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241. Thoth Vol. I, No. 11 May 3, 1997 [Thoth Website]
... the Tep Zepi or Golden Age. Without exception Egyptologists have identified Atum-Ra as the rising and setting sun. And that's the first challenge we must meet, because there's a world of difference between the literal meanings of the texts and the familiar translations. In the Egyptian religious system, the ruler of the sky occupies a designated place, presiding over what the priests remembered as "the age of the primeval gods." The Egyptian sun god gives motion to the heavens, but he does not himself move. It is said of ... laboriously constructed intellectual edifice may collapse." Arthur Koestler in _The Sleepwalkers_---- EDITORIAL SECTION By Michael Armstrong (firstname.lastname@example.org) Earlier today, while reading a book on the philosophy of science, I paused at the obligatory section on science and religion, where I found an interesting view expressed. Though the typical definitions will have science dealing with the physical world and religion with the spiritual, others have said that science is concerned with knowledge and HOW, and religion is concerned with belief and WHY. But ...
242. Solomon and Sheba [SIS C&C Review $]
... so the monotheism of Hatshepsut's time would have related specifically to the worship of the God of Joseph. Joseph's influence over Egypt must have been enormous. Pharaoh gave him for a wife the daughter of the priest of Heliopolis (Genesis 41:45) and the highly religious Joseph probably exerted a considerable theological influence on the system of Heliopolis [13. The influence of Hebrew wisdom on the Egyptians did not end with Joseph. Hatshepsut's own inscriptions betray an Israelite influence- especially from Genesis, the Psalms and, most interestingly, the ... (cf. I Kings 916), fits just as well or better to Thutmose II. If Thutmose II and Hatshepsut were Solomon's parents-in-law, it is possible that it was their daughter, Neferure, who was given to Solomon for his wife [9. Her Religion During Hatshepsut's co-rulership with Thutmose III there was a trend towards monotheism in Egypt, with Amon-Ra being identified in inscriptions as 'King of All Gods' [10. The Egyptians were admittedly polytheistic, with a marked inclination towards idolatry but in the case of Amon-Ra, ...
243. ?Star of the Sun? [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... . II (London, 1900), pp. xxv-xxvi (nos. 174 and 176). [Cf. M. Jastrow, ? Sun and Saturn,? Revue d ? Assyriologie et d ? Archeologie Orientale VII (1910); and idem, Die Religion Babyloniens und Assyriens (Giessen, 1905), Vol. II, p. 483 n. 4; 578, n. 4.P. Jensen, Die Kosmologie der Babylonier (Strassburg, 1890), pp. 116, 140. [Cf. ... . Bidez commented: ?... La designation qui fait du Saturne ? l ? astre du soleil ? se trouve attestee par un temoignage nouveau, extremement remarquable a cause de son anciennete.? Cf. F. Boll, ? Kronos-Helios,? Archiv fuer Religionswissenschaft XIX (1919), p. 344. The author cites also other examples. In 1869 a stele dedicated to ? Kronos-Helios ? was found in Beirut. See G. Colonna Ceccaldi, ? Stele inedite de Beyrouth,? Revue Archeologique 23 (1872) ...
244. The Amarna Royal Tomb [SIS Internet Digest $]
... was certainly a recent innovation, the first occurrence dated to the time of Thutmose 4. Finally it should be noted that the burial equipment is of an entirely traditional style, including a Canopic chest and various statues. Many of these items are quite incompatible with Atenist religious practice. There are also, unsurprisingly, many points of similarity with items found with Tutankhamun. The bodies and most of the equipment was removed from the royal tomb at Amarna and move south to Thebes at a later date, probably within the reign of Tutankhamun ... . The overall conclusion was that Akhenaten was indeed buried in this tomb in his 17th regnal year, conventionally around 1350 BCE. A surprising feature was that many of the burial artefacts are familiar from traditional Egyptian funeral practice, and are nothing to do with the Amarna religion. Content The talk began with a photographic journey from the modern village within the city limits of Akhetaten, up to and along the wadis leading to the royal tomb. From the planned extent of the ancient city it was evidently intended as a long-term proposition, ...
245. Book Review - Mythologies [SIS Internet Digest $]
... long (but solitary) article on Oceanic religion and mythology covers in some detail the history of European study of the subject and the way in which observers' prejudices have distorted their reconstructions. The contributors to Mythologies draw on sociology, on history-- "the religious policies of Augustus" --on linguistics, on literary criticism-- "myth in twentieth-century English literature"--, and on other disciplines; there are no narrow disciplinary constraints. Many of the articles tackle broad methodological or theoretical issues, often using their ostensible ... might find in an encyclopaedia (a thirteen page account of Zoroastrianism and a ten page survey of Finno-Ugric mythology were among my favourites). As well as such straightforwardly descriptive articles, there are also more involved ones. A long (but solitary) article on Oceanic religion and mythology covers in some detail the history of European study of the subject and the way in which observers' prejudices have distorted their reconstructions. The contributors to Mythologies draw on sociology, on history-- "the religious policies of Augustus" --on linguistics, ...
246. Planet Ages [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Classical Library: London, 1914), lines 109-201. Georgics I. 125, transl. by H. R. Fairclough (Loeb Classical Library: London, 1920). [" L ? idée de sept periodes soumises aux sept planètes est commune a plusieurs religions.? (Cumont, La Fin du monde selon les mages occidentaux,? Revue de l ? Histoire des Religions [1931, p. 48). See also W. Bousset, ? Die Himmelreise der Seele,? Archiv für Religionswissenschaft vol. IV ... 1901), pp. 240-244. Similarly writes F. Boll, Sternglaube und Sterndeutung, fourth ed. by W. Gundel (Berlin, 1931), p. 158: ? Die übliche chaldäische Lehre unterscheidet sieben Weltalter; jeder Planet, darunter also auch Sonne und Mond, herrscht als Chronokrator über eine Periode von tausend Jahren.?. Cumont, ? La Fin du monde selon les mages occidentaux,? p. 49. H. Gelzer, Sextus Julius Africanus (Leipzig, 1898), pp. ??; ...
247. Chapter XXXI: The History of Sun-worship At Annu and Thebes [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... , that in different temples we seem to be dealing with at least two different kinds of astronomical thought and methods; as if, indeed, we were in presence of ideas so differently based that the assumption of different races of men, rather than different astronomical and religious ideas, is almost necessary to account for them. Let us begin with the apparent result of the inquiry into sun-worship as practised at Annu and Thebes. It was suggested that, although in the matter of simple worship the sun would come before the stars, ... schools of astronomical thought associated with different religious tendencies. As a protest against the Southern worship of the Theban priests, Khu-en-Aten goes back to a Northern cult. This point is evidently worth further inquiry. Notes New Gîzeh Catalogue, p. 61. Brugsch, "Religion and Mythologie," p. 111. Pierret, "Salle Historique de la Galerie Égyptienne" (du Louvre), p. 199. "Notices des Principaux Monuments Exposés au Musée de Gîzeh," p. 260. (1893.) The little ...
248. Moderating the Middle Ages [SIS C&C Review $]
... the Roman empire; Hislop's The Two Babylons [4 is a classic work on the topic. Fomenko himself lists Purgatory, holy water, crossing oneself, mass, consecration wafer, host and communion bread as Mithraic items, the only difference between their use in that religion and in Catholicism being the centuries between the faiths in traditional chronology. Isis worship also included matins, vespers and liturgies. Pagan gods and heroes became saints. It is accepted that the medieval Church inherited much of its doctrine and practice from these religions, which ... turn had inherited such from ancient Babylon. 'No', says Fomenko: Catholicism/Orthodoxy, Mithraism, the Isis cult were all contemporary and identical with the religion of ancient Babylon. The sexual excesses and perversions practised by the popes and priests show, to him, that Christianity was the Bacchanalian cult. Gregory Hildebrand in the 11th century at last put this kind of conduct where it belonged and it became linked to devil-worship. Love-feasts or 'Agapes' became Witches' Sabbaths. Medieval bibles were illustrated with monks and nuns in sexual ...
249. Phallic Worship in the Modern World [Aeon Journal $]
... blocking our way through certain streets was unceremoniously dumped in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park, in a glen behind the world-famous Japanese Tea Garden. And then, as if through a sudden urge, in October of 1993, someone decided to turn this cement barrier into a religious shrine that has drawn pilgrims from as far away as India itself. Why? Because, like the icy stalagmite at the Amarnath cave-shrine, the barrier was seen to resemble a phallus. Esoteric symbols soon began showing up on the blessed thing, followed by flower ... to envision that there are still sects around who would risk their lives in a pilgrimage whose sole intent is to pay homage to the icy semblance of a penis. Hinduism, however, is hardly a sect: It is, instead, one of the world's great religions. And its adherents are no less devout than those of other modern faiths including Christianity. To Hindus, the lingam is a symbol of Shiva himself, of potency and the life force. In fact, to Hindus, the very sexual act symbolizes the unity ...
250. Akhenaten as Moses [SIS Internet Digest $]
... :2 (Sep 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents Akhenaten as Moses Ahmed Osman Summary This speaker summarised the main evidence used in support of his thesis that Akhenaten was in fact Moses, ruling Egypt prior to his departure. Akhenaten's motives, and some details of his religious beliefs were examined. Content Before the middle of the 19th century, essentially nothing was known of Akhenaten. However, it was known from the Old Testament that Moses had been born in Egypt. Manetho, writing in the 3rd century BCE, mentions that Moses ... of eliminating the implications of there being more than one god. As a symptom of this, the hieroglyphic representation of the word ma'at (meaning truth), traditionally incorporating a sign for deity, was changed to a form where the word was sounded phonetically. The religion was not a worship of the sun itself, but rather the sun was seen as an abstraction and visual representation of the power of god. His ideas represent the introduction of abstraction into theology in place of the images used before him. Turning finally (and ...
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