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187 pages of results.
11. Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 2 (Dec 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism Alistair F, Pitty Department of Geography, University of Hull, Great Britain The view of earth history proposed by the Catastrophists of the early nineteenth century was of a succession of abrupt upheavals culminating in a great Flood. These paroxysms were interpretated as ... ' adjective. abrupt as opposed to uniform change is seen to be an essentially relative concept. depending entirely on the time span involved. For instance, within the span of geological time the Quaternary glaciations were abrupt. Compared with the 10 million years of Pliocene time, the huge Warm ice-sheet disappeared in an abrupt 10 000 years. If it is clear ... is sometimes less consistent with Geike's maxim, now essentially of historical interest, than its frequent quotation may suggest.. For example, since endogenic processes are unobservable, for many geologists the present is not so much a key as one number in a combination lock, geomorphologists have reconstructed many ancient peneplains without the aid of an uncontroversial present-day example to serve as ...
12. Chapter VII: The Earth [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... imaginary. Similarly, it is unreasonable to expect the results of past global catastrophes to be evident in all geologic data. A report was issued in 1975 from the Institute of Geology in Uppsala, Sweden. It stated, "Analytical methods of experimental psychology applied to observations of geological data reveal that what geologists perceive in, and remember of, rocks is ... necessarily the same as what is actually there." 1 The next year the same writer discussed certain illusions in geological context and stated that 1he illusory perceptual data are more likely to mislead when they favour an investigator's geological hypothesis than when they did not., 2 The writer was discussing specific cases, but the results are probably true in the general case ... report was issued in 1975 from the Institute of Geology in Uppsala, Sweden. It stated, "Analytical methods of experimental psychology applied to observations of geological data reveal that what geologists perceive in, and remember of, rocks is not necessarily the same as what is actually there." 1 The next year the same writer discussed certain illusions in geological context ...
13. QUANTAVOLUTION: COSMIC HERETICS: Part 3: Chapter 9: NEW FASHIONS IN CATASTROPHISM [Quantavolution Website]
... " "Wherever we investigate the geological and paleontological records of this earth we find signs of catastrophes and upheavals, old and recent." It gives an old-fashioned sense of the geology of the last century, before jargon swamped its literature. The feeling is deceptive. The plain speech was deliberate, both because little technical language was required to make his case ... in Princeton is low and the air smells of snow. Scholar's weather. Velikovsky's Earth in Upheaval assembles "the testimony of stone and bone." "Wherever we investigate the geological and paleontological records of this earth we find signs of catastrophes and upheavals, old and recent." It gives an old-fashioned sense of the geology of the last century, before ... book to his students in geology at Princeton. There was much to be learned from it that a student could otherwise obtain from no single source. It was controversial; the geologists dismissed not only its style but also its catastrophist ideas. V .'s scheme to make headway among geologists by presenting a "clean" book, without assistance from legend or astronomy ...
14. On the Disproportion between Geological Time and Historical Time. Part Two - of Earth, Fire and Water [SIS C&C Review $]
... submarine volcanism. Polystrate fossils, demonstrating (where they occur) the virtual simultaneity of the deposition which buried them, reflect on the age of the Earth as inferred by uniformitarian geology. So-called 'living fossils', creatures which have persisted essentially unchanged through the fossil record right up to the present day, reflect on the age of the Earth as inferred by ... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review (1994) "Proceedings of the 1993 Cambridge Conference" Home¦ Issue Contents On the Disproportion between Geological Time and Historical Time. Part Two- of Earth, Fire and Water Steven J. Robinson Only two things underlie the belief that the Earth is some four and a half billion years old: the theory ... drift. Dimethyl sulphide released by the coccoliths which compose the chalk would have increased the reflection of solar radiation and also reduced temperatures [59. The Ice Age According to uniformitarian geologists the Ice Age comprised upwards of 15 glaciations, spaced about 100,000 years apart in the Pleistocene period and beginning about 2 million years ago. One theorist puts the number ...
15. Actualism in Geology and in Geography [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Actualism in Geology and in Geography W. J. Jong See notes 1 and 2. The great geological controversies of the first half of the 19th century are usually described as ending in the rejection of catastrophism and diluvialism and the victory of uniformitarianism, or actualism ... it is called on the Continent. The names of HUTTON and PLAYFAIR in Britain, Of VON HOFF in Germany and, somewhat later, those Of PREVOST in France and LYELL in England are linked to the latter theory, whereas WERNER, CUNIER and BUCKLAND, among others, are quoted as protagonists of catastrophism. Thus in a rather simplified picture the debate ... interesting to compare ESCHER'S Views as expressed in two summaries of geology intended for a larger public. Around 1938 he writes (my translations): "After having been tested by geologists all over the earth for over 100 years, this doctrine (i.e. actualism) retains its validity". (7a, 1). 254). But in 1948 ...
16. Jupiter, Gold, and the Birth of Athene [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... short time (in geological language) before the epoch when the very powerful and general denudations took place which destroyed the large extinct mammalia. In another work of his, The Geology of Russia and the Ural Mountains, Vol. I (London, 1845), p. 473, Murchison presented his conclusions about the geological events which accompanied the deposition of ... Cf. S. Bhattachrji, The Indian Cosmogony (Cambridge, 1970), p. 318.. [It is a remarkable fact that gold appears only in very recent geological formations. Sir Roderick Impey Murchison dedicated chapter XVII of his geological opus Siluria to this phenomenon: ? On the Original Formation of Gold and Its Subsequent Distribution in Debris over Parts ... camel, all extinct animals in pre-Columbian America. But geologically the layer in which it was found belongs to the Tertiary, and therefore a great embarrassment was in store for the geologists and evolutionists. They divide the strata according to the fossils found in them and hold that in the Tertiary there could have been no human beings, for it is an age ...
17. The Signature of Catastrophe (Reinterpreting the Geological Record) [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon I:2 (Feb 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents The Signature of Catastrophe (Reinterpreting the Geological Record) James E. Strickling FOREWORD Our geology and anthropology textbooks today boldly declare the credo of uniformitarianism: "The present is the key to the past." In most scientific forums today the rule is that no theory will be ... From: Aeon I:2 (Feb 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents The Signature of Catastrophe (Reinterpreting the Geological Record) James E. Strickling FOREWORD Our geology and anthropology textbooks today boldly declare the credo of uniformitarianism: "The present is the key to the past." In most scientific forums today the rule is that no theory will be ... once rested, made possible by a molten or semimolten crust. Isolated types of fauna, such as the Australian marsupials, face the possibility of later being assigned by paleontologists and geologists to a period of time other than their own. "Evolutionary dating" will place them in an earlier period than their "more advanced" placental mammal contemporaries. A nonexistent ...
18. An Integrated Model for an Earthwide Event at 2300 BC. Part II: The Geological Evidence [SIS C&C Review $]
... , p. 714 7. J. R. L. Allen, J. W. Wells: 'Holocene Coral Banks and Subsidence in the Niger Delta', Journal of Geology 70 (1962), pp. 381-397 8. V. Semeniuk, D. J. Searle: 'Variability of Holocene Sealevel History Along the Southwestern Coast of Australia- Evidence ... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1988 (Vol X) Home¦ Issue Contents An Integrated Model for an Earthwide Event at 2300 BC. Part II: The Geological Evidence by M. M. MANDELKEHR M. M. Mandelkehr holds a B.Sc. and M. Sc. in Electrical Engineering (University of Kansas) and an M.Sc. in ... J. Abery, after Scholl& Stuvier [2b) I will start with one of the better documented areas- the eastern coastal region of North America. Several teams of geologists [2 have independently concluded that the Atlantic coast of the United States encountered differential warping starting some time around 2300 BC. Figure 2 shows calibrated recorded measurements of coastal relative sea ...
19. The Milankovitch Theory of the Ice Ages [Kronos $]
... community still pretends not to have noticed this. There is enormous pressure on the scientific community to find a uniformitarian explanation of the ice ages, which so far is lacking. Geology does indeed need a "Pacemaker". At this point, no generally-accepted uniformitarian alternative to the Milankovitch theory even exists. It is felt that some such theory has to be ... side will still need a Milankovitch-type account of the effects that changing conditions of insolation have upon climate. AN EXPLANANS IN SEARCH OF AN EXPLANANDUM For some decades, there was little geological evidence regarding the sequence of ice ages that the Milankovitch theory was designed to explain, and the theory remained an explanans in search of an explanandum. Calder, in "The ... unlike the recent revival of interest in Wegener's theory of continental drift. In both cases, ideas that were once considered unworkable have been reexamined and enthusiastically embraced by later generations of geologists. One apparent difference between the two cases is that while almost all geologists accept the theory of continental drift, we can at this time only say that most geologists accept the ...
20. Discussion Comments From the Floor [Aeon Journal $]
... had been more impressed with Dr. Velikovsky's archaeological theses. As a geologist I am more impressed with Strickling's discussions of astrophysics (Oort cloud, etc.) than with his geology. Unfortunately, "The Signature of Catastrophe" gets off to a bad start on the subject of "The Geological Column" and "The Standard Geological Column." A ... of human remains-- fossils and artifacts-- lying mixed together in the same strata with animals theoretically long extinct but having the same state of bone mineralisation. The established geological and paleontological theories, following the principle of "superposition" (more recent levels will lie on top of more ancient levels), imply deposition of these remains in geologically separate ... be confused with the Geological Timescale, which is what Strickling unknowingly refers to. He asserts that precision is lacking among the units of the "Column," thus implying that geologists generally impute precision to the divisions of the Geological Timescale. No such precision is ascribed by the profession. Feeling as though Strickling has broken his lance on his initial foray, ...
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