, no. 237, 1982.) Comment. Is it all a hoax? Some think so. It is easier to live with a hoax than with the thought of a Hebrew outpost in New Mexico a couple thousand years ago. It should be remarked that there are many purported Hebrew and Roman finds in the American Southwest; viz, the Tucson lead crosses with their Roman inscriptions. Reference. More anomalous epigraphy is to be found in our Handbook: Ancient Man. For more on this book, visit: here. From Science Frontiers #25, JAN-FEB 1983.© 1983-2000 William R. Corliss Other Sites of Interest SIS. Catastrophism, archaeoastronomy, ancient history, mythology and astronomy. Lobster. The journal of intelligence and political conspiracy (CIA, FBI, JFK, MI5, NSA, etc) Homeworking.com. ...
65. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... Barry Cunliffe (Oxford Univ. Press, £19 99) Alternative view of ancient European history, tracing the development of a distinctive Atlantic culture from coastal Mesolithic hunter-gatherers about 8000BC to 1500AD. Shipping and trade from N. Africa to Scandinavia forms a shared identity stronger than the bond with Celts in central Europe. Arthur the Dragon King by Howard Reid (Headline, £18 99) An argument that the origins of the mythical king are to be found among the warrior peoples of Central Asia. Britain and the End on the Roman Empire by Ken Dark (Tempus, £25) A radical reinterpretation of the period 400-600. Britain is placed in the mainstream of European development from the beginning of the 5 th century, with the survival of much of the Roman era alongside new 'Germanic' elements. Seahenge by Francis Pryor (Harper Collins, 19 99) Account of wooden henge found on Norfolk coast in 1998 and the revolution in Bronze Age archaeology it represents. Giza: the Truth by Ian Lawton and Chris Ogilvie- Herald (Virgin, £20 ...
66. Chapter XIII: The Egyptian Heavens the Zodiacs of Dexderah [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... them, and with a genius like Champollion's among them, it was not long before the French savans compelled the hieroglyphs to give up some of their secrets. First one word gave two or three letters, then another two or three more, and finally an alphabet and syllabary were constructed. So it was not long before some of the inscriptions at Denderah were read. Then it was found that the temple, as it then stood, had certainly been, partly at all events, embellished so late as the time of the Roman emperors. Naturally there was then a tremendous reaction from the idea of fabulous antiquity which had been urged by the school of Dupuis. There were two radically opposed camps, led by Letronne, a distinguished archaeologist, and Biot, one of the most eminent astronomers of his day, and both these savans brought papers before the Academy of Inscriptions. Biot's first paper was read in 1822, and was replied to by Letronne in 1824, Biot wrote his next paper in 1844, in which he held to everything that he had ...
67. King Arthur: The Truth Behind the Legend, by Rodney Castleden (Review) [SIS C&C Review $]
... Tintagel in Cornwall, ruling a small kingdom. He succeeded Ambrosius Aurelianus as ruler of Dumnonia (Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and Somerset) and after Badon became emperor of all the British kingdoms in the west of Britain and the north. There are lots of little bits of information in this book that are factual but some are conjectural. For instance, the status of Tintagel in the Dark Ages may have been due to the tin trade. Castleden also mentions the unspeakable trade in slaves, which must have been extensive in the Roman period. This would presumably have involved the export of British slaves, the product of warlord activity- and Arthur was a warlord. He may also have been a slave trader, Castleden speculates, bringing him power and wealth. Castleden also raises some interesting chronological points, particularly about the date of Gildas' work The Ruin of Britain. He suggests it was written in the 550s AD, which demands that Maelgwyn was still alive at that time, as Gildas was especially critical of him. Maelgwyn is thought to have died ...
68. Specs and Bureaucracies [SIS Internet Digest $]
... use that odd wheel spacing? Well, if they tried to use any other spacing the wagons would break on some of the old, long distance roads, because that's the spacing of the old wheel ruts. So who built these old rutted roads? The first long distance roads in Europe were built by Imperial Rome for the benefit of their legions. The roads have been used ever since. And the ruts? The initial ruts, which everyone else had to match for fear of destroying their wagons, were first made by Roman war chariots. Since the chariots were made for or by Imperial Rome they were all alike in the matter of wheel spacing. Thus, we have the answer to the original questions. The United States standard railroad gauge of 4 feet, 8.5 inches derives from the original specification for an Imperial Roman army war chariot. Specs and Bureaucracies live forever. ...
69. Unbelievable Baalbek [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 60: Nov-Dec 1988 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Unbelievable Baalbek The city of Baalbek, called Heliopolis by the ancient Greeks, lies some 50 miles northeast of Beirut. Here are ruins of the greatest temple the Romans ever tried to construct. However, we must focus not on mundane Roman temples but upon a great assemblage of precisely cut and fitted stones, called the Temple today, which the Romans found ready-made for them when they arrived at Baalbek. It was upon this Temple, or stone foundation, that the Romans reared their Temple of Jupiter. No one knows the purpose of the much older Temple underneath the Roman work. J. Theisen has reviewed the basic facts known about the Temple's construction-- and they are impressive, perhaps even anomalous. Being 2,500 feet long on each side, the Temple is one of the largest stone structures in the world. Some 26 feet above the structure's base are found three of the largest stones ever employed ...
70. The Great Wave by David Hacket Fischer [SIS C&C Review $]
... , dikes collapsed in England and Holland, fields were washed away in France, villages were overwhelmed in Germany- and there was a universal crop failure. These same dates show up spectacularly in dendrochronology charts (see Baillie). In 1316, torrential rain continued to fall and famine persisted. A cluster of wars broke out between 1290 and 1340. The Pope, unpopular because of despotism, fled to Avignon in 1305. In England the nobility despatched Edward II, Denmark fell into anarchy, Sweden had civil war and the Holy Roman Empire disappeared. In the 1340s came Black Death. Plague is thought to have taken the lives of 25-40% of the European population. A similar thing happened in the Islamic world, which was subsequently annexed by the Ottoman Turks. The 100 Years War, 1337-1453, reduced whole regions of France to anarchy and despair. The 14th century was a dark age, all around the world. In contrast, the period 1450-1500 was noted for its price stability. Low population levels were able to increase without economic stress. In ...
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