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Search results for: mammoth in all categories
151 results found.
16 pages of results.
1. Mammoth Update: A Reply to Ellenberger (Forum) [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. VII No. 4 (Summer 1982) "Evolution, Extinction, and Catastrophism" Home¦ Issue Contents Forum Mammoth Update: A Reply to Ellenberger To the Editor of KRONOS: May one whose name was mentioned several times in a letter to your journal,(1) about the Frozen Mammoth Controversy, reply to the points made in that letter? [Leroy Ellenberger remains unconvinced that mammoths were able to tolerate extreme cold, and his argument rests heavily on Neuville's observation that the skin of these creatures lacked certain "oil-glands" and on John White's sweeping statement that such glands are possessed by every extant arctic animal.(2) The modern arctic fauna are a diverse grouping including not only those accustomed to aquatic or semi-aquatic conditions (cod, whales, seals, polar bear, eider duck), but others able to tolerate an extremely cold, though mainly dry environment (musk ox, caribou, arctic hare, arctic fox, lemming, ptarmigan).(3) White's rash generalization does not encompass every arctic animal ...
2. The Animal that Changed the Course of World History: The Mammoth [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XIII:1 (Jan 1991) Home¦ Issue Contents The Animal that Changed the Course of World History: The Mammoth Vladimir Belousov There once was an animal that was of great importance to early man. Its disappearance caused a radical turn in human history. This animal was the mammoth. The mammoth was a prize catch for ice-age hunters. Its meat was tasty and plentiful. Its hide, sinews, and tusks were used for clothing and for building homes. The very life of ice-age communities depended on this useful animal. When a global change in the climate occurred some twelve thousand years ago, and the mammoth became extinct, humans had to look for another way of obtaining their daily bread-- or rather, protein. This critical search ended with the emergence and spread of husbandry and stock raising. These practices, in their turn, changed all humanity, little by little: there followed as an outcome of this situation surpluses of victuals and products for trading, systems of communication and writing, and needs ...
3. Catastrophism and the Mammoths- III (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. XI No. 3 (Summer 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Vox Populi Catastrophism and the Mammoths- III To the Editor of KRONOS: THE MAMMOTH IN ICE AND SNOW When it comes to the significance of Neuville's observations concerning the apparent lack of sebaceous glands in the skin of the mammoth, my critics are divided. Leroy Ellenberger repeats his earlier belief that, because the creature lacked such glands, its other apparent morphological adaptations to a glacial climate are inadequate to categorize it as an arctic animal. Elsewhere, however, he relents a little: "Whether or not the mammoth was truly adapted to life in present arctic conditions will likely never be proven beyond the shadow of a doubt,"(63) Dwardu Cardona, on the other hand, agrees with me in that the oil-gland argument constitutes a "red herring", and writes that this matter, as well as that concerning the mammoth's woolly coat, ought never to have been raised. But since Ellenberger has developed the cold-adaptation controversy further, some additional comments are ...
4. Catastrophism and the Mammoths - I (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... freezing and thawing, as proposed by Ellenberger.(4) Similarly, Dr. Price's reply ostensibly provokes few problems in that "antique proteolysis by putrefactive enzymes"- as one hypothesis which meets the observed facts is mutually acceptable.(5) I also share Ellenberger's semantic and syntactical misgivings, and feel that all the participants in the debate would have benefitted from greater precision of terminology. Thus, we ought to bear in mind that the specimens with which we are concerned are, exclusively, the frozen remains of the woolly mammoth- i.e., Mammuthus primigenius- a creature which cannot be shown to have existed earlier than the penultimate glaciation of Europe (240,000-200,000 B.P.) and which, along with other animal species, became extinct at the end of the geological division known as the Pleistocene.(6) The locality of their deep-frozen corpses is, of course, the permafrost zone of the present Arctic Circle.(7) In addressing the problem of the frozen mammoths, it may be considered legitimate to include other polar ...
5. The Demise of the Mammoth: Conflicting Theories [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon VI:1 (Feb 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents The Demise of the Mammoth: Conflicting Theories Tania ta Maria The carcass of the mammoth, found encased in ice in a remote area of Siberia, that was airlifted by helicopter and flown to Khatanga for study in October of 1999, turned out to be something of a bust. As it unfortunately transpired, all that was left of the beast, besides its two magnificent tusks, were bits and pieces of flesh and hair. "I ’ m a bit disappointed," Bernard Buigues, veteran Arctic explorer, was forced to admit. "I was expecting a lot and got a little." Buigues now plans to lead an expedition to the New Siberian Islands which, according to the Russian mammalogist Alexei Tikhonov, may be the best place in the world to find frozen mammoth soft tissue such as the chunks which had already been retrieved in the mid-1990s by a joint Russian and Japanese expedition. It is not that Buigues and his colleague Ross MacPhee are aiming to clone a ...
6. Pole-Shift [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... America, virtually compell the conclusion that a shift of the earth's entire crust must have taken place. See Figure 10. Dr. Einstein added the statement that "at each point on the earth's surface that has been carefully studied, many climatic changes have taken place, apparently quite suddenly." It is worth while to look at some of these points to better understand what a sudden climatic change involves. Examining the Evidence In many places the Alaskan muck is packed with bones and debris-- in trainload lots. Bones of mammoth, mastodon, several kinds of bison, horses, wolves, bears, and lions tell a story of rich faunal population. The Alaskan muck is like a fine, dark-gray sand. Within this matrix, frozen solid, lie the twisted parts of animals and trees, intermingled with lenses of ice and layers of peat and mosses. It looks as though, in the midst of some cataclysmic catastrophe of ten thousand years ago, the whole Alaskan world of living animals, plants, and humans was suddenly frozen in mid-motion- ...
7. The Problem of the Frozen Mammoths [Kronos $]
... ) Statements such as" absolutely countless numbers"(2) and "tens of thousands of mammoths"(3) have given the false impression that that many mammoths have actually been found frozen in the Siberian tundras. In point of fact less than 100 frozen mammoths have been discovered to date. Hapgood writes of "eighty-odd mammoths;"(4) Schuchert and Dunbar state that "there are records of fifty-one Siberian occurrences;'(5) while Farrand asserts that "there have been at least 39 discoveries of frozen mammoth remains."(6) Somewhere there should be an accurate record but in no way will it include tens of thousands of these frozen specimens. What is more important is that only four of these discoveries were close to being complete carcasses.(7) The rest were badly mutilated, most of them mere hunks of flesh and matted hair.(8) The remaining evidence consists solely of tusks and bones. There also seems to be some doubt concerning the oft-repeated statement that the flesh of these animals was still fresh ...
8. Catastrophism and the Mammoths - II (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. XI No. 2 (Winter 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Vox Populi Catastrophism and the Mammoths- II To the Editor of KRONOS: ANCIENT vs. RECENT DECAY Having accepted the difficulty in establishing whether the observed mutilation of the mammoth corpses occurred soon after death or upon re-exposure of the frozen remains, it has occurred to me that those least damaged owe their better preservation to the protection afforded by the entombing sediment. Such doubts do not however extend to the evidence for microbial attack in antiquity. Leroy Ellenberger objected to my so-called "overwhelming preference for 'putrefaction' over 'decomposition'". This is astonishing when one considers that the former was the very term used by him in his first letter to KRONOS. (42) Similarly, Alta Price seized upon my use of this term and devoted a great deal of space to a graphic description of the visible signs of the process. (43) Unfortunately, there is no mention of the fact that, even in a temperate climate, these dramatic signs may not become noticeable ...
9. A Mammoth Fraud In Science [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 61: Jan-Feb 1989 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects A Mammoth Fraud In Science The Holly Oak pendant, shown in the accompanying sketch, reveals a mammoth incised on a piece of seashell. Said to have been discovered in 1864 at a Delaware archeological site, it has been employed to "prove" two different theories: That humans were in North America as the Ice Ages waned and when mammoths still roamed the continent; and The the mammoth survived in North America well into the Christian era. In an article in American Antiquity, J.B. Griffin et al marshall considerable evidence implying that the Holly Oak pendant is a fraud. Much of this contrary evidence seems weak: The discoverer of the pendant, H.Y. Cresson, was not highly regarded in American archeological circles of the time; The pendant was not taken seriously by other archeologists; The drawing of the mammoth "looks like" it was copied from an accepted European engraved tusk; and The shell from which ...
10. A MAMMOTH TALE! [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 62: Mar-Apr 1989 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects A MAMMOTH TALE! In the discussion of the genuineness of the Holly Oak pendant in SF#61, the possibility was raised that mammoths might have survived in North America until just a few centuries ago. Such survival is contrary to all mainstream thinking. Thus, when a datum comes along, even though it appears rather far-fetched, that testifies for the recent survival of mammoths, we must at least examine it. The datum in question (and it really is questionable) comes from the The Na tional Tombstone Epitaph, hardly part of the scientific literature! The article develops the theme that Chinese explorers landed in North America several millennia ago. The basis for such speculation is an ancient Chinese work called the Shun-Hai Ching, which is reputed to be about 3500 years old. In it, the Chinese explorers mention encounters with several strange animals. One is easily recognized as the collared peccary, known only in the ...
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