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51. EARLY GLASSMAKING AND CHRONOLOGICAL PUZZLES [Aeon Journal $]
... than before, is still incomplete and full of gaps. The philological and archaeological evidence are both related but do no show a parallel development, nor do they share the same history. The glass objects do not 'illustrate' the history of this particular class of cuneiform literature and the texts are useless in helping us trace the typological history of early Mesopotamian glass ... high that distinct similarities in use, size, shape, colour and decoration cannot easily be considered accidental but are mostly due to exchanges of goods, recipes and even specialists. Historical research on ancient glassmaking (4) is even younger than the history of Sumerology which began in 1868. The first significant contribution came with the catalogue of the Felix Slade Collection ... Barag, A. V. Saldern, Glass and Glassmaking in Ancient Mesopotamia (Corning, NY, 1970), p. 134. I. PLEASURES AND PERPLEXITIES OF GLASS HISTORIANS Glass beads and glass vessels belong to the technologically most sophisticates items in the earlier stages of mankind's advanced civilisation. They not only illustrate the high level of the peculiar craft of ...
52. Dr Immanuel Velikovsky TRIBUTES [SIS C&C Review $]
... , and that the belief in the stability of their solar orbits over millions of years is a modern myth. It is an exciting time in which ideas about astronomy and ancient history are changing rapidly. I, for one, am extremely grateful to Velikovsky for making some of us think more clearly about the past and about the phobias which plague the present ... In my view, his strength lay in his unusually ability to search, discover, and piece together a vast number of items of relevant evidence from all kinds of scientific, historical and literary fields relating to events so long ago that their meaning is often hidden, or confused, or simply disregarded. In his writing, he took up these clues to ... the Revised Chronology and its relevance to the solution of problems in Biblical study. In my view, Velikovsky's findings, without in any way supporting fundamentalism, have vindicated the basic historicity of the Hebrew Bible and removed the almost total discrepancy between Egyptian history and the Biblical record that is a feature of the conventional chronology. Many anomalies have been removed by the ...
53. Discussion [Aeon Journal $]
... an axial tilt, not a tippe top maneuver. Second, the tilt is widely considered to have been caused by the impact of an Earth-sized body early in the Solar System's history (N. Henbest, New Scientist, 31 July 1986, pp. 42-47); and A. P. Ingersoll, Scientific American, Jan. 1987, pp. ... Earth's present North Pole (See, for example, Cardona's "The Reconstruction of Cosmic History," in AEON II:2). Mr. Cardona has apparently researched ancient historical records for many years and potentially can offer considerable insight into what those records say. He appears to refuse to draw any distinction between the described experiences of our predecessors and their ... Velikovsky, together with many of his followers, was led into numerous errors of judgement in an attempt to preserve a conservative Biblical chronology. Velikovsky's grand attempt to synchronize the ancient histories of the ancient Near East, for example, was almost certainly built upon a false premise: that such traditions as those surrounding the Hebrew exodus from Egypt represent genuine history rather ...
54. The Jewish Science of Immanuel Velikovsky: Part One [Aeon Journal $]
... which he called Ruhama; today it is the largest agricultural development in Northern Negeb. I do not know whom I have to thank for intellectual preparedness for this reconstruction of ancient history if not my late father... (11) The final sentence is significant indeed in the context of the present essay. I would like to emphasize, however, ... Jewish culture-- including a precocious knowledge of such modern phenomena as radium and hypnotism-- had to be affirmed in the face of near-annihilation. (13) So the historical achievements of the Jews must be brought to the forefront of mankind's collective consciousness, and the Jews must once again be seen as the bearers of a profoundly important message. So ... the "slightly addled New England professor who identified Moses with Middlebury by dropping '-oses' and adding '-iddlebury.'" (19) But Velikovsky's application of a rabbinistic method to historiography, as radical or inappropriate as it may seem to others, is not at all a new approach. In fact, it was appealed to in 1782 by Naftali Zvi Weisel ...
55. Of Lessons, Legacies, and Litmus Tests: A Velikovsky Potpourri (Part One) [Aeon Journal $]
... probable by their very cleverness in devising it. They tell me that their private theory must be true because it sounds so right."-- Stephen Jay Gould, Natural History, April 1986 "Occasional writers with vague ideas about the methods and objectives of science, still turn uncritically to unrestrained imagination, sophism, and folklore in their interpretations of earth ... ) my rejoinder to McCanney, (2) a revised version of it, or (3) anyone else's rejoinder to McCanney. This letter was flawed by erroneous opinions about historical and scientific facts; yet the Editor-in-Chief dismissed the issues as mere differences of opinion. It became clear to me that Kronos' editorial policy was geared more toward promoting pet theories ... the so-called Amarna Letters, an archive of more than 350 cuneiform texts found in Egypt about 80 years ago and comprising the international diplomatic correspondence of Egypt in a period that conventional historians date to the 14th century bc are to be dated according to Dr. Velikovsky to the 9th century bc Hundreds of details in scores of Amarna Letters are matched up by Dr ...
56. Eastern Anatolia and Velikovsky's Chronological Revisions I [Kronos $]
... Vol. I No. 3 (Fall 1975) Home¦ Issue Contents Eastern Anatolia and Velikovsky's Chronological Revisions* I Robert H. Hewsen [* Paper read at the Duquesne History Forum, Pittsburgh, Pa., October 29, 1974.I In this study, I would like to address myself to an examination of Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky's chronological revisions ... Geography of the Hittite Empire (London, 1959); A. Goetze, Klelnasien, 2nd ed. (Munich, 1957), A. Gugushvili, "Ethnological and Historical Division of Georgia", Georgica 1/2-3 (Paris, 1936) 54-59; O. R. Gurney, The Hittites (Baltimore, 1961 ); H. G ... 3) 2) That the so-called New Hittite Empire, thus brought down, cannot be found in the Middle East at this later period and that, through coincidences in their histories and the lives of their rulers, Velikovsky has identified this state with the Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean Empire, centered first at Hattusas in East Central Anatolia and then, only later, ...
57. THE LATELY TORTURED EARTH: PART VII: DIMENSIONS OF QUANTAVOLUTION: 30.Intensity, Scope and Suddenness [Quantavolution Website]
... intimations of the Earth's exoterrestrial transactions, until the earth sciences will undergo their own theoretical quantavolution. In this process, poorly equipped though we may be to move between geology and history, we shall have to reconcile the two modes of thought and bodies of fact. There ought to be no logical conflict between natural laws and historical events. Either historical occurrences ... ancient voices, too, as historical events -will contribute to the affirmation or display of natural laws, or they are false or falsely interpreted. Either natural laws conform to validated historical behavior or the "laws" are not laws and require limitation or correction. To pin down a quantavolution, even a single one, is like wrestling, "no-holds-barred. ... grave ever happened in the skies; biologists often look upon the rocks as gift-wrappings for their fossils; astronomers are inclined to believe that nothing serious happened upon Earth; anthropologists and historians usually believe that ancient times were as serene as nature today. This consensus is suspect. Some scholars apparently are still reassuring one another, so that all might eventually come to ...
58. THE VELIKOVSKY AFFAIR: CHAPTER 3: THE INCONSTANT HEAVENS [Quantavolution Website]
... these, cannot alike stand fast. Earthquakes and Wars, Famine, Hate, and Pest, Bring perils to the Earth, and Man's unrest. Sir Walter Raleigh in his History of the World (1616) wondered how it could happen that the phases of Venus just discovered by Galileo seem to have been known to ancient authors. He listed the authorities ... days only, yet the new calendar of 365 days had to wait to be introduced by Nabonassar (in 747 B. C.). These contentions were based mainly on historical evidence, whereas astronomical considerations were the main ground for suggesting that comets may become planets: Yet comets by passing through the planetary regions in all planets and directions... ... been revived by Velikovsky: The antique Poets in their Poems telled Under their fondest Fables, Mysteries: By Phaeton, how heaven's Powers rebelled In Fire's force, and by the histories Of Phyrrha and Deucalian there lies, The like of water's impetuity, In part concurring with divinity- The Priests of Egypt gazing on the stars, Are said to see the ...
59. The Two Sargons and Their Successors (PART ONE) [Aeon Journal $]
... (Sep 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents The Two Sargons and Their Successors (PART ONE) Dwardu Cardona 1. Introduction Gunnar Heinsohn has proposed a reconstruction of ancient Near Eastern history which, if valid, would revolutionize everything that has so far been written about this vast and complicated subject. Heinsohn, of course, is not the first to offer such ... drastic reconstruction and, human nature being what it is, he will not be the last. In the past, none of these historical reconstructions, from that of Immanuel Velikovsky to the Glasgow Chronology, has withstood the test of scholarly analysis. The question here is: Will Heinsohn's? Six major periods, about which volumes have been written, come under ... In Assyria, Ashurbanipal's death is followed by four weak kings whose total reign was also a very short time. As before, when described in such general simplicity, the two histories tend to display a certain amount of similarity. Not so, however, when one descends to details. Thus, as we have already noted, the Akkadian kings who followed ...
60. It's Time to Get Serious About Manetho [SIS C&C Review $]
... the Middle East. Retired through ill health, he is a research consultant for a leading Australian genealogical service organisation. He has researched a wide range of subjects related to the history of Egypt and is currently fine-tuninga 1500 page study on the chonology of Egypt and contemporary civilisations. Summary The kinglists of Egyptian priest Manetho in c. -260 represent the foundation plank ... for reinterpretation is the dynastic arrangement of third century BC Egyptian priest and historiographer, Manetho. Initial consideration of Manetho's fragmentary work naturally acted on 'obvious features' to extrapolate the accepted historical template into which subsequent finds have been fitted but this may not be what our Egyptian guide intended. Logically, the next stage was to construct a 'year-scale' against which the ... nothing more than a guess. There was no appeal possible to earlier historical writings, as none of the classical authors mentions Ramesses III, whose name was actually fixed by modern historians, and no one was in a position to notice that one of his names was Nekht-A-Neb, the name of a prominent personality whom Diodorus fixed plainly in the 4th century BC ...
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