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Search results for: chlorine in all categories

41 results found.

2 pages of results.
1. The Origin of the Oceans [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... , and still is, assumed that the salts in the oceans originated mainly through importation from land, having been dissolved from rocks by flowing rivulets and rivers, themselves fed by underground sources, and the same process working on the rocks of the seabed. Terrestrial formations are rich in sodium, and in eons of time, it is assumed, the sodium washed out of the rocks supplied its content to the oceans; the seas evaporate and the concentration of these salts grows. But the rocks are by far not so rich in chlorine, and hence the problem from where did chlorine come to contribute its abundance to oceanic water? There is chlorine in source water, but usually not in significant amounts. The proportion of salts in the rivers is very different from their proportion in the seas. River water has many carbonates (80 percent of the salts), fewer sulphates (13 percent) and still fewer chlorides (7 percent). Sea water has many chlorides (89 percent), fewer sulphates (10 percent) and only a few carbonates ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 165  -  31 Aug 2000  -  9k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/itb/ecocean.htm
... : "kroniatalk" <kroniatalk@telelists.com> Subject: Thoth III-12 THOTH A Catastrophics Newsletter VOL III, No. 12 Aug 31, 1999 EDITOR: Amy Acheson PUBLISHER: Michael Armstrong LIST MANAGER: Brian Stewart CONTENTS PARADIGMS AND IDEOLOGIES............. by Mel Acheson BY JOVE..................... by Dave Talbott ASTROBIOLOGY..... Ev Cochrane, Dwardu Cardona, Dave Talbott CHLORINE DISCOVERY NEAR IO........... by Wal Thornhill---- PARADIGMS AND IDEOLOGIES By Mel Acheson I get newsletters from several think tanks. A recent one contained an article analyzing the effects of "ignorant masses" and "expert elites" on public policy. One paragraph described a political dynamic which, with the substitution of only two words, also occurs in science. In the following quote, I've substituted the appropriate sense of [science for the author's use of "politics ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 100  -  21 Mar 2007  -  24k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth/ThoIII12.txt
3. Saturn [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... were observed consisting of water (ice), according to their spectral picture, permits the conclusion that water ? ready-made ? cae from the planetary ? nova.? Actually, in years subsequent to my concept of Worlds in Collision, water was identified as present on Saturn. Further, I assumed that sodium chloride, or common salt, is an ingredient of the Saturnian atmosphere. Geophysicists have long wondered as to the origin of salt in the ocean. Sodium could have been derived from terrestrial rocks; but they are poor in chlorine. To some extent chlorine in oceans could have come from volcanic eruptions but it would require eruptions on an almost unimaginable scale to produce all of the chlorine locked in the salt of the oceans. The ancient traditions of Deluge refer also to the water arriving from space as salty and warm. I have thought also of free chlorine (not combined into salt) on Saturn; but it is possible that vegetable life, at least, is present on Saturn, and free chlorine would interfere with vegetation; the reasons, though ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  31 Aug 2000  -  11k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/ce/sattot.htm
4. Kervran and transmutation [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 1998:1 (June 1998) Home¦ Issue Contents Kervran and transmutation From: Wal Thornhill, walt@netinfo.com.au Date: Sun, 5 Apr 1998 08:52:04 +1000 You will no doubt be interested to know that, according to Louis Kervran's nuclear cookery book, salt (sodium chloride) has as its main ingredient- nitrogen! Both sodium and chlorine are formed in the correct one to one ratio by a series of low energy nuclear transformations, beginning with N 2. So, the ingredients for sulfur and salt deposits are present in our own atmosphere! Velikovsky believed that Saturn was a source of chlorine, presumably because there is not enough chlorine in terrestrial rocks to account for the enormous quantity present as sodium chloride in our oceans. Also, he mentioned that there are legends concerning precipitation of salty water. That would be direct confirmation of the extraterrestrial or atmospheric source of sodium chloride since it is impossible to evaporate NaCl along with water in the usual weather cycle. With Kervran's new insight, Saturn ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/i-digest/1998-1/18kerv.htm
5. On Mankind in Amnesia [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... and Saturn is known to contain water or formed from clouds of hydrogen gas ejected by the nova, which combined, by means of powerful electrical discharges, with the Earth ? s own free oxygen. There are definite indications of a drastic drop in the atmospheric oxygen at the time of the Deluge the survivors of the catastrophe are said in several sources to have been unable to light fires. The Midrashim and other ancient sources describe the waters of the Flood as being warm; 6 in addition the waters may have been rich in chlorine, an element which in combination with sodium forms common salt. Marine geologists are unable to trace the origin of the huge amounts of chlorine locked in the salt of the Earth ? s oceans, the Earth ? s own rocks being rather poor in this element and incapable of supplying it in the needed quantities. Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin; being a very active element, it could possibly be present in some different combination on Saturn. After the Deluge many new forms of life came into being, especially plant ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  31 Aug 2000  -  17k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/lec/valais/satflood.htm
... slower diffuse form of a tornado. We should expect the electrical activity on the Martian surface, both in the past and in the present, to produce glassified soil with the cohesive strength of a fulgurite (sand loosely fused by lightning). Electric discharges are sometimes used to immaculately clean a surface. The dark paths left by the Martian dust devils should show microscopic signs of having been cleaned by a corona discharge. I would urge the Spirit team, if possible, to include one of the dark trails in their traverse. Chlorine and Sulfur The news item continues: "Information from another instrument on the arm, an alpha particle X-ray spectrometer, may point to an answer. This instrument "measures X-ray radiation emitted by Mars samples, and from this data we can derive the elemental composition of martian soils and rocks," said Dr. Johannes Brueckner, rover science team member from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany. The instrument found the most prevalent elements in the soil patch were silicon and iron. It also found significant levels ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 32  -  21 Mar 2007  -  33k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth/ThVIII01.txt
... It is conceivable that the Earth was, at that time, a satellite of Saturn, afterwards possibly becoming a satellite of Jupiter." [1 Shortly after the explosion, Earth was enveloped in clouds of water, or of hydrogen gas, ejected from Saturn, which precipitated as the Flood. "The volume of water on the Earth was vastly increased...the Atlantic Ocean...came to be only after the Deluge." [2 This newly acquired water was said to be warm. It "may have been rich in chlorine...Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin..." [3 In this catastrophe, as in later ones, "all volcanoes erupted." [4 All this is supposed to have happened quite recently, "in times preceding the Middle Kingdom in Egypt..." [5 "I am not in a position to point to the century or even millennium when the Universal Deluge took place, but it must have happened between five and ten thousand years ago, probably closer to the second figure." ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0502/38satrn.htm
8. The Atmosphere of Venus [Thunderbolts Website]
... enriched. The argon/krypton ratio for Venus is 700:1, compared to 30:1 for the Earth. These gases are thought to be primordial. On Venus the argon 40/argon 36 ratio is 1:1. On Earth the ratio is 400:1. Argon 40 is thought to have accumulated from the decay of crustal potassium 40 since the planet was formed. Venera 12 carried the only experiment that actually collected cloud particles and analysed them. It found that the most common element in the clouds was chlorine! The clouds held 20 times more chlorine than sulphur. Most of the mass of the clouds was an unknown substance. "These results are so difficult to reconcile with other measurements that American researchers have tended to ignore or discount them, although no one has explained why it should be in error,” wrote David Grinspoon in "Venus Revealed." The Venusian atmosphere is very dry at 30 parts per million of water vapor. And the water decreases in abundance by an order of magnitude near the surface. This implies ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  29 Nov 2006  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2006/arch06/061031venusatmosphere.html
9. The Atmosphere of Venus [Thunderbolts Website]
... enriched. The argon/krypton ratio for Venus is 700:1, compared to 30:1 for the Earth. These gases are thought to be primordial. On Venus the argon 40/argon 36 ratio is 1:1. On Earth the ratio is 400:1. Argon 40 is thought to have accumulated from the decay of crustal potassium 40 since the planet was formed. Venera 12 carried the only experiment that actually collected cloud particles and analysed them. It found that the most common element in the clouds was chlorine! The clouds held 20 times more chlorine than sulphur. Most of the mass of the clouds was an unknown substance. "These results are so difficult to reconcile with other measurements that American researchers have tended to ignore or discount them, although no one has explained why it should be in error,” wrote David Grinspoon in "Venus Revealed." The Venusian atmosphere is very dry at 30 parts per million of water vapor. And the water decreases in abundance by an order of magnitude near the surface. This implies ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  29 Nov 2006  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050204venusatmos.html
10. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... and no more about my unpublished work. The idea of Saturn as a Night Sun is yours and I have no part in it. However, at various occasions, also at Symposia and lectures, I disclosed more about Saturn than you credit me in the first paragraph of your work the footnote to which is deleted. I have many times referred to my unpublished book, Saturn and the Flood, identifying Saturn as the cause of the Universal Flood. My early claims that Saturn consists mainly of water and has molecular or atomic chlorine were confirmed and Steve has the xerox of the facsimile letter by W.S.Adams written in 1955- very skeptical of chlorine on Saturn, since then discovered. For my thesis that Saturn became a nova, I offered at the occasion of several lectures a new advance claim that Saturn may still emit cosmic rays of low intensity, the nova explosion itself having taken place between five and ten thousand years ago. See FertÚ in PenseÚ, May 1972. In 1976 Pioneer X and then XI will pass Saturn and we may have the confirmation ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  31 Aug 2000  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/cor/various/750129vdtalb.htm
11. The Ocean [Kronos $]
... events preceding the second millennium before the present era, I shall discuss the origin of the oceans and shall try to show that their expanse grew greatly after the event known as the Universal Deluge, when cosmic water descended on Earth following the disruption of Saturn. If this unsupported statement sounds unbelievable, the reader may rest assured that I shall underpin this thesis with as much essential documentation as I did my thesis of the youthful Venus, a newcomer to the planetary family. The provenance of the water will also explain the origin of chlorine in sea water-- a problem that plagues marine geologists. For, while the land could provide sodium through erosion by rain, terrestrial rocks do not contain the requisite quantity of chlorine and are quite poor in that element. Some chlorine could have been added from volcanic eruptions but not as much as is needed to form the salt content of oceans and seas. The source of the greater part of the chlorine in oceans is of cosmic origin, and a few more words on this subject are contained in the pages of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0504/019ocean.htm
12. The Primordial Light? [SIS C&C Review $]
... Jupiter, Saturn, of much larger mass than at present, was disrupted... Jupiter swept up the dispersed material and later... underwent fission." He goes on to suggest a process whereby Venus could be born of Jupiter. There are other hints offered by the deductions Dr Velikovsky has made from his theories, some of which are confirmed, none refuted. The correct prediction of the radio noises of Jupiter is but one example. He claims that Saturn will be found to contain water and to possess molecular chlorine (17). Consider those predictions in the light of the following:- "The water of the oceans contains a large amount of soluble sodium chloride, common salt, Sodium might have come from rocks eroded by rain; but rocks are poor in chlorine and the proportion of sodium and chlorine in sea water calls for fifty times more chlorine in the igneous rock than it actually contains." (18) Did much of the salt and water in our oceans originally come from Saturn? The details of the early catastrophes ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  06 Mar 2003  -  53k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v0202/35light.htm
13. The Ocean [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... events preceding the second millennium before the present era, I shall discuss the origin of the oceans and shall try to show that their expanse grew greatly after the event known as the Universal Deluge, when cosmic water descended on Earth following the disruption of Saturn. If this unsupported statement sounds unbelievable, the reader may rest assured that I shall underpin this thesis with as much essential documentation as I did my thesis of the youthful Venus, a newcomer to the planetary family. The provenance of the water will also explain the origin of chlorine in sea water a problem that plagues marine geologists. For, while the land could provide sodium through erosion by rain, terrestrial rocks do not contain the requisite quantity of chlorine and are quite poor in that element. Some chlorine could have been added from volcanic eruptions but not as much as is needed to form the salt content of oceans and seas. The source of the greater part of the chlorine in oceans is of cosmic origin, and a few more words on this subject are contained in the pages of my book ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  31 Aug 2000  -  29k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/ce/ocean.htm
... current was present? I am afraid not. There are hot wells at the shores and hot brine at the bottom of the Red Sea, so the heat might as well have been underground heat of volcanic origin. But as I see it, the observation of heat is a support for the opinion that the event really took place. How else could anyone have known that the mire and the water could be expected to be hot? It is worth noting that electric currents in sea water may produce gas bubbles (hydrogen or chlorine) by electrolysis. So if bubbles were observed, this does not necessarily mean that the mire was heated to boiling-point. Plausibility of the Model A telluric current of 3.2 billion amperes is certainly something extraordinary. We cannot expect to encounter such a phenomenon today. Are there circumstances that could explain why such a phenomenon should occur at the Red Sea 3500 years ago, coinciding with the Ten Plagues? It was Velikovsky's opinion that the tenth plague was a great earthquake. "The residence is overturned in a minute" wrote Ipuwer ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1987no1/18red.htm
15. Are We Merely Fancy Crystals? [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 136: JUL-AUG 2001 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Are We Merely Fancy Crystals? Just about everyone will concede that when sodium and chlorine atoms arrange themselves to build salt crystals that they are simply obeying the well-known laws of physics. In other words, salt crystals are "natural." "Intelligent design" need not be invoked in explaining their existence. This is OK for salt crystals but can we say the same for biological forms such as proteins and, ultimately, human beings? Are these more complex biological forms also natural; that is, reducible to and explainable by the laws of physics? Human beings certainly seem irreducible; and some proteins are so large and complex that one is unsure that physics is up to the task of explaining these tangled structures consisting many hundreds of atoms. Some of these doubts have been relieved by recent advances in protein chemistry. It appears that the different types of protein folds, which number in the thousands, can be ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  10 Oct 2006  -  6k  -  URL: http://www.science-frontiers.com/sf136/sf136p07.htm
16. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... C. spectroscopic analysis of the red spot should be performed as to the presence of iron and sulphur vapors, especially over the periods of conjunction with Saturn. VI. Saturn A. tests should be devised for detection of low energy cosmic rays emanating from Saturn, especially during the weeks before and after a conjunction of Earth-Jupiter-Saturn. B. with Doppler effect data at hand. the velocity of revolution of the Saturnian rings, possibly in excess of the velocity of the axial rotation of the planet, should be plotted. C. chlorine should be looked for in the Saturnian spectrum of absorption. VII. Uranus A. the polar magnetic intensity of Uranus, at the time when its axis points towards the earth, should be measured (Zeeman effect). VIII. Pluto A. the charge of this planet in relation to its mass is presumably very high, which would explain its perturbing power. Calculations should be made of the potential difference needed to account for the unaccounted perturbations of Uranus and Neptune. IX. Sun A. solar net charge should be ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  31 Aug 2000  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/cor/hess/630911vh.htm
17. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... noticed and marked. Meteorites would fall at random and would not be all similarly oriented. You said to me that this simple task of marking the orientation is not included in the program; if it will be omitted you will have a question instead of an answer. You expect ice under the upper layer of the crust. Some nine thousand years ago water was showered on Earth and Moon alike (deluge). But on the Moon all of it dissociated, hydrogen escaping; the rocks will be found rich in oxygen, chlorine, sulfur and iron. Moon has no oceans and no marine life: water covered it only for a very limited time (following the deluge) counted in hundreds of years. Nevertheless I maintain bitumen and other hydrocarbon residues and derivatives will be discovered on the Moon, though not necessarily on the first landing: such discovery will be followed by the claim that rich marine life once existed on the moon. But my claim is based on the occurrence 34 centuries ago described in Worlds in Collision. Since the moon was heated ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  31 Aug 2000  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/cor/hess/690702vh.htm
18. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... 2 O, CO 2, N 2 O, etc. They are also capable of absorbing out of the sunlight a pattern of lines, each characteristic of the molecule concerned. They are called molecular spectra, as distinct from atomic spectra, and provide us with all the spectroscopic evidence we posssess about the presence of certain gases in planetary atmospheres. The lines and bans of these gases usually are found in the red or infrared part of the spectrum. Now to apply these facts and considerations to your questions: The presence of chlorine in Saturn is improbable. It is not an abundant gas, shows great affinity for chemical combinations, and so far as I know has never been identified with certainty even in the sun or stars. Water or water vapor might be present in the atmosphere of Saturn, but would be completely frozen at the temperature, and hence unobservable. Ionized iron and sulphur could not possibly be present in the atmospheres of Jupiter and Venus, because their spectra are atomic and would require very high temperatures for their production. You realize, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Oct 2000  -  6k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/cor/various/550725adv.htm
... if bitumens (asphalts, tar or waxes) or carbides or carbonates are found in the composition of the rocks, although not necessarily in the first few samples. A visitor to the earth would not detect deposits of petroleum in the first few hours, either. I have claimed an extra-terrestrial origin for some of the deposits of petroleum on earth; the moon did not escape the same shower. Only in a subsequent melting of the ground, such deposits would most probably convert into carbides or carbonates. It is quite probable that chlorine, sulphur and iron in various compounds, possibly [oxidized, will be found richly presented in lunar formations. In my understanding, less than 10,000 years ago, together with the Earth, the moon went through a cosmic cloud of water (the Deluge) and subsequently was covered for several centuries by water, which dissociated under the ultra-violet rays of the sun, with hydrogen escaping into space. I maintain that --although not already at the first landing --an excessively strong radioactivity will be detected in localized areas, in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  6k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr01/14moonsc.htm
20. THE METAL-FROSTED MOUNTAINS OF VENUS! [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 101: Sep-Oct 1995 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects The metal-frosted mountains of venus! Venus is a very hot planet with a mean surface temperature of 740 K. It is so hot there that some metal compounds of chlorine, fluorine, and sulfur are vaporized in some locales. Such metallic "mists" could well coat out as "frost" on the cooler, higher elevations. Actually, two outstanding Venusian anomalies can be explained by such metallic "frosts." Radar signals from earth are strongly reflected from the planet's mountains and high plateaus. These regions may owe their unusually high reflectance to metallic "frosts" consisting of such radarbright minerals as pyrite, which is probably present in vapor form at lower, hotter elevations. During the 1978 Pioneer Venus mission, four instrumented probes plunged into the Venusian atmosphere. All instruments with external sensors on all four probes failed mysteriously 12.5 kilometers above the planet's surface. Thinking is that the probes pierced a cloud deck of metallic ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  29 Apr 2005  -  5k  -  URL: http://www.science-frontiers.com/sf101/sf101a02.htm
21. Venus' Atmosphere [Pensee]
... water into sulfur; and on Venus because it brought sulfur from its parental body, Jupiter, and also because in violent discharges it would fuse oxygen snatched from Earth's atmosphere or hydrosphere into sulfur. In July, 1955, I wrote to Professor Walter S. Adams, by then retired from the directorship of Mount Palomar and Mount Wilson observatories, but heading the solar observatory in Pasadena affiliated with the Mount Wilson observatory. The pertinent passage in my letter is this: "I assume on the basis of my theory that Saturn has chlorine, or possibly sodium chloride, and also water. Is anything known in this matter? I would also like to know whether the spectral analysis gives reason to assume that Jupiter and Venus, alike, have iron and sulfur in ionized state?" Adams answered my questions in a hand-written letter dated July 25, 1955. After discussing the principles of spectroscopy (the spectrum of reflection was not yet worked out), he wrote: "Now to apply these facts and considerations to your questions. 1) The presence of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  43k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr06/31venus.htm
22. Ice Cores and Common Sense Part 1 [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the earth was, at that time, a satellite of Saturn, afterwards possibly becoming a satellite of Jupiter."[31 Shortly after the explosion the earth was enveloped in clouds of water or of hydrogen gas ejected from Saturn, which precipitated the Flood. "The volume of water on the earth was vastly increased.... [T he Atlantic Ocean... came to be only after the Deluge."[32 This newly acquired water was said to be warm. It "may have been rich in chlorine.... Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin."[33 In this catastrophe, as in later ones, "all volcanoes erupted."[34 All this is supposed to have happened quite recently, "in times preceding the Middle Kingdom in Egypt:"[35 I am not in a position to point to the century or even millennium when the Universal Deluge took place, but it must have happened between five and ten thousand years ago, probably closer to the second figure.[36 If ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  56k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol1201/05ice.htm
23. On Saturn And The Flood [Kronos $]
... )-- or formed from clouds of hydrogen gas ejected by the nova, which combined, by means of powerful electrical discharges, with the Earth's own free oxygen. There are definite indications of a drastic drop in the atmospheric oxygen at the time of the Deluge- for instance, the survivors of the catastrophe are said in many sources to have been unable to light fires. The Midrashim and other ancient sources describe the waters of the Flood as being warm;(13) in addition the waters may have been rich in chlorine, an element which in combination with sodium forms common salt. Marine geologists are unable to trace the origin of the huge amounts of chlorine locked in the salt of the Earth's oceans, the Earth's own rocks being rather poor in this element and incapable of supplying it in the needed quantities. Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin; being a very active element, it could possibly be present in some different combination on Saturn. The effects of nearby supernovae on the biosphere have been the object of intensive study by geologists in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  23k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0501/003flood.htm
24. The Flood [The Velikovskian $]
... rock surface facing north. Turbulent water has flowed south, past this obstacle, across the Pass and into Lake Bonneville. No comparable south-facing rockface demonstrates northward flow. (37) (Author's emphasis.) Had the flood originated at the lake, flowing northward, it could only polish the south-facing side of the vertical rock in its path within the Pass. Since the north facing rock surface was the only one polished, this proves conclusively that the flood flowed southward, into the lake. Also, according to Hunt, the chlorine content in the salt beds indicates that the water was of oceanic origin: Concerning salinity, Broecker, Walton and Eardley et al. attempt to show that the chlorine content could have arrived by wind from the ocean. Their rationale is most erudite and intriguing, but the explanation is superfluous. Fete gives the sodium-to-chlorine ratio as .92 and points out its similarity to that of the Pacific Ocean, which he gives as .86. The .92 ratio may be above the Pacific figure because of post-Bonneville contributions of local salts. That is ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 9  -  05 Mar 2003  -  108k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/velikov/vol0204/theflood.htm
... , Vol. 115, 1 /6/79, p. 4; Nature 4/26/79, p. 778 it would fuse oxygen snatched from Earth's atmosphere or hydrosphere into sulfur. In July 1955, I wrote to Professor Walter S. Adams, by then retired from the directorship of Mount Palomar and Mount Wilson observatories, but heading the solar observatory in Pasadena affiliated with the Mount Wilson observatory. The pertinent passage in my letter is this:" 'I assume on the basis of my theory that Saturn has chlorine, or possibly sodium chloride, and also water. Is anything known in this matter? I would also like to know whether the spectral analysis gives reason to assume that Jupiter and Venus, alike, have iron and sulfur in ionized state?! "Adams answered my questions in a hand-written letter [reproduced below dated July 25, 1955. After discussing the principles of spectroscopy (the spectrum of reflection was not yet worked out), he wrote: (" Now to apply these facts and considerations to your questions. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  30k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0404/001venus.htm
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