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61. In Passing: EVOLUTIONARY THEORY [SIS C&C Review $]
... ) in the National Gallery, London. (Reproduced by kind permission of The Rothschild Trust Company Ltd.) As more and more detail has been obtained about genetics, molecular biology and the fossil record, nothing has been found which seriously contradicts the essentials of neo-Darwinism, but there are gaps in the evidence, and these gaps are what much of the ... others. Evolution from Space has the same characteristics as all the previous ones, original and plausible ideas, simplistic arguments, rash conclusions, and a sprinkling of the sort of biological howlers which have bedevilled Hoyle's writings since his early science fiction days- in A for Andromeda [1 for instance, he included tyrosin instead of guanine among the list of bases ... made more confusing by misprints which give the dates of Blyth's papers as 1935 and 1937). Despite statements to the contrary in Evolution from Space, most if not all evolutionary biologists accept that Darwin invented neither the theory of evolution nor the term "natural selection"; what he did do was to develop a detailed and coherent evolutionary theory based on natural ...
62. The Center Holds [Pensee]
... sedimentary," not to mention "Ice Ages" --these and many other terms will be useful to a revised geology only if their present associations are purged away. PALEONTOLOGY AND BIOLOGY Inseparable from the geological record is the paleontological and biological. This touches a part of Velikovsky's work which can legitimately be called a theory --that of catastrophic mutation. The bulk of ... effort has been towards a reconstruction of specific events, while the term "theory" is better applied to a general account (verifiable by experimentation). Darwinian evolution lays claim to the status of a theory not because it can be experimentally verified, but only because it claims that processes that occurred in the past are also occurring unnoticeably in the present. ... techniques of inducing mutation might be sophisticated through experiments. From the point of view of historical reconstruction, however, knowledge thus gained will be invaluable. Like the geologist, the biologist will have to face more seriously the fact that between strata many new species appear abruptly. His task is to devise laws of mutation refined enough to explain how a given species ...
63. HOMO SCHIZO I: Chapter 1: SLIPPERY LADDERS OF EVOLUTION [Quantavolution Website]
... evolution" since 1832, Darwin did not use the term in his own book that came 27 years later. An "unfolding" of new traits was certainly implied, in biology as in geology, especially since Darwin thought (rather vaguely, it seems) that new traits emerged from within individuals as they competed for survival within their species and with representatives ... - what? Putting aside the unconvincing though popular view that, point-by-point, evolving man grew in brain size and in adaptative control of the environment, an argument that is part biological and part cultural but in both cases implausible for reasons stated elsewhere, the source of the difference between the stupid hominid (assuming such was the case for the forebear of australopithecus ... that evolution could only be explained as a series of saltations [23. It seems that Darwin was bent upon taking his inspiration from a hard-headed economic realist rather than from other biologists, perhaps only to guard his idea of natural selection, but perhaps also because he realized that sudden leaps in evolution would, when it came to the journey from ape to ...
64. Heretics, Dogmatists and Science's Reception of New Ideas [Kronos $]
... by enlarging the frame of reference to include Lysenkoism and the 1948 meeting of the Lenin Academy of Agricultural Science. There, Lysenko, an out-spoken advocate of his version of Lamarckian biology, i.e., the inheritence of acquired traits, succeeded in extirpating Mendelian genetics from Soviet biology. Five Mendelian geneticists recanted, admitted their errors and committed themselves to Lysenko's biology ... the biblical story of Creation, that the solar system has remained unchanged since it was created eons ago, and their assumption has of necessity determined the views of geologists and historical biologists. This dogma, being basically of theological and not scientific nature, is grounded itself on fear, as Galileo and Laplace have pointed out. The evidence is that the dogma ... likened the ideas in Worlds in Collision to a hypothetical relationship between gestation periods and multiples of pi, as follows:... No amount of evidence could convince a modern biologist that gestation periods are equal to integer multiples of. Our conception of the nature of things tells us that such a relationship is absurd.... Suppose then that Velikovsky's ...
65. Scientists, Journalists and Editors as Suppressors (Part II) [The Velikovskian $]
... sedimentary deposits of biological origin. According to Gold, "Attempts to find oil fields rich in biological debris have generally failed" and the viewpoint that hydrocarbons could not arise without biology became quite untenable when astronomers discovered that hydrocarbons are the most common form of carbon in the solar system. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune contain enormous amounts of methane and ... . And he cites Thomas Gold's writing in the British weekly, New Scientist, in 1986, in support of Velikovsky's idea that oil came from space rather than sedimentary deposits of biological origin. According to Gold, "Attempts to find oil fields rich in biological debris have generally failed" and the viewpoint that hydrocarbons could not arise without biology became quite untenable ... opponents of Immanuel Velikovsky and the supporters and opponents of Carl Sagan, but that it will also be of great interest to astronomers, historians, psychologists, theologians, geologists, biologists and physicists, as well as to the general public. Carl Sagan and Immanuel Velikovsky, by Charles Ginenthal, is a book of solid integrity and quality, and will receive ...
66. A Conversation with Barry Fell [Horus $]
... of pre-Columbian American history. He is founder of the Epigraphic Society and editor of its journal, Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications. Thoroughly grounded in the sciences and a specialist in marine biology, Dr. Fell's interests eventually turned toward human involvement with the sea and the wealth of archaeological evidence that, long before Columbus, other seafarers had already visited the Western Hemisphere ... years instead of the period of several thousand years that we had previously supposed. So that's an area where a catastrophic event is being considered seriously now by a number of marine biologists. Editor: Well, my point is that the source myths of people, their creation myths -their own origin myths almost always begin with or include some kind of catastrophic event ... highly improbable that the European historian in the 1700's would hit on the right date. Well that impressed me, of course. And, another thing also impressed me as a biologist. It's during my lifetime that the whole theory of radiocarbon dating has been developed- and I followed it very closely with great excitement when it first came out. We saw ...
67. QUANTAVOLUTION: COSMIC HERETICS: Part 2: Chapter 8: HOMO SCHIZO MEETS GOD [Quantavolution Website]
... " was, of course, the question. The tape spun; Deg picked up his notes and spoke at the machine: Charles Darwin was an apt hero for nineteenth century biology and the public and scientific mentalities of the nineteenth century. He came from an expanding empire, did his "field work" young; he lived for many years quietly, ... selection could and did cope with the possible influences of catastrophes or cosmic radiation escalations. Either in the mutational sense or in the mentally adaptive or both. Which would mean in biological and cultural fields. (...) The postulation that catastrophes were always global and had overall consequences is untenable, as is the date expounded for a decisive point in ... the shoulders of pygmies,' Or better, 'We are monkeys, swinging carelessly along a dizzying network of vines mysteriously placed and oriented.' Sometime in 1970, Deg met biologist Dr. Karl Schildkraut of the Albert Einstein Medical School through Dr. Annette Tobia. He was interested in Deg's University scheme and they talked a couple of times about heredity. ...
68. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... DARWIN; Reflections in Natural History by S. J. Gould (London: Burnett Books/André Deutsch, 1978). STEPHEN JAY GOULD, Professor of palaeontology and evolutionary biology at Harvard University, has already established himself as a popular science writer through a regular column in Natural History, and is now reaching a much wider audience in Britain in the ... micro-evolution... broke sharply with the synthetic theory, however, in arguing that new species arose abruptly by discontinuous variation or macromutation". In this article Gould examined the biological evidence for assuming, within an evolutionary scheme, that new species must have arisen suddenly. This would account for the embarrassing absence of key intermediary forms in the geological record. ... Untimely Burial", Gould answers the bold claim made by TOM BETHELL in "Darwin's Mistake" (Harper's, February 1976) that Darwinism has already been laid to rest by biologists, and in particular the suggestion that Darwin's concept of natural selection by "survival of the fittest" is not an explanatory principle but merely a tautology (or, as put ...
69. Contents [Alternative Science Website]
... , incapable of explaining the origin of species. Experimental evidence formerly accepted in support of the concept, such as industrial melanism in moths, is now regarded as irrelevant to evolutionary biology. An even more damaging criticism of the concept of natural selection is that- limited though its content may be- it is so nebulous that it can be made to fit ... of neoDarwinism is that is fails to provide a global supervisory mechanism that would ensure the continuity of the extremely high levels of genetic integrity evidenced in nature and that would explain holistic biological phenomena such as the re-growth of the salamander's leg, the metamorphosis of the butterfly, or recovery from the 'eyeless fly' gene. Afterword: Controversies Chapter 21. The Evolution ... for evolution, for common descent and for Darwinian processes of mutation and natural selection, is that of homology-- the name given to the anatomical correspondences between different species that biologists and paleontologists have noted and studied for centuries. Darwin observed; 'What can be more curious than that the hand of a man, formed for grasping, that of a mole ...
70. Polymathics and Catastrophism: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Problems of Evolutionary Theory [Kronos $]
... both the humanities and the life sciences. Moreover, it embraces several highly distinctive subdisciplines, of which the most widely recognized in America are: ethnology, prehistoric archeology, human biology, and linguistics. Nonetheless, broad as anthropology is, I soon found it too narrow to deal adequately with the subject of the role of global catastrophes in shaping the evolution ... meso-catastrophes, to have bracketed periods, such as the Cambrian; and micro-catastrophes, to have bracketed epochs, such as the Pleistocene. At time-zone boundaries, the three types of biological event that signal radical discontinuity with the evolutionary past are, in order of decisiveness: (1) extinction, (2) speciation, and (3) biotic dominance. ... , biologists are inconsistent in their use of these terms, with the result that further qualifications and distinctions need to be made before they can be employed without ambiguity. The most salient type of extinction is what may be described as phyletic death without issue. In the case of such extinction, not only is an entire taxon (ranging in scope from a ...
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