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Search results for: palaeontolog* in all categories
140 results found.
14 pages of results.
51. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Darwinism by M.J. Behe, 1996, $25 As the title suggests this is a new slant on the subject of evolution, indicating that more than Darwinistic mechanisms must be involved. The Great Dinosaur Extinction Controversy by Charles Officer and J. Page, 1996, $23.00 No, not another book about the CT impact but a refutation of this theory by some geologists. It seems that the theory has gained acceptance due more to the pushing power of its protagonists than the strength of the palaeontological evidence. The final pages are entitled 'Pathological Science', which could give readers an insight into how supposedly objective scientists really work. Jill Abery Swift, Gulliver and the Moons of Mars In Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, the hero travels to Laputa, a place of great learning. 'They have likewise discovered two lesser stars, or 'satellites', which revolve around Mars, whereof the innermost is distant from the centre of the primary planet exactly three of his diameters, and the outermost five; the former revolves in the space ...
52. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... An established Canadian archaeologist argues that Evans invented the currently accepted view of the Minoan civilisation according to his own Victorian preconceptions. Evans' reconstructions at Knossos are simply fanciful reconstructions and he doctored evidence to fit his theories. The Riddled Chain by Jeffrey McKee (Rutgers University Press, $27) Human evolution is currently believed to have been channelled by climate changes. McKee thinks it has been independent of climate and the prime agent of change is some intrinsic internal force. He points out the huge role of chance in the science of palaeontology; a group may not have become extinct simply because there are no fossils, because there may not have been the right conditions to produce a fossil-bearing sedimentation layer. The following books are obtainable from Sourcebook Project, P.O. Box 107, Glen Arm, MD 21057, USA. Sterling cheques to 'William R Corliss' at prevailing exchange rates. Postage: $1 50/book (USA), $4 00 (elsewhere). Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes and the Emergence of Species by Jeffrey H. Schwartz ...
53. Obituary: Derek Scott Allan (1917-2000) [SIS C&C Review $]
... own Arctic researches but without success. He corresponded with Hapgood, discussing their differing views: Derek believed that only a change in the orientation of Earth's axis could account for the anomalies, while Hapgood favoured crustal shift. Deciding that additional research was needed on the geophysics, Derek withdrew his manuscript. In the mid-1970s Derek moved to Iffley, in east Oxford, where he spent hours in the university libraries and corresponded with authorities like S.K. Runcorn, Adrian Scheidegger and Carl Sagan. On the 'mammoths' front, he investigated geologically-recent palaeontology and on the 'cartographic' front the geography and associated 'myths' of classical literature. Derek meticulously recorded his 'library trawlings' in a series of foolscap notebooks. Invitations arrived for lectures on 'those maps' and he produced superb slides to illustrate his talks. Derek had noticed this writer's name as the contributor of a chapter on South American Pleistocene geology in Hapgood's Path of the Pole (1970). After a further decade of joint research, When the Earth Nearly Died (not the authors' title) was published in 1995 ...
54. A New Introduction to Earth in Upheaval [SIS C&C Review $]
... oceans thirty-four centuries ago as realised by R. Daly of Harvard in 1930 (and confirmed by P. Kuenen in 1959), or change the climate all over the world both thirty-four and twenty-seven centuries ago. As early as the 1960s, I found that Earth in Upheaval was displacing The Origin of Species in the courses of a number of geophysicists- as in the case of my visit to Oberlin College in 1965. At Princeton University Earth in Upheaval, from its publication and for two decades, was required reading in the palaeontology course of Professor Glenn Jepsen. H. H. Hess, Chairman of the Department of Geology (later Geophysics), told me that he knew Earth in Upheaval by heart; he debated it with me at the first open meeting of "Cosmos and Chronos", which he founded on the campus of Princeton University in January 1965 for study and discussion of my work. Such groups sprang up on other campuses, too. Today, the groups studying in the physical and geophysical fields find a centre in Cosmos& Chronos ...
55. Horizons [SIS C&C Review $]
... . An article about studies of the warm-weather Eocene flora and fauna in the Arctic explains the dominant presence of deciduous trees in a climate which would have allowed evergreens such as palms and persimmons to flourish by the fact that the Eocene moderation of the low temperatures did not change the geographical conditions which produced six dark and six light months. To make full use of the four to six months of polar daylight, the trees developed abnormally large leaves. One of the scientists involved concludes: "Since the early days of science, we palaeontologists have depended on comparisons with the living world in order to reconstruct the past. In this case, however, it looks as if we don't have any modern environment which closely approaches conditions in the High Arctic in the time before the ice caps developed." Finally, an appetite-whetter from the remainder: the reviewer of the book Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery has to admit that he is in the awkward position of the theatre critic, finding it hardly possible to describe the plot without giving the game away and spoiling the ...
56. S.I.S. Workshop Vol. 5, No. 2 April 1983: Contents [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Interdisciplinary Studies Workshop Members' newletter Vol. 5, No. 2 Subscription year 1982/83 SOCIETY NEWS 1 ARTICLES Probable Visibilities of Venus at the Time of the Supposed Spin Rate Acceleration of the Earth by Michael G. Reade 5 Mercury and the Tower of Babel by Hugh Eggleton 10 An Alternative to the Velikovskian Chronology of Ancient Egypt: A Preview of Some Recent Work in the Field of Ancient History by David Rohl& Peter James 12 BOOKSHELF 22 MONITOR: Glaciation and Oil Deposition* "The Phantom of the Rings"* Palaeontological Problems on Ice* Are the Seven Sisters Pregnant?* Larkspurred on to Evolutionary Jumps* Mankind in Amnesia* Continents in Collision* Saturn Electrostatic Discharges* Legends Confirmed* Meteorites from Mars... and Moon!* Naturally-selected Illogicalities* Natural Selection Faced with Competition of Catastrophic Import* A Sideways Look at Scientific Method* Tunguska Comet?* Towards Nukespeak?* Rare Fossil Octopus* Earthquake Electrics* Fossils v. Magnetism* Instantaneous Action-at-a-distance?* Oceanic Rings of Truth? 23 LETTERS from Montgomery Hennegin, Keith LeFlem, ...
57. Global Catastrophes: New Evidence from Astronomy, Biology and Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... several fronts, of mass extinctions caused by extraterrestrial bodies. Unfortunately, Darwin had linked his ideas of evolution to the uniformitarianism of Lyell, resulting in a gradualistic model of evolution to which the evolutionary biologists have tended to cling tenaciously. Dr Palmer outlined the beliefs of the Modern or neo-Darwinian Synthesis, and argued that even the powerful medical evidence against it, namely that nearly all mutations are harmful, can be allayed by the example of sickle-cell anaemia which shows that in some cases a side effect can be actually beneficial. However, palaeontologists have found little or no evidence for evolution by natural selection in the fossil record, which rather favours the arguments of opponents by its incompleteness. Discussing the difference between micro-evolution (the change within a species such as the melanization of the peppered moth in industrial areas) and macro-evolution (the change from one species to another), Dr Palmer explained how the former is generally accepted as occurring by a process of natural selection, but that the latter enjoys no such concensus of opinion. Though there is little evidence for phyletic gradualism ...
58. Bone Breccias (Comments on Apophoreta-3) [Catastrophism Geology $]
... question is to collect all the evidence, including grain size distribution throughout the deposit, and detailed description of all "foreign matter" in the sediment. Robert O.van Everdingery Hydrology Research Div., Environment Canada Calgary, Canada Ref.: Van Everdingery R.O., 1969: The Ink Pots-- a group of karst springs in the Rocky Mountains near Banff, Alberta. Can.J.Earth Sci. 6/4: 545-554.*** The problem here is that an equally strong and pervasive uniformitarian influence exists in sedimentology as in palaeontology, with in the interpretation of sediments an aversion from every such common and minor catastrophes as rapid mass movements. Even if we are willing to consider catastrophist hypotheses, some basic data may be lacking, and thus the "cooperation" of the two specialities may lead to a typical case of "cross sterilisation", so common between two different disciplines or even branches of the same discipline. Han Kloosterman The hypothesis you object to also bothers me. The hall displaying the block of bones is to be revised and that will ...
59. The Waters that Never Really Parted [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... km depth would have been raised, and in the next 6 hours of departure, 60 to 20 km. Distortion of the shape of the terrestrial oceans in this way moves vast bodies of water from all seas thousands of km in hours. Accumulated momentum or slop would have drowned every last square cm of such islands as Hispaniola, Malagasy, and New Zealand, destroying unique, insular, isolated, and antique endemic fauna which in cases can be traced to the Oligocene. This did not happen. Taxonomic, zoogeographic, and palaeontological analysis of the endemics within the broader situation of other geographical distributions of groups of species, would set a lower limit upon the deduced approach of the visitor to Earth, hardly closer than in the order of 60 to 70 Earth radii, or about 400,000 km, similar to the Earth to Moon distance. Even this would have raised tides that in some areas of narrowing channels would have been gigantic. A self extending tide or tidal bore could have rushed up the Indus Valley, which does not seem to be ...
60. Tektites, Wildfires and the Extinction of the Dinosaurs [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the smoke cloud of "nuclear winter", but the global distribution is more uniform and the amounts are much greater[10. Nevertheless, it seems unlikely that the events at the end of the Cretaceous Period will ever be seen to have a simple explanation. There may well have been not one impact but several [11, which would fit in with the data presented by Officer and Drake. Attempts to show that species died out rapidly in response to an impact are limited by the nature of the evidence. The Berkeley palaeontologist Lowell Dingus has argued that "although catastrophic amounts of extinction might have occurred at the C-T transition, it seems unlikely that we can distinguish episodes of extinction lasting 100 years or less from episodes lasting as long as 100,000 years. Consequently, acceptance of catastrophic hypotheses based on these stratigraphic records seem improbably optimistic at this time[12. In fact, although some groups may have died out more or less instantaneously, the extinction of other groups may have taken place over a million or more years [2,11 ...
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