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261. Editor's Notes [SIS C&C Review $]
... the Earth in prehistoric times. Scholars such as Victor Clube, Bill Napier, Mark Bailey, Sir Fred Hoyle, David Asher and Duncan Steel claim that a more 'active' and threatening sky might have caused major cultural changes of Bronze Age civilisations, belief systems and religious rituals. Can the astronomical evidence brought forward by these astronomers be substantiated by historical, archaeological and climatological evidence? Culture In light of new astronomical and archaeological theories and the emergence of scientific neo-catastrophism, it seems necessary to re-assess the origins and cultural implications of apocalyptic ... and catastrophe traditions in ancient mythologies and rituals. In particular, the significant cultural and religious changes at the beginning of the Bronze Age and those which occurred after its final collapse will be re-evaluated. Organising Committee Prof. Mark Bailey (Armagh Observatory) Prof. Trevor Palmer (Nottingham Trent University) Dr Benny J Peiser (Liverpool John Moores University) Bookings for attendance at the Conference closed on 31st May but for those unable to attend we hope to publish a short report in C&C Review 1997:1 and full Proceedings ...
262. Focus [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... on Earth can hardly have involved factors in operation today. Why Richard Dawkins of Oxford University was given pride of place with the first article of the centenary edition (15.4.82, p. 130) is beyond comprehension. His devotion to Darwinism took the form of a religious faith which he proceeded to "prove" on theoretical grounds "regardless of evidence" (sic). His statement that: "Darwin's theory is now supported by all the available relevant evidence, and its truth is not doubted by any serious modern biologist. ... of the Creationists: "What is it about creation science that makes an evolutionist like myself think it is a dangerous sham? It is not its religious origins per se." He professes to believe its danger lies in the "wretched arguments" used to fob religion off as science. If these arguments are so wretched why do they worry him so? His article is a rehash of his former, claiming again that Creationists are not "real scientists", rarely do any research of their own, cannot substantiate any claims ...
263. Egyptian Chronology - The Multiple Name Factor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... by Herodotus, the Egyptian pantheon varied from nome to nome. Similarly, Bevan states that during Ptolemaic times, 'Egyptian religion was far from being a unity, the theology and practices of one nome differing sensibly from those of another.'[4. Changes in religious practices and emphasis among gods also almost certainly occurred over time. The Ptolemies are known as a matter of policy to have supported the Egyptian priesthoods and temples. Hence any given Ptolemaic king probably received different Egyptian titularies or 'names' in dedications or other inscriptions in ... personal, everyday names or identifiers of the ruler being praised, deified, or otherwise denoted in an Egyptian relief or inscription. The Ptolemies As discussed by Herodotus, the Egyptian pantheon varied from nome to nome. Similarly, Bevan states that during Ptolemaic times, 'Egyptian religion was far from being a unity, the theology and practices of one nome differing sensibly from those of another.'[4. Changes in religious practices and emphasis among gods also almost certainly occurred over time. The Ptolemies are known as a matter of policy ...
264. The Rebirth of Nature [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... of The Rebirth of Nature overlaps with The Presence of the Past, this time it is given a 'greener' slant, with frequent references to the positive feelings most of us have towards nature. The third and final part of the book is much more concerned with religion than conventional science, and is entitled 'The Revival of Animism'. It deals with such matters as the Gaia Hypothesis, the spirits of places, shamanism, mystical experiences and prayer. Sheldrake writes: "Each of us, faced with the mystery of our ... . Originally he rejected Christianity because of a feeling that, together with Judaism, it had 'lost contact with mystical insight, with visionary experience, with a sense of the life of nature, and with the power of ritual'. He was attracted instead to eastern religions, and for that reason took advantage of an opportunity to work as a plant physiologist at an international research institute in southern India. There he 'discovered the power of pilgrimage, of ritual, of seasonal festivals, of meditation and of prayer', as well ...
265. Planetary Worship [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... course, quite right when he seeks to solicit origins but origins invoke the tracing of ideas to their roots. This is precisely where most mythologists have failed. As John Myers so astutely perceived: "... uniformitarian scholars... can seldom catch a religion at the precise moment of its inception, but are forever condemned to begin their study at some point far down the line, after the transmogrification of time have converted the object of their study into a veritable mishmash. "What they can do- and often ... 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Planetary Worship Dwardu Cardona That ancient man worshipped the planets as gods is not a new revelation. The study of classical texts, of cuneiform tablets, even the pages of our own Bible, have long illuminated this oft-ignored aspect of ancient religions. It is therefore incredible that, from time to time, people like Chris Boyles find it necessary to question this verity. What is even more surprising is that Boyles can bring himself to state that the astronomical origin of the major gods of antiquity is a ...
266. Zedek [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... patriarch Abraham witnessed unusual behavior by the planet Jupiter. The fact that Jupiter displayed a burst of activity exactly in the time of Abraham must not appear a coincidence: it was in the times of great global catastrophes, when the world was threatened with destruction, that religious reformers gained prominence and contemporaries looked to a divine man for guidance. (1) Zedek was the name of Jupiter, and we read that in the days of Abraham the planet underwent some visible changes. Rabbinical sources relate that when Abraham was on an expedition ... later centuries, religious reformers found an especially large and responsive following when they announced the approach of the end of the world, or the beginning of the Kingdom of God on Earth. Numerous instances may be cited, but the best known became the foundation of the religion of a large part of the Old and New World. Rabbi Berkjah, quoted in Bereshit Rabba XLIII.3, translated by A. Ravenna (Turin, 1978), p. 328. Genesis 14:17-18. [Salem is considered to be the site of ...
267. The God-Kings and the Titans: The New World Ascendancy in Ancient Times by James Bailey [Kronos $]
... worldwide culture ruled by a South-West Asian aristocracy and based on the metallurgy of copper. This period, in turn, is divisible into three subperiods of about two millennia each: during the first of these (the sixth and fifth millennia), copper was unalloyed, religion was earth-centered, and power was focused in Mesopotamia; during the second (the fourth and third millennia), copper yielded to bronze, religion became heliocentric, and power diffused to India and the Mediterranean; and during the third (the second and first millennia ... of his evidence from ancient myth and legend-- especially Homer. In his interpretation of fantastic beings and occurrences, however, he is a strict Euhemerist. For him, gods and titans are honorific synonyms for Bronze Age rulers and noblemen. Doctrinal differences between early religions do not, in his view, refer to any praeternatural reality but symbolically reflect clashes of economic interest among early peoples. On balance, I am persuaded that Bailey and his fellow "ecumenists" are right about the reality of a world-wide Bronze Age network of ...
268. In Memoriam: Derek Shelley-Pearce [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... in addition to editing, consisted of book reviews, articles and letters on the many subjects which occupied him, above all religion, mythology, and the humanities. His special interest in, and extensive knowledge of, religion stemmed from the fact that, following a religious experience in his twenties, he had first joined a community of monks and eventually studied for the priesthood, though he left three years after being ordained, partly because he did not agree with the edicts of the Pope regarding contraception and divorce, and because he ... be printed in the "Review", as well as readers' letters, Society news and other snippets of information. His own contribution, in addition to editing, consisted of book reviews, articles and letters on the many subjects which occupied him, above all religion, mythology, and the humanities. His special interest in, and extensive knowledge of, religion stemmed from the fact that, following a religious experience in his twenties, he had first joined a community of monks and eventually studied for the priesthood, though he ...
269. Key figures of the Amarna period [SIS Internet Digest $]
... in particular the priesthood of Amun, were severely curtailed, and the officially promoted religion focused on the sun disk, the Aten. Additionally he began the construction of a new capital city at Akhetaten, entirely unconnected with any traditional site. In terms of artwork and religious expression his reign was highly innovative, but increasingly unpopular. In terms of foreign policy the considerable influence built up by his ancestors in the Levant was allowed to dwindle. Shortly after his death the process began of reversal of his measures, and a later dynasty ... possibly the intimate ones as well- of great royal wife. Amenhotep 4 (Akhenaten) A younger son of Amenhotep 3, his older brother died at a young age. He was an ambiguous figure about whom opinions range widely. Under his direction, Egyptian official religion was forced to undergo great change. Several temples, and in particular the priesthood of Amun, were severely curtailed, and the officially promoted religion focused on the sun disk, the Aten. Additionally he began the construction of a new capital city at Akhetaten, ...
270. Akhenaten - Heretic or Visionary [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Aten" with David's Psalm 104. Conventionally Akhenaten dates from approximately 1350, while David from about 1000 BCE. In the New Chronology the two are contemporaries, leading to questions as to who influenced whom. To call Akhenaten a heretic presupposes some idea of the typical religious forms prevalent before his time. Egyptian religion formed a highly complex inherited system where typically priests resolved difficulties or new situations by intellectual exploration, without violating historical precedent. Akhenaten disrupted this by asserting a radical simplicity, and the discarding of much tradition. His ideas ... not in fact new or invented, but by omission excluded other gods from their traditional Egyptian complementary role. Other depictions of gods, or of a univese populated by divine beings, were banished. This is considered by some to have motivated and inspired changes in art and iconography. In this view, Akhenaten is in fact neither visionary nor heretic but simply artistic innovator. To be a heretic he would have had to either reject or exclude the past, invent a new idea, and consciously seek to replace one with the other ...
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