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91. THE BURNING OF TROY: PART ONE: HISTORICAL DISTURBANCES: CHAPTER THREE: THE FOUNDING OF ROME [Quantavolution Website]
... . Already in antiquity and possibly based upon the word of Herodotus alone, the Trojan wars had been placed in remote antiquity, the XII and XIII centuries. When the Romans came to deal with this date, they found that their tradition of Romulus as founder of the city proper in the VIII century (753,747, etc) was impossibly disconnected with the Trojans, who now seemed to have disappeared four centuries earlier. Thereupon at the end of the III century B. C., Q. Fabius Pictor, a Roman writing in Greek, first (to our knowledge) bridged the gap by inserting an Alban line of Kings: but a more recent quotation from him (see below) seems to contradict this reputed view. In contrast, Ennius and others connected Aeneas and Romulus directly, as grandfather and grandson. F. Castagnoli tells us how skepticism discounted the tradition: The Trojan origin of the Latins was already put in doubt in the seventeenth century by the humanist Philipp Cluever, a rigorous critique of philological aspects begun in the middle of ...
92. IGNIS E COELO [Mythopedia Website]
... [88. This is precisely what Mars himself is believed to have done. He prophesied in the form of a woodpecker in an ancient oracle near Reate [89 (Dionysus, I. 41). And as a woodpecker or a wolf he led migrations [90. The resemblance between Picus and Mars amounts to identity when it is seen that Picus is occasionally crowned with the epithet Martius: the Martian [91. There is no evidence for a direct association between lightning and the god Mars in the perception of the average Roman worshiper, but archaic traces in the lore surrounding the planet Mars come to our aid, showing that like conceptions may once have existed. According to Apuleius, the planet Mars was regarded as a fire-star [92. Pliny relates how once a thunderbolt had fallen from the planet Mars on Etruscan Volsinium: A bolt fell from Mars on Bolsena, the richest town in Tuscany, and was not that city said to have been burned up by the bolt? (Pliny, Naturalis Historia, II. 53). Zeus appeared ...
93. Child of Saturn (Part I) [Kronos $]
... , to look into these Venerian deities in an endeavor to unmask the goddess' real father. 3. Aphrodite Even among the Greeks, Athene was not the only Venerian deity. In fact, the Hellenes themselves never identified Athene as the planet Venus; Velikovsky's identification was based on comparative mythology. To the Greeks, the goddess of that planet was Aphrodite whom Velikovsky misidentified as the Moon.(1) Peter James has meanwhile replaced this goddess in the planetary niche where the sources demand she rightly belongs.(2) Aphrodite's Roman counterpart was Venus whom Velikovsky also identified as the Moon(3)-- which made for a somewhat confusing situation. As James pointed out, "One cannot argue with the obvious fact that Venus was Venus, in Greek Aphrodite".(4) Who was Aphrodite's father? The tale of Aphrodite's birth is well-known. Hesiod told how the goddess was born of the foam-- from which her name is derived that was generated in the sea by the severed genitals of Uranus when Kronos, his son, castrated ...
94. Jerusalem -- City of Venus [Kronos $]
... However, Athar is nothing less than one of the names for Venus.(69) Moreover, it is of interest that Abiathar was exiled to Anathoth after supporting Adonijah against Solomon in a losing cause. The city of Anathoth was the shrine of the great Canaanite goddess Anath, herself a Venus deity, and Abiathar owned property in Anathoth.(70) (Perhaps the name Abiathar was an assumed one.) If we also recognize that Yahweh or Jehovah was originally the same as the Greek Zeus(71) or the Roman Jove,(72) we may tentatively conclude that the Hebrews worshipped the planet Jupiter prior to and during the period they adored Venus, 'the Queen of Heaven". The Jewish people would thus have been subjected to multiple theological stress throughout the greater part of their national history: the planet-gods-- Jupiter and Venus-- not only competed with each other for religious adulation and preeminence as they permeated the totality of state institutions but had, in themselves, to be resisted by those who endeavored to gain complete emancipation from ...
95. The Nature of the Historical Record [SIS C&C Review $]
... gloss over the writers' errors and to try to present their actions in the best possible light. However, the historian can form his own judgment on the different versions of the same events given by HAROLD WILSON, GEORGE BROWN, RICHARD CROSSMAN, GEORGE WIGG and others. There is, moreover, a fair degree of continuity between modern and medieval history. Elizabeth II can trace her lineage back to Egbert, who became king of Wessex in 802 AD. Notwithstanding the "dark age" in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire in the West and the barbarian and Mohammedan invasions, medieval Christian civilisation was firmly rooted in the amalgam of Greek, Roman and Hebrew cultural, religious, legal and political traditions which survived, more or less intact, from the "universal" Roman Empire. The literary part of this heritage comprised the Old and New Testaments and enough of the works of the most important Greek and Latin authors to provide at least an outline, and sometimes even more, of the history of the ancient world from the Greek struggle for ...
96. Tiryns [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Now let us travel across the Aegean Sea, and, like the ? 13th-century ? kings of Mycenae, Pylos, and Tiryns, we will arrive at Troy. References H. Schliemann, Tiryns (New York: 1885), pp. 194, 197; Tsountas and Manatt, The Mycenaean Age, pp. 45, 322; Schuchardt, Schliemann ? s Excavations, p. 105; W. A. McDonald, Progress into the Past (New York: 1967), p. 45; Robertson, Greek and Roman Architecture, p. 29; Dinsmoor, The Architecture of Ancient Greece, p. 18; W. Voigtländer, Tiryns (Athens: 1972), p. 10. See E. R. Fiechter, ? Die mit dem Tempel gleichzeitig oder später entstandenen Bauten ? in A. Furtwängler, et al., Aegina: Das Heiligtum der Aphaia (Munich: 1906), pp. 67, 83 for the date of the Aegina propylon, and p. 84 for its close similarity to those at Tiryns; J ...
97. The Archaeology of Shiloh and Pottery Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... surviving Benjaminites' need for wives was fulfilled near Shiloh. Figure 1: Shiloh: hill top contours, town wall and main excavation areas. (letters are Israeli area designations and words indicate Danish) 3. The Site and its Identification Tell Seilun was first identified as Shiloh in modern times by E. Robinson in 1838. At that time there was an Arab village named Seilun at the site, apparently retaining elements of the original name. Judges 21:19 gives an approximate location of the site as also did Eusebius in Roman times. The excavated evidence for the religious nature of the site in early times also tends to confirm its identification. It is located in the east of the central Israelite hills and in the 20th century the area has been one of barren hills with some agricultural land in the valleys. Tell Seilun is a natural hill rather than a built up accumulation of town debris. It has steep east and west sides and more gradual slopes to north and south (see Figure 1). The top of the hill has suffered from ...
98. The Founding of Rome [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... several centuries ago. Already in antiquity-- and possibly based upon the word of Herodotus alone-- the Trojan Wars had been relegated to remotest eras, the 12th and 13th centuries B.C. When the Romans came to deal with this date they found their tradition of Romulus as founder of the city proper in the 8th century (753, 747, etc.) was impossibly disconnected with the Trojans, who now seemed to have disappeared four centuries earlier. At the end of the 3rd century Q. Fabius Pictor, a Roman writing in Greek, thereupon first (to our knowledge) bridged the gap by inserting an Alban line of kings; but a more recent quotation from him (see below) seems to contradict this reputed view. Ennius and others in contrast connected Aeneas and Romulus directly, as grandfather and grandson. Castagnoli tells us how scepticism discounted the tradition: The Trojan origin of the Latins was already put in doubt in the seventeenth century by the humanist Philipp Cluever, a rigorous critique of philological aspects was begun in the middle of the ...
99. Aphrodite - The Moon or Venus? [SIS C&C Review $]
... Ares with the planet Mars, to reject the equally well-founded equation of Aphrodite with the planet Venus seems inconsistent. Velikovsky's contention that "it is generally supposed that the Greeks had no deity of importance who personified the planet Venus" seems to have arisen from a misunderstanding of Cicero's list of the planets. I refer the reader to the continuation of the paragraph in question (16) and ask him to consider carefully Velikovsky's understanding of Cicero's writing. Cicero lists and briefly describes each planet which he refers to, as was the usual Roman practice, by the genitive case of its respective deity, i.e. "the planet called Saturn's", "the star of Jupiter", "the star of Mars", "the star of Mercury", and "The star of Venus". Under each heading he gives the old Greek descriptive titles, which are simply astronomical terms, not the names of deities- for each planet they are respectively: Phaenon (" Shiner"), Phaethon (" Blazing Star"), Pyroeis (" Fiery" ...
100. Indra and Brhaspati (Forum) [Kronos $]
... the two different meanings in English. In Hindi (and in Sanskrit as well) these two meanings require two entirely unrelated, different words: B,rhaspati when referring to the planet Jupiter-- to make this clear Prof. Pathak puts the Hindi word for planet (" graha") in brackets immediately after "Brhaspati", followed by a comma to separate it from the second, unrelated, meaning-- and the god Indra, who, as ruler of the Vedic pantheon, is indeed equivalent to the ruling Roman god, Jupiter. If there is still any doubt left on the method used by Pathak, let us turn to another entry in the same dictionary (p. 617): "Pole... n. the two extreme points of the globe, the two opposite points of a magnet, a termination of an electric cell, a long slender piece of wood, a wooden shaft, length of 5 1/2 yds., an inhabitant of Poland." This is then followed by the Hindi equivalents of ...
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