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382 results found.
39 pages of results.
101. Horizons [SIS C&C Review $]
... in a late copy. [* An example is the resemblance between the artwork or the XVIIIth Dynasty and that in the Tomb of Mentuemhat, Mayor of Thebes in the mid-7th century BC. While Velikovsky recognises the link between Mentuemhat and the Ethiopian King Tahaka, he ignores the fact that the same singular character Mentuemhat was the indisputable contemporary of Psamtek Wahibre, the generally accepted identification of Psammetichus I. On Velikovsky's own reconstruction, Seti I (of the conventional XIXth Dynasty) is identified with Psammetichus, while Psamtek is removed to the Persian period and the 5th century BC. Similarly, Velikovsky seeks several comparisons between the styles of the XVIIIth Dynasty and Saite (XXVIth-Dynasty) Egypt. Saite art is the characteristic style associated with Psamtek Wahibre and Neko Wahibre, and if Velikovsky wishes to remove these rulers to the 5th century, then the two styles would be separated by a period almost as long as in the conventional chronology. Physicist GEORGE TALBOTT, better known for his work on the Venus "hothouse model", tries his hand at Egyptology in a provocative article ...
102. Let There be Darkness: The Reign of the Swastika by Lewis M. Greenberg [Aeon Journal $]
... Middle Ages and the Renaissance, all royal houses claimed Trojan ancestry. Thus the "Legacy of Troy" chapter explains why Troy, more than any other city the world has known, held such an enduring fascination for so many later peoples and national leaders. Greenberg states that, "whatever the reason-- be it cosmic, heroic, epic, sacred, atavistic, or intangible-- the idea of Troy acted as an archetypal magnet for poet and potentate alike." The great kings of antiquity-- from the Persian Xerxes and the Macedonian Alexander to the Turkish conqueror Mehmed-- all paid homage to Troy. Later, the nations of Western Europe, including even Britain, also traced their ancestry back to hallowed Troy. A separate chapter is also devoted to the Roman fascination with Troy and how this eventually led directly to Hitler and the Reich. Augustus' empire, Greenberg notes, "heralded the way for Italy's return to the Golden Age when Saturn ruled." The writings of Virgil, especially the myth-filled Aeneid, are said to ...
103. Sun, Moon, and Sothis: A Study of Calendars and Calendar Reforms in Ancient Egypt by Lynn E. Rose [Aeon Journal $]
... to have seen happen-- but this yet remains to be proven. However, as of this moment in time, a new and comprehensive nomenclature has become eminently crucial in re-establishing a coherent and credible chronology, not only of Egypt but of the entire Middle East. And Rose has postulated some rational guidelines toward that end. To finally address Gardiner's lamentation over that little matter of the Middle East, we find enlightened folks like Hammurabi the Lawgiver less of a perspicacious First Dynasty Babylonian and more of a circumspect monarch of the later Persian Empire, with Rose graciously giving both credit and credence to the stratigraphic chronology reconstructed by Gunnar Heinsohn. In fact, we now see Hammurabi decked out in the vÍtements and accoutrements of Darius the Great. This, in and of itself, should create quite a stir among the cognoscenti! [2 Three-quarters of Sun, Moon, and Sothis are spent in meticulously laying out the intricate groundwork in astronomical dating techniques. It is a laborious and thankless effort, which even the more determined reader-- including this reviewer-- ...
104. More on Jonathan Swift abd the Moons of Mars (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... , being an ecclesiastical dignitary and a scholar, not just a satirist, could have learned of Kepler's passage about two satellites of Mars; he could also have learned of them in Homer and Virgil where they are described in poetic language (actually, Asaph Hall named the discovered satellites by the very names the flaming trabants of Mars were known by from Homer and Virgil); and it is also not inconceivable that Swift learned of them in some old manuscript dating from the Middle Ages and relating some ancient knowledge from Arabian, or Persian, or Hindu, or Chinese sources. To this day an enormous number of medieval manuscripts have not seen publication and in the days of Newton (Swift published Gulliver's Travels in the year Newton was to die), as we know from Newton's own studies in ancient lore, for every published tome there was a multiplicity of unpublished classical, medieval, and Renaissance texts. That Swift knew Kepler's laws, he himself gave testimony, and this in the very passage that concerns us:"... so that the squares ...
105. Letters to the Editor C&AH 3:2 [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... ) that the actualistic Assyro-Babylonian chronology errs methodologically as well as in fact, and (2) that Velikovsky's independent proofs 5-- the technology arguments-- of profound misalignment in the Near East (additionally distorted by links to the Egyptological Sothic scheme), there is indeed complete historiographic chaos. We would do well to reconstruct this sphere of ancient history first, before attempting revisions of the revision. With this in mind, and collaborating in an 8-semester course of lectures (begun 1980) on Near Eastern history from Neolithic to Persian times, we have developed a Near East data bank based on comparative stratigraphy: 65 sites with archaeological levels described according to conventional chronology are now entered. The computer program, however, permits different linkages and interdependencies for part or all of the data. 6 From the cylinder seal work another point, possibly useful in reconstructing contemporary astronomical conditions, became apparent. It is the observation that a considerable number of seals with "mythological" scenes may be read as natal constellations, much as we can today describe a birthday exactly ...
106. Dirkzwager's Revision Questioned [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... buried, between the 30th-year of Ramesses "II" and the-twenty-first year of Psamteq "I." Among the inscriptions we find references to pharaohs out of the XXIInd-XXIVth dynasties. If we allow for the Glasgow chronology the end of the XXIInd and the XXIIIrd dynasty will be placed about 400 B.C.; how then could Psamteq "I" close these galleries in his fifty-second reign-year? Why were no remains found of contemporaneous pharaohs like Amyrtaeus (463-454) and Nef'awi-rudj (399-393)-- and yet the remains of the Saite, Persian, and Ptolemaic times are the most numerous? 14. The question maintains whether Akheperure Pesibhenno "I" was indeed the first Pesibhenno and not Tyetkheperure Pesibhenno "II." This, however, does not change anything for Dirkzwager's scheme, since the twenty-first dynasty undoubtedly has to follow the twentieth. 15. Hermann Kees, Die hohenpriester des Amun von Karnak von Herihor bis zum ende der Aethiopenzeit. Leiden, 1964, 104-105. 16. Kees, 104-105. 17. Arie Dirkzwager, "From Piankhy to Nebuchadnezzar-- ...
107. The Bubastite Portal: Evidence Against Velikovsky's Placement of Ramesses II in the Late 7th Century [SIS C&C Review $]
... in the Late 7th Century David Rohl Dr Velikovsky, in the latest two volumes of his Ages in Chaos series, Ramses II and his Time and Peoples of the Sea, proposed that the kings of the 19th Dynasty in Egypt were in fact one and the same as Manetho's kings of the 26th Saite Dynasty. He identified Nechao I with Menpehtire Ramesses I, Psammetichus I with Menmaatre Seti (II) and Nechao II with Usimare-setepenre Ramesses II. He also equated Nectanebo I with Ramesses III and placed the latter during the time of Persian dominance of the Near East in the 4th century BC. In spite of earlier criticisms of Velikovsky's arrangement for these kings, based on both genealogical and historical evidence, there still remain advocates of this part of his chronological revision. I intend here, therefore, to provide a third argument which, to me at least, appears to be as convincing a proof against a late placement for the Ramesside period as can be brought to bear on the question. In this case the evidence can be looked at, climbed around and ...
108. Dating the Trojan War [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... effects, and sailed in search of a livelihood elsewhere. They passed many countries and finally reached Umbria in the north of Italy, where they settled and still live to this day. Here they changed their name from Lydians to Tyrrhenians, after the king's son Tyrrhenus, who was their leader. There is no indication as to King Atys' time, so we are free to consider whether some elements of Tyrrhenus' story have become mixed with those of Trojan Aeneas. We know likewise that Charlemagne in Medieval stories and Cyrus the Persian king (e.g. the Cyropaedia by Xenophon) are credited with the deeds of their predecessors or successors. The name of Tyrrhenus or (in Greek) Tursenos is a little strange for the eponym of a people. When we compare the Italian Tu(r)s-ci with Turs-enoi we see that -enoi is a Greek ending denoting a people's name. I think the Tursenoi were not named after Tursenos but after "Turs" or "Tros." Billigmeier [14 has established etymological connections among the words "Tros," ...
109. Centuries of Darkness? - a Challenge to the Conventional Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... are almost certainly fiction, written 500-1500 years after the events they describe, and that there is a complete absence of archaeological and historical evidence for key events recorded in the Bible. He concludes that the Israelite sojourn in Egypt, the Exodus and Conquest of Canaan never took place and adds that: "it is out of the question that Saul, David and Solomon as described as kings in the Bible, could have existed. I think the biblical accounts are wonderful stories, invented at the time when Jerusalem was part of the Persian Empire in the 5th century BC." Thompson bases this latter claim on the lack of evidence for a settled population around Judea and Jerusalem during the tenth century, when the United Israelite monarchy was supposed to have flourished. However, this statement is only true if the attribution of the relevant strata to the time of David and Solomon is valid. Centuries of Darkness is an important book because it challenges generally accepted attributions, not just in Palestine but throughout the Old World in the late second and early first millennia, from ...
110. Notes Concerning the "Outline of the 1st Millennium B.C. Following Immanuel Velikovsky's Reconstruction of Ancient History" [Pensee]
... " discusses the distortions in our understanding of the ancient Greek world which were produced by errors in the Egyptian chronology. Volume IV, which Velikovsky calls "Ramses II and His Time," describes the period of Chaldean domination from 612 B.C. to the conquest of Egypt by Cambyses in 525 B.C. Here Velikovsky demonstrates that the 'Hittite Empire' is a mythical construct from the Chaldean archives and the Chaldean remains of the NeoBabylonian Empire. Volume V, which Velikovsky calls "Peoples of the Sea," describes first the period of Persian supremacy, beginning in 525 B.C. and ending with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander in 332 B.C., and then the remaining years of Alexander's life. Since I constructed this chart for my own use, I did not footnote any of the entries which I made. Hence, I can only offer it to the readers of Pensee with the hope that it will assist them in understanding the general nature of the reconstruction of ancient history which Velikovsky is proposing. John Holbrook Jr. \cdrom\pubs\journals\ ...
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