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665 results found.
67 pages of results.
61. Amen and Aten [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... called by her name, she was the most honored deity. Athene being recognized as the offspring of Zeus, that sprang fully armed from his head, it was not antagonistic to Zeus, already because of the polytheistic charcter of Greek religion that made it possible to worship many astral deities simultaneously. A century or two after the time we describe here, the time of Akhanton and Ahab, the celestial conflict between Athene and Ares (Mars) made the tirbes on earth to take sides and in the time the Achaeans (the Greeks) had chosen Athene for their protecting deity, the Trojans of Priam had Ares as their protector. In another description of Athena ’ s birth, the Greeks had it being cleaved out of a pillar of cloud by Zeus. In Palestine, however, the protracted debate — which was the astral deity that was dominating the scene in the days of the Exodus-Passage and theophany on Mt. Sinai, caused a long and bitter schism its beginning can be seen in the dispute that made Moses and Aaron... Eliahu. ...
62. The Pyramid Age, by Emmet J Sweeney (Review) [SIS C&C Review $]
... the Heroic Age of Greece contained a lot of interesting evidence for dating the Mycenaean era and the Trojan War in the early 8th Century. Sweeney points to numerous genealogies of noble Greek families, such as the one linking Pythagoras to Hippasos of Samos, that separate the time of the Trojan War from the Persian war by only 8-9 generations- say about 200 years allowing 25yr per generation. The date of the first Olympiad and of the founding of Rome are discussed. Evidence is also offered for the Assyrian/Hyksos presence against the Greeks at Troy. It was interesting to read evidence that Ahotep, mother of Ahmose, was a Mycenaean Greek princess and that Greeks may have served in Egypt as mercenaries against the Hyksos. Textual evidence was cited to show that the Trojan War preceded the collapse of the Hyksos/Assyrian Empire and the rise of Dynasty 18. 4. Concluding Remarks; Sweeney has woven together a story that flies in the face of far too much chronological evidence to make it palatable to most serious historians or revisionists. They will regard the many ...
63. Those Ancient Greek Pyramids [Science Frontiers Website]
... pyramids in the early 1900s, pottery fragments from the Fourth Century B.C. were found, and it was presumed that the pyramids were also constructed then; that is, about the time of Alexander the Great. Recent dating of crystals from internal surfaces of the limestone blocks using thermoluminescence puts the construction times back two millennia. The Hellenikon pyramid dates to 2730 B.C.; the Ligourio, to 2260 B.C. This means that the Greek pyramids were built in roughly the same time frame as the Egyptian pyramids. Why would the ancient Greeks want to build miniature pyramids? The classical scholar Pausanias wrote in the Second Century A.D. that the Hellenikon pyramid was a cenotaph for the dead fallen in a fratricidal battle 4,000 years ago. Nobody believed his story until now. (Hammond, Norman; "Did the Early Greeks Simply Copy the Pyramids of Egypt?" London Times, August 1, 1997. Cr. A.C.A. Silk. Also: Barnett, Adrian; "Written in Stone," New Scientist, p. 11, October 4, ...
64. Herodotus on Thutmoses III and Amenophis III [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Sesostris) of the 12th dynasty. This pharaoh was great in his times, but in Asia he only reached Sichem. 6 Even Syria, but certainly Scythia and Thracia, were not visited by him. Let us therefore follow the path indicated by Legrand, Van Groningen, and Wolf. No pillars of Senwosret III are known from Asia, of course; but there are those of Thutmoses III. A well-known example has been found on the Euphrates. 7 About the Scythians and Thracians there is more to be said. The Greeks did not know the Hittites and the Hurrians (there is possibly, as far as I know, one exception). Some years ago 8 I expressed my view that the Hittites and Hurrians were known to the Greeks and Romans as Scythians and Thracians. Sesostris then reached the countries of the Hittites and the Hurrians. It is significant to learn that Thutmoses III received tribute from the Hittites 9 and entered Mitannian (i.e. Hurrian) territory. 10 Another argument against an identification of the Herodotean Sesostris with Senwosret is only valid ...
65. Hittites and Phrygians [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... with the Chaldeans, and the Chaldeans in turn with the Urartians, 4 and claims that "striking similarities" occur between Hitttite and Urartian art. Khaldis (or Khaldia) was a Urartian deity recorded by Sargon II following his capture of the city of Musasir (site unknown) around 714 B.C. 5 As the chief deity of the captured city its image was ritualistically removed from its shrine, signifying subjugation. Assuming Khaldis to be the ancestor god, these people may then tentatively be identified with the Armenian tribe known to the Greeks and Romans several centuries later as the "Chalybes" or "Chaldians." In any Velikovskian type of revision (Glasgow chronology or others) it is a necessity for the second millennium Hittites to be moved, with the Egyptian 19th dynasty, into the first millennium-contemporaries perhaps of Urartu (or otherwise). This may explain why (i) both Urartu and the Hittites of the post-Suppiluliumas imperial period recognized the Hurrian deity Teshub, (ii) similarities in dress occur, including the use of the crested helmet, small round ...
66. Lenses In Antiquity [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 53: Sep-Oct 1987 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Lenses In Antiquity The ancient Greeks seem to have thought of just about everything. True, they didn't conceive of silicon chips or H-bombs, but they did know rudimentary optics. Excavations down the years have yielded hundreds of lenses ground from quartz crystals. (Later, the Romans used glass.) Many of these early lenses were articles of high craftsmanship, being accurately spherical and wellpolished. Lathes were evidently available for grinding the rock crystal into appropriate shapes. Some ancient lenses had holes drilled through them, possibly so that they could be carried around the neck on cords. These seem to have been used for kindling fires. Most lenses, though, were probably magnifiers for authenticating seals and for carving gems. (Sines, George, and Sakellarakis, Yannis A.; "Lenses in Antiquity," American Journal of Archaeology, 91:191, 1987.) Comment. We wonder if any ancient Greeks ever ...
67. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... on 25/4/92 Geoffrey Gammon's Talk on 'Black Athena and the Ancient Near East and Aegean' Black Athena by Martin Bernal aims to correct the 19th-20th century orthodoxy regarding the independence and superiority of ancient Greek culture. The first volume was published in 1987 and its full title was Black Athena; The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilisation; Vol I; The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985. Not surprisingly its publication provoked a storm of criticism from the Classical establishment. Prior to the 19th century it had always been accepted by the Greeks themselves, and by other ancient writers, that their culture had been heavily influenced by, if not derived from, the Egyptians and Phoenicians. Thus the Greek goddess Athena was believed to have originated as the Egyptian goddess Neith- hence the title 'Black (= Egyptian= African) Athena'. ['Brown Athena' would have been more appropriate but might have lost some of its impact! During the 19th century notions of European superiority and anti-Semitism, plus the degenerate state of Egypt at that time, led to the idea that ...
... be a quarter of a day out (our leap year). If, however, they stuck to the annual rise of Sirius and the regular lunar cycle, they could arrange things very well indeed with no need for a 365-day calendar at all. It is in just this way that the Moslem year proceeds on its way with Ramadan and the various feasts corresponding to the lunar cycle, sometimes in summer, sometimes in winter, and nobody seeming to worry. In Egypt, for example, only foreigners, eg., Greeks and Romans (and perhaps Middle Kingdom or Hyksos rulers) would have needed a comparison with their own systems. When we have the decree of Canopus where it states "that feasts which should be celebrated in winter should not be celebrated in summer" by Roman times, then the civil calendar had certainly got out of step. Let us now return to the famous date for Sesostris III, the fixed anchor-point of archaeology. The basis for this date rests upon papyrus from Illahun (the Middle Kingdom centre) recording when, ...
69. Mycenaean City Names in the Iliad [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Mycenaean City Names in the Iliad Most notable among the passages in the Iliad traceable to Mycenaean times is the so-called Catalogue of Cities and Ships. 1 It is an enumeration, in the second book of the Iliad, of the contributions in ships made by various cities and towns of the Achaeans or Greeks of the Heroic Age to the expedition against Troy. There are scores of localities in the list and many of them, actually about half, did not survive into the modern Ionian Age; then how could the Greek poet, separated from the Mycenaean Age by dark centuries, have had such an extensive and detailed knowledge of these localities? Archaeological research has already identified the ruins of quite a few sites which had not been rebuilt and were not known in the classical period of Greece; and it is safe to assume that future digging will reveal more of the cities of this list. By assuming that the oral delivery from one generation to another can account for the survival of the epics, it is also necessary to assume that a long list of ...
70. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... as much of the rest of The Antiquities contains the only account of that part of Jewish History in existence at all. Bentwich suggests that we need not judge the accuracy or lack of it by too high a standard, when comparing with Cicero or Tacitus. However, he goes through the remaining books very carefully, finding the places where there are similar or conflicting accounts in the Talmud or elsewhere, and checking where Josephus got his information. Against Apion (not apparently the original title, which may have been Address to the Greeks) is perhaps the most interesting to the SIS. Bentwich calls it an Apology for Judaism, and devotes a large part of his discussion of the book to a portrayal of the background of the anti-Semitism of the time. He refers to various writers who lived before, and also Tacitus, who wrote after Josephus. Apion was head of the Alexandrian Stoics, described as the first professional Jew-haters. He had written a history of Egypt in which there was an attack on the Jews, and he had spoken against Philo at ...
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