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Search results for: palaeontolog* in all categories
140 results found.
14 pages of results.
91. The Molecular Revolution [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... be found directly above the other in some convenient outcrop: more likely the stratum containing the fossil has to be traced across country until it is found in association with some igneous rock which can be dated. Obviously, mistakes could arise in the process, but associated evidence such as the precise type of some commonly-occurring fossil, e.g. pigs' teeth, in a stratum can be used to check consistency of results between different sites [5. Over the whole period of investigation described in The Making of Mankind and Lucy, while palaeontologists struggled to assess and date their fossils, they almost totally ignored information that was being made available as a result of biochemical investigations [2, 9, 10. Vincent Sarich and Allan Wilson of the University of California, Berkeley, began in the early 1960's to study the relationship between the genes of different species alive at the present time, and it quickly became clear that their results, if correctly interpreted, had revolutionary implications for hominid evolution. Their initial assumption was that of Emile Zuckerkandl, who argued that point mutations ...
92. On Saturn And The Flood [Kronos $]
... to about 0.23 percent of Saturn's radius (0.23 Rs)". Furthermore, "many researchers have assumed that the ring particles are composed largely of water ice, and the new data seem supportive" (Science News, 9/15/79, p.181).- LMG 13. See sources in L. Ginzberg, The Legends of the Jews (Philadelphia, 1925), Vol.V, p.178. 14. [The first proponent of the supernova hypothesis was O. H. Schindewolf in his Der Zeitfaktor in Geologie und Palaeontologie (Stuttgart, 1950); see also idem, "Ueber die moglichen Ursachen der grossen erdgeschichtlichen Faunenschnitte" in Neues Jahrbericht der Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abh. 10, pp.457-465; V. I. Krasovsky and I. S. Shklovsky, "Supernova explosions and their possible effect on the evolution of life on the Earth" in Dokl. Ac. Sci. USSR 116 (2): pp.197-199; L. J. Salop, "GIaciations, Biologic Crises and Supernovae, Catastrophist Geology, Vol.2, no.2 (1977 ...
93. The Road to Saturn (Excerpts from an Autobiographical Essay) [Aeon Journal $]
... in the configuration's history; and added tremendously to the evidence in favor of its one-time existence in man's ancient sky. Unlike many other scholars in the Velikovskian field, Ashton was not content with the insights of his own rediscoveries. In an attempt to verify the message of myth as a factual and historic occurrence, he began to focus on the detectable effects that the Saturnian sequence of events should have left indelibly imprinted on the present nature of things. Not feeling quite comfortable with the accepted scheme, he urged a re-examination of the palaeontological succession that is based on ecological communities, traceable evolutionary change, stratigraphic accumulation, assumed rates of sedimentation, and the supposedly correct decay rates of radioactive materials. Granted that many of these conventional tenets had already been questioned, and in some cases re-examined, by Velikovskian scholars, Ashton went one better. He devised a series of experiments, to be conducted in the laboratory, in the field, and through additional research, by which the effects of the Saturnian events could be tested. These tests touched upon a wide range ...
94. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... require new explanations based upon Aristotelian logic and Newtonian or Galilean mechanics. The first issue shows signs of the usual initial financial restraints, since I feel that the text could have benefited from more explanatory diagrams and more references for the uninitiated. However, even at its relatively high cost I consider it essential reading for the interdisciplinary scholar with a background in physics. Wal Thornhill THE SECRET OF CRETE by Hans Georg Wunderlich (translation copyright, MacMillan Publishing Co. Inc. 1974) The late Professor Wunderlich held the chair of Geology and Palaeontology at Stuttgart University. In 1970 he was in Crete doing some geological research, and visited the Palace of Minos at Knossos. He was surprised to find that the "precious alabaster", used as a construction material in so much of the Palace- walls, floors, stairways and so on, and mentioned rather enthusiastically in many guide-books as proof of the standard of luxury of the Palace's inhabitants, was really only gypsum. A fine-grained gypsum can look much like a fine-grained marble, but there are very important differences: ...
95. The SIS Evolution Debate Continued [SIS C&C Review $]
... one species, but from cross-genealogical extinction events caused by biotic or abiotic events in the ecological hierarchy: the collapse of ecosystems appears not to spring from events within the genealogical hierarchy, but comes from events and processes in the ecological hierarchy itself (Eldredge, 1985, p. 185). Similarly, births of genealogical elements above the level of an organism are largely a reaction to events and processes in the ecological hierarchy. By taking a look at evolution from the top down- that is, from the coarse-grained perspective of a palaeontologist- Eldredge feels obliged to conclude that evolution is "a matter of producing workable systems- organisms that (1) can function in the economic sphere and (2) can reproduce. Once the system is up and running, it will do so indefinitely- until something happens. Nearly always, that something is physicochemical environmental change. The economic game is disrupted. Most often, as the fossil record so eloquently tells us, the system is downgraded and must be rebuilt, using the survivors to fashion the workable new version ...
96. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... grouse is a northern species found no further south than New England and north Wisconsin. This fact used to be explained by assuming that the fossils had accumulated over thousands of years, reflecting climate changes and migration patterns. New radiocarbon evidence has overthrown all this. It can be conclusively shown that the jaguar and spruce grouse were contemporaries, living some 11-10,000 years ago. The latest explanation for the contemporary living of two species with such different climatic preferences is that the Ice Ages were not times of severe climate. Instead, palaeontologist J. Alan Holman of Michigan State University believes that the weather was generally mild with frost-free winters and coolish summers. Our correspondent notes that some 30 years ago Velikovsky questioned whether there had been Ice Ages, or at least of the type that was (and still is) commonly accepted. Are times changing? Deluge Ice Ages? source: Scientific American September 86, pp.89-94 We report very briefly on a theory of Paresce and Bowyer: briefly because it is very tenuous (like their gas cloud), but we report ...
97. Anomalous Occurrence of Crocodilia in Eocene Polar Forests [SIS C&C Review $]
... that originated 2 to 18 million years earlier in polar regions were ancestors of the horse, rhinoceros, camel, flying lemur, land tortoise, as well as the dawn redwood, Mexican elm and walnut [33. Dawson and Hickey in the early 1980s co-authored a paper in Science where they argued that certain plants show up in the fossil record 18 million years earlier in the Arctic than elsewhere while some animals evolved 2 to 4 million years ahead of their time north of the Arctic Circle. 1.8 Geological Context Of High Arctic Fossils Palaeontologists usually date rocks by biostratigraphy. The special problems caused by the Ellesmere Island faunal fossils prompted Dawson, West and Hickey in 1980 to commission a palaeomagnetic study of the Eureka Sound Group. Details of the Earth's magnetic field reversals for the past 80 million years have been compiled into the 'geomagnetic reversal time scale'. By measuring the direction of magnetism in a given rock bed, its age and the age of any fossils within it can be determined. But Hickey admits the 1980 palaeomagnetic data are weak owing to distortions caused by ...
98. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... last 100 years, the sudden appearance of the ozone hole indicates a shift (mathematical catastrophe point, in effect) from one feedback system to another. The ozone breakdown is probably now self-reinforcing, having been initiated by CFCs and pushed over the edge by the greenhouse effect. The warming has gone on in the southern hemisphere but industrial pollution has had the opposite effect in the northern hemisphere. And Another Catastrophic Find! sources: New Scientist 29.10.87, p.25; New Scientist 12.11.87, pp.28-29 There is a report that Canadian and Chinese palaeontologists working in the Gobi Desert have come upon a veritable dinosaur treasure trove. Two new dinosaurs from the Jurassic Period have been identified, one of which is larger than any previous dinosaur find. "Other finds included dinosaur eggshells and footprints, fossilised turtles, the oldest crocodiles from China, small plant-eating dinosaurs, a forest of upright fossilised trees and mammal-like reptiles." There is no comment on how catastrophic it all sounds! On 12.11.87 New Scientist updated the previous report with more fascinating details. One trunk from the fossilised forest ...
99. The SIS, its history and achievements: a personal perspective [SIS C&C Review $]
... are so fashionable nowadays, but I didn't have hindsight then. My brief is to outline the history of the SIS (as far as I can recall it anyway) so if I use the word 'I' too often it's not out of conceit or arrogance: these are my impressions of how the Society was formed. I'll start long before, way back in 1940-something when I was about 13 or 14 and at school. There was one particular teacher who taught us about 'old history' (I suppose we would call it palaeontology) and I can vividly remember the lesson in which we were taught about fossils. My reaction was to stand up in class and to ask why, if fossils were formed in the past, are there such great gaps between them? I was told off for asking silly questions. Then I wanted to know why weren't fossils being formed today. There was no answer to that one, either, and I still don't know to this day, as a matter of fact. When we came to learn about mammoths she ...
100. On the Disproportion between Geological Time and Historical Time Part One - Of Apes and Men [SIS C&C Review $]
... allow of any measurement. Of the other five the largest was given a capacity of 1225cc (compared with an average for man today of about 1425cc). The most complete cranium, the Locus E skull, was a much lower 915cc. The only limb bones to be found were a large fragment of clavicle, two humeri, a small wrist-bone, and seven portions of femora. On 16th December 1929, two weeks after the Locus E cranium was discovered, the Daily Telegraph and the New York Times both reported that the palaeontologist in charge of excavations at Choukoutien, W. C. Pei, had just come across the fossils of ten human skeletons huddled together, nine of them headless, the skull of the tenth preserved complete with facial bones. As they were a most important find, Professor Black (who had studied the skull) promised a more detailed statement on them later in the month [35. In fact, no further statement was made. Nor did any reporter or colleague ever pursue the matter. The bones were reburied in silence ...
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